by Friedrich Dürrenmatt
|Productions||2001 Chicago |
Based on Friedrich Dürrenmatt's 1956 satirical play about greed and revenge Der Besuch der alten Dame, it focuses on the world's wealthiest woman, Claire Zachanassian, who returns to her financially depressed hometown and offers its residents a new lease on life in exchange for the murder of Anton Schell, the man who abandoned her years ago.
The musical adaptation of The Visit was originally developed as a vehicle for Angela Lansbury and was scheduled for a Broadway opening on March 15, 2001. It had been scheduled for a try-out in Boston for December 2000–January 2001. Frank Galati was the director with Ann Reinking as choreographer, and co-starring Philip Bosco. However, in July 2000 Lansbury withdrew due to the illness and subsequent death of her husband.
Chita Rivera was signed as Lansbury's replacement and the musical, directed by Frank Galati and choreographed by Ann Reinking, was staged with Rivera and John McMartin by the Goodman Theatre, Chicago, opening on October 1, 2001. Galati said that because of the September 11, 2001 attacks the show did not move to Broadway: "It was generally a success, but we couldn't get anyone from New York or California to see it. People weren't flying." In that climate, he says, "the whole idea of moving a very dark parable about human greed, the dark side of human nature," was difficult. Reinking said: "By the time you really could travel and people felt safe again, our run was up." Regional theatre productions were considered as an alternative, while McNally rewrote the book. Then, in late 2003, The Public Theater announced it was mounting an off-Broadway production with Rivera and Frank Langella early the following year, but that too was cancelled when financing fell through.
Signature Theatre, 2008
The Signature Theatre in Arlington, Virginia production of The Visit, began previews on May 13, 2008, officially opened on May 27 and ran through June 22. With direction by Frank Galati and choreography by Ann Reinking, Rivera was once again in the lead, with co-stars George Hearn and Mark Jacoby. Prior to this production, a closed reading was held on February 19, 2008, with, among others, Jayne Houdyshell, Florence Lacey, and Jason Danieley, joining Rivera, Hearn and Mark Jacoby.
Concert, on Broadway, 2011
Williamstown Theatre Festival, 2014
A one-act version appeared at the Williamstown Theatre Festival, (Massachusetts) running from July 31, 2014, to August 17. The cast featured Chita Rivera, Jason Danieley, Judy Kuhn, Roger Rees, Diana DiMarzio, David Garrison, Michelle Veintimilla and Rick Holmes, with direction by John Doyle and choreography by Graciela Daniele. Music direction was by David Loud, who has served as music director for each incarnation of the show.
The "one-act" version of The Visit which was presented at the Williamstown Theatre Festival began Broadway previews on March 26, 2015, and premiered on Broadway at the Lyceum Theatre on April 23, 2015. Chita Rivera and Roger Rees, in his final stage performance, starred, with direction by John Doyle and choreography by Graciela Daniele. The production closed on June 14, 2015. Tom Nelis took over the role of Anton when Rees became ill.
"The citizens of Brachen are awaiting the visit of their very own Claire Wascher, now Claire Zachanassian, the oft-widowed, richest woman in the world. It's been a lifetime's absence during which they have fallen into utter bankruptcy. In anticipation of this visit, Anton Shell, a once prosperous shop keeper, remembers himself and Claire as young lovers ("Prelude"). The Mayor and the School Master have prepared a special welcome for their distinguished visitor ("Out of the Darkness"). All Brachen marvels at their visitor's glamorous, bejeweled presence ("At Last"). Claire explains the reason for it ("I Walk Away"). Her warm greeting to Anton makes the Mayor realize that Anton is the key to asking Claire to relieve them from their misery. Anton is confident he can ("I Know Claire). He leaves to rendezvous with Claire and their old trysting place, Konrad's Village Wood, while the others exult in their good fortune. Only the School Master has forebodings about her visit ("A Happy Ending"). Alone in the woods, the two old lovers and their younger selves reminisce ("You,You,You"). Anton is convinced that she will be their salvation ("I Must Have Been Something"). Everyone prepares for the gala banquet that evening at the Golden Apostle Hotel in Claire's honor ("Look at Me"). The Mayor and the citizens tell Claire of their inexplicable decline from prosperity to utter bankruptcy ("A Masque"). Claire then recounts her version of events, which differs considerably from theirs ("Eunuch's Testimony"). In exchange for rescuing them from financial calamity, she asks for the life of Anton Shell ("Winter"). The Mayor expresses outrage but the seeds have been planted ("Yellow Shoes").
