Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine
|Students||583 MD, 51 PA, 119 PT, 370 graduate|
|Location||Iowa City, Iowa, USA|
|Dean||Debra A. Schwinn, MD|
The Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine is the medical school of the University of Iowa, located in Iowa City, in the U.S. state of Iowa. The first medical college associated with the University of Iowa was founded in 1850, in the small town of Keokuk, but the current Iowa City program can trace its roots to 1870. The program became notable as the first co-educational medical school in the United States, and was one of 22 original members of the Association of American Medical Colleges in 1876.
The College has a national reputation for excellence; in 2011, its primary care program was ranked 9th in the country, and its research program 26th by U.S. News & World Report. The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, where students train, also received positive marks from the report, ranking nationally in 13 specialties, including top ten rankings for orthopedics, ophthalmology and otolaryngology.
The Iowa State Legislature approved plans for medical training on the main campus of the University of Iowa in 1868, and ten women were among the first class in 1870. The first purpose-built university hospital did not open its doors until 1898, however, and the influential 1910 Flexner Report recommended the school either reform substantially or close its doors, calling it a "well-intentioned but feeble institution." However, the report was optimistic as to Iowa's potential, seeing it "in position to duplicate the honorable record which the University of Michigan has, under similar circumstances, made at Ann Arbor."
Over the next decade, Iowa responded to the report's challenges. The UI hospitals' clinical capacity was increased tenfold, from 50 to 500 beds, and in 1919, the legislature passed the Haskell-Klaus Act, which provided state-paid medical care to all poor children and adults. In 1922, the Rockefeller Foundation gave the University $2.25 million, with state matching funds, to build a new University Hospital on the west campus, where the modern hospital buildings remain today. Statewide ambulance service began in 1932, allowing all Iowans access to the UI hospitals.
By the middle part of the 20th century, medical research at the University of Iowa began making an impact. In 1939, Iowa researchers developed modern blood banking and UI hospitals became the first in the world to develop a successful method of freezing human sperm, leading to a live birth in 1952. Other innovations from this period include the first human EEG recordings, first description of how blood is supplied to the prostate gland, the Ponseti Method of surgical treatment of clubfoot, and one of the world's first heart-lung machines.
In 1998, the UI hospitals were certified as a Level I Trauma Center with pediatric commitment by the American College of Surgeons. In 2002, in recognition of $90 million in total contributions, the UI College of Medicine was renamed after Roy J. Carver and his widow, Lucille A. Carver.
|Carver College of Medicine Departments|
Basic Science Departments
There are 879 faculty and more than 3,000 staff. The student body includes 583 medical students, 650 resident and fellow physicians, 200 associated medical science students, and 5,000 undergraduate students.
- Doctor of Medicine (MD).
- Combined degree programs – the Medical Scientist Training Program, one of 40 MD-PhD programs supported by the National Institutes of Health; MD-MPH (master of public health); MD-JD (juris doctor); and MD-MBA (master of business administration).
- Basic sciences graduate programs – master’s and/or doctoral degrees in anatomy and cell biology, biochemistry, free radical and radiation biology, genetics, immunology, microbiology, molecular biology, neuroscience, pharmacology, physiology and biophysics, and translational biomedical research.
- Associated Medical Sciences programs – master of physician assistant studies (MPAS); master of physical therapy (MPT), and master of arts (MA) in physical therapy; doctor of physical therapy (DPT); and PhD in physical and rehabilitation science. Also, bachelor of science (BS) in biochemistry, nuclear medicine technology, microbiology, and radiation sciences.
UI Carver College of Medicine received $228.1 million in external research funding in FY 2010.
Centers within the Carver College of Medicine
- Center on Aging
- Center for Auditory Regeneration and Deafness
- Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
- Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center, one of 39 NCI-designated comprehensive cancer centers in the nation
- Cardiovascular Research Center
- Craniofacial Research Center
- Cystic Fibrosis Research Center
- Fraternal Order of Eagles Diabetes Research Center
- Center for Functional Genomics of Hypertension
- Center for Gene Therapy of Cystic Fibrosis and Other Genetic Diseases
- General Clinical Research Center
- Huntington’s Disease Society of America Huntington’s Disease Center
- Center for the Implementation of Innovative Strategies in Practice
- George M. O’Brien Kidney Research Center
- Iowa Comprehensive Lung Imaging Center
- Carver Family Center for Macular Degeneration
- Senator Paul D. Wellstone Cooperative Research Center
- Specialized Center of Research in Osteoarthritis
- Helen C. Levitt Center for Viral Pathogenesis and Disease
- Program Project Grant on Atherosclerosis
- Bacterial Respiratory Pathogens Research Unit
- Cancer and Aging Program
- Cerebral Vascular Biology Program Project Grant
- Program in Gene Discovery
- Research Program in Genetics of Prematurity
- Inflammation Program
- Pain Research Program
- NIH Vaccine Treatment and Evaluation Unit