19 Kids and Counting
|19 Kids and Counting|
|Also known as||17 Kids and Counting (2008–09)
18 Kids and Counting (2009)
|Starring||The Duggar Family|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||10|
|No. of episodes||229 (plus specials) (list of episodes)|
|Running time||17–44 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Figure 8 Films|
|Picture format||480i (SDTV)
|Original release||September 29, 2008– May 19, 2015|
19 Kids and Counting (formerly 17 Kids and Counting and 18 Kids and Counting) was an American reality television show that aired on the cable channel TLC for seven years, until its cancellation in 2015. The show featured the Duggar family: parents Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar and their nineteen children—nine girls and ten boys, all of whose names begin with the letter "J." During the life of the show, three children were born, three children were married and four grandchildren born.
The reality show focused on the life of the Duggar family who are devout Baptists. and frequently discussed values of purity, modesty, and faith in God. The Duggars avoid birth control saying they have decided to allow God to determine the number of children they have. All of the children are homeschooled, and access to entertainment such as movies and television is limited. They practice chaperoned courtship, in which a couple acquaints itself only in a group setting. The values presented on the show have been associated with the Quiverfull movement, which has been described as promoting strict family conformity, male hierarchies, and subservient roles for women. The Duggars have stated they are not associated with the Quiverfull movement.
The series began on September 29, 2008 and concluded on May 19, 2015. The show was TLC's most popular, averaging 2.3 million viewers per new episode in Season 10, and scoring in the Nielsen "Cable Top 25."
On May 22, 2015, TLC suspended the series when the Duggars' eldest son, Josh, publicly apologized for having "acted inexcusably" following reports that he molested five girls, including some of his sisters, by fondling them. These events occurred in 2002 and 2003, when he was 14 to 15 years of age, and prior to the beginning of the show. On July 16, 2015, TLC announced that the show was officially canceled and would not resume production. A spin-off show, Counting On, aired in December 2015 and the fourth season premiered June 12, 2017.
- 1 Background
- 2 Events during the series
- 3 Reception
- 4 Josh's molestation revelations
- 5 Cancellation
- 6 Duggar family
- 7 Guests appearing
- 8 Availability
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The Duggars live in Tontitown, Arkansas, near Springdale, and originally appeared in several TLC and Discovery Health one-hour specials, mostly focused on four of Michelle's last five deliveries. Jim Bob Duggar has an older sister, Deanna, who occasionally appears on the show. Michelle Duggar (née Ruark) has six older siblings (Pamela Ethel, Kathie Ann, Evelyn Alice, Carolyn Jeannite, Freda Louise and Garrett Floyd Jr.). The couple met in the early 1980s when Duggar and a fellow church member were sent for a follow-up visit after Michelle experienced a religious conversion. The Duggars were married on July 21, 1984, just after Michelle's high school graduation. When they married, she was 17 and he was 19; neither attended college. Together, they first launched a used-car business, then towing and real estate businesses, and both are licensed real estate agents.
The Duggars chose to wait before having children and used birth control pills in the early years of their marriage. Their eldest child, Joshua, was born in 1988. They resumed using oral contraceptives after his birth but conceived again despite this precaution. Michelle miscarried. She has mentioned that they named that child Caleb, despite not knowing the baby's gender . The Duggars believed the miscarriage was due to their use of contraceptives, and decided to stop using birth control and allow God to determine the number of children they would have. Michelle soon became pregnant again, this time with her first set of twins, Jana and John-David. Michelle gave birth 17 times (twice with twins) over a period of 21 and a half years, approximately one birth every 15 months on average.
The Duggars are devout independent Baptists. They only watch programs they consider to be wholesome family television and various historical events. The exception to this rule is Jim Bob's own admission that he enjoyed the controversial move "Boys don't cry" centred around a girl who is transitioning to a male. He attributed this movie to the enforcing of his strict rule that girls are forbidden to wear pants. The belief is that Jim Bob feared the girls may be mistaken for boys and suffer the same fate as the character in this movie. Jim Bob was at a public function when he encountered a girl who had an androgynous appearance. He publicly mistook her for a male and reached out as though to shake hands, once he realised she was a girl he made a comment that she was lucky she wasn't the girl in the movie as they may be in an entirely different situation if she were. This girl went on to ensure this incident was on public record. Their Internet service is filtered. They adhere to certain standards of modesty in clothing in accordance with their religious beliefs. Shorts and tank tops are prohibited, and the women do not wear skirts that go above the knee. According to Michelle Duggar, such standards are mandated by scripture. They believe that baring the thigh is "nakedness and shame," and runs the risk of "defrauding" others—or stirring up and arousing "desires in someone else that cannot be righteously fulfilled." They avoid beaches and public swimming areas "because it's just too hard for the guys to try to keep their eyes averted in those situations." Female family members keep their hair long, and males are clean-shaven and short-haired. They practice chaperoned courtship, where the couple gets to know each other in a group setting. The Duggars describe this as "dating with a purpose" and the Daily Mail describes it as a "G-rated alternative to dating."
