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In Herodotus, Themiscyra (Θεμίσκυρα) was the capital of the nation of all-female warriors called Amazons, on the river Thermodon. Themiscyra is also the name of an actual place located in modern-day Turkey, the proximity of which to Troy may help explain why the Amazons reached Troy so quickly in the mythological Trojan War.
Theseus has also traveled there. There are two versions of this myth. In the first version he came together with Herakles and helped him capture the city, and in the second version Theseus led an expedition of his own to the area a later period than that of Herakles.
Argonauts passed by Themiscyra on their journey to Colchis. Zeus sent Boreas (the North Wind), and with his help the Argonauts stood out from the shore near Themiscyra where the Amazons were arming for battle.
Modern cultural references
- Themiscyra (Pontus), an ancient Greek town located at the site of the current town of Terme, Turkey
- Themiscyra Plain, an ancient plain located in modern-day Turkey
- Charles Anthon (1842). A Classical Dictionary: Containing an Account of the Principal Proper Names Mentioned in Ancient Authors, and Intended to Elucidate All the Important Points Connected with the Geography, History, Biography, Mythology, and Fine Arts of the Greeks and Romans Together with an Account of Coins, Weights, and Measures, with Tabular Values of the Same. Harper. p. 1313.
- Robin Hard (16 October 2003). The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology: Based on H.J. Rose's Handbook of Greek Mythology. Routledge. p. 357. ISBN 978-1-134-66406-1.
- Adrienne Mayor (22 September 2014). The Amazons: Lives and Legends of Warrior Women across the Ancient World. Princeton University Press. p. 165. ISBN 978-1-4008-6513-0.
- Michael Grant; John Hazel (2 August 2004). Who's Who in Classical Mythology. Routledge. pp. 106–. ISBN 978-1-134-50942-3.
- Tobias Fischer-Hansen; Birte Poulsen (2009). From Artemis to Diana: The Goddess of Man and Beast. Museum Tusculanum Press. p. 333. ISBN 978-87-635-0788-2.
- Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica "Zeus once more sent forth Boreas (the North Wind), and with his help the Argonauts stood out from the curving shore where the Amazons of Themiskyra were arming for battle."
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