Intertitle used in Seasons 3 and 4
|Created by||Josh Schwartz|
|Opening theme||"California" by Phantom Planet|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||4|
|No. of episodes||92 (list of episodes)|
|Running time||42 minutes|
|Distributor||Warner Bros. Television Distribution|
|Original release||August 5, 2003– February 22, 2007|
The O.C. is an American teen drama television series created by Josh Schwartz that originally aired on the Fox network in the United States from August 5, 2003, to February 22, 2007, running a total of four seasons. "O.C." is an abbreviation of "Orange County."
The series centers on Ryan Atwood, a troubled but tough young man from a broken home who is adopted by the wealthy and philanthropic Sandy and Kirsten Cohen. Ryan and his foster brother Seth, a socially awkward yet quick-witted teenager, deal with life as outsiders in the high-class world of Newport Beach. Ryan and Seth spend much time navigating their relationships with girl-next-door Marissa Cooper, Seth's childhood crush Summer Roberts, and the fast-talking loner Taylor Townsend. Storylines deal with the culture clash between the idealistic Cohen family and the shallow, materialistic, and closed-minded community in which they reside. The series includes elements of postmodernism, and functions as a mixture of melodrama and comedy.
The series premiered with high ratings and was one of the most popular new dramas of the 2003–2004 television season. It was widely referred to as a pop cultural phenomenon and received mostly positive reception from critics. However, ratings declined as the show went on. The low ratings led to its cancellation in early 2007, even after an online petition that gained over 700,000 signatures.
- 1 Plot
- 2 Cast and characters
- 3 Production
- 4 Themes
- 5 Broadcast and distribution
- 6 Reception
- 7 Complementary media
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Season 1 focuses on Ryan Atwood's arrival in Newport Beach to live with Sandy and Kirsten Cohen, who take him in after his mother kicks him out. A major theme of the first season is the culture shock Ryan feels as he adjusts from a life of domestic abuse and poverty to living in a superficial high-class society. He quickly befriends and bonds with Seth Cohen, and begins to have a romantic relationship with Marissa Cooper. Although coming from very different backgrounds, Ryan soon discovers that he deals with similar issues to his new peers, such as self-identity conflict and familial alienation. The relationship between Ryan and Marissa flourishes when he supports her through her parents' divorce. As the show progresses, Ryan takes a very protective role over Marissa, showing Ryan to be a much more stable, controlled person than originally portrayed. Other storylines include Seth's development from a friendless loner to having two romantic choices in Summer and Anna, as well as the arrivals of Oliver Trask, a troubled teen who befriends Marissa during their coinciding therapy sessions, and Theresa Diaz, Ryan's close friend and former love interest from his hometown of Chino. Meanwhile, Sandy Cohen frequently comes into conflict with Caleb Nichol, Kirsten's father and a wealthy industrialist who is said to "basically own Newport."
The second season of The O.C. continues to follow the tumultuous romantic relationships between Ryan and Marissa, Seth and Summer, and Sandy and Kirsten. Josh Schwartz, the show's creator, stated that in Season 2, the show would "no longer be about Ryan's past; now it's going to be about Ryan's future," and that this season would "slow down the storytelling a little bit ... and evolve the characters." For example, the story closely follows Ryan in his advanced physics class, where tension is created between him and another student, Lindsay, who presumes that Ryan will be useless as a lab partner, who thus prevents him from contributing to the work that must be submitted. Ryan's character begins to grow when he stands up to Lindsay and convinces her to allow him to contribute, forcing them to work together to complete the assignment. They later become involved romantically, creating extreme complications and relational shifts amongst the now "Cooper-Nichol" family. The Bait Shop becomes a prominent social destination for the teenage characters. A number of recurring characters are introduced, such as D.J., Lindsay Gardner, Zach Stevens, and Alex Kelly, with whom the main characters form a variety of relationships. Ryan's brother, Trey Atwood, gets out of jail and threatens to bring Ryan's old life into his new one. Sandy and Kirsten also face new conflicts after drifting apart during the summer. Season 2 ends with Marissa shooting Trey after Ryan confronts him for attempting to sexually assault Marissa.
Season 3 creates many dynamic changes with regards to relationships and power within the characters' society. Firstly, Marissa is expelled from the Harbor School. The Cooper family, left with little money, is forced to move into a trailer park. Julie Cooper-Nichol, once one of the richest women in all of Newport, struggles to put food on the table for her daughters. Marissa's life begins to spiral out of control, as she struggles with alcohol and drug abuse, as well as dealing with the loss of her close friend Johnny. Similarly, Kirsten confronts her alcohol addiction and eventually leaves rehab, only to encounter more problems when she begins business with a con artist. The other characters look towards college, with Seth and Summer competing for a spot at Brown University. Sandy's moral compass becomes imperiled when a past love interest makes her way back into his life, and he takes over Caleb's old position as head of The Newport Group, pursuing a project to establish more low-income housing in Newport. Ryan also attempts to resolve his individual relationships with his mother, and with his childhood friend Theresa Diaz. He also pursues the idea of a post-secondary education, with encouragement from both Sandy and Kirsten to visit Berkeley. Ryan's life is quickly put on hold when, in the season 3 finale, Ryan decides to drive Marissa to the airport, and they are run off the road by Kevin Volchok, Marissa's most recent love affair gone wrong. In the last few minutes of the episode, Ryan pulls Marissa out from the burning car, only to watch her die in his arms.
The fourth and final season begins five months after Marissa's death in the car accident. Ryan starts the season in isolation as a broken, grieving man, seeking revenge on Volchok. With the help of Julie, both she and Ryan are able to track Volchok down in Mexico, and turn him into federal officials. The continued love of the Cohen family and the company of the eccentric Taylor Townsend guide him back to the light. Meanwhile, Seth and Summer face the problems of a long distance relationship as Summer leaves to attend college. The first half of the season focuses on the characters accepting the reality of Marissa's death. The second half focuses on the characters 'finding themselves' while facing a myriad of identity crises. This final season contains multiple surprises, such as a new addition to the Cohen family, a visit to an alternate universe in which Sandy becomes mayor, and a natural disaster that leaves Newport devastated.
Cast and characters
Peter Gallagher portrays Sandy Cohen, an idealistic public defender who takes in Ryan Atwood in the pilot episode, much to the dismay of his wife, Kirsten. He is the husband of Kirsten, the father of Seth Cohen, and the legal guardian of Ryan Atwood. Although he lives in a large upper class house, his politics are left-leaning and open-minded, causing friction between himself and the community. Peter Gallagher described the character as a "leftie Jewish guy from the Bronx." Sandy deals with many conflicts throughout the series, such as trying to gain acceptance from his father-in-law while being financially supported by his wife, and raising two teenagers in a (sometimes) corrupt environment.
Kelly Rowan portrays Kirsten Cohen. She is the wife of Sandy Cohen, the mother of Seth and former CFO of her father's (Caleb Nichol) real estate company, the Newport Group. Before she met Sandy she dated and grew up with Jimmy Cooper father of Marissa Cooper, with whom she remains friends. She has had trouble with alcohol, which was triggered by the failing deteriorating relationship between her and her father, and had an abortion early in her life, which belonged to Jimmy. Kirsten continues to open a dating service with Julie, and become a mother of two at the end of the fourth season. The character's politics and lifestyle are conservative, a contrast to her husband. Kelly Rowan described the character as seemingly more "together" than herself during an interview.
Benjamin McKenzie portrays Ryan Atwood, a troubled teenager from Chino who is brought into the privileged community of Newport Beach, California after his mother, Dawn Atwood, throws him out of their family home. Ryan is subsequently taken in by his public defender, Sandy Cohen. He forms fast bonds with the entire Cohen family, especially Sandy's son Seth, as well as an extreme attachment to the girl next door, Marissa Cooper. Ryan slowly finds himself a place within his new materialistic society, and makes of the most of his situation by not only completing high school, but also continuing on to university. Casting director Patrick Rush found the role of Ryan Atwood particularly hard to cast and only invited Benjamin McKenzie to an audition after Fox had made them aware of the young actor after his unsuccessful audition for a UPN sitcom. Rush said, "When Benjamin [McKenzie] came in, he wasn't physically what Josh had envisioned, but he inhabited the character unlike anyone we had seen. I think that the character of Ryan is a kid that always seems a little lost and has a sense of mystery and danger; Benjamin has all those qualities." Chad Michael Murray was originally offered the role of Ryan Atwood but turned it down for the lead role of Lucas Scott on One Tree Hill.
