||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2009)|
|Birth name||Thelma Jackson|
May 7, 1946 |
Leland, Mississippi, United States
|Genres||R&B, soul, disco, quiet storm, Motown, gospel|
|Occupation(s)||Singer, songwriter, actress|
|Labels||Dunhill, Motown, RCA, MCA, Reprise, Shout Factory|
|Associated acts||Sisters of Glory|
Thelma Houston (née Jackson; born May 7, 1946) is an American singer and actress. She scored a number-one hit in 1977 with her cover version of the song "Don't Leave Me This Way", which won the Grammy for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance.
Early life and career
Houston was born in Leland, Mississippi. She is the daughter of a cotton picking mother. She and her three sisters grew up primarily in Long Beach, California. After marrying and having two children, she joined the Art Reynolds Singers gospel group and was subsequently signed as a recording artist with Dunhill Records. She is not related to Whitney Houston and Marques Houston.
In 1969, Houston released her debut album, entitled Sunshower, produced, arranged and composed by Jimmy Webb except for one track. In 1971 she signed with Motown Records but her early recordings with them were largely unsuccessful. Her most notable single during that period was "You've Been Doing Wrong for So Long" which peaked at #64 on the U.S. Billboard R&B chart in 1974. However Houston's vocal prowess on that track secured her a nomination for a Best Female R&B Vocal Performance. In 1973 Motown Productions announced a projected biopic of Dinah Washington which would star Houston; however the project was dropped due to difficulties in getting clearance from Washington's relatives. In April 1974 Houston joined the cast of The Marty Feldman Comedy Machine, playing various characters during the show's skits. The show was canceled in August and for the next several years her work was limited to demo recordings and performing at small venues.
Houston took acting classes and received her first role in the 1975 made-for-television film Death Scream. In that same year Sheffield Lab released "I've Got the Music in Me" a Direct to disc recording by Thelma Houston and Pressure Cooker that went on to become a benchmark vinyl recording for audiophiles. The following year she recorded songs for the soundtrack to the film The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings starring Billy Dee Williams and James Earl Jones. In 1975 Houston appeared on the Golden Globe Award broadcast performing the nominated song "On & On" and also was featured in a tribute to Berry Gordy on that year's American Music Award broadcast singing "You've Made Me So Very Happy". That year Houston's version of "Do You Know Where You're Going To" was being set for single release when it was pulled and the song given to Diana Ross to serve as the theme song for the movie Mahogany. In 1976 Houston sang backing vocals for Motown labelmate Jermaine Jackson on his album My Name Is Jermaine.
"Don't Leave Me This Way" and aftermath
Houston released her third album Any Way You Like It in 1976. The first single released was her version of Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes' 1975 song "Don't Leave Me This Way". In February 1977 the track hit Number 1 in the U.S. on the R&B and Club Play Singles charts, then in April 1977 on the Hot 100. "Don't Leave Me This Way" won Houston the Best Female R&B Vocal Performance at the Grammys for 1977. Besides its US success "Don't Leave Me This Way" became a hit in at least twelve countries, including the UK where it reached Number 13 despite the concurrent single release of the Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes original, which reached Number 5. Also in 1977 Houston teamed up with Jerry Butler to record the album Thelma & Jerry and that November 1977 she co-starred in the film Game Show Models. It was announced in February 1977 that Houston would star as Bessie Smith in a filmation of the play Me and Bessie, to be produced by Motown; after an announcement that December that Houston was set to portray Bessie Smith in a biopic to be produced in 1978 by Columbia Pictures nothing more was heard of the project.
The second single from Any Way You Like It was Houston's rendition of "If It's the Last Thing I Do", a standard written by Saul Chaplin and Sammy Cahn; the track had been recorded and prepped for single release in 1973 but canceled. The impact of "If It's the Last Thing I Do" was far less than that of "Don't Leave Me This Way", as the former fell short of both the R&B Top Ten and the Pop Top 40. With the lead single from her 1978 album The Devil in Me: "I'm Here Again", Houston returned to the style of "Don't Leave Me This Way" without recapturing the earlier single's success. Houston did enjoy considerable commercial success in 1978 via the inclusion of her track "Love Masterpiece" on the Thank God It's Friday soundtrack album which sold double platinum but her own album release that year Ready to Roll again failing to consolidate the stardom augured by "Don't Leave Me This Way". The album's second single: "Saturday Night, Sunday Morning", gradually accrued airplay entering the national charts in March 1979 and ascending as high as #34 (#19 R&B) that June. "Saturday Night, Sunday Morning" was issued on a new album by Houston: Ride to the Rainbow but the track's relative success was not enough to forestall Houston's planned departure from Motown.
