Tribuna of the Uffizi (painting)

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The Tribuna of the Uffizi
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - Google Art Project.jpg
Artist Johann Zoffany
Year 1772–78
Medium Oil painting
Dimensions 123.5 cm × 155.0 cm (48.6 in × 61.0 in)
Location Royal Collection, Windsor Castle

The Tribuna of the Uffizi (1772–1778) by Johan Zoffany is a painting of the north-east section of the Tribuna room in the Uffizi in Florence, Italy. The painting is part of the United Kingdom's Royal Collection.

Production[edit]

Johan Zoffany was a German-born painter who had become successful in London. One of his principal patrons was the Royal family. In the summer of 1772, Zoffany left London for Florence with a commission from Queen Charlotte to paint 'the Florence Gallery'. (Neither she nor her husband George III ever visited Italy in person.) The agreed price was high and Zoffany was paid £300.[1] Felton Hervey, who had a large art collection and who knew the Royal family, met Zoffany in Florence. He was included in a prominent position in the painting by December 1772.[2] Zoffany was still working on the painting late in 1777; he only finally returned to England in 1779.[1] By this time Hervey had died.[2]

Artworks shown[edit]

Zoffany has varied the arrangement of the artworks and introduced others from elsewhere in the Medici collection. He gained special privileges, with the help of George, 3rd Earl Cowper, and Sir Horace Mann, 1st Baronet, such as having seven paintings, including Raphael's Madonna della Sedia, temporarily brought in from the Pitti Palace so that he could paint them in situ in the Tribuna. In thanks, Zoffany included a portrait of Cowper looking at his recent acquisition,[3] Raphael's Niccolini-Cowper Madonna (Cowper hoped to sell it on to George III; it is now in the Washington National Gallery of Art), with Zoffany holding it (to the left of the Dancing Faun).

The unframed Samian Sibyl on the floor was acquired for the Medici collection in 1777. It was a workshop copy of the pendant to Guercino's Libyan Sibyl, recently bought by George III, and may be intended as a compliment to him.

Venus with a Satyr and Cupids by Annibale Carracci Raphael, Madonna della Sedia (Madonna of the Chair), c.1514 Guido Reni, Charity, 1607 Raphael, St John the Baptist Reni, Madonna Madonna della seggiola Correggio, Madonna and Child Justus Sustermans, Galileo Raphael, Madonna of the Goldfinch Franciabigio - Madonna of the Well Guido Reni, Cleopatra, 1635–40 Holy Family, then attributed to Perugino Rubens, Justus Lipsius with his Pupils, c.1615 Portrait of Leo X with two Cardinals by Raphael Tribute Money? by Carravagio? Rubens, Justus Lipsius with his Pupils, c.1615 Raphael, Pope Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de’ Medici and Luigi de’ Rossi, 1518 Niccolini-Cowper Madonna by Raphael Large central painting Holbein, Sir Richard Southwell, 1536 Cristofano Allori, Miracle of St Julian Holy Family, attributed to Niccolò Soggi ummm Raphael, Niccolini-Cowper Madonna, 1508, then in Lord Cowper’s possession, having bought it from Zoffany, now National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC Titian, Venus of Urbino, 1538 Cupid and Psyche, Roman copy of a Greek original of the 1st or 2nd century BC The ‘Arrotino’ (Knife-Grinder), a Pergamene original of 2nd or 3rd century BC Dancing Faun, marble replica of a bronze of the circle of Praxiteles, 4th century BC The Infant Hercules Strangling the Serpents The Wrestlers, marble copy of a bronze Permamene original, 2nd or 3rd century BC South Indian crater Etruscan helmet Chimera - Etruscan art 8 Oil lamps Egyptian ptahmose, 18th dynasty Greek bronze torso Bust of Julius Caeser Roman silver shield Head of Antinous South Italian crater Etruscan jug Octagonal table with pietra dura top made for the Tribuna, designed by Jacopo Ligozzi and Bernardino Poccetti. Charles Loraine Smith (1751–1835) Richard Edgcumbe, later 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe (1764–1839) George, 3rd Earl Cowper (1738–89) Sir John Dick (1720–1804), British Consul at Leghorn Other Windsor, 6th Earl of Plymouth (1751–99) Johann Zoffany Mr Stevenson, companion to the Lord Lewisham George Legge, Lord Lewisham, later 3rd Earl of Dartmouth (1755–1810) unknown young man Valentine Knightley of Fawsley (1744–96) Pietro Bastianelli, the custodian of the gallery Mr Gordon Hon. Felton Hervey (1712–73) Thomas Patch (1725-82), Painter Sir John Taylor Bt., (d. 1786) Sir Horace Mann (1706–86), British Consul in Florence George Finch, 9th Earl of Winchilsea prob. Roger Wilbraham (1743-1829) Mr Watts Mr Doughty, travelling with Charles Loraine Smith Probably Thomas Wilbraham (b. 1751), brother of Roger The Medici Venus, Roman copy of a Greek original of the 2nd century BC James Bruce (1730–94), African explorer Use a cursor to explore or press button for larger image & copyright
Tribuna of the Uffizi by Johann Zoffany. Place cursor over artworks or persons to identify them.