Mischa Barton portrays Marissa Cooper (season 1-3). Throughout the series Marissa is frequently battling with drugs and alcohol, including nearly killing herself on a trip in Mexico with her friends. Marissa's relationships with her parents, boyfriends, and classmates are often tumultuous. She is Summer's best friend and Ryan's on and off love interest. Marissa is portrayed as a "spoiled girl who adjusts to being poor." The casting director referred to Marissa as "a girl stuck in the trappings of her life who seemed older than her actual age." Mischa Barton left the series at the end of season three when her character was subsequently written off by being killed in a car accident. Commenting on her departure, Barton said, "My character has been through so, so much and there's really nothing more left for her to do."
Adam Brody portrays Seth Cohen, the awkward adolescent son of Sandy and Kirsten Cohen. He is known for his quick quips, comic book fascination, and pop-culture references. Seth is also the love interest of Summer Roberts, on whom he had a crush on since the third grade. Seth has been called a "Jewish nerd into obscure emo bands," who "starts dating a gorgeous, popular virgin." The New York Times characterised Seth as "eccentric and literate, Seth professes actual wanderlust (...) The show's press materials maintain that he's an existential hero along the lines of Holden Caulfield." Adam Brody's portrayal of Seth was well received and is considered one of the overall highlights of the series.
Chris Carmack portrays Luke Ward (season 1, special guest star season 2), Marissa's first boyfriend and regular cast member for most of the first season. Luke is initially the main antagonist of the series, coining the series famous "Welcome to the O.C., bitch!" line during a fight with Ryan in the premiere episode. However, he later becomes the main "comic punching bag" for the other characters. Josh Schwartz characterised the later Luke as "strumming a guitar being a goofball."
Tate Donovan portrays Jimmy Cooper (season 1-2, recurring season 3, special guest star season 4), Marissa and Kaitlin's father (and Julie's ex-husband). He gets in trouble for embezzlement and must face the consequences of his actions and its effect on his reputation and personal life. After his divorce from Julie, he pursues Hayley Nichol, Kirsten's younger sister, who eventually leaves him to further her fashion career in Japan. He was a regular cast member for Season 1 and the beginning of Season 2. Jimmy's character made a brief appearance on season 3, but was quickly left when Jimmy is forced to leave town, the morning of his wedding to Julie, due to money problems. One interviewer characterised Jimmy as a "lovable deadbeat dad." Josh Schwartz has referred to the character as a "cat" in DVD Commentaries. The character is portrayed as flighty and perpetually in financial debt despite warm relationships with his daughters. The character was ranked eighth by Entertainment Weekly on a list of the worst dads in television history.
Melinda Clarke portrays Julie Cooper, the mother of Kaitlin Cooper and Marissa Cooper. At the beginning of the show she is married to financial planner Jimmy Cooper. She is often characterised as being devious, selfish, and shallow. However, she reveals a more vulnerable and empathetic part of herself a number of times during the series. Melinda Clarke summarised her character as being "clearly just such a money-digging whore. To me, it's so funny now to see The Real Housewives of Orange County because you realise it exists and that's what Julie was. Julie was obviously the original housewife." Melinda went on to commend the character's "incredible arc," saying that Julie started as "this woman who was so superficial but, of course, she's not just one-dimensional, she's multi-dimensional. Starting in her pink Juicy sweat suit outfit and then by the end she's graduated from college and moving on with her life. She's a survivor."
Rachel Bilson portrays Summer Roberts, a pretty and popular socialite who is the love interest of Seth and best friend to Marissa. Bilson's character was originally scheduled to appear in only a few episodes, but her character quickly became popular amongst viewers, and ended up being part of the main cast for the rest of the series. Summer's mother left when her parents divorced after her mother abandons them and she has had no contact with her since. Her stepmother, nicknamed the "step-monster," is a lazy woman with a suggested drug problem. Summer has been referred to as a "seemingly snotty, superficial rich girl who is revealed to have hidden depth when she warms to the charms of nerdy Seth." She is the daughter of Dr. Neil Roberts. Summer's character surprises audiences by turning out to be much more intellectually capable than ever imagined. She continues to be accepted to Brown, beating out many applicants from Harbour School, including, to his dismay, Seth. Not only intelligent, Summer Roberts proves to be an activist for animals while protesting against lab testing on critters and setting lab bunnies free. She later takes one as her own and names her Pancakes.
Alan Dale portrays Caleb Nichol (season 2, recurring season 1), Kirsten's businessman father and later Julie Cooper's husband. His character recurs throughout the first season, and he becomes a regular during the second season, but comes to a sudden stop when his character suffers from a fatal heart attack during the season 2 finale. The Chicago Tribune characterised Caleb as a "gruff, uncompromising Newport Beach, Calif., real-estate developer". When asked by the Tribune about the character, Dale said, ""The thing that's lovely about this character is that there's so much to do with him. His relationships are so complicated, and once the marriage happened, everyone was related in the show. That means he's got all these people to relate to, and he relates so badly with everyone."
Autumn Reeser portrays Taylor Townsend (season 4, recurring season 3), introduced in Season 3 as a neurotic perfectionist student. Her character's initial personality was referred to by many critics as similar to the character Tracy Flick from the film Election. Taylor begins the series as a recurring villain before eventually becoming the second female lead in the fourth season. Autumn Reeser's performance was critically acclaimed. She reflected back on the character during a 2010 interview, saying "I feel like there's a lot of girls out there who could really relate to her, who hadn't seen themselves on TV in that way. I loved that about her. I loved that she made no apologies for who she was even though she wasn't what all the magazines said was OK. She was like, "I'm still valid. And I'm awesome. And I know I'm odd, and that's OK."
Willa Holland portrays Kaitlin Cooper (season 4, recurring season 1, 3). The role was originally played by Shailene Woodley in a recurring role during Season 1. Kaitlin spends much of the series at boarding school before returning on a recurring basis in season 3 (now played by Holland) and finally becoming a regular character in season 4. The daughter of Jimmy Cooper and Julie Cooper-Nichol and sister to Marissa Cooper, her personality is more similar to her mother's rather than her father's, and she is portrayed as a regular pot smoker and occasional dealer. Holland observed that "no one can control her" but that her arc in Season 4 finds the character maturing. When asked about any disappointment over the recast, Shailene Woodley responded that, "I was 11 and I was on as a guest, recurring character, or whatever. My character went to boarding school and when they decided to bring her back, they actually re-auditioned me to bring her back. But I didn't go through puberty until late (...) So, there was no weirdness when Willa Holland got it because she was so obviously right for the role... and I was so obviously not [laughs]." In the series, Willa Holland's character dates a character played by the popular music star Chris Brown in the 4th season of the show.
In 2002, creator Josh Schwartz met with Joseph "McG" McGinty Nichol and Stephanie Savage of production company Wonderland Sound and Vision. They told Schwartz they wanted to create a television show based in McG's hometown of Newport Beach, Orange County, California. Savage suggested producing a police or extreme sports 21 Jump Street-style show, but Schwartz knew little about the genre. Having had experiences with people from Newport Beach during his time at the University of Southern California, Schwartz came back to them with his own characters. The show was pitched to Fox in August 2002. Fox targeted a summer launch for the show, and Doug Liman was brought in to direct the premiere after McG withdrew due to his scheduling conflicts with Charlie's Angels 2. The show was confirmed for the 2003–2004 schedule in May, and an August 5, 2003 broadcast date was selected in June.
Schwartz said that inspiration for the show came from being a fan of Larry Sanders, Cameron Crowe and other "quirky character-driven shows like Freaks and Geeks, Undeclared, and My So-Called Life". Schwartz went to college at the University of Southern California School of Cinema-Television, and later said that The O.C. was "very much based on sort of the experiences I had when I was in college" as a "Jewish kid from the East Coast ... surrounded by all these kids from Newport Beach who were water-polo players, and these very blonde girls who only wanted to date them. I felt very much like an outsider." Although Orange County residents criticised the show's title, stating that people did not call the county by the phrase, Schwartz claims that USC students did say that they were from "The O.C." He also stated that Cohen family in season one resembles his own family life, adding that "The dynamic between Sandy and Seth is very much based on me and my dad." Schwartz reasoned that, "As much as our audience enjoys living vicariously in this wealthy world, I think the true wish fulfillment comes from wishing that they had a family like the Cohens — where the parents could be that cool and that grounded and that loving, but also real parents." 
