White Horse at Ebbsfleet
|Location||Springhead, Ebbsfleet Valley, Kent, England|
|Type||Colossal equine statue|
|Material||steel frame, concrete skin|
|Length||56 metres (184 ft)|
|Height||50 metres (160 ft)|
The White Horse at Ebbsfleet, formerly the Ebbsfleet Landmark, colloquially the Angel of the South, was a planned white horse statue to be built in the Ebbsfleet Valley in Kent, England. Designed by Mark Wallinger to faithfully resemble a thoroughbred horse, but at 33 times life size, the colossal sculpture was to be 50 metres (160 ft) high.
Taller than the Angel of the North in Gateshead and Dream in St. Helens, as a highly visible piece of public art, it was intended to highlight the Ebbsfleet redevelopment area and the Ebbsfleet International railway station in particular. It would have been visible from both the A2 road and High Speed 1 railway line, which cross each other nearby.
After a design competition was launched in 2007, Wallinger's vision of a white horse was selected in 2008 by a panel of representatives from each of the three founding patrons / developers of the Ebbsfleet Landmark Project Ltd (ELP Ltd) - London and Continental Railways, Land Securities and Eurostar -. Four other art advisors were also appointed to the panel by ELP Ltd. Planning permission for the structure was granted by Gravesham Council on 15 April 2010.
Though originally estimated at £2 million, costs increased to £12 - £15 million according to Ben Ruse, a spokesman for the project based at London and Continental Railways offices in London and failed to be raised.
The project was intended to be privately funded. As of February 2008, in excess of £1 million had been committed to the project by the founding patrons (of ELP Ltd)  from London and Continental Railways who are "actively promoting the development of regeneration opportunities in Ebbsfleet", Land Securities "the UK's leading Real Estate Investment Trust"  and from Eurostar.
As of June 2012, the project was stalled for a lack of funding.
Prior to any design being announced, the sculpture was planned as a counterpart to Antony Gormley's Angel of the North at Gateshead (with a stipulation that it be at least twice as wide and high, and visible from 20 miles away), and to mark one of six main "gateways" to London, hence the informal name Angel of the South being adopted early on for the formally named Ebbsfleet Landmark Project Ltd.
The sculpture was planned to be made from concrete laid over a steel primary and secondary inner frame and supported by 25 metres (82 ft) deep concrete foundations. At 33 times life size, it would have measured 50 metres (160 ft) vertically from the ground to the tip of the ears, 40 metres (130 ft) to the top of the back, and 56 metres (184 ft) horizontally, from nose to tail. It was intended to be "a faithfully accurate representation of a thoroughbred racehorse in all but scale".
Planned to be located at Springhead near Springhead Road, Northfleet, in a site designated as the proposed "linear park", the sculpture was intended to highlight the Ebbsfleet Valley regeneration area, and Ebbsfleet International railway station in particular, in a similar manner to the Angel of the North in Gateshead and Dream in St. Helens.
From this location, it would have been visible from both road traffic on the A2 road, and from the High Speed 1 railway line; used by both Eurostar international services and domestic high speed services.
Gormley and other artists were invited to admit designs on 22 May 2007, by which time the intended site (a hill outside the new Eurostar station at Ebbsfleet International, near Land Securities' Springhead Park residential development) had been announced. A shortlist was chosen on 28 January 2008 (consisting of Mark Wallinger, Rachel Whiteread, Richard Deacon, Christopher le Brun, and Daniel Buren). The artists were given 3 months from then to produce their proposals, which were displayed to the public from May 2008 at Bluewater Shopping Centre. Le Brun produced a winged disc; Buren a tower of 5 cubes; Deacon a stack of 26 different steel polyhedra; Wallinger a realistic sculpture of a horse and Whiteread a plaster cast of a house's interior atop an artificially-created mountain. In September 2008 the shortlist was reduced to three designs: Deacon's, Buren's and Wallinger's. The competition triggered public interest, and was the subject of a satirical series of cartoons in Steve Bell's If... series between 4 and 8 February 2008, and in May 2008. Locally it has been the subject of apathy or even hostility.
White Horse figure selected
On 10 February 2009 the BBC announced that the winner was Wallinger's realistic sculpture of a horse. The statue was modeled on one of Wallinger's own racehorses "Riviera Red"; which coincidentally won the 4.20 race at Lingfield on 10 February 2009, the same day that the artist's sculpture won the competition.
Planning permission granted
A planning application was submitted to Gravesham Borough Council's planning committee in January 2010, who voted unanimously to grant planning permission for the structure on 14 April 2010 despite opposition from local residents. The planning permission expired in April 2013, an application for renewal was submitted.
White horse of Kent
A prancing white horse is an ancient symbol of Kent, and white horse hill figures are a common feature of England as a whole. The proposed statue has been referred to as both the White Horse of Ebbsfleet and the White Horse of Kent
The White horse of Kent is typically depicted as prancing (or rampant in heraldry), rearing up on its hind legs and is also referred to as Invicta, the (motto of Kent). Kent County Council initially criticised the original design for not prancing like Invicta and proposed an alternative, but the entry was rejected by the competition's panel of representatives.
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- Boyle, Danny. "White horse deadline looms as Ebsfleet Landmark Project stuck in stalls". Kentonline.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
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- "The White Horse at Ebsfleet". Planning Application Summary. The Ebbsfleet Landmark Project. December 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
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A prancing white horse is the logo for the county council and has been the symbol of Kent for hundreds of years. However, a sculpture of the Invicta, supported by Kent County Council in response to Mr Wallinger's entry, was rejected by judges last year.
- "Figures making a mark". Gazette and Herald. 29 May 2008. Retrieved 10 February 2009.
The proposal is that the White Horse of Ebbsfleet will be a stallion standing 164 feet high...Unlike so many similar edifices, it will not stand on a hilltop but on flat ground, and indeed, the white horse is an ancient symbol of Kent...The likelihood of the White Horse of Kent becoming a reality does raise questions about what can or should become part of our landscape.
- Dunne, John (26 February 2007). "Vision of "Angel of the South"". thelondonpaper. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
- "Ebbsfleet to have an 'Angel of the South' which will be seen from 20 miles away". Kent News. 21 May 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
- Cooke, Rachel (27 January 2008). "Why the nation needs an Angel of the South". The Observer. London. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
- Kennedy, Maev (29 January 2008). "South-east to get £2m rival to Angel of the North". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2008-02-07.
- "In praise of ... the Angel of the North". The Guardian. London. 30 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-07.
- "Five of the best compete for mighty station honour". Dartford Times. 30 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-07.
- ebbsfleetlandmark.com - official website