The Very Hungry Caterpillar
Front cover illustration
|Genre||Children's literature (Children's picture book)|
|Publisher||World Publishing Company (US)|
Hamish Hamilton (UK)
|June 3, 1969|
|Media type||Hardcover, Board book|
The Very Hungry Caterpillar is a children's picture book designed, illustrated, and written by Eric Carle, first published by the World Publishing Company in 1969, later published by Penguin Putnam. It features a caterpillar who eats his way through a wide variety of foodstuffs before pupating and emerging as a butterfly. The winner of many children's literature awards and a major graphic design award, it has sold almost 50 million copies worldwide. It has been described as having sold the equivalent of a copy per minute since its publication. It has been described as "one of the greatest childhood classics of all time." It was voted the number two children's picture book in a 2012 survey of School Library Journal readers.
The Very Hungry Caterpillar uses distinctive collage illustrations (Carle's third book, and a new style at the time), 'eaten' holes in the pages and simple text with educational themes – counting, the days of the week, foods, and a butterfly's life stages. There have been a large number of related books and other products, including educational tools, created in connection to the book. The caterpillar's diet is fictional rather than scientifically accurate, but the book introduces concepts of Lepidoptera life stages where transformations take place including the ultimate metamorphosis from 'hungry caterpillar' to 'handsome butterfly', and it has been endorsed by the Royal Entomological Society.
One Sunday morning, a caterpillar hatches from an egg. He is known as the Very Hungry Caterpillar, who loves eating, and so he begins to look for some food. He eats through increasing quantities of fruit on the following 5 days. First it's one apple on Monday, then two pears on Tuesday, three plums on Wednesday, four strawberries on Thursday, and finally, five oranges on Friday. On Saturday, he eats an enormous amount of food. He eats through one piece of chocolate cake, one ice-cream cone, one pickle, one slice of Swiss cheese, one slice of salami, one lollipop, one piece of cherry pie, one sausage, one cupcake, and one slice of watermelon. Then that night, he gets a stomachache from overeating (from all of those 6 days; Monday through Saturday). But the next morning, it becomes Sunday again. The caterpillar recovered after he eats one green leaf. Finally, he's neither hungry nor little. He was a super big fat caterpillar. The caterpillar spins a cocoon around himself. There, inside he sleeps in it for 2 weeks. Later, the caterpillar emerges as a butterfly with large, gorgeous, multi-coloured wings.
In a sense the book was inspired by a hole punch: "One day I was punching holes with a hole puncher into a stack of paper, and I thought of a bookworm and so I created a story called A Week with Willi the Worm." Carle was familiar with "differently shaped pages" from books that he read as a child in Germany.
A Week with Willi the Worm featured a bookworm named Willi. But Carle's editor Ann Beneduce advised that a green worm would not make a likeable protagonist. "Then my editor suggested a caterpillar instead and I said 'Butterfly!' That's how it began," Carle recalls.
The differently shaped pages with holes representing the caterpillar's trail through foodstuffs were a challenge. No US printer could do the work economically but Beneduce found one in Japan.
Awards and accolades
The book has won numerous awards, including an American Institute of Graphic Arts Award in 1970, the Selection du Grand Prix des Treize in France in 1972, and the Nakamori Reader's Prize in Japan in 1975.
The New York Times cited it as one of the "Ten Best Picture Books of the Year" in 1969. The book placed at number 199 in the Big Read, a 2003 poll conducted by the BBC to determine the United Kingdom's best loved books. It was one of the few picture books to place on the list. Based on a 2007 online poll, the National Education Association named the book one of its "Teachers' Top 100 Books for Children." Five years later School Library Journal sponsored a survey of readers which identified The Very Hungry Caterpillar as the number two children's picture book, behind only Maurice Sendak's Where the Wild Things Are.
Educational and cultural influence
The book has been translated into at least 40 languages, including Dutch, French, Spanish, German, Chinese, Italian, Portuguese, Swedish, Russian, and Hebrew. It has been used by elementary school teachers, librarians, and parents as a teaching aid, with activities developed which use the book.
The book received renewed attention when in 1999, Pizza Hut asked 50 US governors to name their favorite books from childhood. Presidential candidate George W. Bush "opted for the Caterpillar. It didn't take long for gleeful commentators to point out that when the book was published, Bush was nearly 23."
The Very Hungry Caterpillar was adapted for television on 1 September 1993 in the UK before being released on VHS video on 17th October 1994 distributed by PolyGram Video, then it re-released on 16th June 1997 distributed by Channel 5 Video and it also got re-released on 18th March 2002 distributed by Universal Pictures. a sublabel of PolyGram, as part of an anthology called The World Of Eric Carle that included The Very Hungry Caterpillar, along with four other Eric Carle stories, including: Papa, Please Get the Moon for Me, The Very Quiet Cricket, The Mixed-Up Chameleon, and I See A Song.