The children are homeschooled using materials from a number of sources, including "Switched On Schoolhouse", Institute in Basic Life Principles (IBLP), and Accelerated Christian Education (ACE). Several of the older children use the CollegePlus! program for post-secondary studies.
The Duggars use a buddy system to raise their children, in which an older child is assigned to a younger sibling and assists in the latter's primary care. According to Michelle, "They help with their little phonics lessons and games during the day and help them practice their music lessons. They will play with them or help them pick out the color of their outfit that day, and just all of those types of things."
Michelle Duggar won the 2004 "Young Mother of the Year Award" in Arkansas, which is sponsored by American Mothers Incorporated.
Jim Bob Duggar served as a Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from 1999 to 2002. He was defeated for the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate by incumbent Tim Hutchinson in 2002 by a vote of 71,576 to 20,546. He later became a real estate agent and investor. The Duggars' income is derived from rental proceeds of commercial properties they own. They live debt-free.
Construction of their 7,000 square-foot (650 square-meter) house began in 2000 when they bought the lot and ordered two steel frames. One of the frames was not drilled correctly, so the Duggars received a third frame which was used to make the girls' room and the industrial kitchen. Discovery Networks completed it, finding local Arkansas construction workers to donate their skills and time. The home was completed on January 20, 2006. Some of the painting, decorating, furnishings, appliances, and other finishing touches—such as a stocked pantry—were provided by Discovery Networks and corporate sponsors as part of the one-hour television special entitled 16 Children and Moving In.
Events during the series
Michelle Duggar gave birth via emergency Caesarean section to Josie Brooklyn Duggar on December 10, 2009, six months into her pregnancy. When she was rushed to the hospital for gallstones, doctors discovered that she was pre-eclamptic and performed an emergency delivery. Josie Duggar was premature at only 1 pound 6 ounces (0.62 kg) at birth. Nearly four months later, on April 6, 2010, the Duggars were able to take the infant to their temporary rental home in Little Rock while they awaited medical approval to take her home to Tontitown.
The Duggars took Josie home to Tontitown for good on June 23, 2010. By that December she weighed 15 pounds 12 ounces (7.1 kg).
The couple had discussed the possibility of having more children, with Michelle Duggar saying:
We would love more! I'm 43, almost 44 this September. I know that my mommy years are probably numbered, and I don't know how many more children God will see fit to give me. ... [I]t is something we've been praying about because we do love children. Each child really is a gift and that doesn't mean just our children. We asked the Lord to give us a love of children the way He loves children. That is something that we've prayed about, and we'll just see what the Lord has in store for our family in the future.
On December 2, 2008, Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar's book The Duggars: 20 and Counting! was released. Their second book, A Love That Multiplies, was released on June 7, 2011. The eldest four girls—Jana, Jill, Jessa, and Jinger—authored Growing Up Duggar: It's All About Relationships, which was released March 4, 2014.
On November 8, 2011, Michelle Duggar and family appeared on NBC's Today Show to announce she was expecting their 20th child. On December 8, 2011, the Duggars announced she had miscarried. Six days later, they held a memorial service for the stillborn baby girl that they named Jubilee Shalom (which means celebration and peace).
A few months after the birth of their daughter Mackynzie, Josh and Anna Duggar learned that she was pregnant with their second child, but the pregnancy ended in a miscarriage. On their daughter's first birthday, Josh and Anna Duggar announced they were expecting again. The couple welcomed their second child, Michael James, on June 15, 2011. They learned that they were expecting again in September 2012.
Josh Duggar was offered a job at the Family Research Council during his wife's pregnancy with their third child. Marcus Anthony was delivered by a midwife on June 2, 2013. Duggar announced he was hired to be the executive director of the Family Research Council's political action committee, FRC Action, on June 18, 2013, and the family would move to Washington, D.C.
On December 2, 2014, Josh and Anna Duggar announced they were expecting their fourth child. The couple welcomed their fourth child, Meredith Grace, on July 16, 2015. They announced her birth on July 19, 2015 through the Duggar family website.
