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University of Texas Medical Branch

Coordinates: 29°18′39″N 94°46′38″W / 29.3107°N 94.7771°W / 29.3107; -94.7771
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The University of Texas
Medical Branch
University of Texas Medical Branch seal
MottoDisciplina praesidium civitatis (Latin)
Motto in English
Cultivated mind is the guardian genius of democracy.[1]
TypePublic academic health science center
Parent institution
University of Texas System
Endowment$ 560 million[2]
PresidentJochen Reiser
Administrative staff
Students3,169 (2,826 full-time equivalent) (Fall 2015)[3]
Location, ,
CampusUrban, 350 acres (140 ha)
ColorsRed, white, and gray[4]      

The University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) is a public academic health science center in Galveston, Texas, United States. It is part of the University of Texas System. UTMB includes the oldest medical school in Texas,[5] and has about 11,000 employees.[6] As of April 2024, it had an endowment of $763 million.[7]

Established in 1891 as the University of Texas Medical Department, UTMB has grown from one building, 23 students and 13 faculty members to more than 70 buildings, more than 2,500 students and more than 1,000 faculty.[8] It has five schools (Medicine, Nursing, Health Professions, Public and Population Health, and Graduate Biomedical Sciences), three institutes for advanced study, a comprehensive medical library, four on-site hospitals (including an affiliated Shriners Hospital for Children), a network of clinics that provide primary and specialized medical care and numerous research facilities.

UTMB's primary missions are health sciences education, medical research (it is home to the Galveston National Laboratory) and health care services.[9] Its emergency department at John Sealy Hospital is certified as a Level I Trauma Center and serves as the lead trauma facility for a nine-county region in Southeast Texas; it is one of only three Level I Trauma centers serving all ages in Southeast Texas.[10]


"Old Red", the medical school's original building
The First John Sealy Hospital
The Galveston National Laboratory at UTMB is the first full-size BSL-4 lab located on a university campus in the United States.

The location of the Medical Department of the University of Texas was decided between Galveston and Houston in a popular vote in 1881, but its opening was delayed due to the construction of the main university campus in Austin, Texas. The need for medical training in Texas was great: in 1891, 80 percent of doctors in the state had under a year of formal training in medicine, and so the "Texas Medical College" was formed in Galveston with the idea that it would become the medical department once state funding began.[citation needed]

The original building, the Ashbel Smith Building also called Old Red, was begun in 1890 under the supervision of the Galveston architect Nicholas J. Clayton. Clayton toured several medical colleges in the North and East before drawing up his plans for the building. The medical school campus also included the John Sealy Hospital, which provided charity care for any who claimed Galveston residence.

Upon opening, the Red Building had been starkly underfurnished, a problem which was not fully remedied until after the Hurricane of 1900, when the state rallied around the ravaged city. Dr. Thompson, professor of surgery, said that "the regents were so generous in repairing the damage to the building and restoring the equipment, that we were actually in better shape at the end of the year 1901 than we had been before." In addition, the damage to the roof of Old Red allowed for the addition of skylights, which had always been wanted for the dissection room. Also in 1901, the school admitted their first woman faculty member, Marie Charlotte Schaefer.[11]

In 1915 the medical branch built the first hospital dedicated to children in Texas. By 1924 UTMB had established the first department of pediatrics in the state of Texas – which was also one of the first departments of pediatrics in the United States.[12]

UTMB's annual budget of approximately $1.4 billion includes grants, awards, and contracts from federal and private sources totaling more than $150 million, in addition to institutional allocations for research.[citation needed]

Construction on an emergency department began in 1989, and the Sealy & Smith Foundation spent $28 million to have it built.[13]

In 1996, UTMB purchased the adjacent 128-year-old St. Mary's Hospital, the first catholic hospital in Texas.[14] The building was converted into the Rebecca Sealy Psychiatric Hospital.