Houston continued recording music into the 1980s, beginning with the RCA release Breakwater Cat which reunited her with Jimmy Webb who produced her debut single Sunshower and which like their earlier collaboration was a commercially overlooked critical success. In the 22 December 1984 Billboard magazine interview, Houston admitted to "'no real commercial success' since the single 'Don't Leave Me This Way' broke on the Pop charts in late 1976" indicating that the disco backlash had left her with "no real base of audience support" and that her current album Qualifying Heat, executive produced by Houston herself, was a concentrated initiative to restore her as a viable chart presence; the album featured three cuts from Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis - including the single "You Used to Hold Me So Tight" - and production work from Glen Ballard, Dennis Lambert, Cliff Magness and - in his first known recording work - Lenny Kravitz (then billed as Romeo Blue), who each produced a cut apiece. "You Use to Hold Me So Tight" became Houston's most successful post-'70s' release with a #13 R&B peak, but its parent album was a comparative failure - charting #41 R&B - and Houston would not cut another album for six years.
The constant ranking of her '80s releases as moderate or minor R&B hits led Houston to concentrate on alternate exposure. After appearing in the independent film The Seventh Dwarf in 1979 Houston made guest-starring appearances into the mid-1980s in several popular television programs including Cagney & Lacey, Simon & Simon - a January 1986 appearance that featured her performing "You Used to Hold Me So Tight" - and Faerie Tale Theatre. Houston also appeared in the 1987 CBS after school special Little Miss Perfect (1987) - as "Prison Singer" - in the 1988 film And God Created Woman.
On the 19 May 1985 NBC broadcast Motown Returns to the Apollo Houston performed "What a Diff'rence a Day Makes" in the guise of Dinah Washington. Houston continued to contribute to movie soundtracks, recording "Keep It Light" for the 1985 film Into the Night and she remade Bill Withers' "Lean on Me" for the 1989 film entitled Lean on Me. Houston also co-wrote and sang back-up on the song "Be Yourself" for Patti LaBelle's 1989 album of the same title.
The fall of 1990 saw the release of Houston's first album in six years, Throw You Down, a long-planned collaboration with producer Richard Perry which briefly extended Houston's career as a minor R&B chart presence. The title song reached #5 on the U.S. dance chart. A remix of "Don't Leave Me This Way" was released, and once again charted on the Hot Dance Club Play chart at #19 in 1995. Subsequent singles include "I Need Somebody Tonight" and "All of That".
In 1994, Houston participated in an AIDS benefit at New York’s Algonquin Hotel, performing gospel music with Phoebe Snow, Chaka Khan and CeCe Peniston as "Sisters of Glory". Intended as a one-off performance troupe, the Sisters of Glory remained together - with the addition of Mavis Staples and Lois Walden, and without Chaka Khan - to perform at Woodstock '94. Houston performed with the Sisters of Glory for the Pope in Vatican City and in 1995 Houston, Phoebe Snow, CeCe Peniston, Lois Walden and Albertina Walker recorded the Warner Brothers album Good News In Hard Times as the Sisters of Glory.
Houston provided lead vocals on several tracks of guitarist Scott Henderson's 1997 Atlantic album, Tore Down House, and in 1998 she made cameo appearances in two films: in 54 Houston portrayed herself singing "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas" supposedly at Studio 54, and in Beloved Houston played 'One of The Thirty Women'.
In 2000, Houston toured successfully throughout Australia in the stage musical version of Fame. In 2002 she again guested on a Scott Henderson album, providing lead vocals for two of the tracks on Well to the Bone. Upon returning to the U.S. Houston toured with Nile Rodgers and Chic, and was among the opening acts of the originally intended finale of Cher's Farewell Tour in Toronto on 31 October 2003. Houston regularly performs at Teatro ZinZanni in Seattle and San Francisco.