Schwartz said that he wrote the highly regarded Pilot episode in his boxer shorts. "I had no idea what would come of it and there was just that purity to it." The script for the Pilot attracted most of the regular cast to the project, including film star Peter Gallagher, who said of the Pilot, "In that recently post-9/11 America, I read this script and thought it was astounding. I thought it was exactly the right story to be telling at that point in time. It was about a family living in a not very embracing community, one that doesn't necessarily share all their values. [..] they don't lose their sense of humor or their inclination to help. They still open their arms and embrace this outsider kid. And I thought that was powerful in an era with a kind of xenophobia, a kind of looking-over-your-shoulder and getting small and angry, sort of creeping into the PATRIOT Act-fueled environment. This espoused a kind of America... It just felt right. And it had a sense of humor."
Although the show is set in Newport Beach, financial penalties imposed for filming outside the studio zone meant much of the show was filmed in the Manhattan Beach, Los Angeles County region. Many of the beach scenes were also filmed in Hermosa Beach, Redondo Beach and Torrance. Sites in Los Angeles County were used for many different on-screen locations, which include Ryan's hometown of Chino, Luke's father's Portland home, Johnny's father's Indio office and Tijuana.
For the first episode, "Premiere", the Cohen family home was shot on location in Malibu. A mock pool house was built for use in the pilot, and taken down after filming completed. The Cohens' home was recreated on a soundstage at Raleigh Studios in Manhattan Beach for filming during the rest of the series; the pool was only 4-feet deep meaning that the cast had to act on their knees. External shots of the original house remained in use throughout the show. The pilot was shot on 35 mm film stock, while subsequent episodes used digitally post-processed 16 mm in order to reduce the cost of production.
The Harbor School is the local school that the show's adolescents attend. Based on Newport's Newport Harbor High School, which executive producer McG attended, the filming location was Mount St. Mary's College, a private woman's college in Brentwood, Los Angeles. The University of California, Los Angeles was the location used to represent Berkeley, and the University of Southern California was used to represent Brown University. The FAA First Federal Credit Union building in Hawthorne was used to depict the Newport Group in season two. Wayfarers Chapel in Rancho Palos Verdes was used three times on the show—twice for a wedding and once for a funeral. The Cohen's original home in Berkeley, which they return to in "The End's Not Near, It's Here", was shot in South Pasadena.
The restaurant dubbed the Crab Shack on the show is actually local landmark The Crab Cooker. Julie refers to the restaurant in a Season 3 episode by its real-life name. Scenes from the show were also shot at the landmark Wattles Mansion located in Hollywood.
The Cohen home
The Cohen household is a fictitious "McMansion" built by Caleb Nichol and The Newport Group. The house is based off two homes located in Malibu, California. The exterior shots of the front of the home and the driveway were filmed from a home on Ocean Breeze Drive in Malibu, California built in 2002. This was filmed multiple times and used continuously for all four seasons. The interior, backyard, and infinity pool were filmed for the pilot episode in another home down the street also in Malibu. The pool house was built for the pilot episode.
After the show got picked up to reduce production costs the interior, backyard, and pool house was rebuilt at Raleigh Studios in Manhattan Beach, Ca. During some early episodes in season 1, the Cohens were doing some extensive remodeling; this was probably written in because the new set did not accurately recreate the original home in Malibu. The kitchen countertop changed from a dark grey granite to a light beige marble countertop. The sink in the island countertop switches to the other side and the backsplash tile changes. During the pilot episode Ryan walked out of the pool house to look at the ocean view. Past the property line there were houses, streets, cars, and land between the house and the ocean. After the set was created, there was just an ocean and sky backdrop as if the house were sitting on a cliff; also artificial grass and studio lighting looked less realistic than in the pilot episode.
Alexandra Patsavas, who had previously worked on shows including Roswell and Carnivàle, was appointed as music supervisor on The O.C.. Patsavas worked alongside creator Josh Schwartz, in selecting the music to be used. Schwartz said that he had "always intended that music be a character on the show" The O.C. made indie rock a "main focus of the series" and also its marketing plan, releasing six soundtracks throughout the series. In the second season, a fictional new night club and concert venue, called The Bait Shop, was introduced. Bands including The Walkmen, The Killers, Modest Mouse, The Thrills, Rachael Yamagata, Death Cab for Cutie and The Subways all made guest appearances on the show performing at the venue. In addition to having guest artists perform on the show, it also premiered many new music singles from artists including the Beastie Boys, U2, Beck, Coldplay, Gwen Stefani, and The Shins.
Many bands gained exposure through the show, which caused an increase in sales of their music. Rooney, who were the first band to guest appear on the show, experienced a "200 percent increase in sales" after their appearance. Even artists who just had their songs featured benefited: Imogen Heap became "a household name stateside," and Youth Group, who recorded a song specifically for the show, had "more than 5,000 iTunes downloads [of that track] in its first week" following it being played. However, not all bands were keen to feature on the show. Clap Your Hands Say Yeah were asked to perform, but they turned it down because they were worried that it could diminish their credibility. Some fans and critics echoed that sentiment by stating that such appearances and mass marketing techniques are creating sell-outs.
Generally the music was well received. Ben Spier from Entertainment Weekly described the show as a "mixtaper's dream" and Rolling Stone commented that the soundtrack was the reason people kept watching the show. However, Karyn L. Barr from Entertainment Weekly stated that using acts like U2 on a show that dedicated time to indie bands was "selling out." Noah Davis of PopMatters.com criticised the show for neglecting plotlines and replacing them with "the gang's countless trips to the Bait Shop."
The series touches on themes such as inter-generational conflict, social class, social mobility, social alienation, sexual performance anxiety, hope, loneliness, virginity, emotional insecurity, environmentalism, alcoholism, drug addiction, gambling addiction, mental illness, homophobia, bisexuality, May–December romances, teen pregnancy, political activism, and eventually death and the acceptance of loss. These topics are examined through both lighthearted comedy and heightened operatic drama.
Within the series, Seth Cohen has a Jewish father and a Protestant (Presbyterian) mother. As a way to merge the two faiths, Seth claims to have "created Chrismukkah" when he was six years old. The series included annual Chrismukkah episodes for every season of its run. Particulars of when exactly the holiday was celebrated were not given; Seth simply said in the first season's Chrismukkah episode that it was "eight days of presents, followed by one day of many presents." Chrismukkah later received mention in the television series Grey's Anatomy.
In December 2011 the pop-culture website The A.V. Club reviewed all four Chrismukkah episodes for its "TV Club Advent Calendar." The writer noted, "When thinking back on holiday specials of yore for this project, the first thing that popped into my head wasn't nostalgia for my Rankin/Bass- and Chuck Jones-filled youth. Instead, I immediately focused on a much more recent obsession: Chrismukkah. Created by The O.C.'s Seth Cohen ...." The reviewer continued, saying that "A thread of underlying sadness unites all four Chrismukkah episodes, but it's a sadness that begs to be redeemed by the end of the hour. Chrismukkah is really about traditional Christmas togetherness and your standard happy ending; it's the everyday miracle of people coming together to create something magical."
Several episodes feature a fictional show-within-the-show called The Valley, an in-show equivalent to The O.C.  The Valley, like The O.C., has a fictional reality TV counterpart, Sherman Oaks: The Real Valley, which causes Seth to ask, "Why watch the plight of fictional characters when you can watch real people in contrived situations?" Season 2 also focuses on the creation of a fictional comic book called Atomic County, written by Seth Cohen, that is used for similar self-deprecating purposes.
The Valley and Atomic County are used throughout the series to comment on aspects of the show itself, such as message board criticism of the show's reliance on love triangles, the trope of mid-twenties actors portraying teenagers, and the inability of the series to be renewed for another season. In addition, several of the characters talk as if they are aware that they are in a television series. One episode in the second season finds Seth commenting that "we tried some new things," but that "last year was just better," echoing response from fans that the second season was inferior to the first.
USA Today remarked that The O.C.'s "undertone of sarcasm and self-parody' was one of the aspects of the series that made it compelling. Writer Ken Barnes opined that The O.C. took "meta-TV" to its "sublime peak" with The Valley. He continued, saying that the "device allowed producers and writers to have fun mocking critical and public perceptions of The OC, its supposed soap-operatic excesses and pop-culture obsessions. In a book written by Alan Sepinwall that examined the series, Sepinwall noted that "Schwartz spends enough of his day trolling message boards to know exactly what fans are complaining about and which references to other shows and movies they've caught, and he incorporates it into his scripts."
