The Undisputed Truth
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The Undisputed Truth was an American Motown recording act, assembled by record producer Norman Whitfield as a means for being able to experiment with his psychedelic soul production techniques. Joe "Pep" Harris served as main lead singer, with Billie Rae Calvin and Brenda Joyce Evans on additional leads and background vocals.
In the 1960s, Billie Calvin and Brenda Evans had been part of a California-based group called The Delicates. They were introduced to Motown by singer Bobby Taylor, and, when The Delicates broke up in 1970, the two began providing background vocals for artists around Motown. They sang backing on the hits "Ain't No Mountain High Enough" for Diana Ross and "Still Water (Love)" for The Four Tops. Joe Harris had been part of a Detroit soul group called The Fabulous Peps. Formed in 1962, the group were renowned for their energetic stage performances, and they cut a handful of singles for various different labels before their dissolution in 1968. Harris also became a member of The Ohio Untouchables (later The Ohio Players). In 1970, Motown producer Norman Whitfield - partly as a response to criticism from Temptations fans that he was using the group as his personal plaything - put together Joe Harris, Billie Calvin and Brenda Evans to create his own recording act, The Undisputed Truth.
The group's music and unusual costuming (large Afros and white makeup) typified the then-popular trend of "psychedelic soul" which Whitfield had inaugurated. A number of their singles became minor hits, and many of them were also songs for Whitfield's main act, The Temptations, among them 1971's "You Make Your Own Heaven and Hell Right Here on Earth" and "Papa Was A Rollin' Stone". Their single Top 40 hit in the United States was the ominous "Smiling Faces Sometimes," originally recorded by The Temptations, which hit No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100 in mid-1971.
Although they could never recreate the success of "Smiling Faces", they continued to make chart appearances throughout the early 1970s. They found some success with songs like "What It Is" (1972) and "Law of the Land" (1973) becoming modest hits on the US R&B Chart. In 1973, nevertheless, dissatisfied with the lack of major success, Brenda Evans left. She was briefly replaced by singer Diane Evans, but both she and Billie Calvin then left. Norman Whitfield subsequently took the opportunity to expand the group, and Joe Harris was joined by Virginia "Vee" McDonald, Tyrone "Big Ty" Douglas, Tyrone "Lil Ty" Barkley and Calvin "Dhaak" Stephenson. The latter four were all members of The Magic Tones, a Detroit soul group with similarities to George Clinton's pre-Funkadelic Parliament. Virginia McDonald (otherwise known as "Vee") is also the niece of Miracles member Warren "Pete" Moore.
This new group scored several minor hits of their own, like "Help Yourself" and "I'm A Fool For You" (both 1974). "Help Yourself" became their second ever Top 20 R&B hit, peaking at No. 19, and reached No. 63 on the Hot 100, the highest position attained by any Undisputed Truth record for Motown besides their hit "Smiling Faces Sometimes". In 1975, the group's costuming and style changed, becoming even more unusual and Funkadelic-influenced. Their final albums for Motown, Cosmic Truth and Higher Than High (both 1975), yielded minor R&B chartings. Their 1975 song "Higher Than High" was featured most prominently in a TV advertisement for the 2015 film The Man From UNCLE.
The Undisputed Truth, along with Rose Royce and Willie Hutch, followed Whitfield during his exodus from Motown to set up Whitfield Records in 1975. Both Virginia McDonald and Tyrone Douglas then left. The group went through many personnel changes thereafter, although original member Joe Harris remained with the group throughout. Taka Boom, Chaka Khan's sister, took over as female lead singer for 1976's Method To The Madness and Marcy Thomas replaced her for 1979's Smokin. Melvin Stewart and Lloyd Williams replaced Calvin Stevenson and Tyrone Barkley for the group's last album. Former member Billie Calvin later wrote songs for Whitfield's other group, Rose Royce, including the hit single "Wishing on a Star".
The group had relatively little success at their new label, and faded into obscurity after two more albums. They did make their only ever entry into the UK Singles Chart in January 1977 (No. 43) with the disco single "You + Me = Love", from the album Method to the Madness. The song reached No. 48 on the American Billboard Hot 100, their second highest position ever on the chart. The Undisputed Truth nevertheless disbanded in the early 1980s following the collapse of Whitfield Records. Several former members became part of another Norman Whitfield-assembled group, Dream Machine, who had one album released, Dream Machine, and two singles, "Don't Walk Away" and "Shakedown", all in 1981. Vee McDonald recorded a solo album entitled Heavy Traffic Starring V (written and produced by Brian and Eddie Holland), which was released by Atlantic Records in 1986, with one single, "Jealousy", released that same year. Tyrone Barkley recorded a cover of The Del Royals' song "Man Of Value" in 1979; it is his only ever solo record and has since become an acclaimed Northern Soul favourite.
