The Woodwright's Shop
|The Woodwright's Shop|
Title screen for The Woodwright's Shop
|Created by||Roy Underhill|
|Written by||Roy Underhill|
|Directed by||Gary Hawkins
|Presented by||Roy Underhill|
|Theme music composer||Rod Abernethy|
|Opening theme||"Kildare's Fancy"|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||35|
|No. of episodes||481 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Galen Black
|Location(s)||Eno Park, NC|
|Running time||27 minutes|
|Original network||UNC-TV, PBS|
|Original release||1979 – Present|
The Woodwright's Shop is a traditional woodworking show hosted by master carpenter Roy Underhill on PBS in the United States. It is one of the longest running "how to" shows on PBS, with thirty-five 13-episode seasons filmed. Since its debut in 1979, the show has aired over 400 episodes. The first two seasons were broadcast only on public TV in North Carolina; the season numbering was restarted when the show went national in 1981. It is still filmed at the UNC-TV (University of North Carolina Center for Public Television) studios in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.
The Woodwright's Shop teaches the art of traditional woodworking, using hand tools and human-powered machines. Viewers learn how to make furniture, toys and other useful objects out of wood. Viewers also learn how to lay out wood projects and which tools to use for specific purposes. The show also teaches how to use tools properly.
The host, Roy Underhill, instructs viewers on creating wooden joints using hand tools and machine tools.
Underhill often shows the viewers how to create several useful and strong wooden joints, which are commonly used in carpentry.
- Mortise and tenon: This joint is often used for two pieces of wood that attach at right angles to each other in a "T" shape.
- Tongue and groove: Tongue and groove joints are typically used for large surfaces such as a series of wooden panels on a wall or a table top.
- Dovetail joint: This joint is typically used for the corners of boxes.
- Rabbet: A rabbet joint is one of the simplest joints used on the show.
Timber framing techniques are often used in conjunction with the wood joints described on the show.
Hand tools are a major focus of the show. All of the hand tools used on the show are manually operated (i.e. non-electric).
- Chisel: The chisel is one of the most commonly used tools on the show and is typically used to shave down material and to square up holes.
- Wooden mallet: The mallet is often used to drive the chisel into the work piece.
- Bow saw: The bow saw is often used by Underhill to cut large pieces of wood and to make curved cuts.
- Brace and bit: Most of the drilling on the show is done with a brace and bit which is a hand powered drill.
- Plane: Underhill uses the plane to level out surfaces and to square up joints.
- Hatchet: Large pieces of wood are cut down to manageable size with a hatchet.
- Drawknife: This tool is often used to quickly remove excess material.
- Adze: The adze is used to hollow out surfaces like a chair seat.
Proper handling and maintenance of tools is also part of the show. This includes sharpening tools and sometimes making tools, such as a scraper made from an old saw blade.
The most commonly used machine tool on the show is the lathe. Underhill typically uses a treadle lathe, but has also shown the viewers how to build and operate a spring pole lathe. He also often uses a gouge, in conjunction with his lathe, to remove material and smooth out a work piece.
One of the simplest types of machines used on the show is a miter box. This is used to create square and perpendicular saw cuts, or saw cuts at a specific angle.
The show started as an idea that Roy Underhill had in 1976. He built a workshop and historic museum in Durham, North Carolina, in the mid-1970s. He called it "The Woodwright's Shop" and started teaching classes on how to build things out of wood.
Underhill pitched the show idea to the PBS affiliate in Chapel Hill in 1978 but was rejected. He tried again in 1979 and filmed a pilot. Only in the fall of 1979 was the show accepted. 1979 was the same year that This Old House started airing on PBS. Underhill admits that he made up the term "woodwright" and that it is not an actual term. Initially, he was concerned about using the made-up term in the show's title, but decided to use it anyway.
The show has a tight filming schedule. The show does not have a real script; instead, Underhill works out the story he is going to present and how to do it. He decides where camera shots are needed and sets work pieces and tools in those locations. The filming of different shots is limited to three takes because of the limit of work pieces used on the show[clarification needed].
In recent years, the show is filmed in one take with no editing and as a result, the host is often out of breath by the end of the 24 minute program.
The show also does not hide the nicks and cuts that come from wood-working with hand tools. The first such incident occurred in the third episode of the series, "Dumbheads in Action". A dumbhead is a clamping fixture on a foot operated shaving horse used to hold unseasoned ("green") wood.