The Duggars issued an announcement that Jessa Duggar was in a courtship with Ben Seewald on September 18, 2013. The couple met through their church. On August 15, 2014, after eleven months of courtship, the couple announced their engagement and were married on November 1, 2014.
Jill Duggar's courtship with Derick Dillard was announced on March 31, 2014. They were introduced by Jim Bob Duggar and became further acquainted via supervised Skype and text conversations while Dillard was serving as a missionary in Nepal. Jill Duggar and her father traveled to Nepal to meet Dillard in person and began a formal courtship in November 2013. The couple announced their engagement on April 9, 2014, and were married on June 21, 2014.
The Seewalds announced their first pregnancy on April 21, 2015 waiting until the second trimester.
On July 16, 2015 TLC announced that the series was officially canceled.
Arnold Hamilton of The Dallas Morning News described 19 Kids and Counting as "part Little House on the Prairie, part Yours, Mine & Ours–except the only blending in this real-life family occurs with restaurant like precision at mealtimes." He described the Duggars as acting "against the trend", considering the 2002 US Census found that only 0.3 percent of women ages 15 to 44 have given birth to seven or more children and that this number has declined steadily since 1976.
In an op-ed for The New York Observer, Nina Burleigh described the Duggars as "Good TV. Good, sugarcoated rat poison, politically speaking", referring to the Duggars political activity such as their opposition to abortion and their lobbying efforts against legislation which would allow transgender people use of public restrooms matching their gender identity.
In an article published in the Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, Christy Mesaros-Winckles described the Duggars as "unofficial spokespeople for the Quiverfull movement." Referring to the first season of the show, Mesaros-Winckles said the Duggars introduced themselves and their religious beliefs with the "subtle and disturbing" message of conformity and "rigid male hierarchy" associated with the Quiverfull movement. Mesaros-Winckles asserts that the show provides a platform for the legitimization of this movement, while downplaying "patriarchal gender roles and strict family conformity." Mesaros-Winckles also said the Duggars "try to convince the audience that their way of life is best for raising healthy, godly children" and that a large family is a "biblical mandate." She concluded that despite the small size of the Quiverfull movement, with perhaps only several thousand followers, the show 19 Kids and Counting has brought the movement to the forefront of American culture.
Feminist Amanda Marcotte referred to the Duggars as part of the "Christian patriarchy movement", which she described as interchangeable with the Quiverfull movement, saying the Duggars promote sexist values which run counter to mainstream American culture. The Duggars have said they are not part of the Quiverfull movement, stating: "we are simply Bible-believing Christians who desire to follow God's Word and apply it to our lives".
The Duggar family has received criticism due to their stance on LGBT issues. In August 2014, Michelle Duggar recorded a political robocall regarding legislation affecting transgender individuals, which The Huffington Post described as "transphobic" and The Washington Post described as "anti-anti-discrimination." The robocall includes Michelle saying: "The Fayetteville City Council is voting on an ordinance this Tuesday night that would allow men – yes I said men – to use women's and girls restrooms, locker rooms, showers, sleeping areas and other areas that are designated for females only. I don't believe the citizens of Fayetteville would want males with past child predator convictions that claim they are female to have a legal right to enter private areas that are reserved for women and girls." In response to this robocall, a petition was started on Change.org calling for TLC to cancel the show 19 Kids and Counting, which received over 100,000 signatures. In response to the first petition, a second petition was started asking TLC to keep the show on the air, and it also received over 100,000 signatures.
In November 2014, the Duggars asked married couples to take a picture while kissing and share it on their Facebook page. Several users noted that pictures of same-sex couples were deleted from the Duggar's Facebook page. While working for the Family Research Council, the Duggar's eldest son, Josh Duggar, said "I truly believe every child deserves a mother and a father"; the Family Research Council has been labeled as an anti-gay hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center, with SPLC saying they were designated as such due to their publication of "anti-gay propaganda." Josh Duggar has been described as an "anti-gay activist" by GLAAD.
Josh's molestation revelations
On May 21, 2015, a police report from 2006 was revealed to the public by In Touch Weekly magazine, stating sexual molestation allegations against the Duggars' eldest son, Josh Duggar. The report states that in 2002–2003, Josh – then 14 to 15 years old – fondled five girls, including four of his sisters, by touching their breasts and genital regions on multiple occasions while they were asleep and in a few cases while awake. These events occurred prior to the beginning of the reality series. The case was never fully investigated, and the statute of limitations has expired. On May 22, 2015, TLC removed all reruns of the show that were previously set to air from its current airing schedule, with the statement, "we are deeply saddened and troubled by this heartbreaking situation, and our thoughts and prayers are with the family and victims at this difficult time."