Her version of "Don't Leave Me This Way" continues to be popular today. In recent years she has been invited to sing this song on dozens of TV shows and specials including NBC's Today Show, ABC's Motown 45 and The Disco Ball...A 30-Year Celebration, and PBS' specials American Soundtrack: Rhythm, Love and Soul, Soul Superstars, and Old School Superstars. "Don't Leave Me This Way" was mentioned by VH1 as being among the greatest dance songs in 2000, and was ranked number eighty-six on the channel's countdown of The 100 Greatest One-Hit Wonders. She won an episode of the NBC show Hit Me, Baby, One More Time with her renditions of her own hit and "Fallin'" by Alicia Keys. On September 20, 2004, Houston's rendition of "Don't Leave Me This Way" was inducted into the Dance Music Hall of Fame in New York City.
On August 14, 2007, Houston released her first studio album in seventeen years, A Woman's Touch. The album was produced by Peitor Angell and features cover versions of songs by male artists such as Luther Vandross, Marvin Gaye, and Sting that Houston had been inspired by. The first single from the album was "Brand New Day". On August 20, 2007, Houston's 1984 album Qualifying Heat was reissued as an import title in the U.S. with a bonus track.
On July 29, 2013, a collaboration between Thelma and Los Angeles-based producer Janitor, entitled "Enemy", premiered on Soundcloud. Several tracks followed, culminating in the release of an EP, "Forty-Two", in September. This is the first new material from Thelma Houston in six years.
- Dunhill release
- 1969: Sunshower #50 RnB
- MoWest release
- 1973: Thelma Houston
- Tamla (Motown) releases
- 1976: Any Way You Like It Pop #11, RnB #5
- 1978: The Devil in Me Pop #64, RnB #29
- 1978: Ready to Roll RnB #74
- 1979: Ride to the Rainbow Pop #204
- 1977: Thelma & Jerry - Thelma Houston and Jerry Butler Pop #53, Rnb #20
- 1978: Two to One - Thelma Houston and Jerry Butler
- 1982: Reachin' All Around
- Sheffield Lab release
- 1975: I've Got the Music in Me – with Pressure Cooker
- RCA releases
- MCA releases
- Reprise release
- 1990: Throw You Down
- Italian-only release (Fonit Cetra CDL378)
- 1994: Thelma Houston (1994)
- Shout Factory release
- 2007: A Woman's Touch
- 2010: Divas of Disco: Live (with CeCe Peniston, Linda Clifford, A Taste of Honey and France Joli)
- 2013: Forty-Two (EP, with Janitor)
Billboard Hot 100 *** Cash Box Top 100
|U.S. R&B||U.S. Dance||U.S. Dance airplay||Various|
|1967||"Don't Cry, My Soldier Boy"||—||—||—||—||—|
|1969||"Everybody Gets to Go to the Moon"||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Jumpin' Jack Flash"||—||—||—||—||—|
|1970||"Save the Country"||74 *** 83||—||—||—||—|
|"The Good Earth"||—||—||—||—||—|
|1972||"I Want to Go Back There Again"||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Me and Bobby McGee"||—||—||—||—||—|
|"I'm Just a Part of Yesterday"||—||—||—||—||—|
|1974||"You've Been Doing Wrong for So Long"||—||64||—||—||—|
|1976||"Don't Leave Me This Way"||1 *** 3||1||1||—||Australia #6, Austria #18, Canada #4, France #13, Germany #5, Italy #15, Netherlands #4, New Zealand #17,
South Africa #1, Spain #11,
Sweden #4, UK #13
|"Any Way You Like It"||—||—||1||—||—|
|"If It's the Last Thing I Do"||47 *** 85||12||—||—||Canada #81|
|1977||"I'm Here Again"||—||21||18||—||France #34, South Africa #9|
|"I Can't Go on Living Without Your Love"||—||—||—||—||—|
|"It's a Lifetime Thing"||—||84||—||—||—|
