The Unlikely Pilgrimage of Harold Fry
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The Unlikely Pilgrimage of Harold Fry is a novel by Rachel Joyce, published in 2012. Joyce's first novel, it was a long-list finalist (top 12) for the 2012 Man Booker Prize, and Joyce won the UK National Book Award for New Writer of the Year for the book. It was also the best-selling hardback book in the UK from a new novelist in 2012.
Harold Fry, 65, has cut the lawn outside his home at Kingsbridge on the south coast of Devon when he receives a letter. A colleague of twenty years ago, Queenie Hennessy, has cancer and is in a hospice in Berwick-upon-Tweed. The doctors say there is nothing more that can be done for her. He writes her a feeble and brief note and goes to post it, has second thoughts, and walks to the next post box, and the next. He phones the hospice from a call box and leaves a message. He is coming and she should wait, stay alive while he makes the journey. A girl at the petrol filling station where he stops for a snack says something that acts as a catalyst for his nascent project. He tells her he is on foot, posting a letter to someone with cancer. 'If you have faith you can do anything’ she replies, but quickly disclaims any religious reference.
As he begins the walk which in 87 days will cover 627 miles, he reflects. About his marriage, his former employment as a brewery representative, about his son David, from whom he is almost completely estranged. From stopping places he sends postcards, to his wife Maureen, to Queenie, and to the unnamed girl at the filling station who gave him inspiration for his journey.
Maureen, although anxious about him, for a long time doesn't think of driving to provide help. Much later, when he has reached Yorkshire she drives up to see him. She thinks of joining his pilgrimage, but when he invites her she refuses, saying "It was selfish of me to ask you to give up your walk. Forgive me, Harold", to which replies, "I’m the one who needs forgiveness" (232).
Harold also realises that his journey to Queenie Hennesy is also a way for him to resolve issues from his past and to listen to the problems of others, such as a "silver-haired gentleman" whom he meets in a cafe early in his journey, or a middle-aged woman with cuts on her wrists.
He remembers how when he was twelve his mother 'walked out', and is aware that he is repeating her action. When he was sixteen his father 'showed him the door'. Later he went mad.
Six miles south of Stroud he phones the hospice and is told that the stay, cure, or miracle is working. His decision to walk appears vindicated. He finds a cast-off sleeping bag and carries it with another bag, looking now every bit a gentleman of the road. Faced with a shrunken bank balance he starts to sleep out. In Cheltenham he gives away his guidebook and posts home his debit card and other items. In the renunciation is the wonder of the impossible.
South of Coventry he is joined by a young man, Mick, who remarks, "What you’re doing is a pilgrimage for the twenty-first century. It's awesome. Yours is the kind of story people want to hear" (193). Mick, it appears, works for the Coventry Telegraph, and Harold's story of modern pilgrimage was soon everywhere, including Thought for the Day on BBC Radio 4. Before long they are joined by countless others from all walks of life. They do not use paid accommodation, always sleeping out or finding garden sheds.
There are disagreements, thefts, and soon Harold is thinking, "if only these people would go. Would find something else to believe in"(220). He decides to backtrack, which has the effect of throwing off the fellow-travellers who proceed directly to the Berwick destination. In the last stages of his walk Harold becomes badly disorientated, wanders around west of Berwick, sending home postcards from places like Kelso.
But when he at last reaches the hospice where Queenie has been waiting, he decides not to go in, and the reader is told, by means of a confessional letter to the girl at the filling station, of another motive for the walk. His son David, unemployed after Cambridge and addicted to drink and drugs, committed suicide in the garden shed, where he was discovered by the father with whom he barely ever communicated, and whose life is now a protracted mourning. The same letter divulges that when he and Queenie were working as colleagues she had taken the blame for a misdemeanour committed by Harold. "I let her take the blame"(264).
Finally, Harold changes his mind and goes to the sick room to find Queenie unable to speak and at the point of death. Maureen reaches him in Berwick, and he tells her that Queenie is beyond hope, beyond speech, and had been so since he set out. He however is able to say things to Maureen that were previously unspoken, about memories of David, of their earlier life, his own mother. They are reconciled before the waves breaking on the beach. Together they visit the hospice where Queenie has died and learned that she died at peace. When a young nun invites them to stay for evening mass they decline. Later, they head to the waterfront and reminisce on how they first met and they laugh for the first time in years.
