|Birth name||Thelma Combes|
|Born||September 30, 1901|
Bangor, Michigan, United States
|Died||May 30, 1966 (aged 64)|
Thelma Terry (born Thelma Combes, September 30, 1901 – May 30, 1966) was an American bandleader and bassist during the 1920s and 1930s. She led Thelma Terry and Her Playboys and was the first American woman to lead a notable jazz orchestra as an instrumentalist.
Terry was born in Bangor, Michigan in 1901. Her parents divorced when she was very young. She moved with her mother to Chicago, where the latter was employed as a servant for the wealthy Runner family. When Terry was given the opportunity to receive musical training with the instrument of her choice, she chose to study string bass. Her early years were spent on the road performing in Chautauqua assemblies. After graduating from Austin Union High School, she earned first chair in the Chicago Women's Symphony Orchestra. As this did not provide her with a living, she turned to jazz.
In the early 1920s, Chicago was noted for gangster violence as "Big Jim" Colosimo, Al Capone, and Bugs Moran fought for control of the city's illegal liquor trade. But Chicago also provided work for jazz musicians who migrated from New Orleans. Through contacts at Austin Union, she found her way into Chicago night life. After playing in and around Chicago for some years, sometimes with her female band Thelma Combes and her Volcanic Orchestra, sometimes in a jazz string quartet, she was hired for the house band in Colosimo's Restaurant owned by Capone in 1925. She played bass and sang at Colosimo's, sometimes on live radio.
A job at a Chicago theater in 1927 and an article in Variety brought national attention to Combes. The Music Corporation of America took notice. They renamed her "Thelma Terry" and gave her an all-male band, Thelma Terry and Her Playboys, with a young Gene Krupa on drums. Some sources state that the band's home was The Golden Pumpkin nightclub at 3800 West Madison in Chicago, and that the Playboys may have been the house band. MCA billed Terry as "The Beautiful Blonde Siren of Syncopation", "The Jazz Princess", and "The Female Paul Whiteman". Bud Freeman was so enthusiastic about the band that he paid another musician to fill his seat in the Spike Hamilton Band so he could join the Playboys. The band was sent by MCA on a national tour that took them down the Eastern Seaboard and as far west as Kansas City.
In 1929, MCA decided that Terry and her band would begin an international tour beginning in Berlin, Germany. But by that time she had met Willie Haar, the owner of a Savannah, Georgia resort at which the band played during their 1929 tour. Terry disbanded the Playboys and quit MCA to marry Haar and settle in Savannah.
Terry married Haar in 1929 and had a daughter, Patti, in 1931. She divorced Haar in 1936 and tried to make a comeback in Chicago. Terry sold her string bass, turned her back on the music profession, and took a job as a knitting instructor. In the 1950s, she moved to Michigan, where she met with Gene Krupa, the drummer for the Playboys. Krupa told her that he was sorry she was not mentioned in his 1959 biographical movie The Gene Krupa Story. She spent her last years with Patti and her family in Michigan. She died of esophageal cancer at the age of 64 on May 30, 1966.
Thelma Terry and Her Playboys did not leave many recordings. Terry made six recordings, five in Chicago and two in New York City, between 1929 and 1931. (Rust, 2002, lists seven total, with two recordings of "Lady of Havana".)
- "Mama's Gone, Goodbye"
- "Lady of Havana" (2 recordings)
- "The Voice of Southland"
- "Starlight and Tulips"
- "When Sweet Susie Goes Steppin' By"
- "Dusky Stevedore"
- Abjorensen, Norman (May 25, 2017). Historical Dictionary of Popular Music. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 501. ISBN 978-1-5381-0215-2.
- It is unknown whether this Willie Haar was the same person involved in the Savannah Four bootlegging investigation headed by Franklin Dodge of the Bureau of Investigation.
- Rust, Brian (2002). Jazz and Ragtime Records (1897-1942): L-Z, index. Mainspring Press. p. 1678. ISBN 978-0-9671819-2-9.