The Winter's Tale (ballet)
The Winter's Tale is a ballet in three acts choreographed by Christopher Wheeldon to a commissioned score by Joby Talbot. With scenery and costumes designed by Bob Crowley, lighting designed by Natasha Katz, and special stage effects designed by Daniel Brodie and Basil Twist, it was a co-production of the Royal Ballet and the National Ballet of Canada and was first presented at the Royal Opera House, London, on 10 April 2014.
Wheeldon's ballet is a dance version of William Shakespeare's play The Winter's Tale (1609–11), considered by scholars one of his "problem plays," difficult to classify as tragedy, comedy, romance, or a combination of all three. The first three of its five acts are filled with intense psychological drama; the last two are lighthearted and comedic, concluding with a happy ending. It tells a complicated story of jealousy, loss, love, joy, redemption, forgiveness, and reconciliation. Shakespeare chose his title to signify to his audiences that the play was like a tale told in company gathered by a fireside on a winter's evening. A fictional invention—not true, but entertaining and morally instructive.
Leontes, king of Sicilia, is possessed by a mad jealousy, believing that his pregnant wife Hermione is having an affair with his childhood friend Polixenes, king of Bohemia. He orders that Hermione's infant daughter be abandoned. Hermione and their young son Mamillius die of distress, and Leontes is overcome with remorse. The baby is found by a shepherd in Bohemia and named Perdita ("the lost one"). Sixteen years pass. Perdita falls in love with Florizel, son of Polixenes, who returns her affections and proposed marriage. Polixenes is outraged that his princely son intends to marry a commoner and is consumed by fury. Florizel and Perdita, pursued by Polixenes, seek refuge in Sicilia at the court of Leontes. Perdita is recognized, Hermione returns from the dead, and the family is reunited.
|King Leontes||King of Sicilia||Edward Watson|
|Queen Hermione||Queen of Sicilia, Leontes' wife||Lauren Cuthbertson|
|King Polixenes||King of Bohemia||Federico Bonelli|
|Paulina||Hermione's lady in waiting||Zenaida Yanowsky|
|Princess Perdita||Leontes's and Hermione's daughter||Sarah Lamb|
|Prince Florizel||Polixenes's son||Steven McRae|
|Antigonus||Paulina's husband||Bennet Gartside|
|Mamillius||Leontes's and Hermione's son||Joe Parker|
|Polixenes' Steward||Polixenes' servant||Thomas Whitehead|
|Father Shepherd||Perdita's adoptive father||Gary Avis|
|Brother Clown||Perdita's adoptive brother||Valentino Zucchetti|
|Young Shepherdess||Brother Clown's girlfriend||Beatriz Stix-Brunell|
Upon its world premiere at the Royal Opera House, The Winter's Tale was well received by dance critics. Judith Mackrell of The Guardian gave the ballet four out of five stars and praised the ballet as "one of most fully achieved story ballets to be created at the Royal in years."  Writing for the Financial Times, Clement Crisp also awarded the ballet four out of five stars and highlighted the individual performances of the lead dancers. Luke Jennings, writing in The Guardian, said that the ballet, although dramatically flawed, was "for the most part a ravishing success" and was definitely "a ballet to keep." 
A performance by the original cast can be seen on Opus Arte DVD 1156D. Directed for the screen by Ross MacGibbon, it was recorded at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, in 2015.
- "The Winter's Tale". Royal Opera House. Royal Opera House. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- William W. Lawrence, Shakespeare's Problem Comedies (New York: Macmillan, 1933), pp. 9-13.
- Judith Mackrell, "Royal Ballet: The Winter's Tale, review: A Game-Changer for Wheeldon', The Guardian (London). Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- Clement Crisp, "The Winter's Tale, Roya Opera House, London, review," Financial Times (London). Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- Luke Jennings, "The Winter's Tale, review: A Ballet to Keep," The Guardian (London), 12 April 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2016.