Thelma Alice Todd
July 29, 1906
Lawrence, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||December 16, 1935 (aged 29)|
|Cause of death||Carbon monoxide poisoning (suspicious)|
|Other names||Alison Loyd|
(m. 1932; div. 1934)
Thelma Alice Todd (July 29, 1906 – December 16, 1935) was an American actress and businesswoman who was often referred to by the nicknames "The Ice Cream Blonde" and "Hot Toddy". Appearing in around 120 feature films and shorts between 1926 and 1935, she is best remembered for her comedic roles opposite ZaSu Pitts, and in films such as Marx Brothers' Monkey Business and Horse Feathers and a number of Charley Chase's short comedies. She co-starred with Buster Keaton and Jimmy Durante in Speak Easily. She also had roles in several Wheeler and Woolsey and Laurel and Hardy films, the last of which (The Bohemian Girl) featured her in a part that was cut short by her suspicious death in 1935 at the age of 29.
Todd was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts to John Shaw Todd, an upholsterer from Ireland, and Alice Elizabeth Edwards, an immigrant from Canada. She had an older brother, William, who died in an accident in 1910. She was a bright and successful student. Intending to become a schoolteacher, she enrolled at the Lowell Normal School (now University of Massachusetts, Lowell) after graduating from high school in 1923. She began entering beauty pageants in her late teens, and in 1925 won the title of Miss Massachusetts. While representing her home state, she was spotted by a Hollywood talent scout and began her film career at Paramount.
During the silent film era, Todd appeared in numerous supporting roles that made full use of her beauty but gave her little chance to act. With the advent of the talkies, she was able to expand her roles when producer Hal Roach signed her to appear with comedy stars such as Harry Langdon, Charley Chase, and Laurel and Hardy.
In 1931, Roach cast Todd in her own series of 17-to-27-minute slapstick comedy shorts. Attempt to create a female version of Laurel and Hardy, Roach teamed Todd with ZaSu Pitts for 17 shorts, from "Let's do Things" (June 1931) through "One Track Minds" (May 1933). When Pitts left in 1933, she was replaced by Patsy Kelly, who appeared with Todd in 21 shorts, from "Beauty and the Bus" (September 1933) through "An All American Toothache" (January 1936). These shorts often cast Todd as a levelheaded working girl doing her best to remain poised and charming despite numerous problems and her ditzy sidekick's embarrassing antics.
Todd became highly regarded as a capable film comedian, and Roach loaned her to other studios to play opposite Wheeler & Woolsey, Buster Keaton, Joe E. Brown, and the Marx Brothers. She also successfully appeared in dramas, such as the original 1931 version of The Maltese Falcon starring Ricardo Cortez as Sam Spade, where she played Miles Archer's treacherous widow. She appeared in around 120 feature films and shorts in her career.
In August 1934, Todd opened Thelma Todd's Sidewalk Cafe, at 17575 Pacific Coast Highway in the Los Angeles coastal neighborhood of Pacific Palisades. It attracted a diverse clientele of Hollywood celebrities, and many tourists.
Todd continued her short-subject series through 1935 and was featured in the full-length Laurel and Hardy comedy The Bohemian Girl. It was her last role before her untimely death at age 29. Although she had completed all of her scenes, producer Roach had them re-shot, fearing negative publicity. He deleted all of Todd's dialogue, and limited her appearance to one musical number.
On the morning of Monday, December 16, 1935, Todd was found dead in her car inside the garage of Jewel Carmen, a former actress and former wife of Todd's lover and business partner Roland West. Carmen's house was approximately a block from the topmost side of Todd's restaurant. Her death was determined to have been caused by carbon monoxide poisoning. West is quoted in a contemporaneous newspaper account as having locked her out, which may have caused her to seek refuge and warmth in the car. Todd had a wide circle of friends and associates and a busy social life.
