The powers that be
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In idiomatic English, "the powers that be" (sometimes initialized as TPTB) is a phrase used to refer to those individuals or groups who collectively hold authority over a particular domain. The word "be" is an old form of the third-person plural of the verb "to be"; the indicative equivalent, "the powers that are", is less commonly used. "The powers that were" (TPTW) is also another derivation that is used.
The phrase first appeared in the Tyndale Bible, William Tyndale's 1526 translation of the New Testament, as: "Let every soul submit himself unto the authority of the higher powers. There is no power but of God. The powers that be, are ordained of God". In the 1611 King James Version it became, "Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: The powers that be are ordained of God." (rom 13:1), whence it eventually passed into popular language.
The phrase comes from a translation of the Greek: αἱ ... οὖσαι [ἐξουσίαι], romanized: hai ... oûsai [exousíai], lit. 'the ... existing [powers]'; ἐξουσίαι is also translated as "authorities" in some other translations.
"The powers that be" can refer to a variety of entities that depend on the domain, including
- Governments, both central and local, and the accompanying civil service
- The upper management of a business
- Those who control the dissemination of information
- Controlling bodies in any organization i.e corporation or activity
- Secret societies and cabals
- Karma or fate
- God or other deities
- Content creators
- Territorial spirits
- "powers that be". The Free Dictionary. Farlex. 2011. Retrieved June 5, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Tyndale, William (1526). Tyndale Bible. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013.
-  Archived December 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- "The powers that be - meaning and origin". Phrases.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-02. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "powers that be - definition of powers that be by The Free Dictionary". Thefreedictionary.com. 1987-03-01. Retrieved 2015-06-02. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Biblos.com. Chain Link Bible. Romans 13:1.
- The dictionary definition of powers that be at Wiktionary