Thenoyltrifluoroacetone

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Thenoyltrifluoroacetone[1]
Thenoyltrifluoroacetone-2D-skeletal.png
Thenoyltrifluoroacetone-3D-balls.png
Names
IUPAC name
4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(2-thienyl)-1,3-butanedione
Other names
2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard 100.005.743
Properties
C8H5F3O2S
Molar mass 222.18 g mol−1
Appearance fine, slightly yellow crystals
Melting point 40 to 44 °C (104 to 111 °F; 313 to 317 K)
Boiling point 96 to 98 °C (205 to 208 °F; 369 to 371 K) 8 mmHg
Hazards
Main hazards Xi
R-phrases (outdated) R36/37/38
S-phrases (outdated) S26 S27 S28 S29 S30 S33 S35 S36
Flash point 12 °C (54 °F; 285 K) (closed cup)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Thenoyltrifluoroacetone, C8H5F3O2S, is a chemical compound used pharmacologically as a chelating agent. It is an inhibitor of cellular respiration by blocking the respiratory chain at complex II.

Perhaps the first report of TTFA as an inhibitor of respiration was by A. L. Tappel in 1960.[2] Tappel had the (erroneous) idea that inhibitors like antimycin and alkyl hydroxyquinoline-N-oxide might work by chelating iron in the hydrophobic milieu of respiratory membrane proteins, so he tested a series of hydrophobic chelating agents. TTFA was a potent inhibitor, but not because of its chelating ability. TTFA binds at the quinone reduction site in Complex II, preventing ubiquinone from binding. The first x-ray structure of Complex II showing how TTFA binds, 1ZP0, was published in 2005 .[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sigma-Aldrich product page
  2. ^ Tappel (July 1960). "Inhibition of electron transport by antimycin A, alkyl hydroxy naphthoquinones and metal coordination compounds". Biochem. Pharmacol. 3 (4): 289–96. doi:10.1016/0006-2952(60)90094-0. PMID 13836892.
  3. ^ Sun, Fei; Huo, Xia; Zhai, Yujia; Wang, Aojin; Xu, Jianxing; Su, Dan; Bartlam, Mark; Rao, Zihe (2005). "Crystal Structure of Mitochondrial Respiratory Membrane Protein Complex II". Cell. 121 (7): 1043–1047. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2005.05.025. PMID 15989954.