Paintings[edit]

Zoffany's Original Author and title Where Current location
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 01 carracci.jpg Annibale Carracci 001.jpg Annibale Carracci, Venus with a Satyr and Cupids Left wall Uffizi, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 02 reni.jpg Guido Reni 015.jpg Guido Reni, Charity Left wall Palatine Gallery, Pitti Palace, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 03 raffaello.jpg Raffaello, madonna della seggiola 01.jpg Raphael, Madonna della seggiola Left wall Palatine Gallery, Pitti Palace, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 04 correggio.jpg Correggio - La Vergine che adora il Bambino - Google Art Project.jpg Correggio, Madonna and Child Left wall Uffizi, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 05 suttermans.jpg Galileo-sustermans.jpg Justus Sustermans, Portrait of Galileo Galilei Left wall Uffizi, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 22.jpg  ? Left wall
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 07 tiziano.jpg Bottega di tiziano, Madonna con Bambino e Santa Caterina d'Alessandria.jpg Titian's workshop, Madonna and Child with Saint Catherine Central wall Uffizi, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 09 raffaello.jpg Rafael - São João Batista.jpg Raphael and workshop, St John the Baptist Central wall Uffizi, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 11 reni.jpg Guido reni, madonna in estasi, olio su tela, 83x68 cm, coll. privata.JPG Guido Reni, Madonna Central wall private collection?
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 08 raffaello.jpg Raffaello Sanzio - Madonna del Cardellino - Google Art Project.jpg Raphael, Madonna del cardellino Central wall Uffizi, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 10 rubens.jpg Los horrores de la guerra.jpg Rubens, The Consequences of War Central wall Palatine Gallery, Pitti Palace, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 12 franciabigio.jpg Franciabigio madonna col bambino e san giovannino.jpg Franciabigio (formerly attributed to Raphael), Madonna del Pozzo Central wall Uffizi, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 22bis.jpg  ? Central wall between the legs of the Satyr
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 13 holbein.jpg Hans Holbein d. J. 060.jpg Hans Holbein, Portrait of Sir Richard Southwell Central wall Uffizi, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 14 raffaello.jpg Lorenzo di credi, ritratto del perugino.jpg Raphael, Portrait of Perugino Central wall Uffizi, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 15 perugino.jpg Scuola di perugino, madonna col bambino, santa elisabetta e san giovannino.JPG Perugino's workshop (Niccolò Soggi?), Madonna with Child, Saint Elizabeth and Saint John Central wall Uffizi, Florence, still in the Tribuna
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 16 reni.jpg Guido Reni - Cleopatra - WGA19301.jpg Guido Reni, Cleopatra Right wall Palatine Gallery, Pitti Palace, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 17 rubens.jpg Peter Paul Rubens - The Four Philosophers - WGA20358.jpg Rubens, Four Philosophers Right wall Palatine Gallery, Pitti Palace, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 18 raffaello.jpg Raffaello Sanzio - Ritratto di Leone X coi cardinali Giulio de' Medici e Luigi de' Rossi - Google Art Project.jpg Raphael, Pope Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de' Medici and Luigi de' Rossi Right wall Uffizi, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 19 pietro da cortona.jpg Pietro da Cortona 001.jpg Pietro da Cortona, Abraham and Hagar Right wall Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 20 manfredi.jpg Bartolomeo Manfredi - Il tributo a Cesare - Google Art Project.jpg Bartolomeo Manfredi, Tribute to Caesar Right wall Uffizi, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 21 allori.jpg Criistofano Allori San Giuliano.jpg Cristofano Allori, Hospitality of Saint Julian Right wall Palatine Gallery, Pitti Palace, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 23.jpg  ? Right wall right of the Wrestlers
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 24.jpg Charity? Right wall
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 25.jpg  ? Right wall behind the Venus
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 26.jpg  ? (a golden frame behind the man in red at the very right) Right wall
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 06 raffaello.jpg Grande madonna cowper.jpg Raphael, Niccolini-Cowper Madonna[nb 1] Lower part National Gallery of Art, Washington
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 28 guercino.jpg Guercino's workshop, Samian Sibyl Lower part  ?
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - 27 tiziano.jpg Tizian 102.jpg Titian, Venus of Urbino Lower part Uffizi, Florence