In 1990, Joe Harris and Brenda Evans revived the group with singer Belita Woods, and recorded for Ian Levine's Motown revival label Motorcity Records. They recorded a new version of their 1973 song "Law of the Land", which was released as a 12" single (the group's last ever single) in 1991. Members Billie Calvin and Vee McDonald also made separate solo recordings for the same label, and all three feature on the A Tribute To Norman Whitfield album, a Motorcity compilation CD released in September 1996. McDonald recorded a song entitled "You're My Loveline" (co-written by former Motown lyricists Janie Bradford and Marilyn McLeod), which was released in the UK. Ian Levine has since described it as one of his "favourite ever Motorcity songs". Vee McDonald stills performs for Industry Parties and Clubs in the US and overseas, and has also performed for Michelle Obama, and Joe Harris continues to perform; Harris has recently worked with the UK-based Stone Foundation band, and, along with Undisputed Truth members Calvin Stephenson, Dazee Love and Jaki G, was inducted into the R&B Hall of Fame in 2015.
On January 18, 2019, the Undisputed Truth -- composed of Joe Harris, Brenda Joyce Evans, Dazee Luv (member since 2006), and Jaki G (member since 2005) released the long-anticipated album Truth Gon' Set You Free. The album is a slick R&B groove, infused with clever additions of funk, rock, and jazz. The album features the talents of some of Detroit's finest musicians, including guitarist Dennis Coffey, bassist Ralph Armstrong, pianist Alonza McKenzie, drummer Gayelynn McKinney, and trumpeter Dwight Adams, among many others.
Founding member Billie Calvin died on June 23, 2007, at the age of 58, in Murrieta, California, USA, of heart disease. Tyrone "Lil Ty" Barkley died on February 14, 2017, at the age of 70, in Arizona.
|Year||Album||Peak chart positions||Label and Catalog Number|
|1971||The Undisputed Truth||43||7|
|1972||Face to Face with the Truth||114||16|
|1973||Law of the Land||191||52|
|1974||Down to Earth||—||35|
|Higher Than High||173||52|
|1976||Method to the Madness||66||19|
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart|
|Year||Title and Catalogue Number||US||US
|1971||"Save My Love for a Rainy Day" (G 7106)
b/w "Since I've Lost You"
|"Smiling Faces Sometimes" (G 7108)
b/w "You Got the Love I Need"
|"You Make Your Own Heaven and Hell Right Here on Earth" (G 7112F)
b/w "Ball of Confusion (That's What the World Is Today)"
|1972||"What It Is" (G 7114F)
b/w "California Soul"
|"Superstar (Remember How You Got Where You Are)" (UK-only) (TMG 818)
b/w "Ain't No Sun Since You've Been Gone"
|"Papa Was a Rollin' Stone" (G 7117F)
b/w "Friendship Train"
|1973||"Girl, You're Alright" (G 7122F)
b/w "With a Little Help from My Friends"
|"Law of the Land" (G 7130F)
b/w "Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me)"
|"Mama I Got a Brand New Thing (Don't Say No)" (G 7124F)
b/w "Gonna Keep on Tryin' 'Til I Win Your Love"
|1974||"Help Yourself" (G 7134F)
b/w "What's Going on"
|"I'm a Fool for You" (G 7139F)
b/w "The Girl's Alright with Me"
|"Lil' Red Ridin' Hood" (G 7140F)
b/w "Big John is My Name"
|1975||"UFO's" (G 7143F)
b/w "Got to Get My Hands on Some Lovin'"
|"Higher Than High" (G 7145F)
b/w "Spaced Out"
|1976||"You + Me = Love" (WHI 8231)
b/w "You + Me = Love (Instrumental)"
|"Let's Go Down to the Disco" (WHI 8295)
|1977||"Sunshine" (WHI 8362)
b/w "Hole in the Wall"
|1979||"Show Time (Part I)" (WHI 8781)
b/w "Show Time (Part II)"
|"I Can't Get Enough of Your Love" (WHI 8873)
|The albums noted are where the A-Sides come from|
"—" denotes a single that was not released in that territory or did not chart
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 2561. ISBN 0-85112-939-0.
- Betts, Graham (2014-06-02). Motown Encyclopedia. ISBN 9781311441546.
- on YouTube
- [dead link]
- "What's that song from the NEW(er) "Man From UNCLE" TV trailer?". Stevehoffman.tv. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- "The Undisputed Truth* - Smokin'". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 576. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- "Dream Machine (2)". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
- "Heavy Traffic (2) Starring V (17) - Heavy Traffic Starring V". Discogs.com. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- "Heavy Traffic (2) Starring V (17) - Jealousy". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
- "Undisputed Truth, The* - Law Of The Land". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
- "Various - A Tribute To Norman Whitfield". Discogs.com. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- on YouTube
- "BBC News features Stone Foundations new album launch". Soul-source.co.uk. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
- "Joe "Pep Harris to be inducted into the R&b Hall Of Fame". Soulfuldetroit.com. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
- "Soulful Detroit: Billie Calvin-Undisputed Truth- Passes 6/29/07". faac.us. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- "R.I.P. Tyrone Barkley (The Undisputed Truth)". Soulfuldetroit.com. Retrieved 2020-04-20.