In the wake of the controversy, more than 20 advertisers, including General Mills, Walgreens, Payless ShoeSource, Choice Hotels, Pizza Hut, Sweet Leaf Tea, and Crayola announced that they were pulling their ads from the show; Hulu also removed the show's entire back catalog of episodes from the streaming service. Public reaction to the revelation led to several petitions calling for TLC to cancel the series on Change.org, citing conflict between the reported events and the show's promotion of family values.
Josh, along with his wife and his parents, responded to the revelations. Josh apologized, stating he had "acted inexcusably", and resigned from his position at the Family Research Council. Anna stated she knew about Josh's actions two years before she married him, and believed that the counseling he received after the incidents "changed his life." The Duggars described this time as a dark period in their lives and said it caused their family "to seek God like never before." They were featured in an interview with Megyn Kelly on Fox News Channel's The Kelly File on June 3, 2015, where they answered questions regarding the scandal.
On July 16, 2015, Discovery Communications, parent company of TLC, confirmed to CNN that the show was officially canceled and that all further production would be ceased. In the wake of the allegations, the network announced that it would produce a one-hour, commercial-free documentary special on child abuse, that will include Jill and Jessa.
TLC paid the Duggar family an estimate of US$25,000 to US$45,000 per episode. Due to the show cancellation, the loss of endorsements, speaking engagements and book deals based on the show, would result in a loss of an estimate of US$25 million a year.
A 3-part spin-off series, Jill and Jessa: Counting On, focusing on newlyweds Jill and Derick Dillard, Jessa and Ben Seewald, Anna Duggar and several of the other adult Duggar children (sans Josh) aired in December 2015. Its first episode attracted more than 2.2 million viewers, according to a report by The Nielsen Company. The third episode garnered the highest ratings and viewership, at 2.5 million viewers, and ranked in the Top 5 cable shows for the night. In March 2016, it was announced Counting On had been picked up for a full season, that premiered March 15, 2016.
||This section of a biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (February 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- James Robert "Jim Bob" Duggar – born July 18, 1965 to parents Jimmy Lee Duggar and Mary Duggar (née Lester), has an older sister (Deanna)
- Michelle Annette Duggar (née Ruark) – born  September 13, 1966 to parents Garrett Floyde Ruark Sr. and Ethel Ruark (née Hardin), has six older siblings (Pamela Ethel, Kathie Ann, Evelyn Alice, Carolyn Jeannite, Freda Louise and Garrett Floyd Jr.)
Anniversary: July 21, 1984.
They have 19 biological children (plus two miscarriages), and adopted their great nephew, Tyler Wayne Hutchins in 2016.
|Name||Date of birth||Notes|
|1||Joshua "Josh" James||March 3, 1988||Married to Anna Keller with four children and expecting a boy|
|2||Jana Marie||January 12, 1990|
|4||Jill Michelle||May 17, 1991||Married to Derick Dillard with one son and expecting a boy|
|5||Jessa Lauren||November 4, 1992||Married to Ben Seewald with two sons|
|6||Jinger Nicole||December 21, 1993||Married to Jeremy Vuolo|
|7||Joseph Garrett||January 20, 1995||Engaged to Kendra Caldwell|
|8||Josiah Matthew||August 28, 1996|
|9||Joy-Anna||October 28, 1997||Married to Austin Forsyth|
|10||Jedidiah Robert||December 30, 1998|
|12||Jason Michael||April 21, 2000|
|13||James Andrew||July 7, 2001|
|14||Justin Samuel||November 15, 2002|
|15||Jackson Levi||May 23, 2004|
|16||Johannah Faith||October 11, 2005|
|17||Jennifer Danielle ||August 2, 2007|
|18||Jordyn-Grace Makiya||December 18, 2008|
|19||Josie Brooklyn||December 10, 2009|
Joshua "Josh" James Duggar married Anna Renée Keller - born June 23, 1988 to parents Michael Keller and Lillie Suzette Keller (née Stembridge), has four older siblings (Esther Joy, Rebekah Ann, Daniel Michael and Priscilla Lynn) and three younger ones (Susanna “Suze”, Nathan Edward and David Nathaniel) - on September 26, 2008.