Police investigations revealed that she had spent the previous Saturday night (December 14) at the Trocadero, a popular Hollywood restaurant, at a party hosted by entertainer Stanley Lupino and his actress daughter Ida. She had a brief but unpleasant exchange there with her ex-husband, Pat DiCicco. However, her friends stated that she was in good spirits and were aware of nothing in her life that suggested a reason for her to commit suicide. She was driven home from the party in the early hours of December 15 by her chauffeur, Ernest O. Peters.
LAPD detectives concluded that Todd's death was accidental, the result of her either warming up the car to drive it or using the heater to keep herself warm. A coroner's inquest into the death was held on December 18, 1935. Autopsy surgeon A. P. Wagner testified that there were "no marks of violence anywhere upon or within the body" with only a "superficial contusion on the lower lip." There are informal accounts of greater signs of injury. The jury ruled that the death appeared accidental, but recommended "further investigation to be made into the case, by proper authorities."
A grand jury probe was subsequently held to determine whether Todd was murdered. After four weeks of testimony, the inquiry concluded with no evidence of foul play. The case was closed by the Homicide Bureau, which declared the death "accidental with possible suicide tendencies." However, investigators found no motive for suicide, and Todd left no suicide note.
Todd's memorial service was held at Pierce Brothers Mortuary at 720 West Washington Blvd in Los Angeles. The body was cremated. After her mother's death in 1969, Todd's remains were placed in her mother's casket and buried in Bellevue Cemetery in her hometown of Lawrence, Massachusetts.
|1926||Fascinating Youth||Lorraine Lane||Silent|
|1926||God Gave Me Twenty Cents||Dance-Hall Girl||Uncredited|
|1927||Rubber Heels||Princess Anne||Silent|
|1927||Fireman, Save My Child||Uncredited / Silent|
|1927||The Gay Defender||Ruth Ainsworth|
|1928||The Shield of Honor||Rose aka Flora Fisher|
|1928||Abie's Irish Rose||Part-talkie|
|1928||Vamping Venus||Madame Vanezlos the Dancer / Venus|
|1928||Heart to Heart||Ruby Boyd|
|1928||The Crash||Daisy McQueen|
|1928||The Haunted House||The Nurse||Silent|
|1928||Naughty Baby||Bonnie Le Vonne|
|1929||Seven Footprints to Satan||Eve Martin||Produced as both a silent film and part-talkie|
|1929||Trial Marriage||Grace Logan|
|1929||House of Horror||Thelma|
|1929||Unaccustomed As We Are||Mrs. Kennedy||Short|
|1929||The Bachelor Girl||Gladys|
|1929||Cherchez la Femme||Hortense|
|1929||Her Private Life||Mrs. Leslie||First full length talkie|
|1930||Another Fine Mess||Lady Plumtree||Short, Uncredited|
|1931||No Limit||Betty Royce|
|1931||Chickens Come Home||Mrs. Hardy||Short, Uncredited|
|1931||The Hot Heiress||Lola|
|1931||The Maltese Falcon||Iva Archer||Alternative title: Dangerous Female|
|1931||The Pip from Pittsburg||Thelma||Short|
|1931||Monkey Business||Lucille Briggs|
|1931||Corsair||Alison Corning||Credited as Alison Loyd|
|1931||On the Loose||Thelma||Short|
|1932||The Big Timer||Kay Mitchell|
|1932||This Is the Night||Claire Mathewson|
|1932||Horse Feathers||Connie Bailey|
|1932||Speak Easily||Eleanor Espere|
|1932||Deception||Lola Del Mont|
|1932||Call Her Savage||Sunny De Lane|
|1933||Air Hostess||Sylvia C. Carleton|
|1933||Cheating Blondes||Anne Merrick / Elaine Manners|
|1933||Fra Diavolo||Lady Pamela Rocburg||Alternative titles: Bogus Bandits|
The Devil's Brother
|1933||Mary Stevens, M.D.||Lois Cavanaugh|
|1933||You Made Me Love You||Pamela Berne|
|1933||Sitting Pretty||Gloria Duval|
|1933||Son of a Sailor||The Baroness|
|1933||Counsellor at Law||Lillian La Rue|
|1934||Palooka||Trixie||Alternative titles: Joe Palooka|
The Great Schnozzle
|1934||Hips, Hips, Hooray!||Amelia Frisby|
|1934||The Poor Rich||Gwendolyn Fetherstone|
|1934||Bottoms Up||Judith Marlowe|
|1934||Cockeyed Cavaliers||Lady Genevieve|
|1934||Take the Stand||Sally Oxford|
|1934||Lightning Strikes Twice||Judith 'Judy' Nelson|
|1935||After the Dance||Mabel Kane|
|1935||Two for Tonight||Lilly|
|1936||The Bohemian Girl||Gypsy queen's daughter||(final film role)|
- List of unsolved deaths
- Pitts and Todd
- White Hot: The Mysterious Murder of Thelma Todd, 1991 TV movie
- Erickson, Hal. "Thelma Todd". Allmovie.com. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015.