Sculptures and other[edit]

Today Medici's Ancient Roman statues are mostly in the main corridors of the Uffizi Gallery, except those which are still in the Tribuna, and except the smaller busts and statuettes (some antique, some pseudo-antique), owned by the National Archaeological Museum and permanently displayed at Villa Corsini a Castello, near Florence. Many of those painted by Zoffany are still to be identified, thou. Other antiquities (Etruscan, Egyptian, Greek) are mostly in the National Archaeological Museum. Some very few Renaissance pieces from the Tribuna are now in the Bargello Museum.

Zoffany's Original Author and title Where Current location
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 01.jpg Arte romana, Busto con testa di giovinetta già creduta Plautilla, 200-300 ca. 02.JPG Bust of a young woman, so-called Pautilla Left shelf Uffizi Gallery, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 02.jpg Bust of a Roman emperor (?) Left shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 03.jpg Bust of Heracles (?) Left shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 04.jpg Arte romana, ritratto femminile c.d. livia, II sec, marmi e alabastri colorati.JPG Ancient Roman bust of a Julio-Claudian woman, so-called Livia (?) Left shelf Villa Corsini a Castello, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 05.jpg Arte romana, principe giulio-claudio, I sec dc., in materia vetrosa colorata di verde e marmi giallo e verde.JPG Ancient Roman bust of a Julio-Claudian prince Left shelf Villa Corsini a Castello, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 06.jpg Bust of Agrippina Minor (?) Left shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 07.jpg Bust of a woman (?) Left shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 08.jpg Arte romana, afrodite di afrodisia, II sec.JPG Ancient Roman art, Venus of Aphrodisias Left shelf Villa Corsini a Castello, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 09.jpg Bust of a man in alabaster (?) Left shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 10.jpg Seated man (?) Central shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 11.jpg Divinità agreste su tronco, con braccia moderne.JPG Ancient Roman Seated God Central shelf National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 12.jpg Bust of a boy (?) Central shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 13.jpg Hardstone footed cup Central shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 14.jpg 006 Arte romana, Busto con testa del cosiddetto Nerone bambino, 1-100 ca. 02.JPG Bust of a boy, so-called young Nero Central shelf Uffizi Gallery, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 15.jpg Arte romana con restauri moderni, busto augusto 01.JPG Ancient Roman small bust of an Augustus (?) Central shelf National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 16.jpg Arte romana, serapide, 150 dc ca..JPG Bust of Zeus-Serapis Central shelf Villa Corsini a Castello, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 17.jpg Bronze statuette Central shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 18.jpg Bust of a man (?) Central shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 19.jpg Arte romana, amorino arciere, 150-200 ca. 01.JPG Cupid with the bow Central shelf Uffizi Gallery, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 20.jpg Epoca romana, ercole stante.JPG Ancient Roman bronze statuette of Heracles Right shelf National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 21.jpg Bust of a man (?) Right shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 22.jpg Canopic jar (?) Right shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 23.jpg Bust of a man (?) Right shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 24.jpg Bertoldo di giovanni, orfeo o apollo, 1475-80 01.JPG Bertoldo di Giovanni, Putto playing the lute Right shelf Bargello, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 25.jpg Statuetta di satiro, copia romana del I sec dc, da orig. ellenistico (MAN firenze, villa corsini) 01.JPG Ancient Roman statuette of Satyr Right shelf Villa Corsini a Castello, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 26.jpg Bronzi di pipistrello (rosignano, 1565), concordia seduta, 150 dc ca.JPG Seated Concordia Right shelf National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 27.jpg Arte romana, satiro giovane, II sec.JPG Ancient Roman bust of a Young Satyr Right shelf Villa Corsini a Castello, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 28.jpg Ercole e il leone, II-III sec. dc., con restauri settecenteschi, 01.JPG Ancient Roman art after Lysippus, Heracles and the Nemean Lion Right shelf Hermitage, St. Petersburg?