They have four children, two girls and two boys, and are expecting their fifth child, a baby boy, later this year:
|Name||Date of birth|
|1||Mackynzie Renée||October 8, 2009|
|2||Michael James||June 15, 2011|
|3||Marcus Anthony||June 2, 2013|
|4||Meredith Grace||July 16, 2015|
|5||Baby Boy||Due 2017|
Jill Michelle Duggar married Derick Michael Dillard - born March 9, 1989 to parents Rick and Cathy Dillard (née Byrum), has one younger brother (Daniel) - on June 21, 2014.
They have one son, and are expecting their second child in July 2017:
|Name||Date of birth|
|1||Israel David Dillard||April 6, 2015|
|2||Samuel Scott Dillard||Due July 2017|
Jessa Lauren Duggar married Benjamin "Ben" Michael Seewald - born May 19, 1995 to parents Michael and Guinn Seewald, has six younger siblings (Jessica, Danielle, Michelle, Ethan, Faith and Thomas) - on November 1, 2014.
They have two sons:
|Name||Date of birth|
|1||Spurgeon Elliot Seewald||November 5, 2015 (age 1 year 7 months)|
|2||Henry Wilberforce Seewald ||February 6, 2017 (age 4 months 20 days)|
Joseph Garrett Duggar is engaged to Kendra Caldwell - born to parents Paul, a pastor, and Christina Caldwell, has six younger siblings (Lauren, Micah, Nathan, Timothy, Olivia and Jesiah) – on May 26, 2017, during Joy-Anna and Austin’s wedding.
|Mary Duggar (née Lester)||Jim Bob and Deanna’s mother||May 26, 1941 . Widow of Jimmy Lee Duggar. Lives with Jim Bob’s family.|
|Amy Rachelle King (née Duggar)||Jim Bob's niece|| sang "Amazing Grace" in the closing credits of the episode of her grandfather's funeral.September 30, 1986 . Daughter of Deanna Duggar. Married to Dillon King. Appears in several episodes and is featured in A Duggar Leaves Home (where she goes on to pursue a career as a country music artist); in Tennessee|
|Priscilla Lynn Waller (née Keller)||Anna's older sister|| Stayed at the Duggar home in late 2010 to help care for the younger children.July 3, 1986 . Married to David Waller; they have two sons, Paul William (March 16, 2013) and Philip Andrew (October 19, 2016), and a daughter, Davia Lynn (November 12, 2014)|
The most often recurring guests (other than relatives) have been the Bates family from Rocky Top, Tennessee. Because they are so similar to the Duggars (having 19 kids of their own), they have become close friends. In 2012, there was a spin-off series featuring the Bates family on TLC, called United Bates of America, which lasted for eight episodes. On January 1, 2015, the family returned with a new TV series titled Bringing Up Bates on Up TV.
Other notable guests
|This section does not cite any sources. (November 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- Kirk Cameron – two episodes (in seasons 2 and 6)
- Bethany Hamilton (professional surfer) – season 5, episode 6
- Dan Harris of Good Morning America – season 7, episode 12
- Dolly Parton – two episodes in season 3
- Charles Stanley (minister) – season 6, episode 3
- Meredith Vieira of The Today Show
- Steve Conley (former NFL player) – Jim and Josh's personal trainer in four episodes in season 7, plus a surprise visit in season 9, episode 5
- Walker Hayes – singer-songwriter of the song for Jill and Derick's proposal in season 8, episode 12
- Erica Hill – NBC News anchor appears in season 10, episode 22
|Season 2||February 23, 2010||3|
|Season 3||April 27, 2010 & March 13, 2012||3|
|Season 4||April 5, 2011 & April 17, 2012||4|
|Season 5||May 1, 2012 ||4|
- Duggar Family at Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture
- Brown, Laurel (April 15, 2015). "'Dating with a purpose!': 19 Kids And Counting's Josiah j Duggar and Marjorie Jackson explain their courtship in a perky video". Daily Mail. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
- Marcotte, Amanda (April 16, 2014), "Sex Scandal Rocks the Duggars' Christian Patriarchy Movement", The Daily Beast, retrieved September 3, 2014
- Blumberg, Antonia. "What You Need To Know About The 'Quiverfull' Movement". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on May 27, 2015. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Mesaros-Winkles, Christy Ellen (2010). "TLC and the Fundamentalist Family: A Televised Quiverful of Babies.". Journal of Religion and Popular Culture. 22. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- "Duggar Family Blog". Archived from the original on April 15, 2016. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
The Duggars write in their second book, A Love That Multiplies: "Even though Wikipedia and some Internet blogs report that we are part of a QuiverFull movement, we are not. We are simply Bible-believing Christians who desire to follow God's Word and apply it to our lives" (page 92)
- "’19 Kids & Counting’ Finale: Duggars Reveal Family Courtship Secrets". Hollywood Life. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- "The Josh Duggar sexual abuse scandal, explained". VOX.