|"Don't Pity Me" (with Jerry Butler)||—||—||—||—||—|
|1978||"I'm Not Strong Enough (To Love You)"||—||—||—||—||—|
|1979||"Love Masterpiece" (from Thank God It's Friday)||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Saturday Night, Sunday Morning"||34 *** 44||19||33||—||Canada #38, New Zealand #14|
|1981||"If You Feel It"||—||35||6||—||France #27, Netherlands #42, UK #48|
|"Just Like All the Rest"||—||80||—||—||—|
|1984||"You Used to Hold Me So Tight"||—||13||7||—||UK #49|
|"What a Woman Feels Inside"/
"Fantasy and Heartbreak"
|1985||"I'd Rather Spend the Bad Times with You, Than the Good Times with Someone New"||—||—||4||—||—|
|"(I Guess) It Must Be Love"||—||59||—||—||UK #80|
|"Why Do People Fall in Love"
(with Dennis Edwards)
|"In the Mood" (from Into the Night)||—||—||—||—||—|
|"My Lucille" (with B. B. King)/"Keep It Light"||—||—||—||—||—|
|1989||"Lean on Me"||—||73||—||—||—|
|"Out of My Hands"||—||82||—||—||—|
|"Throw You Down"/"What He Was"||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Throw You Down"||—||—||6||—||—|
|1996||"Don't Leave Me This Way"
(Junior Vasquez '96 Version)
|"I Need Somebody Tonight"||—||—||—||—||—|
|1998||"All of That"||—||—||—||—||—|
|1999||"Let It Be" (with Roger Daltrey)||—||—||—||—||—|
|2004||"Don't Leave Me This Way" (Soultans Mix)||—||—||—||—||—|
|2007||"Brand New Day"||—||—||20||30||—|
|2013||"Enemy" (with Janitor)||—||—||—||—||—|
- 1975: Death Scream — Lady Wing Ding
- 1977: Game Show Models — Dana Sheridan
- 1979: The Seventh Dwarf
- 1988: And God Created Woman — prison singer
- 1998: 54 — herself
- 1998: Beloved — one of The Thirty Women
- 1969: The Price of Fame - Guest singer, singing "Jumpin' Jack Flash"
- 1971: The Marty Feldman Comedy Machine — various characters
- 1980: The Two Ronnies - Guest singer, singing " The Candyman"
- 1985: Cagney & Lacey — Ellie Hendricks
- 1986: Simon & Simon — Venutia
- 1986: Tall Tales & Legends — Edna
- 1987: Little Miss Perfect — Ms. Bonner
- 1976: The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings — "Steal on Home", "Razzle Dazzle"
- 1976: Norman... Is That You? — "One Out of Every Six"
- 1978: Thank God It's Friday — "Love Masterpiece"
- 1984: Getting Physical — "Hot Dance", "To Be Free"
- 1985: Into the Night — "Keep It Light"
- 1989: Lean on Me — "Lean on Me"
- List of number-one hits (United States)
- List of artists who reached number one on the Hot 100 (U.S.)
- List of number-one dance hits (United States)
- List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. Dance chart
- Ed Hogan (1943-05-07). "Thelma Houston | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-08-01.
- Billboard Vol 85 #50 (December 15, 1973) p.46
- Taraborelli, J. Randy (1991). Call Her Miss Ross (Reprint ed.). New York City: Ballantine Books. p. 307. ISBN 0-345-36925-4.
- "Thelma Houston Biography - Official Site, Agent". Castproductions.com. Retrieved 2014-08-01.
- "Thelma Houston - A Woman's Touch". Musictap.net. Retrieved 2012-04-13.
- "Introducing Thelma Houston & JANITOR New EP, "fortytwo" Out NOW!!". Archived from the original on 2013-11-09.
- "Thelma Houston | Awards". AllMusic. 1943-05-07. Retrieved 2014-08-01.
- "The Legendary Cash Box Magazine Charts – By Randy Price". Cashbox Magazine. Retrieved 2012-05-23.
- Official website
- Thelma Houston at AllMusic
- Thelma Houston at the Internet Movie Database
- Thelma Houston talks about disco, and NBC's "America's Got Talent"