Thebe (Greek myth)
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Thebe (Ancient Greek: Θήβη) is a feminine name mentioned several times in Greek mythology, in accounts that imply multiple female characters, four of whom are said to have had three cities named Thebes after them:
- Thebe, daughter of Asopus and Metope, who was said to have consorted with Zeus. Amphion and Zethus named Boeotian Thebes after her because of their kinship, the twins being sons of her sister Antiope by Zeus.
- Thebe, daughter of Zeus and Iodame, given in marriage to Ogygus. She was the sister of Deucalion, otherwise unknown.
- Thebe, daughter of Zeus and Megacleite and sister of Locrus, the man who assisted Amphion and Zethus in the building of Thebes. She later on married Zethus.
- Thebe, daughter of Prometheus, and also a possible eponym of the Boeotian Thebes.
- Thebe, daughter of Cilix and wife of Corybas (son of Cybele).
- Thebe, eponym of Thebes, Egypt. She was the daughter of either Nilus, Epaphus, Proteus, or Libys; rare versions of the myth make her a consort of Zeus and mother of Aegyptus or Heracles.
- Thebe, daughter of the Pelasgian Adramys, the eponym of Adramyttium, or of the river god Granicus. She married Heracles, who named Hypoplacian Thebes after her.
- Thebe, an Amazon
- Thebe, alternate name for the Titaness Phoebe.
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.5.2
- Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 4.72.1
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 5.22.6
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.5.6
- Tzetzes on Lycophron, 1206
- Murray, John (1833). A Classical Manual, being a Mythological, Historical and Geographical Commentary on Pope's Homer, and Dryden's Aeneid of Virgil with a Copious Index. Albemarle Street, London. p. 8.
- Pseudo-Clement, Recognitions 10.21
- Eustathius ad Homer, p. 1688
- Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica s.v. Thēbē
- Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 5.49.3
- Nonnus, Dionysiaca 4.304, 5.86 & 41.270
- Scholia on Homer, Iliad 9.383
- John Lydus, De mensibus, 4. 67
- Scholia on Homer, Iliad 6.396
- Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History translated by Charles Henry Oldfather. Twelve volumes. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann, Ltd. 1989. Vol. 3. Books 4.59–8. Online version at Bill Thayer's Web Site
- Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica. Vol 1-2. Immanel Bekker. Ludwig Dindorf. Friedrich Vogel. in aedibus B. G. Teubneri. Leipzig. 1888-1890. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
- Pseudo-Clement, Recognitions from Ante-Nicene Library Volume 8, translated by Smith, Rev. Thomas. T. & T. Clark, Edinburgh. 1867. Online version at theio.com
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