- "Cable Top 25". Zap2It.com. Archived from the original on May 27, 2015. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Caulfield, Philip (July 16, 2015). "TLC cancels ‘19 Kids and Counting’ amid Duggar abuse scandal". Daily News. New York. Retrieved July 16, 2015.
- "14 Children and Pregnant Again!". TLC. Archived from the original on July 25, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
- "Couple welcomes 17th child – and wants more". MSNBC. Archived from the original on August 17, 2007. Retrieved August 2, 2007.
The Duggars have been featured on several programs on cable television's Discovery Health Network. The next special, the Duggar Family Album, is scheduled to air next month, according to Jim Bob.
- "The Duggars Religion". Wordpress. Archived from the original on October 3, 2011. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
- Arnold Hamilton (December 19, 2005). "For Arkansas family, 18's not a crowd". Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on July 21, 2009. Retrieved July 13, 2009.
The Duggar family's large size makes them something of an anomaly, attracting worldwide media attention.
- "Family Scrapbook". Jim Bob & Michelle Duggar Family. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Gicas, Peter. "Michelle Duggar on Her Miscarriage". E!. Retrieved December 12, 2011.
- Cox, Lauren. "Jim Bob Duggar Claims Birth Control Pill Caused Michelle's Miscarriage". Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- Duggar, Michelle. Michelle Duggar on Modesty and Bathing Suits. TLC, June 22, 2012.
- Home Education Resources, duggarfamily.com. Retrieved May 22, 2015.
- "Duggars College Choice". Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- American Morning, CNN, October 15, 2005.
- "(The Duggar family with Governor Huckabee)". MSNBC. Associated Press. May 25, 2004. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- 2002 loss by Jim Bob Duggar for the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate to incumbent Tim Hutchinson, sos.arkansas.gov. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Carrie Rengers (September 9, 2001). "13 Children Add Up To Asset For Challenger". Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Archived from the original on July 21, 2009. Retrieved July 13, 2009.
- Prill Boyle. "Eating an Elephant". National Association of Baby Boomer Women. Archived from the original on July 21, 2009. Retrieved July 13, 2009.
- Michelle Duggar. "Raising 14 Kids". parents.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2007. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- Around the House with Michelle Duggar. YouTube. May 13, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2015.
- "Duggar baby No. 19 arrives early". MSNBC. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
- "Duggar Baby 'Doing As Well As Can Be Expected', Says Mom". People. Archived from the original on December 20, 2009. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- Dennis, Alicia (December 10, 2010). "Duggar Family, Michelle Duggar Celebrate Josie's Birthday". People. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- "Exclusive Interview: Michelle & Jim Bob Duggar Say Josie Weighs Nearly 6 Pounds; Would Love More Kids & Consider Adopting". Radar Online. May 7, 2010. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
- Bob, Jim (June 7, 2011). "A Love That Multiplies: An Up-Close View of How They Make it Work Book by Michelle Duggar | Hardcover". chapters.indigo.ca. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- Duggar, Michelle; Duggar, Jim Bob (2012-03-06). A Love That Multiplies: An Up-Close View of How They Make It Work (Reprint ed.). Howard Books. ISBN 9781439190630.
- Duggar, Jill; Duggar, Jinger; Duggar, Jessa; Duggar, Jana (2014-03-04). Growing Up Duggar: It's All About Relationships (First Ed 1st Printing ed.). Howard Books. ISBN 9781451679168.
- Dube, Rebecca. "20 kids and counting!". MSNBC. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
- Dennis, Alicia. "Michelle Duggar Miscarries". People. Retrieved December 8, 2011.
- Joyce, Chen. "Duggar family plans memorial service for baby Jubilee Shalom after tragic miscarriage". Daily News. New York. Retrieved December 12, 2011.
- "Salon: "Why did the Duggars photograph a stillborn baby?", December 16, 2011.". Retrieved October 12, 2014.
- "The Transformation of Josh and Anna Duggar……..Just in Time for the Move to Washington D.C.". Raising Servants of Christ. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- "Duggar Family Blog: Updates and Pictures Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar 19 Kids and Counting TLC: Birthdays". www.duggarfamilyblog.com. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- "Josh Duggar snags Family Research Council job in Washington, D.C.". United Press International. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Dennis, Alicia C. (March 2, 2015). "Is Josh and Anna Duggar's Fourth Child a Boy or Girl?". People. Retrieved March 2, 2015.
