The Wonderful Widow of Eighteen Springs
The Wonderful Widow of Eighteen Springs is a song for voice and closed piano by John Cage. It was composed in late 1942 and quickly became a minor classic in Cage's oeuvre. The text was a reworked version of a passage from James Joyce's Finnegans Wake.
The song was commissioned by singer Janet Fairbank, who later became known for pioneering contemporary music. Cage chose to set a passage from page 556 of Finnegans Wake, a book he bought soon after its publication in 1939. The composition is based, according to Cage himself, on the impressions received from the passage. The Wonderful Widow of Eighteen Springs marks the start of Cage's interest in Joyce and is the first piece among many in which he uses the writer's work.
The vocal line only uses three pitches, while the piano remains closed and the pianist produces sounds by hitting the lid or other parts of the instrument in a variety of ways (with his fingers, with his knuckles, etc.). Almost immediately after its composition the song became one of Cage's most frequently performed works, and was several times performed by the celebrated duo of Cathy Berberian and Luciano Berio. Cage later composed another piece for voice and closed piano, A Flower, and a companion piece to The Wonderful Widow of Eighteen Springs, called Nowth upon Nacht, also based on Joyce's book.
In 1993, Joey Ramone performed a version on the compilation, Caged/Uncaged – A Rock/Experimental Homage To John Cage.
- Edition Peters 6297. (c) 1961 by Henmar Press.
- Lauriejean Reinhardt. John Cage's "The Wonderful Widow of Eighteen Springs". Available online at the Moldenhauer Archives of The Library of Congress: 
- John Cage. Liner notes to The 25-Year Retrospective Concert of the Music of John Cage (1959), private issue recording by George Avakian (K08Y 1499–1504)
- John Cage's "The Wonderful Widow of Eighteen Springs", essay by Allen B. Ruch, includes the song's text and a comparison to the original passage.
- John Cage's "The Wonderful Widow of Eighteen Springs", performed by Joey Ramone on UbuWeb.
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