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 29.jpg Tyche di antiochia, copia romana da orig. di eutychides del 297-296 ac., n. 2366.JPG Seated Tyche of Anthioch Right shelf National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 30.jpg Bust of Bacchus (?) Right shelf
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 31 amore e psiche.jpg Amore e psiche, copia romana di un originale ellenistico della fine del IV sec. ac..JPG Ancient Roman art, Cupid and Psyche Center Uffizi, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 32 satiro.jpg Sommer, Giorgio (1834-1914) - n. 2944 - Il fauno danzante. Firenze.jpg Ancient Roman art, Dancing Faun Center Uffizi, Florence, still in the Tribuna
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - oggetti 10 tavolo.jpg Jacopo Antelli (Monicca) and Jacopo Ligozzi, tavolo ottagonale con intarsi in pietre dure.jpg Jacopo Antelli (Monicca) and Jacopo Ligozzi, Octagonal table with Pietre Dure mosaics Center Uffizi, Florence, still in the Tribuna
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 33 ercolino.jpg Arte romana, Ercole infante strozza il serpente, 1-100 circa 02.JPG Ancient Roman art, Baby Hercules strangling two serpents Center Uffizi, Florence, still in the Tribuna
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 34 lottatori.jpg Arte romana, Lottatori, 1-100 circa da un originale del III secolo a.C. 02.JPG Ancient Roman art, The Two Wrestlers Center Uffizi, Florence, still in the Tribuna
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 35 venere medici.jpg Venus de Medici.png Cleomenes, Medici Venus Center Uffizi, Florence, still in the Tribuna
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - oggetti 01 vaso canosino.jpg Pittore di baltimora, cratere apulo con amazzonomachia, teti che dà le armi ad achille tra dei, ettore sulla quadriga, 330 ac ca. 10.jpg Baltimore Painter, Apulian krater with Amazonomachy Lower part National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - oggetti 02 elmo.jpg Produz. etrusca, elmo a bottone, con iscriz.interna, da canne (BA), IV sec a.c.JPG Etruscan bronze elm with "button" on top Lower part National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 36 arrotino.jpg Museo pushkin, calchi, arrotino 04.jpg Ancient Roman art, Arrotino Lower part Uffizi, Florence, still in the Tribuna
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 37 chimera.jpg Chimera d'arezzo, fi, 04.JPG Etruscan (with 17th-century implements), Chimera of Arezzo Lower part National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - oggetti 03 calamaio.jpg Scuola del riccio, lampada ad olio a forma di satiro ripiegato su se stesso, 1510 circa 02.JPG Andrea Briosco workshop, Lucerna in the shape of a Twisting Man Lower part Bargello, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - oggetti 04 missorio.jpg Piatto di ardaburio, argento fuso, 434 d.c. (found in 1769) 02.JPG Plate (missorium) of F. Ardaburius Aspar', Roman, c.. 434 AD Lower part National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 38.jpg Bust of a man (?) Lower part
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 39 antinoo.jpg Archeologico di Firenze, antinoo 01.JPG Florentine pseudo-antique art, second half of the 16th century, Bronze head of Antinous Lower part National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - oggetti 07.jpg Bronze lucerna (?) Lower part
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - oggetti 05.jpg Etruscan amphora in bucchero Lower part National Archaeological Museum, Florence?
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - oggetti 08 oinochoe.jpg Oinochoe in bucchero etruria meridionale, fine VII, inizio VI secolo ac..jpg Etruscan oinochoe in bucchero Lower part National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - oggetti 09 situla.jpg Etruscan situla in bucchero Lower part National Archaeological Museum, Florence?
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - oggetti 06 bronzetto.jpg Bronze statuette Lower part
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 41 torso di livorno.jpg Torso di livorno, 480-470 ac. ca. 02.JPG Ancient Greek art, Livorno Torso Lower part National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 40.jpg Statue Ptahmose 1790 Florence.JPG Ancient Egyptian art, Cube statue of Ptahmose Lower part National Archaeological Museum, Florence
Johan Zoffany - Tribuna of the Uffizi - sculture 42 urnetta.jpg Urnetta cineraria da volterra 50.JPG Etruscan funerary urn probably Volterra production (?) Lower part under the Venus of Urbino