- Duggar Family (July 19, 2015). "Baby Meredith Arrives!" – via YouTube.
- "19 Kids and Counting's Jessa Duggar "Enters Courtship"". TV Guide. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
- Dennis, Alicia (September 16, 2013). "Jessa Duggar Enters Courtship with Ben Seewald". People. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
- Dennis, Alicia C. (August 15, 2014). "Jessa Duggar Is Engaged to Ben Seewald". People. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- Stieber, Zachary (August 26, 2014). "Duggars' 19 Kids and Counting: Jessa Duggar and Ben Seewald Wedding Date in November". Epoch Times. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
- Dennis, Alicia C. (November 1, 2014). "Jessa Duggar Marries Ben Seewald". People. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
- "Jill Duggar Being Courted by Derick Dillard". People. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
- "Jill Duggar engaged to Derick Dillard". People. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- Byrne, Suzy (June 21, 2014). "Jill Duggar Marries Derick Dillard". Yahoo! Celebrity. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Dennis, Alicia C. (June 25, 2014). "Jill Duggar Weds Derick Dillard: Inside Their Wedding". People. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Start Counting! Jill Duggar Pregnant With First Child".
- Steiner, Amanda Michelle (April 7, 2005). "Jill (Duggar) Dillard and Husband Derick Welcome First Child". People. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- Lauren Sullivan. "Jessa Duggar, Ben Seewald pregnant with first child". TODAY.com. Retrieved August 24, 2015.
- Burleigh, Nina. "The Duggars Seem So Nice Until You Meet Their Terrifying Political Agenda". The New York Observer. Archived from the original on May 27, 2015. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Ohlheiser, Abby (August 19, 2014). "Listen to Michelle Duggar's anti-anti-discrimination robocall". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- McRady, Racheal (November 20, 2014). "Michelle Duggar Blasted For 'LGBTQ Fear Mongering': Petition to Cancel 19 Kids and Counting Gains 75,000 Signatures". Us Weekly. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- Couch, Aaron (November 20, 2014). "100,000-plus People Ask TLC to Cancel '19 Kids and Counting' for "LGBTQ Fear Mongering"". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- Nichols, JamesMichael (November 24, 2014). "'19 Kids And Counting' Fans Start Counter-Petition In Aftermath Of Anti-Gay Controversy". The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- "Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar Issue Kissing Challenge on Facebook, Reportedly Delete Pictures of Gay Couples". Us Weekly. November 12, 2014.
- Video. "New Details About Bombshell Josh Duggar Sexual Abuse Allegations". ABC News. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Dutton, Nick (August 18, 2012). "Shooting sparks controversy over 'hate' designation for conservative group". wtvr.com. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- Evelyn Schlatter. "18 Anti-Gay Groups and Their Propaganda". SPLC. Archived from the original on November 29, 2010. Retrieved November 28, 2010.
- Katy Butler. "Josh Duggar takes a job with anti-gay Family Research Council". GLAAD.
- "Duggar Police Report: Jim Bob didn't report son Josh's sex offenses for more than a year". In Touch Weekly. May 23, 2015.
- "Josh Duggar resigns from Family Research Council after sexual abuse allegations". Fox News Channel. May 23, 2015. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- "Amid Josh Duggar Molestation Scandal, People Call for TLC to Cancel ’19 Kids and Counting’". KTLA. May 25, 2015.
- Ohlheiser, Abby (May 22, 2015). "TLC pulls ’19 Kids and Counting’ citing ‘heartbreaking situation’". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- "Josh Duggar profile". Time. May 22, 2015.
- Jason Molinet (May 22, 2015). "TLC airs ‘19 Kids and Counting’ marathon on same day Josh Duggar admits to molesting girls". Daily News. New York. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
- "More advertisers bail out of Duggar show". USA Today. May 26, 2015.
- "Payless ShoeSource, Choice Hotels, General Mills and Walgreens are severing ties with the TLC reality show.". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Sydney Ember (May 29, 2015). "Many Companies Cut Ads From TLC's ‘19 Kids and Counting’".
