The real McCoy
"The real McCoy" is an idiom and metaphor used in much of the English-speaking world to mean "the real thing" or "the genuine article", e.g. "he's the real McCoy". The phrase has been the subject of numerous false etymologies.
The phrase "The real McCoy" may be a corruption of the Scots "The real MacKay", first recorded in 1856 as: "A drappie o' the real MacKay" ("a drop of the real MacKay"). This appeared in a poem Deil's Hallowe'en published in Glasgow and is widely accepted as the phrase's origin. A letter written by the Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson in 1883 contains the phrase, "He’s the real Mackay".
In 1881, the expression was used in James S. Bond's The Rise and Fall of the 'Union Club'; Or, Boy Life in Canada. A character says, "By jingo! yes; so it will be. It's the 'real McCoy,' as Jim Hicks says. Nobody but a devil can find us there."
The expression has also been associated with Elijah McCoy's oil-drip cup invention (patented in 1872). One theory is that railroad engineers looking to avoid inferior copies would request it by name, inquiring if a locomotive was fitted with 'the real McCoy system". This possible origin is mentioned in Elijah McCoy's biography at the National Inventors Hall of Fame. The original appearance of this claim in print can be traced to an advertisement which appeared in the December 1966 issue of Ebony. The ad, for Old Taylor Bourbon whiskey, ends with the tag line: "...but the most famous legacy McCoy left his country was his name."
In the 1996 documentary The Line King, caricaturist Al Hirschfeld attributed the phrase to his friend, 1930s pioneer radio host George Braidwood McCoy, who proved he could live off the land without paying for food or rent. During the 1939 World's Fair he ate free food from the exhibitions, slept complimentary at the Royal Scot, shaved using the new electric shavers at the display exhibits, and earned spending money by selling his story to Life Magazine. During the second World War, McCoy could be heard broadcasting his radio show in 1944 Rome, where he would sign off saying: "This is Sergeant George (The Real) McCoy folding his microphone and silently stealing away."
Alternative attributions include:
- A dispute between two branches of the Scots Clan Mackay over who was rightful leader. Lord Reay headed one branch and he came to be known as the Reay Mackay which migrated to 'the real McCoy'. See Huistean Du Mackay, 13th of Strathnaver for information about the dispute.
- Joseph McCoy (1837–1915) was mayor of Abilene, Kansas and styled himself 'the real McCoy'.
- The Hatfield–McCoy feud
In the United States, the phrase became associated with boxer Kid McCoy. Quinion notes that "It looks very much – without being able to say for sure – as though the term was originally the real Mackay, but became converted to the real McCoy in the U.S., either under the influence of Kid McCoy, or for some other reason."
In popular music
In 1976, the reggae and disco artist Van McCoy also released an eponymous album called "The Real McCoy".
In 1988, "The Real McCoy" is a song from the Scottish rock band The Silencers.
Connie Converse used the phrase in her song "Playboy of the Western World".
In popular media
In "Star Trek: The Original Series", the episode "The Man Trap" by George Clayton Johnson featured a polymorphic alien that at one point looked like Dr. McCoy. James Blish renamed the story "The Unreal McCoy" in Bantam Books' "Star Trek", which was the first of a series of anthologies that were short story adaptions of the original Star Trek episodes.
- "Mackay prop. n. Archived 1 July 2016 at the Wayback Machine". Dictionary of the Scots Language (2004) Accessed 3 June 2016
- 2007 Oxford English Dictionary
- "The Deil's Hallowe'en: a poem by Young Glasgow". University of Glasgow library record. Archived from the original on 12 May 2022. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- Quinion, Michael (12 February 2011). "World Wide Words: the Real McCoy". worldwidewords.org. Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
- Bond, James S. (1881). The rise and fall of the "Union club" or, Boy life in Canada. Yorkville, Ontario. p. 1. Archived from the original on 12 May 2022. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
-  Archived 12 May 2022 at the Wayback Machine, 19 February 2011. Snopes.com. Retrieved 9 June 2013
- "Invent Now | Hall of Fame | Search | Inventor Profile". Archived from the original on 28 December 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2008., 2002. National Inventors Hall of Fame. Retrieved 9 June 2013
- "Ebony, December 1966. p. 157". Johnson Publishing Company. December 1966. Archived from the original on 24 January 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
- [Mitgang, Herbert (23 December 1976). "GEORGE B. M'COY DIES; 30'S RADIO HOST WAS 73". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 12 May 2022. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
- "The Real McCoy". The Phrase Finder. Archived from the original on 7 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- "Real McCoy". Spotify. Archived from the original on 20 June 2020. Retrieved 29 August 2020.