Theatre Royal, Exeter
Early theatres and fires
The name "Theatre Royal" was first applied in Exeter by the mid-1830s to what had previously been the Bedford Circus Theatre, in premises dating from 1821. This theatre building was a replacement for one of 1787 which had burnt down the previous year.
This building was completely gutted by fire in 1885. Although it was reconstructed for other purposes, the name "Theatre Royal" was transferred to new premises on the corner of Longbrook Street and New North Road. The new theatre was built by the Exeter Theatre Company to the designs of C. J. Phipps and opened in 1886.
The theatre is best remembered for the disaster during a dramatisation of Romany Rye (a melodrama by Wilson Barrett) on 5 September 1887, which became the worst theatre fire in British history. Fire broke out backstage where gas lighting ignited some gauze. The number of exits from the gallery of the auditorium proved to be inadequate and in the resultant panic amongst the audience 186 people died. A national appeal for donations for the victims’ families raised £20,763 and the event was influential in the introduction of safety precautions for public buildings. There is a memorial to those who died in the fire in Higher Cemetery, Heavitree.
The last Theatre
The Theatre Royal was rebuilt, opening in 1889 with a performance of The Yeomen of the Guard by the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company. The new building had lighting by electricity and a safety curtain.
During its lifetime the theatre presented melodrama, musical theatre, music hall and ballet as well as drama. Every Christmas of its 20th century existence saw a pantomime. For a period in the 1950s it showed CinemaScope films.
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- Nicoll, Allardyce (1930). A History of Early Nineteenth Century, Drama, 1800-1850. Cambridge University Press. p. 230.
- Curtis, J. Sydney (1900). Devonshire: Historical and Pictorial: A Complete Story of Devon from the Earliest Times, Together with Views and Reviews of All Places of Interest, and a Concise Gazetteer of Its Cities, Towns, and Villages. Topographical Publishing Company. p. 21.
- Theatre Notebook. Society for Theatre Research. 1971. p. 153.
- "The Theatre Royal Fire - 1887". Exeter Memories. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- Anderson, David (2002). The Exeter Theatre Fire. Entertainment Technology Press. ISBN 1-904031-13-7.
- "Cemetery Registers". Devon County Council. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- Crane, Harvey (1980). Playbill : a History of the Theatre in the West Country. Macdonald and Evans. p. 146. ISBN 978-0-7121-2027-2.
- Smith, Stuart (1994). The Cinemas and Theatres of Exeter. Mercia Cinema Society. ISBN 0-946406-28-6.