- "'19 Kids and Counting' Pulled From Hulu". TMZ. May 28, 2015. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
- "Why hasn’t ’19 Kids and Counting’ been canceled? Well, it's complicated". CNN. May 28, 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
- Lisa Respers France (May 26, 2015). "Duggars' '19 Kids and Counting' hangs in balance amid calls to cancel". CNN. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
- "Josh Duggar molestation accusations; Duggars respond". People. May 22, 2015.
- Emily Krauser (May 30, 2015). "Duggar Family to 'Share Our Hearts' in First Post-Scandal TV Interview with Fox News". Yahoo! Celebrity. Yahoo!. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
- "Duggar parents preparing to answer questions in Fox interview". CNN. May 30, 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
- "TUNE IN: Exclusive Interview With Jim Bob & Michelle Duggar on 'The Kelly File' Wednesday at 9p ET". Fox News Channel. May 30, 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
- "What's at Stake for the Duggars if TLC Cancels 19 Kids and Counting?". People. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- "The Duggar children 'liked being recognized and hate that 19 Kids And Counting has been canceled' due to molestation scandal". The Dailiy Mail. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- "TLC's 'Jill and Jessa: Counting On' special gets December premiere date". Entertainment Weekly's EW.com. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- "Duggar Family Blog: Updates and Pictures Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar 19 Kids and Counting TLC: 'Counting On' Ranks High". www.duggarfamilyblog.com. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- "More Duggars in 2016? High Ratings for ‘Jill & Jessa: Counting On’ Could Mean More Episodes". The Ashley's Reality Roundup. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- "Duggars' 'Jill and Jessa: Counting On' Gets Full Season - Us Weekly". Us Weekly. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- "The Duggar Family". Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- "Family Scrapbook- The Boys". The Duggar Family (official website). Archived from the original on March 17, 2015. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
- "Family Scrapbook- The Girls". The Duggar Family (official website). Archived from the original on March 18, 2015. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
- Macatee, Rebecca (April 20, 2015). "Jessa Duggar Is Pregnant, Expecting First Child With Ben Seewald!". Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- Strohm, Emily (July 26, 2016). "Jinger Duggar Is Engaged! The Counting On Star Said 'Yes' to Jeremy Vuolo". People. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- "’19 Kids And Counting’: Which Duggar Is Leaving Home For College?". The Inquisitr.com. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- "A New Duggar Engagement!". Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- Corinthios, Aurelie (August 5, 2015). "Josiah Duggar Has Ended His Courtship with Marjorie Jackson After 4 Months". People. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- "Joy-Anna Duggar & Austin Forsyth Are Married!". People Magazine. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- 14 Children and Pregnant Again! September 6, 2005
- Raising 16 Children March 13, 2006
- Duggars' Big Family Album September 22, 2007
- And Baby Makes 18 December 22, 2008
- Season 4 episode, Special Duggar Delivery January 31, 2010
- "Josh and Anna Duggar Expecting Fifth Child — Two Years After Scandal Rocked Their Marriage". People.com. Retrieved March 17, 2017.
- http://ja20.com/ourstory/ Josh and Anna
- http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-moms/news/josh-and-anna-duggar-welcome-baby-boy-marcus-anthony-201376 Josh and Anna Duggar Welcome Baby Boy Marcus Anthony
- "Happy Belated Birthday, Meredith!".
- "Duggar Gender Reveal: It's a...". Duggarfamilblog.com. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
- Seewald, Ben. "The Baby Is Here!".[permanent dead link]
- "Learn the Name of Jessa and Ben Seewald's Second Child". February 13, 2017.
- "Jessa (Duggar) Seewald Welcomes Baby No. 2!". Retrieved 2017-02-06.
- "Jeremy Vuolo". mlssoccer.com. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
- "Joy Duggar Celebrated Austin Forsyth’s 23rd Birthday: Here’s What You Need To Know". TLC.com. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- Amy Duggar reaches for Nashville dreams, Fox News Channel, November 26, 2014.
- Davia Lynn Waller Arrives to the Waller Home - Baby Just a Few Hours Old. YouTube. November 12, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2015.
- "Paul is a Big Brother!!!". Retrieved October 12, 2014.
- "Bringing Up Bates".
- ASIN B001VZ9YP0, 17 Kids and Counting (2 DVD Set)
- "Package Art and New Details Delivered for the DVD Set". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on December 5, 2009. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
- "18 Kids and Counting Season 3 DVD". Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Retail Release of Season 3 DVDs in March". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
- "19 Kids and Counting Season 4 DVD". Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Season 4 DVD Set is Going 'Wide' in April". TVShowOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- "19 Kids and Counting Season 5 DVD". Retrieved September 6, 2012.