An entire chapter of the book is devoted to perceived self-mockery within the series, with much attention given to the episode "The L.A." from Season One. Producer Allan Heinberg said that many instances of meta-commentary had to be cut if the network or Schwartz felt they had gone too far, saying that "Sandy at one point had a speech about the Golden Globes that we felt was maybe a little inside." Schwartz similarly declined a request to have The O.C. actors portray themselves on Arrested Development, another FOX show set in Orange County.
Broadcast and distribution
First run broadcast
The first season premiered at 9:00 p.m. (EDT) on August 5, 2003 on Fox, and was simulcast in Canada on CTV. The original, English-language version of the show also aired in other continents. In the United Kingdom, the first episode was aired at 9:00 p.m. (GMT) on March 7, 2004 on Channel 4, but subsequent episodes were first shown on sister station E4, a week in advance of being shown on Channel 4. In Australia, the pilot was first broadcast on the Nine Network but the channel later dropped the show. Network Ten picked up the show and by the fourth season was airing episodes within days of it being broadcast in the U.S. In New Zealand, the show was aired on TV2, and in Ireland it was broadcast on TG4. In South Africa it premiered on April 1, 2004 on satellite television channel Go and was shown on terrestrial channel SABC 3 in December 2006. In India, the English-language channel Zee Café debuted the show on December 30, 2005. For the fourth season, in the week before an episode was broadcast on television, it was available via on demand streaming through Fox Interactive Media's MySpace and MyFoxLocal stations.
It was also aired in non-English speaking countries. It aired across Latin America on the Warner Channel. In France, it aired on France 2 under the name Newport Beach. It aired in Germany on ProSieben, in Switzerland on SF zwei, and in Russia under the name OC – Lonely Hearts on STS. In Italy it was shown on Italia 1, with pay-per view channel Joi being the first to make available episodes of season 3 onwards through the digital terrestrial television service Mediaset Premium. In Poland the series was broadcast under the local title Życie Na Fali on TVN in 2006 and 2007 in a daytime block from Monday to Friday at 2:00 p.m. with single episodes attracting up to a million viewers. Then, it was also repeated on TVN7.
Due to low ratings, it was rumored that the show would not return for a fifth season. In June 2006, Fox confirmed that "the current order for The O.C. is 16 episodes", but added that there was a chance to add more installments. In September 2006, Rachel Bilson said that she felt like "the show is over", and co-star Kelly Rowan stated that many of the cast realised the show was close to being cancelled. Rowan said that "when [the fourth season] was picked up for just 16 episodes this year the cast had a feeling the end was near." On January 3, 2007, Fox announced that The O.C. was to be cancelled. In a statement, Schwartz said "This feels like the best time to bring the show to its close" adding that "what better time to go out than creatively on top." Fox launched an official campaign on their website called Save The O.C., which garnered over 740,000 signatures. There were rumors that the show would be saved by The CW Television Network. CW president Dawn Ostroff confirmed in January 2007 that while the move was discussed, it was decided against.
The O.C. was syndicated on Soapnet from 2007 until 2012 in the United States, and the series began airing on Pop in 2016. The show became available for streaming on The CW Seed in 2015, and Hulu in 2016.
All four seasons are available on DVD in Regions 1, 2 and 4.
|Season 1||The O.C. – The Complete First Season||October 26, 2004|
|Season 2||The O.C. – The Complete Second Season||August 23, 2005|
|Season 3||The O.C. – The Complete Third Season||October 24, 2006|
|Season 4||The O.C. – The Complete Fourth and Final Season||May 22, 2007|
The O.C. The Complete Series was released on November 27, 2007 in Canada and the United States, which included the first season remastered in widescreen. The complete series was also released as a Region 2 DVD on November 19, 2007 but did not include the remastered version of the first season. Additionally, the boxset included a note from Josh Schwartz, a printed conversation between Josh Schwartz and Stephanie Savage, two rare bonus discs, a season four gag reel, and Atomic County excerpts.
For registered members of selected regional iTunes Stores, the complete series is available to purchase and download. These seasons are also available in the US as video on demand from Amazon Video. The fourth season was also made available in the Zune.
Season one of The O.C. received generally positive reviews from critics and is frequently regarded as the best season. Upon the show's premiere, Gael Fashingbauer Cooper of MSNBC described Ryan and Seth's friendship as "the most promising plot". The New York Times noted that "Mr. Schwartz pulled it off, sneaking a truly smart show past the gatekeepers in the guise of something commercial and trashy and fun." The reviewer also praised how the show "steered clear of both Aaron Spelling-style camp and the soggy earnestness that often characterises teen drama" and praised the integration of the adult cast into the plotlines. IGN called it "far more engaging and interesting" than its predecessors in the teen genre. The reviewer pointed to the show's sense of humor and respect for its audience, praising the series as "very funny" and "well-acted", while referring to Mischa Barton as the weak link. Time Magazine critic James Poniewozik was fond of the premiere episode, saying that the show "looks to have enough heart, talent and wit to generate a few seasons' worth of luxurious suds. As Ryan would say, in the teen-soap business, being 100% original doesn't make you smart. Delivering a formula with so much style and believability that it feels new again—that does."
Despite much positive reception, the first season was not without some criticism. San Jose Mercury News criticised the plot and the casting, saying that "the storylines usually involve the obligatory three-episode-arc drug problems or lost virginity with dialogue designed to keep a dog up to speed," and that "Whoever at FOX thought Benjamin McKenzie could pass for anything younger than 25 should be fired."
The second season was widely regarded as inferior to the first, but still received generally positive reception. IGN noted that Season 2 contains some of the best moments of the series, and praised the bisexual romance between Alex and Marissa. It was said to have "managed to surpass its ratings ploy outer trappings to actually work as one of the better Marissa plotlines, at least initially, by doing a solid job of portraying her "I've never done this before..." confusion and excitement." Another review praised episodes "The Chrismukkah That Almost Wasn't" and "The Rainy Day Woman" as standout quality hours of the series, and praised the storyline that focused on Sandy and Kirsten's marriage.
In contrast to the first two, Season 3 of the series was met with mostly negative reception. After the eventual cancellation of the show, Schwartz admitted that "the whole first half of the third season was a total mess." IGN faulted a season which, in their opinion, had "far too much time and too many episodes spent with the less than beloved character Johnny." IGN also noted that "Kirsten and Sandy both suffered from unsatisfying stories," and that the departure of character Caleb Nichol had been a mistake "as he had been a great character to bounce off both of the elder Cohens." In September 2007, Schwartz admitted in an interview for New York that the show "went down the wrong road" with Johnny. The season did, however, receive some praise. The new character Taylor Townsend was stated as being "played to perfection by Autumn Reeser" and her character was described as "one of the greatest elements of The O.C." Jeffrey Robinson of DVD Talk described the storylines as "very intelligent and also incorporate a great deal of humor to keep your interest." While looking back on the series in an interview for the complete series box-set, Schwartz explained that "somewhere around Season 3, for reasons too numerous to discuss, I lost focus. The network wasn't really supporting the show." Schwartz went on to say that Season 3 was probably "the most important season, because it's where I learned the most. About television, about myself as a writer, about discipline and trying to hold onto your focus even if you're hearing a lot of opinions or being forced to add things creatively that you don't agree with. And I don't think Season 4 would have been as fun or as adventurous or as weird and zany and ultimately emotional if it weren't for that experience."
The final season is generally regarded by fans and critics as a return to form for the series. Variety's Josef Adalian said that "[the show] is once again in great creative shape." He added that "the scripts are snappy, the plots make sense, the acting's solid, [and] the music is appropriately indie" but criticised Fox for "throwing away" the show by giving it the Thursday 9:00 p.m. timeslot. Buddytv.com praised the season premiere, saying "this episode is the best OC episode since the show's first season. The absence of Mischa Barton character of Marissa Cooper is the best thing that's happened to The OC in a long time. The cast is now exceptional from top to bottom and the show is, at least in the first episode, much darker in tone than the first three seasons. This is a good sign." Later in the season, Buddytv.com lamented that "The OC is winding down, in all likelihood, and it's a shame. The show is hitting its creative stride just now, in its fourth season, and no one cares." Critic Alan Sepinwall said of the premiere, "Damn. That was... not bad. No, better than that. That was good. Confident, in character, funny on occasion (any scene with Che), genuinely touching at others (the comic book store intervention), really the most like itself the show has felt in a long time, maybe even going back to season one." In a review of a later episode, Sepinwall related that Season 4 was a "resurgent season" and that "every "O.C." episode review just turns into a list of things I liked."