Claire reveals that it is she herself who destroyed Brachen's once booming economy ("A Confession"). She is resolute in her terms: Anton's death. Claire's entourage, her Butler and two Eunuchs, swear eternal fealty to her ("I Would Never Leave You"). Alone in the attic above his shop, Anton wrestles with his fears ("Back and Forth"). The School Master visits Anton and tells him how the village is turning against him ("The Only One"). Anton struggles with his conscience ("Fear"). Embracing his fate and at peace with himself, he invites family for a drive in his son's new automobile, bought, like everything else in Brachen now, on credit ("A Car Ride"). Knowing Anton will join her in their old trysting place, Claire reflects on the incidents that have brought her to this moment in her life (Love and Love Alone). The lovers meet for a last time to discuss their whole past, including a child who died, before the town meeting that will decide Anton's fate ("In the Forest Again"). Agreeing to the terms, the townspeople murder Anton, with the town doctor recording that he "died of joy." The visit over, Claire tells her butler, "Rudi, get the bags packed. We are going to Capri" ("Finale")."
From the 2008 Signature Theatre production
From the One Act 2015 Broadway Production
In reviewing the Signature Theatre production, theatre critic Peter Marks of The Washington Post wrote that it is an "admirable if not consistently embraceable musical", and that it "comes across as something short of electrifying with the addition of song and dance. It makes at times for a jarring art-house spectacle, as in the creepy contributions of Claire's eunuchs, harmonizing in falsetto. And yet there is also fine craftsmanship here, courtesy of director Frank Galati (Ragtime) and a design team expertly conjuring a laconic, Brechtian physical realm..." The score is"...a melodically cohesive web of Middle European waltzes and choral numbers that befit the cynical strands in the story and the formality of Swiss society."
Paul Harris, reviewing for Variety, wrote: "The polished Signature production offers much to admire, starting with an abundance of enjoyable melodies and clever lyrics from K&E...The radiant [Chita] Rivera offers a stylish performance as the aloof Claire, a woman eager to heap disdain on everyone she meets while guardedly avoiding remorse over the dirty plot against her only true love. She handles song and dance assignments with equal aplomb...[George] Hearn is equally credible...Not everything works. Trouble spots include an overly contrived act-one number in which the townspeople beg for Claire's help...But in its reincarnation, there is sufficient vitality, intrigue and entertaining music to make for a most satisfying "Visit."
Awards and nominations
Original Broadway production
- Jones, Kenneth (July 20, 2000). "Angela Lansbury Withdraws From The Visit; Producers Seek Alternatives". Playbill. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
- Jones, Kenneth; Simonson, Robert (October 1, 2001). "Rivera Is Triple Threat in Kander & Ebb's The Visit, Opening Oct. 1". Playbill. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
- Pressley, Nelson (June 1, 2000). "A 'Visit' With Very Familiar Faces of Broadway". The Washington Post.
- Rothstein, Mervyn (May 23, 2008). "Re-Visiting The Visit". Playbill. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
- Simonson, Robert (August 22, 2003). "The Visit Will Not Visit Off-Broadway as Investors Pull Out". Playbill. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
- "2007-2008 Mainstage Season". Signature Theatre. Archived from the original on August 12, 2007.
- Jones, Kenneth (May 27, 2008). "The Visit, With Rivera, Hearn and Jacoby, Opens May 27". Playbill. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
- Gans, Andrew (February 14, 2008). "Lacey, Danieley, Felciano and Lazar Will Join Rivera and Hearn for Visit Reading". Playbill. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
- Hetrick, Adam (November 28, 2011). "John Kander, Terrence McNally and Chita Rivera Hopeful The Visit Will Linger on Broadway". Playbill. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
- Hetrick, Adam (June 2, 2014). "Jason Danieley Replaces Howard McGillin in Kander and Ebb's The Visit; Stars of "Veep" and "Girls" Join Williamstown Season". Playbill. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
- "The Verdict: Critics Review Kander and Ebb's The Visit, Starring Chita Rivera". Playbill. August 4, 2014. Archived from the original on August 6, 2014.
- Hetrick, Adam (August 17, 2014). "The Visit, Starring Chita Rivera, Ends at Williamstown; Creators Hopeful for Future Life". Playbill. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
- Hetrick, Adam (March 26, 2015). "A Musical Nearly 20 Years in the Making: The Visit, Starring Chita Rivera, Arrives On Broadway at Long Last". Playbill. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
- Hetrick, Adam (June 8, 2015). "With No Tony Wins, Kander and Ebb Musical The Visit, Starring Chita Rivera, Posts Closing Notice". Playbill. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
- Gioia, Michael (May 29, 2015). "Roger Rees Undergoing Medical Treatment and Officially On Leave from The Visit". Playbill. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
- The Visit. Archived 2015-06-09 at the Wayback Machine. Playbill Vault.
- Marks, Peter (May 29, 2008). "Dancing in The Dark: 'The Visit' With Chita Rivera".The Washington Post.
- Harris, Paul (May 28, 2008). "Legit Reviews, Regional. 'The Visit'". Variety.