Hurricane Ike


Hurricane Ike (2008) caused significant flood damage to nearly every building on campus, including the John Sealy Hospital. However, UTMB has about $1.4 billion to restore, harden and expand its campus. Much of the money was approved by the 81st Texas Legislative session, $450 million comes from FEMA, $130 million from insurance, $200 million from the Sealy and Smith Foundation, and $50 million from the Social Service Block Grant Funds. Reconstruction is actively underway as well as hardening of the campus to protect buildings and resources from future storms. UTMB restored its educational programs within weeks after the Hurricane Ike and the research endeavor came back steadily thereafter. In 2011 the foundation committed $170 million towards the construction of a new Jennie Sealy Hospital on the UTMB campus, an amount that represents the largest single gift ever to a Texas health institution.[15]

Modern history


In 2003 UTMB received funding to construct a $150 million Galveston National Biocontainment Laboratory on its campus, one of the few non-military facilities of this level. It houses several Biosafety Level 4 research laboratories, where studies on highly infectious materials can be carried out safely.[16] It has schools of medicine, nursing, allied health professions, and a graduate school of biomedical sciences, as well as an institute for medical humanities. UTMB also has a major contract with the Texas Department of Criminal Justice to provide medical care to inmates at all TDC sites in the eastern and southern portions of Texas. UTMB also has similar contracts with local governments needing inmate medical care.

In fiscal year 2012, UTMB received 20 percent of its $1.5 billion budget from the State of Texas to help support its teaching mission, hospital operation and Level 1 Trauma Center; UTMB generates the rest of its budget through its research endeavors, clinical services and philanthropy. It provides a significant amount of charity care (almost $96 million in 2012), and treats complex cases such as transplants and burns.[17]

UTMB became a member of the Houston-based Texas Medical Center in 2010.[18]

On March 10, 2022, UTMB announced that the School of Medicine would be renamed to the John Sealy School of Medicine in honor of the over $1 billion donated to the university and medical school by the Sealy family and the Sealy & Smith Foundation over the last century.[19]



Hospitals and clinics

UTMB's John Sealy Hospital
The Shriner's Hospital for Children on UTMB's campus
  • Jennie Sealy Hospital – a 12-story teaching hospital that is a $438 million facility featuring 310 patient rooms, including 60 dedicated ICU beds, a 28-bed day surgery unit and 20 state-of-the-art operating suites. Completed in 2016.
  • John Sealy Hospital – a 12-story teaching hospital housing inpatient units for pediatrics, obstetrics/gynecology, and burns patients. It is currently undergoing extensive renovation following construction of the new Jennie Sealy Hospital.
  • UTMB Health Clinics Building – a seven-story building housing numerous specialty and subspecialty clinics.
  • UTMB Pediatrics and Children's Hospital – located within John Sealy Hospital, including 50 inpatient beds, 12 PICU beds, 30 low-acuity newborn and 42 NICU beds. The hospital treats infants, children, teens, and young adults age 0-21.[20][21]
  • R. Waverley Smith Pavilion – formerly home to obstetrics services and the neonatal intensive care unit, the Waverley Smith Pavilion is undergoing significant renovations and has become the primary link between Jennie Sealy Hospital and the adjacent John Sealy Hospital and Clinical Sciences Wing.
  • Rebecca Sealy Hospital – formerly housed UTMB's day surgery and inpatient psychiatry services. Following renovations after Hurricane Ike, Rebecca Sealy is now home to administrative and educational space for the university.
  • Shriners Burns Hospital for Children – A 30-bed children's hospital specializing care and treatment of acute burns, patients needing plastic reconstructive or restorative surgery as a result of "healed" burns, and scarring and deformity of the face. It has an Intensive Care Unit with 15 acute beds, a reconstruction and plastic surgery unit with 15 reconstruction beds, three operating rooms, a multi-bed recovery room, and numerous clinics. It is a Verified Burn Center by the American Burn Association.[22]
  • Texas Department of Criminal Justice – Hospital Galveston – operated in collaboration with the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, the prison hospital has 172 inpatient beds, a multi-service ambulatory care center, a minor operating room with a recovery room, a telemetry unit of 24 beds, a medical intensive care unit of 24 beds and a 56-bed overnight holding unit.



UTMB includes five schools:

  • John Sealy School of Medicine – The School of Medicine at UTMB has provided medical school or residency training to one in six Texas physicians. Opened in 1891, it has 20 departments and three institutes.
  • Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences – Biomedical graduate programs were started in 1952, and a separate graduate school was established in 1969, becoming the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences in 1972. The GSBS and the UT Telecampus have created a concurrent enrollment program by which graduate students at UTMB can pursue both a PhD and an MBA in preparation for careers in biotechnology and the pharmaceutical industry, among other career opportunities.
  • School of Nursing – The UTMB School of Nursing offers programs such as BSN, MSN (Nurse Practitioner, Nurse Educator), PhD (Nursing Education), and DNP (Doctorate of Nursing Practice).
  • School of Health Professions – The School of Health Professions has eight degree-granting programs.
  • School of Public and Population Health – The UTMB School of Public and Population Health is composed of 5 departments and offers degree programs such as MPH, PhD, and MS. It also provides some training and an MPH degree for trainees in UTMB's Aerospace Medicine Residency Program.