Belinda Acosta of The Austin Chronicle agreed, praising the show's "new energy" and its ability to successfully cover "the transition between high school and college that other series have stumbled over." Entertainment Weekly's Ken Tucker commented that the fourth season was "a succession of terrific subplots" and praised new main cast member Taylor "as a fine, funny love interest for Ryan." Greg Elwell of DVD Talk described Bullit as "the breakout character of the season" but commented that the season's "dark opening (...) didn't do much to keep viewers around." IGN's Eric Goldman was also critical, saying that "as amusing as Che was, his inclusion into some later episodes gets a bit tired." Goldman also commented that "the second half of Season 4 wasn't quite as solid as the first [half]"; however, he added that while the fourth season had to prove itself again as an enjoyable watch "Josh Schwartz rose to this challenge (...) once again creating a show that was witty and self-aware."
U.S. television ratings
The pilot episode attracted 7.46 million viewers in the United States, came second in its time slot behind the season finale of Last Comic Standing, and was the highest rated show of the night in the 12–17-year-old demographic. The most watched O.C. episode was "The Rivals", the seventeenth episode of season one. It attracted 12.72 million viewers, and was the lead-out to American Idol, which attracted 29.43 million viewers that week. The O.C. was the highest-rated new drama of the 2003–2004 season among adults aged 18 to 34, averaging a total of 9.7 million viewers.
For the second season, the show moved to an "ultra-competitive Thursday" timeslot against the likes of Survivor, Joey and Will & Grace. This is often cited as a cause of The O.C.'s decline in popularity. The move improved Fox's performance at the new time slot, but lost the show viewers, as average viewing figures decreased thirty percent from the previous season to 7 million.
For the third season, average viewing figures decreased a further twenty percent from the previous season to 5.6 million. The Thursday 9.00 pm timeslot placed the show against two other very popular shows, CSI and Grey's Anatomy.
The fourth season premiered in November 2006 with very little promotion or advertisements from FOX, and was once again in the Thursday timeslot. The premiere episode attracted 3.4 million viewers, which was a series low. For the series finale, 6.7 million viewers tuned in. This was 76 percent more than the season average of 4.6 million viewers.
|Season||Episodes||Timeslot (ET)||Season premiere||Season finale||TV season||Rank||Viewers
|1||27||Tuesday 9:00 pm (2003)
Wednesday 9:00 pm (2003–04)
|August 5, 2003||May 5, 2004||2003–04||57||9.69|
|2||24||Thursday 8:00 pm||November 4, 2004||May 19, 2005||2004–05||85||7.0|
|3||25||Thursday 8:00 pm (2005)
Thursday 9:00 pm (2006)
|September 8, 2005||May 18, 2006||2005–06||105||5.6|
|4||16||Thursday 9:00 pm||November 2, 2006||February 22, 2007||2006–07||123||4.3|
Awards and honors
For the debut episode, "Premiere", Schwartz received a Writers Guild of America Award nomination for Best Screenplay in an Episodic Drama, and casting directors Rush and Silverberg nominated in the Dramatic Pilot category of the Artios Awards. Luke's declaration in the premiere episode of "Welcome to the O.C., bitch" was placed 83rd by TV Land in its 100 Greatest TV Quotes and Catchphrases in 2006. The first season picked up four Teen Choice Awards, and was nominated for another two. Additionally it was nominated for the Outstanding New Program TCA Award, and in Australia it won a Logie Award for Most Popular Overseas Program in 2005. For the second season the show was nominated for five Teen Choice Awards, and won four of them, including best drama. It was nominated for the Favorite Television Drama People's Choice Award, and Kelly Rowan won a PRISM Award for Performance in a Drama Series Episode, with Peter Gallagher getting a nomination. The second-season finale was nominated for a PRISM TV Drama Series Episode award. The third season was nominated for five Teen Choice Awards and won four of them, including "Choice Drama/Action Adventure Show" and "Choice Actor: Drama/Action Adventure," which Adam Brody won for the third consecutive year.
The O.C. popularised its setting, Orange County, and led to copycats like MTV's reality show Laguna Beach: The Real Orange County and the Bravo documentary series The Real Housewives of Orange County, and its success as a prime-time soap opera helped Marc Cherry get Desperate Housewives on the air. The show generated a dedicated and thriving international fan community. DVD Verdict said, "The O.C. has become one of those rare shows whose influence has begun to extend far beyond the television screen, and has actually started to take an active role in shaping American teenage pop culture." Fans of the show, sometimes dubbed OC Groupies, have been active in developing a large number of fan websites and forums dedicated to the program. Famous fans of the show include the Bush twins, Jenna and Barbara, and Princess Beatrice. Additionally, actual UC Berkeley students created in 2004 the Sandy Cohen Public Defender Fellowship in honor of Peter Gallagher's character Sandy Cohen. The fellowship is awarded to students who plan to work as public defenders and has been presented by Gallagher.
Comedy group The Lonely Island created a parody of The O.C. called The 'Bu. At Boston College, students created and produced a parody titled "The BC" that received nationwide acclaim and features in The New York Times and CBS Evening News. On April 14, 2007, Saturday Night Live aired a Digital Short titled "Dear Sister" that satirised the final scene of The O.C.'s second-season finale. The short became popular enough to beget a wave of re-enactments and parodies using "Hide and Seek" with the music set to slow-motion scenes of violence from various films and television series.
Independent Washington University in St. Louis newspaper Student Life said that, "The O.C.'s" legacy will live on through its viewers. Whether you wear a 'Save Marissa' shirt, a leather wristcuff or hoodie in honor of Ryan or listen to Death Cab for Cutie, as Seth did, know that "The O.C." was a cultural phenomenon that will not be forgotten."
Between 2012-2013, The OC's catchphrase "What are you doing here?"—most memorably and often repeated by Marissa Cooper, but also used by other characters—was satirised in Saturday Night Live's skit The Californians.
The web series The Most Popular Girls in School mentioned the series in a flashback episode where the main characters were portrayed as children in 2003; in a scene the characters talk briefly about watching an episode the night before.
The characters and setting of The O.C. have appeared in several official tie-ins outside of the television broadcast, including in print and on the Internet.
- The Outsider (ISBN 0141319070)
- The Misfit (ISBN 0141319089)
- The Way Back (ISBN 0439677025)
- Spring Break (ISBN 0439696321)
- Summer of Summer (ISBN 043969633X)
- Bait & Switch (ISBN 0439745705)
- 'Twas the Night Before Chrismukkah (ISBN 0-439-7457-13)
- Cohen! (ISBN 0439745721)
With the exception of 'Twas the Night Before Chrismukkah, written by Andes Hruby, all the books were written by authors Cory Martin and Aury Wallington. An official biography book titled Meet The O.C. Superstars (ISBN 0-4396-60602), written by Monica Rizzo, was also published.
Several unofficial books relating to the show have also been published.
- O.C. Undercover (ISBN 0312331428), written by Brittany Kemp, published by Plexus Publishing Ltd., is a book that includes biographies of the cast, fashion tips, and information about culture trends associated with the show.
- Stop Being a Hater and Learn to Love The O.C. (ISBN 1596090065), written by Alan Sepinwall and published by Chamberlain Bros., discusses the merits of the television program, and aims to give a lighthearted view from all ages of the show.
Several types of products based on the series, such as clothes, toys and games, have been licensed for release. Licensed items of clothing released included T-shirts, jumpers, underwear and flip-flops, which are sold from the 20th Century Fox store. Other accessories available included keychains, notepads and a Chrismukkah wrapping paper. An official bath set and "OC Beauty To Go Cooling Set" was released in 2004.
AMC Beauty released fragrances in October 2006, named "The O.C. for Him" and "The O.C. for Her" in 0.5oz and 1.7oz versions. LeSportsac, in a partnership with Fox, released The O.C. collection" in August 2006, which was a fashion line of bags and accessories.
