Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975)

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Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975)
Eagles - Their Greatest Hits (1971-1975).jpg
Greatest hits album by the Eagles
Released February 17, 1976
Recorded 1971–75
Studio Olympic Studios, London; Island Studios, London; The Record Plant, Los Angeles; Criteria Studios, Miami
Genre Rock, country rock
Length 43:08
Label Asylum
Producer Glyn Johns, Bill Szymczyk
the Eagles chronology
One of These Nights
(1975)One of These Nights1975
Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975)
(1976)
Hotel California
(1976)Hotel California1976

Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) is the first compilation album by the Eagles, released in 1976. The album contains a selection of songs from the Eagles' first four albums released in the period from the Eagles' formation in 1971 up to 1975. It is the best-selling album of the 20th century in the United States,[1] and it stayed the best selling-album in the US for some years until it was surpassed by Michael Jackson's Thriller after the artist's death in 2009.[2] It is the second highest-certified album by the Recording Industry Association of America at 29x platinum, behind Thriller.[3][4]

In 2017, it was selected for preservation in the National Recording Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or artistically significant."[5]

Background[edit]

Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) comprises nine singles released between 1972 and 1975, plus the album track "Desperado." All of these singles except "Tequila Sunrise" charted in the top 40, with five in the top ten, and "One of These Nights" and "Best of My Love" both topping the singles chart.

The manager of Eagles, Irving Azoff, said: "We decided it was time to put out the first greatest-hits because we had enough hits."[6] However, according to Don Felder, none of the band members had any say in the decision to release the compilation album.[7] The band complained that the album was "nothing more than a ploy by the record company to sell product without having to pay additional production costs".[8] Don Henley was unhappy that songs like "Tequila Sunrise" and "Desperado" were lifted out of the context of original album in a way that he thought detrimental to the nature, quality and meaning of the music. He said: "All the record company was worried about were their quarterly reports. They didn't give a shit whether the greatest hits album was good or not, they just wanted product."[8] Despite being unhappy with the album's release, the band nevertheless reasoned that it gave them more time to work on the Hotel California album.[9]

Artwork[edit]

The cover of the album is an image of an artwork created by Boyd Elder, also known as "El Chingadero", whose work was also used for the cover of One of These Nights.[10] The work was created from a plastic cast of an eagle skull, which was then painted.[11] The skull was set against a light-blue background made of silver mylar, and the bumpy appearance of the background gave rise to a myth that it was cocaine powder that they were using. Glenn Frey also noticed the resemblance, telling Elder that the background reminded him of "a field of blow" (slang term for cocaine), however the band chose not to debunk the myth.[6] The artist was paid $5,000 for the work.[11]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 5/5 stars[12]
Robert Christgau (B)[13]

William Ruhlmann of AllMusic thought the songs in the compilations melodic and immediately engaging, and that they have lyrical consistency. He wrote: "... unlike the albums from which they come, these songs make up a collection consistent in mood and identity, which may help explain why Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) works so much better than the band's previous discs and practically makes them redundant. No wonder it was such a big hit out of the box ..."[12] The album was described in iTunes reviews as having an element of "sunshine and comfort", being "solidly written", and "selling the fantasy of a golden lifestyle in sunny California".[14]

Commercial performance[edit]

Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) debuted at number four on the US Billboard 200 album chart on its first week of release,[15] and reached number one in the following week, where it stayed for five weeks.[16][17] It was ranked number four on the Billboard year-end album chart of 1976,[18] but it continued to sell, and would eventually become the best-selling album of the 20th century in the United States.[19]

The album has the distinction of being the first album to receive the RIAA platinum award, which was introduced in 1976 to honor album that shipped one million copies in the United States.[3][20] It received its certification on February 24, 1976, a week after its release. In August 1990 it was certified 12×platinum, and on November 10, 1999. The next certification established the album at 14 times platinum in December 1993, and then 22 times in June 1995, with sales of 919,000 in the U.S. during that period.[21] It became the all-time best-selling album in the United States when it was certified 26× multi-platinum. In a 2001 radio interview, Randy Meisner revealed neither he nor Bernie Leadon were even notified of the record-breaking award presented to them in 1999, and "...had to call and we finally received it."[22] It was certified at 29x platinum on 30 January 2006, signifying shipment of 29 million copies in the US [23] Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) is listed at number 2 on the RIAA's "Top 100 Albums", only surpassed by Michael Jackson's Thriller which is certified 33x multi-platinum.[4] Worldwide, the album has sold over 42 million copies as of 2011.[2][24]

Track listing[edit]

Side one
No. Title Writer(s) Lead vocals Length
1. "Take It Easy" (from Eagles, 1972) Glenn Frey 3:29
2. "Witchy Woman" (from Eagles, 1972) Henley 4:10
3. "Lyin' Eyes" (from One of These Nights, 1975)
  • Henley
  • Frey
Frey 6:21
4. "Already Gone" (from On the Border, 1974)
Frey 4:13
5. "Desperado" (from Desperado, 1973)
  • Henley
  • Frey
Henley 3:33
Side two
No. Title Writer(s) Lead vocals Length
1. "One of These Nights" (from One of These Nights, 1975)
  • Henley
  • Frey
Henley 4:51
2. "Tequila Sunrise" (from Desperado, 1973)
  • Henley
  • Frey
Henley 2:52
3. "Take It to the Limit" (from One of These Nights, 1975)
Randy Meisner 4:48
4. "Peaceful Easy Feeling" (from Eagles, 1972) Tempchin Frey 4:16
5. "Best of My Love" (from On the Border, 1974)
Henley 4:35

