The Vulcan, Cardiff

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The Vulcan Hotel
The Vulcan (2008)
The Vulcan in 2010
Alternative names The Vulcan Pub
General information
Type Public House
Town or city Cardiff
Country Wales
Coordinates 51°28′42″N 3°10′09″W / 51.478383°N 3.169052°W / 51.478383; -3.169052Coordinates: 51°28′42″N 3°10′09″W / 51.478383°N 3.169052°W / 51.478383; -3.169052
Completed 1853
Demolished 2012 (deconstructed)

The Vulcan Hotel is an historic hotel and public house, that was located in Adamsdown suburb of Cardiff, South Wales. Scheduled for demolition in 2009, after a long public campaign to preserve what had become Cardiff's oldest public house, in 2012 it was donated to the National History Museum at St Fagans, where it is being reconstructed.

History[edit]

The Vulcan pub sign, February 2012

The Vulcan Hotel was built in 1853, in the early stages of the expansion of Cardiff and the development of the Adamsdown area of Cardiff, with an original address on Whitmore Lane, Newtown. The name Vulcan, the ancient Roman God of Fire, which it kept throughout its existence, referred to the nearby ironworks.[1]

Close to the bustling railway station of Queen Street and within walking distance of Cardiff Gaol,[2][1] the pub was south of the Newport Road in the suburb's working-class area. It was frequently busy over lunch times and in the early evening, patronised by working-class people, often of Irish descent.

The building was substantially rebuilt in about 1900,[3] and internally refurbished in 1914 by local architect F. J. Veall,[3] at which time the building was decorated throughout with green and brown ceramic tiles.[3][4] With a functional and easy-to-clean internal style, while adjoining Victorian buildings were demolished and redeveloped, twice on one side, it remained untouched, both outside and in, except for an occasional coat of paint. The pub retained its brown ceramic urinals, although the rest of the interior was updated in the 1950s.[2] Local writer John Williams commented in 2011:[5]

The opening, directly opposite the pub, in November 2007, of the Atrium campus of the University of Glamorgan, home to the Cardiff School of Creative & Cultural Industries,[6] gave the pub a substantial potential new customer base.

The Vulcan was voted Cardiff Pub of the Year by the local branch of CAMRA in both 1997 and 2009.[1]

Demolition[edit]

The Vulcan, April 2008, looking south towards the new high rise private apartment and student housing development of Tŷ Pont Haearn, Cardiff's 6th tallest building

In 2009, Brains Brewery confirmed that they were to terminate their lease on the property. Site owner and freeholder, businessman Derek Rapport via his company Marcol Asset Management, had plans accepted at Cardiff Council for the demolition of the building and subsequent mixed-use redevelopment of the surrounding site, based around a multi-storey car park.[5]

The Vulcan being dismantled in August 2012

A local campaign began to protect what by then was Cardiff's oldest surviving original public house. A petition was raised that gathered over 5,000 signatures,[7] politicians lobbied, and celebrities including James Dean Bradfield of the Manic Street Preachers and actor Rhys Ifans actively supported the campaign and visited the premises. The Cardiff band Future of the Left recorded the video for their single The Hope That House Built on the premises. But Cadw declined to make the pub a listed building, due to the fact that it had been substantially rebuilt in the 1900s and that there were better surviving examples elsewhere.[3] However, as a result of public pressure, the freeholders agreed to a three-year extension of the lease to Brains.

But in early 2012, Brains confirmed that they would be terminating their lease when it expired in March 2012, stating that the business was commercially unviable.[8] With the building again threatened with demolition, but still with a growing local media campaign to save the building, Marcol Asset Management agreed to donate the building to the St Fagans National Museum of History. Brains subsequently closed the pub as scheduled in May 2012, while the museum started an appeal for photographs, objects and stories relating to the Vulcan and its history.[9]

In July 2012, building contractors and preservationists were deployed by the National History Museum to start deconstruction of the building by hand, to allow brick by brick movement to St Fagans.[7][10] By July 2013, the de-constructed parts of the building were held between the museums sites at St Fagans and Nantgarew,[clarification needed] awaiting planning permission for the buildings reconstruction,[11] and is estimated to be reopened in 2019.[12][13] The eventual plan is to reopen the pub with a suitably-styled historic theme, with actors serving historic ales.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Flynn, Jessica (8 April 2011). "Strange world of pub names". South Wales Echo. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Preston, James (20 March 2012). "Cardiff's oldest pub looks set to close". The Cardiffian. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d Cadw (17 March 2009). "Vulcan Public House, Adamsdown, Cardiff (report)" (PDF). National Assembly of Wales. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Historic Welsh Pub Threatened with Demolition, Save Britains Heritage. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  5. ^ a b Moody, Paul; Turner, Robin (2011). "Cardiff Afterlife". The Search for the Perfect Pub: Looking For the Moon Under Water. Orion Publishing. ISBN 978-1409112679. 
  6. ^ "Cardiff's Most Exciting Campus Opens". University of Glamorgan. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  7. ^ a b "Vulcan pub in Cardiff dismantled for St Fagans museum rebuild in 'several years'". BBC Wales. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  8. ^ "Cardiff's oldest pub The Vulcan set to close". Wales Online. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  9. ^ "Historic Cardiff pub to move to St Fagans National History Museum". BBC Wales. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  10. ^ "Photos show dismantling of Cardiff's 'Vulcan' pub". ITV Wales News. 21 August 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Plans to rebuild Cardiff's Vulcan pub at St Fagans submitted". BBC News. 28 July 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Historic Vulcan pub to reopen its doors and serve alcohol again – but you'll have to wait until 2019". WalesOnline. Media Wales. 5 April 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2016. 
  13. ^ McCarthy, James (28 June 2013). "The Vulcan: Boldly going where no pub has ever gone before". Wales Online. Retrieved 21 October 2013.