Screenlife and Mattel launched a The O.C. themed version of Scene It?, a DVD trivia game based on the first three seasons. Cardinal Games released The OC Game, another trivia board game. In 2006, Gameloft released a mobile game based on the show.
A partnership with Sephora included one of their beauty editors writing on the official OC Insider site, and the inclusion of articles about their products. TheOCInsider.com and Starbrand.tv also included comprehensive guides of fashion and styles featured on the show, providing details to customers of how to obtain these items.
The O.C. has given rise to a number of spin-offs, some developed and others not. Atomic County was a spin-off based on the cartoon characters in Seth's comic book of the same name. It was created by The O.C. writer John Stephens and artist Eric Wight, who was responsible for the comic book drawings featured on the show.
In 2005, Schwartz announced he was writing a spin-off which followed the life of Marissa's younger sister Kaitlin at boarding school. It was set to premiere in January 2006, but the airing of the spin-off never occurred. Schwartz attributed this to Gail Berman, president of Fox Broadcasting Company, moving to Paramount in May 2005.
There were plans to turn the show into something of a reverse spin-off. Schwartz planned to release a spin-off of his series Gossip Girl entitled Valley Girls, originally to premiere in the fall of 2009. Schwartz wanted to tie in the younger versions of the characters from both The O.C. and the principals from Valley Girls to establish a continuity with Gossip Girl.
A re-adaption of the show started in September 2013 in Turkey. It soon became a wide popular series named Medcezir (meaning tide in English) featuring popular young Turkish artists Çağatay Ulusoy and Serenay Sarıkaya. By the New Year of 2013, first 15 Episodes were released with very positive and increasing criticism. The plot is very similar to The O.C., yet the show is a lot different by script on this adaption.
The O.C. Musical took place on August 30, 2015, at the Montalban Theater in Los Angeles, selling out in minutes when tickets went on sale earlier that same month. While not officially authorized by FOX or Warner Bros. TV, Sucker Love Productions' musical was supported by the show's cast and producers, with Autumn Reeser portraying Julie Cooper and briefly reprising her role as Taylor Townsend for the first time in 8 years. Creator Josh Schwartz and stars Rachel Bilson, Melinda Clarke, and Kelly Rowan also reunited at the musical. The cast included Awkward star Greer Grammer as Summer Roberts and Pretty Little Liars star Brendan Robinson as Seth Cohen.
There are currently four Podcasts about The O.C. The original is PortlandCA, an O.C. commentary track hosted by Josh Hatfield, Josh Stout and Cory Hatfield. New episodes are posted on Thursday. The second is Do You See The O.C. That I See? hosted by Allie Russell and Jillian Gomez. The recurring theme of this podcast is burritos. The third is The O.C. Plus Three hosted by Cam, David and Meaghan. This is an episode by episode commentary podcast with Cam being the only one to have seen the show before. The fourth is We Used To Be Teens hosted by Bryony, Cal, and Josh. WUTBT is an episode by episode analysis podcast, and is largely punctuated by meme chat and tangents.
- Gumbel, Andrew (January 5, 2007). "It's so over for The OC". London: The Independent. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- Tribune Newspapers (April 21, 2004). "'Soapedy' a prime-time hit". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- "Ryan, Seth, and co. shine in pop culture phenomenon". The Observer. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "Plagued by low ratings, 'The O.C.' gets canceled". msnbc.msn.com. Associated Press. January 4, 2007. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
- "Fox's once hot 'The O.C.' canceled". Regina Leader-Post. Associated Press. January 5, 2007. Retrieved February 10, 2007.
- "The O.C., Season 1 on iTunes". iTunes. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- Linder, Brian (October 26, 2004). "The O.C. Strikes Back". IGN. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- "Peter Gallagher – Random Roles". AV Club. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- FOX. "OC: Obsess Completely". The O.C. Season TV Special.
- "Backstage Pass – Production Notes". The OC Insider. Warner Bros. Retrieved July 27, 2008.
- "Backstage Page – Production Notes". The OC Insider. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- Banks, Andrew (June 12, 2007). "Top movie role reversals". News.com.au (News Corp. Digital Media). Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2009.
- Sepinwall, Alan. How to Stop Being a Hater and Learn to Love The O.C. Chamberlain, Bros.
- Mischa Barton's 'O.C.' character killed – USA Today
- Heffernan, Virginia (November 4, 2004). "In 'O.C.', You Must Go Home Again". The New York Times. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "Looking for Mr. Adorkable". Time. April 12, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "The O.C.: Josh Says Goodbye". What's Alan Watching. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "Interview: Tate Donovan". Marty Flanagan. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "EW.com's TV's Worst Dads". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "Alan Dale settling into 'O.C.' good life". The Chicago Tribune. November 11, 2004. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "DVD Verdict Review: The O.C.: The Complete Fourth Season". DVD Verdict. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "The O.C.: The Complete Third Season". Amazon.com. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "The O.C. – The Complete Series". IGN. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "Autumn Reeser Reflects on Her Time in The O.C.". Staying In. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- The OC Season Four Fox Interview.
- "Shailene Woodly, 'Descendants' star, doesn't want to hear about Oscar Buzz, George Clooney's Fart Machine". Movie Fone. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "Josh Schwartz: "The O.C." Creator". The OC Insider. Warner Bros. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- "Exclusive Interview: Josh Schwartz, Creator/Executive Producer of The OC". BuddyTV. December 14, 2006. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- Sepinwall, Alan (February 22, 2007). "The O.C.: Josh says goodbye". Blogspot. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- "Stephanie Savage: Co-Executive Producer/Writer". The OC Insider. Warner Bros. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- Schneider, Michael (January 22, 2003). "Fox femme pair to pilot". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- Schneider, Michael (February 26, 2003). "Selleck's on deck for NBC". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- Adalian, Josef; Schneider, Michael (May 4, 2003). "Nets prep flight plans with pilots on tarmac". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- Schneider, Michael (June 16, 2003). "Juniors to juice 'O.C.'". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- Epstein, Daniel Robert. "Josh Schwartz of The O.C. Interview". UGO Entertainment. Archived from the original on April 30, 2005. Retrieved June 23, 2009.
- Posner, Ari (March 24, 2004). "'The O.C.' Rewrites the Rules of TV Writing". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2008. Retrieved July 14, 2008.
- ""The OC" Creator Josh Schwartz Endows Inaugural Scholarship for Television Writing Students at USC School of Cinema-Television". USC Cinema. September 14, 2005. Retrieved June 23, 2009.
- Gopalan, Nisha (August 5, 2013). "Josh Schwartz on The O.C., Casting George Lucas, and the Onslaught of Emo". Vulture. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- "Schwartz still likes hanging in 'The O.C.'". MSNBC. March 29, 2006. Retrieved June 23, 2009.
- Simmons, Bill. "Curious Guy: The OC". ESPN. Retrieved June 23, 2009.
- Posner, Ari (March 21, 2004). "The O.C. and Rewriting the Rules of TV Writing". The New York Times. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- "Exclusive Interview: Josh Schwartz, Creator/Executive Producer of The OC". Buddytv. December 14, 2006. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
- Fienberg, Daniel (February 22, 2007). "Schwartz Shares 'O.C.' Highlights". Zap2it. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
- "France Myung Fagin: Locating "The O.C."". The OC Insider. Warner Bros. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
- "THE O.C. Filming Locations". Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- "THE O.C. Filming Locations". Retrieved June 19, 2010.
- "Tour Sakowski Motors". Sakowski Motors. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- Primrose, Jon. "Mexican Street / Old Mexico". thestudiotour.com. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- Goldman, Michael (November 1, 2003). "Production Meets Post". Digital Content Producer. Penton Media. Archived from the original on March 20, 2007. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
- "Backstage Pass: Production Notes". The OC Insider. Warner Bros. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
- "Xenia Pappas". The Einstein Factor. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- della Cava, Marco R. (October 29, 2003). "How real is 'The O.C.'? ; Fox's new hit shines a light on Orange County" (Note: Payment required). USA Today. McLean, Virginia. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- Lee, Stefanie (August 21, 2008). "You Oughta Be in Pictures, Berkeley". The Daily Californian. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- "The OC goes to college". April 5, 2006. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- "FAA First Federal Credit Union". Portfolio Office FAA First Federal Credit Union: Nadel Architects. Retrieved October 12, 2009.
- "Newport Group building". Flickr. Retrieved October 12, 2009.