- "Almanac of Famous People". Biography in Context. 2011. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
- 1910 United states Federal Census
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "Pedigree Resource File," database,FamilySearch("Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 22, 2018. Retrieved June 9, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) : accessed 2016-06-09), entry for Thelma Alice /Todd/.
- 1910 United States Federal Census
- "In remembrance Thelma Todd on her would-be 107th birthday". Eagle-Tribune. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
- Wright, David (2002). Joyita: Solving the Mystery. Auckland University Press. p. 3. ISBN 1-86940-270-7.
- Wallace, David; Miller, Ann (2003). Hollywoodland. Macmillan. p. 21. ISBN 0-312-31614-3.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 8, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Hollywood Historic Photos - Pacific Palisades 1931 #1". Archived from the original on December 8, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
- "Hollywood Historic Photos - Pacific Palisades 1931 #2". Archived from the original on December 8, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
- "Property that Housed Thelma Todd's Sidewalk Café Sold for $6 Million, Exclusive Look Inside". May 14, 2015. Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
- Louvish, Simon (2002). Stan and Ollie, The Roots of Comedy: The Double Life of Laurel and Hardy. Macmillan. pp. 339. ISBN 0-312-26651-0.
- "Journalistic Integrity or Getting The Shot?". Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- Donati, William (January 10, 2014). The Life and Death of Thelma Todd. ISBN 9780786488179.
- "Property that Housed Thelma Todd's Sidewalk Café Sold for $6 Million, Exclusive Look Inside". May 14, 2015. Archived from the original on December 9, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
- "Thelma Todd's Sidewalk Cafe - IAMNOTASTALKER".
- "Thelma Todd Feared Gangs". The Milwaukee Journal. December 18, 1935. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
- on YouTube
- Donati, William. The Life and Death of Thelma Todd. McFarland & Company, Inc., 2012, p. 104.
- Donati, William. The Life and Death of Thelma Todd. McFarland & Company, Inc., 2012, p. 368
- Morgan, Michelle (November 1, 2015). The Ice Cream Blonde: The Whirlwind Life and Mysterious Death of Screwball Comedienne Thelma Todd. Chicago Review Press. pp. 211, 212. ISBN 9781613730386.
- Donati, William. The Life and Death of Thelma Todd. McFarland & Company, Inc., 2012, p. 174
- Donati, William. The Life and Death of Thelma Todd. McFarland & Company, Inc., 2012, p. 187
- "Thelma Todd". The Los Angeles Times. December 17, 1935. Archived from the original on September 28, 2015. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- Marshall Croddy and Patrick Jenning (2016). Testimony of a Death. Redondo Beach, California: Bay City Press. ISBN 9781530498475.
- Edmonds, Andy (1989). Hot Toddy: The True Story of Hollywood's Most Sensational Murder. New York: William Morrow and Co. Inc. ISBN 0-688-08061-8.
- James Robert Parish and William T. Leonard; Gregory W. Mank; Charles Hoyt (1979). The Funsters. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House. ISBN 0-87000-418-2.
- Morgan, Michelle (2015). The Ice Cream Blonde: The Whirlwind Life and Mysterious Death of Screwball Comedienne Thelma Todd. Chicago, Illinois: Chicago Review Press. ISBN 9781613730386.
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