Personnel[edit]

Eagles

Production[25]

Charts[edit]

Chart (1976) Peak
position
Canadian RPM Albums Chart[26] 1
New Zealand Albums Chart[27] 2
Norway (VG-lista)[28] 8
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[29] 31
UK Albums (OCC)[30] 2
US Billboard 200[31] 1

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA)[32] 8× Platinum 560,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[33] 2× Diamond 2,000,000^
Hong Kong (IFPI Hong Kong)[34] Platinum 15,000*[35]
United Kingdom (BPI)[36] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[37] 29× Platinum 29,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liscu, Jenny (January 20, 2000). "The Eagles: Twenty-Six Million Served". Rolling Stone. 
  2. ^ a b Anderson, Kyle (July 20, 2009). "Michael Jackson's Thriller Set to Become Top-Selling Album of All Time". MTV. Viacom. 
  3. ^ a b Grein, Paul (Nov 30, 2012). "Chart Watch Extra: Where "Thriller" Ranks". Chart Watch. Yahoo Music. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Gold & Platinum Searchable Database – March 04, 2014". RIAA. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  5. ^ "National Recording Registry Picks Are "Over the Rainbow"". Library of Congress. March 29, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Steve Knopper (January 20, 2016). "How the Eagles' 'Greatest Hits' Invented a New Kind of Blockbuster". Rolling Stone. 
  7. ^ "How The Eagles took it to the limits". Archived from the original on July 18, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-20. . The Times (London). October 12, 2007
  8. ^ a b Eliot, Marc (2004). To the Limit: The Untold Story of the Eagles. Da Capo Press. pp. 140 – 141. ISBN 978-0-306-81398-6. 
  9. ^ Browne, David (June 10, 2016). "Eagles' Complete Discography: Don Henley Looks Back". Rolling Stone. 
  10. ^ Stephen K. Peeples (March 31, 2015). "Boyd Elder: Encounters of the Southwestern Kind, 1978". 
  11. ^ a b Michael Corcoran (February 10, 2016). "Respect Boyd Elder, Valentine, Texas' Greatest Hit". Lone Star Music Magazine. 
  12. ^ a b Ruhlmann, William. "Eagles – Their Greatest Hits 1971–1975". AllMusic. 
  13. ^ Christgau, Robert. "The Eagles". 
  14. ^ "iTunes Store". itunes.apple.com. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  15. ^ "Billboard 200". Billboard. March 6, 1976. 
  16. ^ "Billboard 200". Billboard. March 13, 1976. 
  17. ^ Michael Gallucci (February 17, 2016). "40 Years Ago: Eagles Become the First Band to Go Platinum With ‘Their Greatest Hits’". Ultimate Classic Rock. 
  18. ^ "Album". Billboard. December 25, 1976. 
  19. ^ "Eagles hits album named best-selling of century". CNN. December 8, 1999. 
  20. ^ Michael Campbell, James Brody (2008). Rock and Roll: An Introduction (2nd ed.). Thomson Schirmer. p. 308. ISBN 978-1-111-79453-8. 
  21. ^ ""Thriller" sales soar close to Eagles' "Hits"". Reuters. July 19, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Randy Meisner of the Eagles Interview : Smooth Jazz Now Radio Streaming Live". Smoothjazznow.com. Retrieved 2009-11-28. 
  23. ^ "American album certifications – Eagles – Their Greatest Hits 1971–1975". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  24. ^ "Rocking Like a Bat out of Hell for 35 Years... And Counting". Billboard. November 26, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Their Greatest Hits 1971–1975 – Eagles | Credits". AllMusic. 1976-02-17. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  26. ^ "RPM Top Albums" (PDF). RPM. 25 (5). May 1976. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  27. ^ "charts.org.nz – Eagles – Their Greatest Hits". Mega Album Top 100. Hung Medien / hitparade.ch. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  28. ^ "norwegiancharts.com – Ealges – Their Greatest Hits". VG-lista. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  29. ^ "swedishcharts.com – Eagles – Their Greatest Hits". Albums Top 60. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Eagles | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart
  31. ^ "Eagles – Chart history" Billboard 200 for Eagles.
  32. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2008 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Canadian album certifications – EAGLES – THEIR GREATEST HITS 1971–1975". Music Canada. Retrieved March 15, 2012. 
  34. ^ "Gold Disc Award 1979". IFPI. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  35. ^ "Gold Disc Award Criteria". IFPI. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  36. ^ "British album certifications – Eagles – Their Greatest Hits 1971–1975". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved July 4, 2011.  Enter Their Greatest Hits 1971–1975 in the search field and then press Enter.
  37. ^ "American album certifications – Eagles – Eagles/Their Greatest Hits 1971–1975". Recording Industry Association of America. February 1, 1976. Retrieved July 4, 2011.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
Preceded by
Desire by Bob Dylan
Billboard 200 number-one album
March 13, 1976 – April 9, 1976
April 17, 1976 – April 23, 1976
Succeeded by
Frampton Comes Alive! by Peter Frampton