- Wayne, Gary. "The location: The Newport Group building". Seeing-Stars.com. Retrieved October 12, 2009.
- "Community Relations". Wayfarers Chapel. Retrieved October 12, 2009.
- Edwards, Andrew (August 8, 2005). "Bureau points to 'OC' on map". Daily Pilot.
- "Kaitlin's School," Scenes from The O.C. Retrieved 2/6/08.
- Angelo, Megan (April 30, 2007). "Perfectly Attuned". Portfolio.com. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- Carle, Chris (March 22, 2005). "Music of The O.C.: Interview With Music Supervisor Alexandra Patsavas". IGN. Retrieved December 20, 2008.
- McFarland, Melanie (April 21, 2005). "Seattle's Own Death Cab for Cutie to appear on 'The O.C.'". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Roger Oglesby. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- Montgomery, James (August 20, 2004). "Modest Mouse, Killers, Walkmen To Guest Star On 'The O.C.'". MTV. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
- Parker, Lyndsey (June 23, 2008). "Corey Haim: The Thrills Are Gone". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
- "Monday night: Rachael Yamagata". The A.V. Club. March 22, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- McFarland, Melanie (April 21, 2005). "Seattle's Own Death Cab for Cutie to appear on 'The O.C.'". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
- "The Subways: Various venues and dates, Austin, Texas". NME. UK. April 7, 2006. Retrieved October 3, 2010.
- Elber, Lynn (February 22, 2007). "Teen angst comes to an end as 'O.C.' wraps four-season run". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- Eliscu, Jenny (January 30, 2004). "Rooney, Jet Visit "The O.C."". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved July 19, 2009.
- "On the record – Arctic Monkeys head into heavier territory". The Shuttle. August 29, 2009. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
- Kroth, Maya (November 3, 2005). "The O.C. Effect". The Stranger. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
- Pressler, Jessica (September 25, 2005). "Clap Your Hands Say Yeah: Ready to Gloat at the Reunion". The New York Times. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
- Zemler, Emily (January 14, 2005). "The O.C. Effect". PopMatters.com. PopMatters Media, Inc. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Spier, Ben (December 1, 2006). "The O.C. Mix 6: Covering Our Tracks (2006)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
- Kreps, Daniel (February 22, 2007). "An Appreciation: Sounding the O.C. Death Knell". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- Barr, Karyn L. (November 26, 2004). "Dropping 'Bomb'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- Davis, Noah (June 13, 2006). "THE O.C. – Marketing 101". PopMatters. Retrieved July 28, 2008.
- Raisler, Carrie. "Chrismukkah in The O.C.". The AV Club.
- Writer: Josh Schwartz Director: David M. Barrett (2004-03-24). "The LA". The O.C. Season 1. Episode 22.
- Barnes, Ken (February 21, 2007). "What sucked us into 'The OC' orbit?". USA Today. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
- Sepinwall, Alan (2004). Stop Being A Hater and Learn to Love The O.C. Chamberlain Bros. p. 151. ISBN 1-59609-006-5.
- McFarland, Melanie (August 5, 2003). "Fox's handsome 'The O.C.' may be just what teens crave". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
- Gee, Dana (August 2, 2003). "Daring to do good: Role in the O.C. Peter Gallagher feels close to his". The Gazette. CanWest Interactive.
- Clark, Caren (March 6, 2004). "Switched on this week the best bits on TV". Southport Reporter. PCBT Photography. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
- "An Overview of E4". UK: Channel 4. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- Warneke, Ross (November 5, 2004). "Hoo-roo, forever". The Age. Australia. Retrieved February 4, 2009.
- "News Digest – June 2, 2004". The Hollywood Reporter. AllBusiness.com. June 2, 2004. Archived from the original on March 28, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2009.
- "OC gets axed in US". The Age. Australia. AP. January 4, 2007. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "The OC". TV2. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- Kenny, Colum (August 27, 2006). "Time to call a halt to the lip service behind TG4 'success'". Irish Independent. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- "The O.C.". TVSA. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- "Zee Café to debut `The Orange Country' on December 30". Indian Television.com. December 26, 2005. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- Fox: Press release (October 24, 2006). "FOX to debut "The O.C." on Fox Interactive Media's Myspace.com and Fox Television Station Group's MyFoxLocal sites for a full week prior to broadcast premiere". The Futon Critic. Retrieved October 19, 2008.
- "The O.C." (in Spanish). Warner Channel. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- "Newport Beach" (in French). France 2. Archived from the original on April 30, 2007. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- "O.C., California: Home" (in German). ProSieben. Archived from the original on January 20, 2005. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "O.C. California" (in German). Schweizer Fernsehen. Retrieved January 8, 2010.
- "ОДИНОКИЕ СЕРДЦА" НАЙДУТ ДРУГ ДРУГА НА СТС! (in Russian). STS. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "Le coppie che ci fanno sognare" (in Italian). Mediaset. March 15, 2009. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- Press release (May 2, 2006). "Mediaset Premium Expands its Offer: From May 3, 2006 on Digital Terrestrial the TV Series". Mediaset. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- Vivarelli, Nick (January 25, 2008). "Cable TV, Italian style". Variety. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- "Trzeci sezon "Życia na fali" w TVN 7" (in Polish). Onet.pl. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
- Carter, Bill (May 19, 2006). "A Safe Hand for Fox, Mix and Match for CW". The New York Times. Retrieved October 18, 2008.
- "A Less Sweet 16 for 'The O.C.'". Zap2it. Tribune Media Services. June 28, 2006. Retrieved October 13, 2008.
- Ellis, Scott (November 6, 2006). "Life after death". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved October 17, 2008.
- McQueen, Ann-Marie (January 19, 2007). "No 'O.C.' no problem for Rowan". Ottawa Sun. Sun Media Corporation. Retrieved October 13, 2008.
- de Moraes, Lisa (January 4, 2007). "Fox Puts 'The O.C.' Out To Pasture". The Washington Post. Katharine Weymouth. Retrieved October 13, 2008.
- Flaherty, Courtney (January 25, 2007). "Fox says farewell to "The O.C."". The Seahawk. College Publisher. Archived from the original on October 28, 2007. Retrieved October 14, 2008.
- Talpade, Anuj (February 11, 2008). "The countdown for OC IV begins". Essel Group. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
- Stack, Tim (January 19, 2007). "Sorry, 'O.C.' Fans...". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 14, 2008.
- "The OC: The Complete Series on DVD". the-oc.com. Warner Bros. Retrieved October 29, 2008.
- Lambert, David (July 27, 2007). "The O.C. – It's A Chrismukkah Miracle: Complete Series Includes Season 1 in Widescreen!". TVShowsOnDVD. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
- "The O.C. – Complete". Currys. DSG International. Archived from the original on March 28, 2009. Retrieved October 29, 2008.
- Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. "The O.C., Season 1" (note: Requires iTunes software with US iTunes Store). Fox Broadcasting Company. iTunes Store. Retrieved October 29, 2008.
- Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. "The O.C., Season 2" (note: Requires iTunes software with US iTunes Store). Fox Broadcasting Company. iTunes Store. Retrieved October 29, 2008.
- Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. "The O.C., Season 4" (note: Requires iTunes software with US iTunes Store). Fox Broadcasting Company. iTunes Store. Retrieved October 29, 2008.
- Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. "The O.C., Season 1" (note: Requires iTunes software with UK iTunes Store). Fox Broadcasting Company. iTunes Store. Retrieved October 29, 2008.
- Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. "The O.C., Season 2" (note: Requires iTunes software with UK iTunes Store). Fox Broadcasting Company. iTunes Store. Retrieved October 29, 2008.
- Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. "The O.C., Season 4" (note: Requires iTunes software with UK iTunes Store). Fox Broadcasting Company. iTunes Store. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
- "Amazon Video On Demand – The O.C.". Amazon Unbox. Amazon.com. Retrieved October 29, 2008.
- "The O.C. Season 4". Zune. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- Fashingbauer Cooper, Gael (August 5, 2003). "'The O.C.' is no '90210'". MSNBC. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- "The O.C. Complete Series". IGN.com. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- Poniewozik, James (August 11, 2003). "The Same Young Story". Time Magazine. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- "Unreality TV". San Jose Mercury News. MediaNews Group. May 18, 2004. Archived from the original on June 23, 2004. Retrieved February 8, 2008.