Science complex

UTMB's Research Buildings
Moody Medical Library

From its modest beginnings in the 1890s as the first state medical school in Texas, the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston (UTMB) has developed into a large, sophisticated health science complex with numerous schools and institutes, including:

  • Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences,
  • School of Medicine,
  • School of Nursing,
  • School of Health Professions,
  • Institute for Human Infections and Immunity,
  • Institute for the Medical Humanities,
  • an affiliated Shriners Burns Hospital,
  • Sealy Center for Molecular Medicine,
  • Sealy Center for Structural Biology,
  • Center for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases,
  • Center for Addiction Research,
  • Educational Cancer Center,
  • Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women's Health,
  • Institute for Translational Sciences,[23]
  • Galveston National Laboratory (GNL),
  • Sealy Center for Cancer Cell Biology,
  • Sealy Center for Environmental Health and Medicine,
  • World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Tropical Diseases,
  • Stark Diabetes Center,
  • Center for Biomedical Engineering,
  • Center for Environmental Toxicology,
  • Sealy Center on Aging,
  • George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases,
  • Institute for Drug Discovery,
  • Sealy Center for Vaccine Development.

UTMB operates an extensive clinical care enterprise with a wide variety of specialty programs.[citation needed]



UTMB has two heliports: the Ewing Hall Heliport (FAA LID: 9TS7) and the Emergency Department Heliport (FAA LID: 9TA7).

Notable alumni and faculty


See also



  1. ^ "The University of Texas Seal - Traditions". UT History Central. Texasexes.org. 1905-10-31. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  2. ^ "Endowment Information". UTIMCO. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
  3. ^ "Education Facts". UTMB Health. University of Texas Medical Branch. 2015-10-26. Archived from the original on 2016-05-01. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  4. ^ "UTMB Health: Visual: Color Palettes: Primary Palettes". UTMB Health. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  5. ^ "UTMB School of Medicine". Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  6. ^ "UTMB Data". University of Texas Medical Branch. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Endowment Information". University of Texas Investment Management Company. April 30, 2024. Archived from the original on 30 March 2019. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  8. ^ "About UTMB Health".
  9. ^ "UTMB not 'shirking' its charity care responsibilities". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  10. ^ "Verified Trauma Centers". American College of Surgeons. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  11. ^ "UTMB, Galveston Histories Intertwined". The Galveston Daily News. 1991. p. 46. Retrieved 2017-10-31 – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ Dannenmaier, Molly (17 April 2012). "UTMB's Children's Hospital makes its debut". Galveston Daily News. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  13. ^ Moran, Kevin (1989-09-14). "Work started on new UTMB trauma center". Houston Chronicle. p. Section A 25. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  14. ^ "St. Mary's Hospital will close/UT branch to buy 128-year-old unit". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2012-05-12. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
  15. ^ Dawson, Jennifer (25 August 2011). "UTMB Galveston to build $438M hospital". Houston Business Journal. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  16. ^ "UTMB on biowar front line / Lab funded by federal grant will seek defenses for terror 10/01/2003". Archives | Chron.com. Houston Chronicle. 2003-01-10. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
  17. ^ "Understanding Charity Care in Today's Health Care Environment". UTMB Health. Archived from the original on 31 May 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  18. ^ Allison Wollam (2 March 2010). "UTMB becomes TMC member institution". Houston Business Journal. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  19. ^ Cobb, Timia (2022-03-10). "University of Texas Medical Branch names school for 19th-century Galveston magnate John Sealy". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved 2022-03-11.
  20. ^ "Pediatric Infectious Diseases". www.utmb.edu. Retrieved 2020-05-04.
  21. ^ "Children's Mental Health Services". www.utmb.edu. Retrieved 2020-05-04.
  22. ^ "Galveston, TX". Shriners Hospitals for Children. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  23. ^ "ITS – Institute for Translational Sciences". Institute for Translational Sciences. Archived from the original on 2009-04-30. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
  24. ^ "Greg Bonnen's Biography". votesmart.org. Retrieved February 25, 2014.


  • University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston (1967). The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston: A Seventy-five Year History by the Faculty and Staff. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. LCCN 67028060.

29°18′39″N 94°46′38″W / 29.3107°N 94.7771°W / 29.3107; -94.7771