The Woman's World
In the late nineteenth century, the market for periodicals was growing, and interest from women, who had always been the larger part of the market for fiction, increasing. Cassell and Co. launched a new magazine, The Lady's World in October 1886, intended to appeal to an aspirant middle-class audience of lady readers. It concentrated on fashion and trends among high society. Impressed by Wilde's journalism on the Pall Mall Gazette, Wemyss Reid, the General Manager of Cassell & Co., wrote to Wilde in April 1887, enclosing several copies of the magazine. Wilde replied interestedly and suggested possible changes to the magazine. In May, he signed a contract for the editorship, to work two mornings a week and be paid a weekly salary of £6.
Wilde persuaded the publisher to change the title to The Woman's World, the change of description indicated it positioned itself towards an emerging class of educated women reflecting their changing place in society: Wilde designed it as "the first social magazine for women". Stephen Calloway and David Colvin characterised the change as one which eliminated connotations of "bas-bourgeois snobbery and reflected his advanced views on female emancipation". The titular change was part of a wider strategy of focusing more on what women "think and feel" and not exclusively on what they wear.
Serious articles about women in education and politics accompanied style and society notes, short fiction and poetry and biographical pieces on famous, usually aristocratic, women. The Woman's World addressed an élite but expanding readership of middle and upper class educated women with literary and social credentials.
Wilde managed to entice contributions from well-known writers and distinguished figures including Elisabeth of Wied (the Queen of Romania), Princess Christian and Marie Corelli. He even asked Queen Victoria to submit poems, but was refused. The magazine continued to publish articles on high society trends and fashion, but with a more artistic slant. Sarah Bernhardt wrote an essay on "The history of my tea gown", and Wilde offered to write an article in her name about her American tour. Charles Ricketts also contributed.
Wilde wrote a column of literary notes and responses to readers. At one point he had to defend himself against early animal rights activists who objected his promotion of the "wearing of dead animals" in his fashion notes.
Wilde soon tired of his editorial work and often failed to turn up for work or attend meetings with the publishers. As a result he was dropped as editor, but the magazine was unable to continue without him.
Clayworth, A. (1997) "The Woman's World: Oscar Wilde as Editor" Victorian Periodicals Review, Vol. 30, No. 2 (Summer, 1997), pp. 84–101. The Johns Hopkins University Press on behalf of the Research Society for Victorian Periodicals
- (Clayworth, 1997:85)
- Clayworth (1997:88)
- The title The Woman's World was suggested to Oscar Wilde by the poet and novelist Dinah Craik, and he eulogised her in his first editorial. Fitzsimons, Eleanor (2016). Wilde's Women: How Oscar Wilde was shaped by the women he knew. Gerald Duckworth & Co.
- Clayworth (1997:89)
- Stephen Calloway & David Colvin, Oscar Wilde: An Exquisite Life, Orian, 1997, p 53-54.
- Green, Stephanie (1997). "Oscar Wilde's" The Woman's World"". Victorian Periodicals Review. 30 (2): 102–120. JSTOR 20082978.
- Shelagh Wilson, "Monsters and monstrosities: grotesque taste and Victorian design", in Trodd et al. (eds.), Victorian Culture and the Idea of the Grotesque, Ashgate, 1999, p. 220
Media related to The Woman's World at Wikimedia Commons
- The Woman's World, 1897–1890. 3 vols. London: Cassell & Co.