- Mumpower, David (August 25, 2005). "How to Spend $20". BoxOfficeProphets.com. Retrieved July 22, 2008.
- "The O.C.: Which Season Was Best?". IGN.com. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- "The O.C. season 2". DVD Verdict. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- Goldman, Eric (March 7, 2007). "The O.C.: Which Season Was Best?". IGN. Fox Interactive Media. Retrieved September 25, 2008.
- Yuan, Jada (September 19, 2007). "Josh Schwartz on 'Gossip Girl' and Avoiding the Mistakes of 'The O.C.'". New York. New York Media. Retrieved September 29, 2008.
- Robinson, Jeffrey (November 14, 2006). "The O.C. – The Complete Third Season". DVD Talk. Internet Brands. Retrieved September 25, 2008.
- Schwartz, Josh. The O.C.: The Complete Series. Warner Bros.
- Adalian, Josef (November 5, 2006). "Revived 'OC': Hot scripts, tough slot". Variety. Reed Elsevier. Retrieved October 17, 2008.
- "The O.C.: Early Premiere Review and Season 4 Forecast". BuddyTv. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- "The O.C., Episode 4.08 Spoilers, 12/21/06". Buddytv.com. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- "What's Alan Watching?: The O.C.: Tawny Kitaen Time". What's Alan Watching?. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- Acosta, Belinda (December 22, 2006). "TV Eye: 'Heroes' and Zeroes". The Austin Chronicle. Nick Barbaro. Retrieved October 14, 2008.
- Tucker, Ken (May 18, 2007). "Diving Back Into 'The O.C.'". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved October 18, 2008.
- Elwell, Greg (May 22, 2007). "The O.C. – The Complete Fourth Season". DVD Talk. Internet Brands. Retrieved October 28, 2008.
- Goldman, Eric (May 21, 2007). "The O.C.: Season 4 Review". IGN. Retrieved October 18, 2008.
- Berman, Marc (August 7, 2003). "The Programming Insider: Thursday 8/7/03". Mediaweek. Nielsen Business Media. Retrieved January 20, 2009.
- Battaglio, Stephen (August 7, 2003). "Comic has last laugh against O.C.". Daily News. Mortimer Zuckerman. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- de Moraes, Lisa (August 7, 2003). "The Beautiful People of 'O.C.' Deliver Some Ugly Numbers". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 9, 2009.
- Berman, Marc (January 23, 2004). "The Programming Insider". Mediaweek. Nielsen Company. Retrieved October 29, 2008.
- "Ratings shine in 'The O.C.'" (Note: Payment required). USA Today. McLean, Virginia. March 2, 2004. Retrieved July 20, 2008.
- "I. T. R. S. Ranking Report: 01 Thru 210". ABC Medianet. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- Armstrong, Jennifer (January 12, 2007). "The O.C. Wipes Out". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
- Gilbert, Matthew (February 22, 2007). "Ironic and fun 'O.C.' died oh so quickly". The Boston Globe. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
- Goldman, Eric (January 4, 2007). "The O.C. Is Cancelled". IGN. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
- Finn, Natalie (January 4, 2007). "The O.C., RIP". E! Online News. E! Entertainment Television. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- "Primetime series". The Hollywood Reporter. May 27, 2005. Archived from the original on August 21, 2009. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- "Series". The Hollywood Reporter. May 26, 2006. Archived from the original on September 7, 2009. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- Bawden, Jim (February 22, 2007). "What killed The O.C.?". Toronto Star. Torstar. Retrieved October 17, 2008.
- "Josh Says Goodbye". What's Alan Watching. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- Barrett, Annie (November 6, 2006). "The O.C.: "Help us!" Love, the Cohens". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 17, 2008.
- Berman, Marc (November 6, 2006). "DOA Return of Fox's The O.C". Mediaweek. Nielsen Company. Retrieved October 18, 2008.
- Toff, Benjamin (February 24, 2007). "Arts, Briefly; Modest Finale for 'The OC'". The New York Times. Retrieved October 18, 2008.
- "2006–07 primetime wrap". The Hollywood Reporter. May 25, 2007. Archived from the original on January 29, 2010. Retrieved June 19, 2009.
- Cadorette, Guylaine (January 2, 2004). "WGA Announces Screenplay Noms". Hollywood Media Corp. Archived from the original on December 5, 2012. Retrieved July 26, 2008.
- "Artios Award Winners 2004". Casting Society of America. Retrieved December 18, 2008.
- Hughes, Sarah (April 19, 2007). "Farewell to The OC, bitch: best teen show for years?". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved August 10, 2008.
- "The 100 Greatest TV Quotes and Catchphrases". TV Land. Viacom. Archived from the original on February 26, 2008. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- "What are TV's 100 Greatest Quotes and Catchphrases". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. November 28, 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
- "The Television Critics Association Awards", Television Critics Association. Documented at "Complete list of nominees" (XLS). Retrieved on 2008 – 07-17.
- "Logie award winners 2005". The Daily Telegraph. Sydney. October 16, 2004. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
- "PRISM Awards, 2006, Television". PRISM Awards. Entertainment Industries Council. Retrieved July 22, 2008.
- Moss, Corey (August 21, 2006). "Britney Introduces K-Fed, Nick Lachey Scores 'Awkward' Award At Teen Choice 2006". MTV. Retrieved September 26, 2008.
- Ryan, Suzanne C. (October 29, 2006). "Once hot, 'O.C.' now struggles". The Boston Globe. The New York Times Company. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
- "The O.C.: The Complete Second Season". DVD Verdict. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- Sooke, Alastair (August 13, 2005), "The OC: Complete Second Season", Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved on July 19, 2008.
- Elsworth, Catherine; Born, Matt (October 16, 2004), "Bush twins endorse the sultry soap taking over from Friends", Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved on July 19, 2008.
- "I'm not a stereotypical princess" (August 4, 2005), Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved on July 19, 2008.
- "Actor Peter Gallagher Presents OC-inspired Public Defender Fellowship". Berkeley Law. May 10, 2005. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
- Tam, Chester (April 15, 2007). "SNL Digital Short – The Shooting". Retrieved April 15, 2007.
- "SNL Digital Short inspired by the O.C. Archived April 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine."
- "Life after the OC". Student Life. January 14, 2009. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- Weisman, Jon (September 17, 2013). "'The O.C.' Gets a Remake … in Turkey". Variety. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
- "Twas The Night Before Chrismukkah (The O.C.)". Amazon.com. ISBN 0439745713.
- "Barnes & Noble – Books by Cory Martin". Retrieved July 9, 2008.
- "Aury Wallington – Books – Series". Retrieved July 9, 2008.
- "Meet The OC Superstars: The Official Biography!". Amazon.com. ISBN 0439660602.
- "O.C. Undercover: An Unofficial Guide to the Stars and Styles of The O.C". Amazon.com. ISBN 0312331428.
- "Stop Being a Hater and Learn to Love The O.C". Amazon.com. ISBN 1596090065.
- "WBtv Shop – The O.C. – Girls". WBTV Shop. Warner Bros. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- "Chrismukkah Wrapping Paper – Matzoh Ball and Snowman Design". WBTV Shop. Warner Bros. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- "Sephora celebrates with OC" (Note: Payment required). Cosmetic Products Report. Cosmetics International. November 1, 2004. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- Rivenburg, Roy (September 8, 2005). "'The O.C.' Brand Puts Style on Sale". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- "Smells Like "O.C." Spirit". Retrieved July 8, 2008.
- "LeSportsac Moves Into "The O.C". LeSportsac. Archived from the original on June 10, 2008. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
- "Scene It? – The OC". BoardGameGeek. Retrieved July 25, 2008.
- "The OC Game". BoardGameGeek. Retrieved July 25, 2008.
- "Gameloft – The O.C". Retrieved July 8, 2008.
- "Writer Bios – Laura Kenney". The OC Insider. Warner Bros. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- "Girlie Gadgets: Move Over Blackberry, These Little Beauty Gizmos Are Our New Favorite Playthings". The OC Insider. Warner Bros. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- Wilkes, Neil (January 20, 2005). "Schwartz scraps 'Athens', confirms 'OC' spinoff". Digital Spy. Digital Spy Limited. Retrieved October 28, 2008.
- Sepinwall, Alan (February 27, 2007). "The O.C.: Josh says goodbye". What's Alan Watching?. Alan Sepinwall. Retrieved October 28, 2008.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: The O.C.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The O.C..|