Theobald III, Count of Blois
|Theobald III, Count of Blois|
|Spouse(s)||Gersende of Maine
Adèle of Valois
|Noble family||House of Blois|
|Father||Odo II, Count of Blois|
|Mother||Ermengarde of Auvergne|
Upon his father's death in 1037, Theobald inherited amongst others the counties of Blois, Tours, Chartres. Châteaudun and Sancerre, and also in Champagne: Château-Thierry, Provins and St. Florentin. His brother Stephen inherited the counties of Meaux, Troyes and Vitry-le-François. By 1044, Geoffrey Martel, the Count of Anjou, was besieging Tours and Theobald responded by attempting to relieve the city. They met in battle at Nouy and Theobald was captured and had to give up the county of Touraine in order to regain his freedom. From then on the centre of power for the House of Blois moved to Champagne.
In 1054, Theobald recognized the Holy Roman Emperor, Henry III as his liege which precipitated a meeting at Ivois between Henry I and the emperor. Theobald found ways to become close to the royal court again and gained political influence and began calling himself, Count Palatine.
Theobald's nephew, Odo, joined the army of William the Conqueror, participated in the Battle of Hastings and moved to England. Theobald used his nephew's absence and his own influence at court to gain control over Odo's possessions in Champagne. He had gained a position of considerable power, that increased when he married the daughter of Ralph IV of Valois. From 1074 onward, he left his son Henry in control of Blois, Châteaudun and Chartres.
Following Theobald's death in 1089, Philip I, King of France, was able to arrange for Blois and Champagne to be divided between Theobald's sons.
Family and children
- Henry, who adopted the name of Stephen.
- Philip, who became bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne
- Odo, who inherited possessions in Champagne (Troyes). He died in 1093, leaving the possessions to his brother Hugh.
- Hugh, who became the first to be called count of Champagne.
- Hawise, also known as Hawise of Guingamp, wife of Stephen, Count of Tréguier
- The kingdom of the Franks to 1108, Constance Brittain Bouchard, The New Cambridge Medieval History, Vol. 4, Part 2, ed. David Luscombe, Jonathan Riley-Smith, (Cambridge University Press, 2004), 138.
- Jim Bradbury, The Medieval Siege, (The Boydell Press, 1992), 63.
- Stefan Weinfurter, The Salian Century: Main Currents in an Age of Transition, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999), 107.
- The Origin of the Grace Family of Courtstown, County Kilkenny. (No 2), Richard Langrishe, The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, Fifth Series, Vol. 32, No. 1, [Fifth Series, Vol. 12] (Mar. 31, 1902), 64.
- Theodore Evergates, The Aristocracy in the County of Champagne, 1100-1300, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007), 248.
- Theodore Evergates, The Aristocracy in the County of Champagne, 1100-1300, 7.
- Stéphane Morin Trégor, Goëlo, Penthièvre. Le pouvoir des Comtes de Bretagne du XIIe au XIIIe siècle, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2010, p 184.
Theobald III, Count of BloisBorn: 1012 Died: 1089
|Count of Troyes
|Count of Meaux
|Count of Blois
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