It used a classical music-influenced soundtrack by Wallace & Gromit composer Julian Nott. Narration on the UK releases of the programme, entitled The Very Hungry Caterpillar and Other Stories, was performed by Roger McGough and Juliet Stevenson, this version was briefly released in the US in the same year by Scholastic before on 5 August 1995, Disney released a US dub of the video, with narration by Brian Cummings and Linda Gary. Subsequent to that adaptation, the film and TV rights were sold for £1 million.[dubious ]
The Very Hungry Caterpillar was released on DVD on 24 April 2006, this time presented by the Illuminated Film Company and broadcast by Ventura Distribution as part of the anthology called The World Of Eric Carle that included The Very Hungry Caterpillar, along with four other Eric Carle stories: Papa, Please Get the Moon for Me, The Very Quiet Cricket, The Mixed-Up Chameleon, and I See a Song. It was also released on DVD in the US by Disney.
There have been numerous different editions of the book, with various additional features, as well as games incorporating copies of the book. Examples include a pop-up version and a book/card game combination from University Games. Other toys and educational resources based upon or featuring The Very Hungry Caterpillar are also plentiful.
In popular culture
- In 2000, George W. Bush read the book at primary schools while campaigning for the presidency, calling it his favorite childhood book.
- 100 Best Books for Children, Anita Silvey, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2004, ISBN 978-0-618-27889-3
- "Eric Carle collection". University Libraries – Information courtesy of the Gale Group. Archived from the original on 2012-08-05. Retrieved 2008-09-08.
- Fetters, Ashley (20 March 2019). "How The Very Hungry Caterpillar Became a Classic". The Atlantic. Boston.
- Taylor, Kate (22 October 2004). "Eat your heart out". The Guardian. London.
- Kate Taylor (22 October 2004). "Eat your heart out". The Guardian.
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- Khan, Urmee (20 March 2009). "Google celebrates Eric Carle's Very Hungry Caterpillar". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- Bird, Elizabeth (June 28, 2012). "Top 100 Picture Books #2: The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle". A Fuse 8 Production. Retrieved 2013-06-19.
- "Hungry Caterpillar author on zoo maths". Metro.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
- "The Big Read". BBC. Retrieved 2008-09-08.
- National Education Association (2007). "Teachers' Top 100 Books for Children". Retrieved 2012-08-22.
- "Accredited Language Services". Retrieved 11 March 2017.
- ISBN 2871421749
- ISBN 039923960X
- ISBN 3806742596
- ISBN 9577620981
- ISBN 8804323329
- ISBN 9163812134
- ISBN 5903497047
- "הזחל הרעב קרל אריק". kibutz-poalim.co.il. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
- The librarian's complete guide to involving parents through children's literature, Anthony D. Fredericks, Libraries Unlimited, 1997. ISBN 1-56308-538-0 p. 93
- Teaching Terrific Fours, Annal Jones, Carol Crownover, Elizabeth Jones. Humanism Learning, 2006. ISBN 0-89334-419-2 p. 92
- http://electromagnetism/newspapers?id=w5YxAAAAIBAJ&sjid=pm4DAAAAIBAJ&pg=6769,1457812&dq=very-hungry-caterpillar&hl=en[permanent dead link]
- Taylor, Kate (22 October 2004). "Eat your heart out". The Guardian.
- "First Day of Spring 2009 - Design by Eric Carle". Google. Archived from the original on 2012-01-09. Retrieved 2018-08-15.
- Associated Press (8 March 2011). "Groups Hope "Hungry Caterpillar" Helps Fight Fat". Washington Times. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- Reed Brunson (2015-10-03), Opening to The Very Hungry Caterpillar & Other Stories by Eric Carle 1993 VHS (Rare), retrieved 2018-02-25
- The Very Hungry Caterpillar and other stories. Walt Disney Productions. August 5, 1995.
- Dominic Casciani (26 July 2005). Counting on the Caterpillar. BBC.
- "Read - Penguin Books USA - Read". penguin.com. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
- "The Very Hungry Caterpillar Spinner: Book and Card Game". University Games. 2007-01-30. ISBN 978-1-57528-890-1.
- ""the very hungry caterpillar" - Google Search". google.com. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
- Fahey, Mike. "The Nintendo Download: Countdown To Excitement". kotaku.com. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
- Taylor, Kate (22 October 2004). "Eat your heart out". Retrieved 11 March 2017 – via The Guardian.
- Connelly, Joel (January 26, 2016). "Washington will get to vote on whether corporations are people". seattlepi.com. Retrieved 11 March 2017.