‘The Love Song of Queenie Hennessy’, five 15-minute readings on Radio 4 in October 2014, and repeated March 2016, is a sequence of letters and reminiscences from Queenie. Rachel Joyce imagines Queenie’s last days as she waits for Harold. Her love has always been undeclared, and in these recounted memories she is more closely involved with David than with him. David steals and declaims her love poems written for/about Harold, steals money from Queenie, fails at Cambridge. She fears that her turning on him with an accusation drives him to the overdose which finishes him. Maureen rejects her when she comes with flowers on David’s death. Harold arrives at the hospice and in this story they talk. She sees in the window the shining quartz pendant he brings, her letters of reminiscence have confessed her lifelong love. The obscure sacking incident is now a rampage, unexplained and unprovoked, where Harold smashes a set of glass clowns given to boss Napier by his mother. An undertaker sees about Queenie’s coffin. Her story is her last confession. Now Harold, who has completed his long walk is, pathetically, briefly, all for her. Maureen is not in the picture.
Background and reception
Joyce first wrote the story of Harold Fry in the form of a short radio play, which was broadcast on BBC Radio 4, with Anton Rogers, Anna Massey and Niamh Cusack. She dedicated the play to her father, who was dying from cancer, and who did not live long enough to hear it. The play was later developed into a full-length novel.
A good part of the interest for the reader,[according to whom?] the narrative suspense, is in waiting to find out as the novel proceeds how the hints that this is a kind of pilgrimage will be developed, and whether it will have, despite or because of the protagonist’s delay, the desired effect on Queenie’s life. Also, what kind of pilgrimage? If Harold is a pilgrim of sorts, is he in some strange, foolish, way also the destination saint to whose shrine pilgrims make their way in the hope of blessing? At the moment of his arrival the question is posed: ‘What had it all been about?’
It’s not easy for the reader to suspend disbelief. Harold Fry leaves without his mobile phone or any suitable clothing or equipment (his ‘yachting shoes’ are not canvas, nor do they have rope soles, but appear to be made of leather, which very soon chafes painfully. The book’s front matter shows a pair of laced moccasins). If he wants to see Queenie before she dies, why not choose a faster means of transport? If he wants a meditative hike, he might walk instead on the return journey. In Exeter after about a week on the road he dawdles, "lost a full day, simply wandering" (82). Common sense reasoning finally breaks through much later, when he is in Bath and during a chance encounter with a celebrity actor, who is there for a book-signing. "If I were you, I’d get myself in a car.... Bollocks to the walk". It’s a novel with a highly eccentric protagonist, who is just possibly a holy fool.
But reviewers of the book were mostly convinced. According to Matthew Richardson in The Spectator, Joyce manages the "balancing act of embedding homespun philosophy [...] without being twee" Ron Charles in the Washington Post compared Harold Fry's journey to "Walter Mitty skydiving" and "J. Alfred Prufrock not just eating that peach, but throwing the pit out the window, rolling up his trousers and whistling to those hot mermaids.". Alfred Hickling reviewing the novel for The Guardian wrote that "[u]ltimately, the success of Joyce's writing depends less on the credibility (or otherwise) of what actually happens, so much as her unerring ability to convey profound emotions in simple, unaffected language". Janet Maslin, who reviewed it for the New York Times, called the book "sentimental" with "a premise that is simple and twee", but concludes that "it is very much a story of present-day courage".
Rachel Joyce, The Unlikely Pilgrimage of Harold Fry, Doubleday, 2012. Page references in parenthesis in the article text are to this edition.
- Wakin, Daniel J. (25 July 2012). AshantyMan Booker Prize Finalists Announced, The New York Times
- New Writer of the Year, NationalBookAwards.co.uk
- Jones, Philip (26 March 2013). Random hails 'most successful year of all time', The Bookseller
- Rachel Joyce: My Man Booker longlisted novel was dedicated to my dying father, The Daily Telegraph 1 August 2012, retrieved 10 March 2014
- The Unlikely Pilgrimage of Harold Fry, by Rachel Joyce — review, The Spectator 19 April 2012, retrieved 10 March 2014
- Joyce’s ‘The Unlikely Pilgrimage of Harold Fry,’, Washington Post 25 July 2012, retrieved 10 March 2014
- The Unlikely Pilgrimage of Harold Fry by Rachel Joyce – review, The Guardian 6 April 2012, retrieved 10 March 2014
- Quiet Man Gets a Life and Also a Blister, review in the New York Times, 29 July 2012, retrieved 10 March 2014