The curse of expertise
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This is important because the predictions of experts can influence educational equity and training as well as the personal development of young people, not to mention the allocation of time and resources to scientific research and crucial design decisions.
Effective teachers must predict the issues and misconceptions that people will face when learning a complex new skill or understanding an unfamiliar concept. This should also encompass the teachers’ recognizing their own or each other's bias blind spots.
- abstract language unrelated to reality;
- clumsy transitions between related topics;
- inept interpretations of external sources;
- Using clichés and catchphrases whose true meaning is obscure;
- creating "zombie nouns", from verbs or adjectives (e.g. “verb+ization”);
- compulsive "hedging" by use of expressions such as "somewhat", "comparatively", and "to a certain degree".
Professionals by definition get paid for technically well defined work so that quality control procedures may be required which encompass the processes employed, the training of the expert and the ethos of the trade or profession of the expert. Some experts (lawyers, physicians, etc.) require a licence which may include a requirement to undertake ongoing professional development (i.e. obtain OPD credits issued by collegiate universities or professional associations – see also normative safety.
Academics are usually employed in research and development activities that are less well understood than those of professionals, and therefore submit themselves to peer review assessment by other appropriately qualified individuals. See also perceived safety.
Amateurs work for love of their craft and therefore the safety and reliability of an amateur intervention lacks any external reference and must therefore rely on the individual’s moral responsibility.
- Bodgers are very often either self-taught or former professionals who are competent to improvise or innovate in a way that is substantially safe.
- Botchers or blunderers are persons who are not yet competent and whose interventions may therefore be hazardous. Often people driven by economic reasons to try to copy professionals but who lack the essential technical understanding. For example a great many structure fires are caused by electrical wiring modified incompetently by householders who are not trained electricians.
- Curse of knowledge
- Human error assessment and reduction technique
- Threat and error management
- Expert witnesses in English law
- Winner's curse
- Sports Illustrated cover jinx
- Sian beilock (2011-09-09). Choke: What the Secrets of the Brain Reveal About Getting It Right When You Have To. Atria Publishing Group/Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1416596189.
- The curse of Expertise
- Pamela J. Hinds, Stanford University (1999). "The Curse of Expertise: The Effects of Expertise and Debiasing Methods on Predictions of Novice Performance". Journal of Experimental & applied Psychology,1999, Vol. 5, No. 2,205-221. Cite journal requires
- BBC Future:What Sherlock Holmes can teach us about the mind
- Harvard Gazette, 2012-11-08 Exorcising the curse of knowledge