Persons shown[edit]

All of the connoisseurs, diplomats and visitors to Florence portrayed are identifiable, making the painting a combination of the British 18th-century conversation piece or informal group portrait genre, with that of the predominantly Flemish 17th-century tradition of gallery views and wunderkammers. However, this inclusion of so many recognisable portraits led to criticism at the time by Zoffany's royal patrons, and by Horace Walpole, who called it "a flock of travelling boys, and one does not know nor care whom."[4]

Pietro Bastianelli, curator of the Uffizi Gallery, shows the Venus of Urbino di Titian to John Gordon,[nb 2] Thomas Patch (probably the man touching the Venus) and Felton Hervey, who is looking back towards Sir John Taylor and Sir Horace Mann.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ This painting was owned by Zoffany at the moment: this explains its prominence.
  2. ^ Described in contemporary Italian newspapers as "Mr. Gordon, an English official".[5] John Chambers wrote in 1829 that Rev. William Gordon of Saxlingham possessed several paintings "collected by John Gordon, who figured in Zoffany's picture of the Gallery of Florence".[5][6]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Royal Collection from Shawe-Taylor 2009
  2. ^ a b "The Hon. Felton Hervey (1712-1775)". National Trust Collections. National Trust. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  3. ^ Farber 2014
  4. ^ Lewis, W.S., ed. (1967). "To MANN, Friday 12 November 1779". The Yale edition of Horace Walpole's correspondence. 24. Yale: Lewis Walpole Library. pp. 526–7. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Cited in Nicholls 2006, p.152
  6. ^ Chambers, John (1829). "Hundred of Henstead". A General History of the County of Norfolk, Intended to Convey All the Information of a Norfolk Tour. II. Norwich: John Stacy. pp. 759–760. Retrieved 15 April 2017.