Theatre Royal, Brighton
Panoramic view of the theatre from stage
|Owner||Ambassador Theatre Group|
|Designation||Grade II listed|
|Capacity||952 (four levels)|
In 1806 the Prince of Wales (later George IV) gave Royal Assent for the theatre to be built and it opened on 27 June 1807, with a performance of William Shakespeare's Hamlet. The theatre struggled until it was purchased in 1854 by actor Henry John Nye Chart, who engaged theatre architect Charles J. Phipps to begin a programme of expansion and redevelopment.
The theatre improved its reputation and finances, becoming a respected venue. When Henry John Nye Chart died in 1876 his wife, Ellen Elizabeth Nye Chart, took over and continued the success as one of the first female theatre managers. There is a statue to honour her in the Royal Circle bar.
The venue used to have a "gulp bar", a backstage bar where actors could get a drink, even mid-performance.
In 1920 the financial buoyancy of the Theatre enabled the directors to buy adjacent properties and make substantial improvements to the building. In 1923 the Theatre purchased the Colonnade Hotel, now the Colonnade bar and in 1927 the last major structural enlargement was made to the auditorium.
In the mid and later 20th Century the Royal's stature and national reputation continued to grow. Ibsen, Rattigan, Coward and Orton plays opened as a try out date before a London West End run. The Redgrave Family, Laurence Olivier, John Gielgud, Charlton Heston, Marlene Dietrich, Margot Fonteyn, Rex Harrison, Judi Dench and Paul Scofield all performed there.
In 1984, London impresario David Land, bought the theatre and subsidised productions at the theatre out of his own pocket up to £400,000 a year. Land and later his son, Brook, ran the theatre for a decade and a half revitalising the Royal with popular acts.
In 1999 the Theatre Royal was bought by the Ambassador Theatre Group and a full-scale modernisation scheme commenced.
In recent years, catering to a wider demographic, the Theatre Royal Brighton has chosen to offer an alternative to a Christmas pantomime, which it historically performed, replacing such shows with hits such as Spamalot (2011), The Rocky Horror Show (2012), and Priscilla Queen of the Desert (2013).
It also regularly hosts performances during the city's annual Brighton Festival; in 2016 these included the world premiere of a play written and directed by Neil Bartlett, Stella, and the world premiere of The Complete Deaths (a play featuring all of the onstage deaths in the works of William Shakespeare) by the comedy group Spymonkey and Tim Crouch.
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