The Woman Hater
The Woman Hater is an early Jacobean era stage play, a comedy by Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher. One of the earliest of their collaborations, it was the first of their plays to appear in print, in 1607.
Date and publication
The play was entered into the Stationers' Register on 20 May 1607, and was published later that year in quarto by the bookseller John Hodgets. A second imprint of the first quarto was issued in the same year. The title page offers no assignment of authorship. A few critics have suggested a 1605 date for the play, but most favor a date of 1606.
A second quarto was issued in 1648 by Humphrey Moseley, with an attribution to Fletcher. The second imprint of this second quarto, issued in 1649, assigned the play to both Beaumont and Fletcher and added a subtitle to the play, calling it The Woman Hater, or The Hungry Courtier.
The consensus of critical judgement accepts the play as a Beaumont and Fletcher collaboration in which Beaumont's is the dominant hand. Cyrus Hoy, in his survey of authorship problems in the canon of Fletcher and his collaborators, provided this breakdown of the two authors' respective shares:
- Beaumont — Act I; Act II; Act III, scenes 2-4; Act IV, 1; Act V, 1, 3, and 4;
- Beaumont and Fletcher — Act III, scene 1; Act IV, 2 and 3; Act V, 2 and 5.
Fletcher revised five scenes in Beaumont's play, scenes that deal with the chastity test. This dramaturgic element was a preoccupation with Fletcher, and recurs in his plays with Beaumont and other collaborators and his solo works as well. Other critics have agreed in substance, though not in all particulars, with Hoy's division.
Critics have commented on the play's curious juxtaposition of two unrelated portrayals of obsessive psychology. In the main plot, Gondarino is a dedicated misogynist who strives to avoid any and all contact with women. The primary subplot traces Lazarello's obsessive quest for, of all things, a really nice piece of fish. "Beaumont juggles four plots with considerable ease, offering a bit of something for everyone: farce, bawdy wit, court satire, and a 'high' romantic plot."
This play has the earliest attested usage of a number of words and phrases in the Oxford English Dictionary, including:
- 'worm' and 'worming' to mean 'spying'
- the figurative use of 'yelping'
- E. H. C. Oliphant, The Plays of Beaumont and Fletcher: An Attempt to Determine Their Respective Shares and the Shares of Others, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1927; p. 216.
- E. K. Chambers, The Elizabethan Stage, 4 Volumes, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1923; Vol. 3, pp. 219-20.
- Quiller-Couch, A. The Oxford Book of English Verse: 1250-1900. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1901, rpt 1919. No. 207. "Q" attributes the poem to Fletcher.
- Hoy, Cyrus H. "The Shares of Fletcher and His Collaborators in the Beaumont and Fletcher Canon (III)." Studies in Bibliography. Vol. 11 (1958), p. 98. Part 3 of 7 parts: vols 8-9,11-15 (1956-62).
- Terence P. Logan and Denzell S. Smith, eds., The Later Jacobean and Caroline Dramatists: A Survey and Bibliography of Recent Studies in English Renaissance Drama, Lincoln, NE, University of Nebraska Press, 1978; pp. 54-5.
- Richard Levin, The Multiple Plot in English Renaissance Drama, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1971; pp. 151-4.
- Lee Bliss, "Beaumont and Fletcher," in: A Companion to Renaissance Drama, Arthur F. Kinney, ed., London, Blackwell, 2002; p. 526.
- "earshot, n.". www.oed.com. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
- "'prostitute' Oxford English Dictionary". www.oed.com. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
- "'worm' Oxford English Dictionary". www.oed.com. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
- "'yelping' Oxford English Dictionary". www.oed.com. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
- "'yelping', Oxford English Dictionary". www.oed.com. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
- A copy of the text may be found online at the Internet Archive in The Dramatick Works of Beaumont and Fletcher, volume X (1778)