|Discovered by||Charles Kowal (1975)|
Eugene A. Magnier (2000)
|Discovery date||September 30, 1975|
November 21, 2000 rediscovered
|Periapsis||5,909,000 km (0.039 AU)|
|Apoapsis||8,874,300 km (0.059 AU)|
Mean orbit radius
|7,391,650 km (0.04941 AU)|
|129.82761 d (0.3554 a)|
Average orbital speed
|Inclination||45.81° (to the ecliptic)|
47.48° (to Jupiter's equator)
|2.6 g/cm3 (assumed)|
Discovery and naming
Themisto was first discovered by Charles T. Kowal and Elizabeth Roemer on September 30, 1975, reported on October 3, 1975, and designated S/1975 J 1. However, not enough observations were made to establish an orbit and it was subsequently lost. (See also lost minor planet.)
Themisto appeared as a footnote in astronomy textbooks into the 1980s. Then, in 2000, a seemingly new satellite was discovered by Scott S. Sheppard, David C. Jewitt, Yanga R. Fernández and Eugene A. Magnier, and was designated S/2000 J 1. It was soon confirmed that this was the same as the one observed in 1975. This observation was immediately correlated with an observation on August 6, 2000, by the team of Brett J. Gladman, John J. Kavelaars, Jean-Marc Petit, Hans Scholl, Matthew J. Holman, Brian G. Marsden, Philip D. Nicholson and Joseph A. Burns, which was reported to the Minor Planet Center but not published as an IAU Circular (IAUC).
Themisto's orbit is unusual: unlike most of Jupiter's moons, which orbit in distinct groups, Themisto orbits alone. The moon is located midway between the Galilean moons and the first group of prograde irregular moons, called the Himalia group.
- Sheppard, S. S.; Jewitt, D. C.; An abundant population of small irregular satellites around Jupiter, Nature, 423 (May 15, 2003), pp. 261–263
- "Planetary Satellite Physical Parameters". JPL.
- Brian G. Marsden (October 3, 1975). "IAUC 2845: Probable New Satellite of Jupiter". International Astronomical Union Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams.
- Brian G. Marsden (November 25, 2000). "IAUC 7525: S/1975 J 1 = S/2000 J 1". International Astronomical Union Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams.
- "MPEC 2000-Y16: S/1975 J 1 = S/2000 J 1, S/1999 J 1". International Astronomical Union Minor Planet Center. December 19, 2000.
- Daniel W. E. Green (October 22, 2002). "IAUC 7998: Satellites of Jupiter". International Astronomical Union.
- "MPC: Natural Satellites Ephemeris Service". International Astronomical Union Minor Planet Center.
- "Planetary Satellite Mean Orbital Parameters". JPL.