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Thelephora terrestris
Scientific classification

Ehrh. ex Willd. (1787)
Type species
Thelephora terrestris
Ehrh. (1787)
  • Merisma Pers. (1797)
  • Thelephora sect. Phylacteria Pers. (1822)
  • Scyphopilus P.Karst. (1881)
  • Phylacteria (Pers.) Pat. (1887)
  • Thelophora Clem. (1902)
  • Pseudothelephora Lloyd (1919)

Thelephora is a genus of fungi in the family Thelephoraceae. The genus has a widespread distribution and contains about 50 species.[2] Fruit bodies of species are leathery, usually brownish at maturity, and range in shape from coral-like tufts to having distinct caps. Almost all species in the genus are thought to be inedible,[3] but Thelephora ganbajun is a gourmet fungus in Yunnan province of southwest China.[4]

The generic name is derived from the Greek thele (θηλή) meaning nipple and phorus meaning bearing.[5] Species in the genus are commonly known as "fiber fans" and "fiber vases".[3]

Some Thelephora species are know to accumulate or even hyperaccumulate trace elements in fruit-bodies. Thelephora penicillata hyperaccumulates cadmium and arsenic.[6]



  1. ^ "Synonymy: Thelephora Ehrh. ex Willd". Species Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved 2015-02-19.
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 686. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.
  3. ^ a b Bessette A, Bessette AR, Fischer DW (1997). Mushrooms of Northeastern North America. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press. p. 425. ISBN 978-0-8156-0388-7.
  4. ^ Sha T, Xu J, Palanichamy MG, Zhang H-B, Li T, Zhao Z-W, Zhang Y-P (2008). "Genetic diversity of the endemic gourmet mushroom Thelephora ganbajun from southwestern China". Microbiology. 154 (11): 3460–3468. doi:10.1099/mic.0.2008/020495-0.
  5. ^ Thelephora at
  6. ^ Borovička J, Braeuer S, Walenta M, Hršelová H, Leonhardt T, Sácký J, Kaňa A, Goessler W (2022). "A new mushroom hyperaccumulator: Cadmium and arsenic in the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete Thelephora penicillata". Science of the Total Environment. 826: 154227. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154227.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Corner EJH. (1968). A Monograph of Thelephora (Basidiomycetes). Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia. Vol. 27. Berlin: J. Cramer. ISBN 978-3-768-25427-4.
  8. ^ a b Corner EJH. (1976). "Further notes on cantharelloid fungi and Thelephora". Nova Hedwigia. 27: 325–343.
  9. ^ Beeli M. (1927). "Contribution à l'étude de la flore mycologique du Congo III". Bulletin de la Société Royale de Botanique de Belgique (in French). 59 (2): 160–163.
  10. ^ Corner EJH. (1966). "Clavarioid genera and Thelephora from the Congo". Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État à Bruxelles. 36 (3): 257–279. doi:10.2307/3667188.
  11. ^ Berkeley MJ. (1873). "Australian fungi, received principally from Baron F. von Mueller and Dr. R. Schomburgk". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 13: 155–177. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1872.tb02397a.x.
  12. ^ Berkeley MJ. (1847). "Decades of fungi. Decade XII–XIV. Ohio fungi". London Journal of Botany. 6: 312–326.
  13. ^ Berkeley MJ, Curtis MA (1869). "Fungi Cubenses (Hymenomycetes)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 10: 280–392 (see p. 329). doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1868.tb00529.x.
  14. ^ Zecchin G. (2003). "Il Genere Thelephora in Friuli - Terzo contributo". Rivista di Micologia (in Italian). 46 (3): 233–244.
  15. ^ Zang M. (1987). "Some new and noteworthy higher fungi from eastern Himalayas". Acta Botanica Yunnanica. 9 (1): 81–88.

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