On one occasion, Roy seriously injured his hand with a hatchet. The scene was kept in the show because it was the last take of this particular scene. Underhill reviewed the take and felt it gave the show some realism.
Roy Underhill is the host and creator of The Woodwright's Shop. He graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with a B.F.A. in theater direction. Roy went to Duke University for environmental studies in the mid-1970s. For his thesis, he did a live presentation titled "How to start with a tree and an axe and build your house and everything in it." Somebody told him "You ought to do that on TV", when he was finished with his presentation.
He went on to work at Colonial Williamsburg as a carpenter, building houses the way they were built in the 18th century. During this same time, he also started producing The Woodwright's Shop television show for PBS. For 10 years, Underhill was a master housewright for Colonial Williamsburg. He helped with program development for another five years before he left over a disagreement about the authenticity of slave quarters on the project.
Roy has written several books on woodworking, most of which have been published by the University of North Carolina Press. Some of the books include, The Woodwright’s Shop: A Practical Guide to Traditional Woodcraft (ISBN 0-8078-4082-3) and The Woodwright’s Guide: Working Wood with Wedge and Edge (ISBN 0-8078-5914-1).
Roy lent his woodworking expertise to the 2005 movie, The New World, about the founding of the settlement in Jamestown, Virginia, in the 17th century. He also taught actor Colin Farrell about woodworking for the film and acted as an extra in the movie.
Roy has had a wide range of woodworking professionals as guests on his show from many different fields of woodworking, Frank Klausz, Nora Hall, Steve Latta, David Calvo, Michael Dunbar, Dan Mack, Don Weber, Wayne Barton and Curtis Buchanan as well as many less well known specialists in the fields of tinsmithing, spoon carving, cooperage (barrels, buckets, canteens), lutherie (stringed instruments), whirligigs, archery, puppetry, basket making, spinning wheels and blacksmithing. Guests have also included famous people with a woodworking hobby such as Governor Mike Easley. Roy's wife and children have appeared on various episodes over the show’s over thirty-year span of production.
Each season of The Woodwright's Shop consists of 13 episodes broadcast during the last 13 weeks of the year, typically starting at the beginning of October.
The show was first released on VHS tapes in 1993. In April 2012, Popular Woodworking announced an exclusive deal to bring the show to DVD, beginning with the first three seasons and Season 20. The current season of the show can be watched online at the PBS video website. Also, the last few seasons of the show can be watched online at the official website.
- Phillips, Pamela (November–December 1985). "Have Broadax-Will Time Travel". Mother Earth News: 3. OCLC 468787279. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
- Dresdner, Michael (2006). "Roy Underhill: A Quarter Century of Subversive Woodworking". Woodworker's Journal. ISSN 0199-1892. OCLC 5699485. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- Phillips, Pamela (November–December 1985). "Have Broadax-Will Time Travel". Mother Earth News: 6. OCLC 468787279. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
- Phillips, Pamela (November–December 1985). "Have Broadax-Will Time Travel". Mother Earth News: 4. OCLC 468787279. Retrieved August 28, 2010.
- "The Woodwright's Shop #2013: 'Twentieth Anniversary Show'". Kentucky Educational Television. July 18, 2002.
Roy looks back at 20 years of subversive woodworking, including memorable guests, travel to foreign lands, hundreds of projects, and some of the most amazing hand-tool injuries ever captured on tape.
- Phillips, Pamela (November–December 1985). "Have Broadax-Will Time Travel". Mother Earth News: 5. OCLC 468787279. Retrieved August 28, 2010.
- Phillips, Pamela (November–December 1985). "Have Broadax-Will Time Travel". Mother Earth News: 1. OCLC 468787279. Retrieved August 28, 2010.
- Beckwith, Ryan Teague (March 24, 2009). "Easley's Handmade Table Goes for $3,400". Under the Dome. The News & Observer. Raleigh, NC.
The two-term Democrat [Mike Easley], who left office earlier this year, had made the simple walnut table on a special episode of 'The Woodwright's Shop' in 2007.[dead link]
- Hucaby, David (October 1995). "Woodwright's Video List". The Woodwright's Shop FAQ. Internet Woodworking. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
- "Get Ready For Roy!". Popular Woodworking. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
- "The Woodwrights Shop" (Flash video). The Woodwright's Shop website. UNC-TV. 2009. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
- "Woodwright's Shop with Roy Underhill" (Flash video). The Woodwright's Shop. UNC-TV. 2009. Retrieved August 22, 2010.