The pot calling the kettle black
"The pot calling the kettle black" is a proverbial idiom that may be of Spanish origin, of which English versions began to appear in the first half of the 17th century. The idiom is glossed in the original sources as being used by a person who is guilty of the very thing of which they accuse another and is thus an example of psychological projection, or hypocrisy.
The earliest appearance of the idiom is in Thomas Shelton's 1620 translation of the Spanish novel Don Quixote. The protagonist is growing increasingly restive under the criticisms of his servant Sancho Panza, one of which is that "You are like what [it] is said that the frying-pan said to the kettle, 'Avant, black-browes'." The Spanish text at this point reads: Dijo el sartén a la caldera, Quítate allá ojinegra (Said the pan to the pot, get out of there black-eyes). It is identified as a proverb (refrán) in the text, functioning as a retort to the person who criticises another of the same defect that he plainly has. Among several variations, the one where the pan addresses the pot as culinegra (black-arse) makes clear that they are dirtied in common by contact with the cooking fire.
This translation was also recorded in England soon afterwards as "The pot calls the pan burnt-arse" in John Clarke's collection of proverbs, Paroemiologia Anglo-Latina (1639). A nearer approach to the present wording is provided by William Penn in his collection Some Fruits of Solitude in Reflections and Maxims (1682):
"If thou hast not conquer'd thy self in that which is thy own particular Weakness, thou hast no Title to Virtue, tho' thou art free of other Men's. For a Covetous Man to inveigh against Prodigality, an Atheist against Idolatry, a Tyrant against Rebellion, or a Lyer against Forgery, and a Drunkard against Intemperance, is for the Pot to call the Kettle black."
But, apart from the final example in this passage, there is no strict accord between the behaviour of the critic and the person censured.
An alternative modern interpretation, far removed from the original intention, argues that while the pot is sooty (from being placed on a fire), the kettle is polished and shiny; hence, when the pot accuses the kettle of being black, it is the pot's own sooty reflection that it sees: the pot accuses the kettle of a fault that only the pot has, rather than one that they share. The point is illustrated by a poem that appeared anonymously in an early issue of St. Nicholas Magazine from 1876:
"Oho!" said the pot to the kettle;
"You are dirty and ugly and black!
Sure no one would think you were metal,
Except when you're given a crack."
"Not so! not so!" kettle said to the pot;
"'Tis your own dirty image you see;
For I am so clean – without blemish or blot –
That your blackness is mirrored in me."
Similar themes in antiquity
- "The pot calling the pot black" (Persian: دیگ به دیگ می گوید رویت سیاه), is a common proverbial idiom in Persian to describe hypocritical encounters. According to Dehkhoda, the idiom in its current form was first documented as a historical Persian proverb in the Jame ol tamsil, a comprehensive collection of Persian idioms written in 1640, but the origins are thought to be much older. Blackened cooking pots in the Persian literature were symbolically used to describe negative personalities; Sanai said in his book unwise people's words are like pots, empty on the inside and black on the outside. Rumi described in Masnavi that bad deeds of a person were as the smoke blackening the outside of a pot. The idiom was also the title of a Persian children story book.
- In ancient Greece, mention of 'the Snake and the Crab' signified much the same, where the critic censures its own behaviour in another. The first instance of this is in a drinking song (skolion) dating from the late 6th or early 5th century BCE. The fable ascribed to Aesop concerns a mother crab and its young, where the mother tells the child to walk straight and is asked in return to demonstrate how that is done.
- The same theme differently expressed occurs in the Aramaic version of the story of Ahiqar, dating from about 500 BCE. 'The bramble sent to the pomegranate tree saying, "Wherefore the multitude of thy thorns to him that toucheth thy fruit?" The pomegranate tree answered and said to the bramble, "Thou art all thorns to him that toucheth thee".
- Talmud: "Do not ascribe to your fellow your own blemish" (BM 59b).... "a person stigmatizes another with his own blemish" (Kid. 70b).
- The Mote and the Beam - In Matthew 7:3-5, it is criticism of a less significant failing by those who are worse that is the target of the Sermon on the Mount: "Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother's eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye?"
- Rucker, Derek D.; Pratkanis, Anthony R. (2001). "Projection as an Interpersonal Influence Tactic: The Effects of the Pot Calling the Kettle Black". Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 27 (11): 1494–1507. doi:10.1177/01461672012711010. S2CID 143834719.
- Waldman, Katy (2014-12-22). "Is It Kosher to Talk About the "Pot Calling the Kettle Black"?". Slate. Retrieved 2019-02-03.
This saying, which personifies kitchenware in order to make a point about hypocrisy, means "to criticize someone for a fault you also possess."
- Saavedra, Miguel de Cervantes (1740). The History of the Valorous and Witty Knight-Errant Don Quixote of the Mancha. 4. Translated by Thomas Shelton. London. p. 208.
Printed Verbatim from the 4to. Edition of 1620
- Cervantes, Miguel (2004-07-27). "67". Don Quixote. Translated by John Ormsby.
- Etxabe, Regino (2012). Regino Etxabe. Diccionario de refranes comentado. Madrid. ISBN 9788479605278.
- Julia Cresswell (2010). Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins. p. 339. ISBN 978-0199547937.
- William Penn (1909–1914). Fruits of Solitude. The Harvard Classics. pp. 445–6.
- Morris Dictionary of Word and Phrase Origins. Harper & Tow. 1962.
quoted at Phrase Finder
- "St Nicholas Magazine 3.4" (PDF). February 1876. p. 224. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-01.
- Dehkhoda, Ali Akbar (1931). Dehkhoda Dictionary. University of Tehran Press.
- Hable Roodi, Mohammad Ali (1640). Jame ol Tamsil جامع التمثیل. ISBN 978-6226441391.
- Sanā'ī Ghaznavi, Hakim Abul-Majd Majdūd ibn Ādam (1131). Hadiqat al Haqiqa.
صحبت ابلهان چو دیگ تهی است از درون خالی از برون سیهی است
- Balkhi (Rumi), Jalal al-Din Muhammad (1273). "97". مثنوی معنوی [Masnavi-ye-Ma'navi Book 2].
چون سیه شد دیگ پس تاثیر دود بعد ازین بر وی که بیند زود زود
- AbuMahboob, Ahmad (1999). دیگ به دیگ می گه روت سیاه سه پایه می گه صل علی [Pot Calling the Pot Black] (in Persian). Zeitoon. ISBN 9789646364486.
- Francisco Rodríguez Adrados (1999). History of the Graeco-Latin fable. I. Leiden NL: Brill. p. 146. ISBN 9004114548.
- Grimm, Jacob; Grimm, Wilhelm (1909). Folklore and Fable. XVII. New York. p. 30. ISBN 9781616401375.
- "The Words of Ahiqar: Aramaic proverbs and precepts". Syriac Studies site. Archived from the original on 2012-01-26.
- "Blemish". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 2020-09-09.