Theodor Brugsch

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Theodor Brugsch
Stamps of Germany (DDR) 1978, MiNr 2340.jpg
Walter Buchheim (right)
Personal details
Born 11 October 1878
Graz, Austria-Hungary
Died 11 July 1963 (1963-07-12) (aged 84)
Berlin, East Germany
Nationality German

Theodor Brugsch (11 October 1878 – 11 July 1963) was a German internist and politician.

Early life[edit]

Theodor Brugsch was born in Graz. Despite being born in southern Austria, Theodor Brugsch's father had been born in Berlin: it was in Berlin that the son received his schooling and lived for most of his own life.

Biography[edit]

He became an associate professor in 1910, and practiced medicine at the Charité Hospital in Berlin prior to, and after World War I. In 1917–19 he served with distinction as a physician with the 9th Army in Romania.

From 1927 to 1935 he was a professor at the University of Halle. In 1935 Brugsch resigned from the university due to the political climate in 1930s Germany, subsequently opening a private practice in Berlin. Brugsch seems to have been a member of the Nazi party in 1930 and during 1937–1945 but eventually had been cleared by a denazification tribunal.[1] After World War II, he returned to the Charité, which was now in East Berlin, and where he stayed for the remainder of his career. Brugsch died in Berlin.

With Friedrich Kraus, he published a 19-volume medical textbook titled Spezielle Pathologie und Therapie (1919–29), and with Friedrich H. Lewy, he published Die Biologie der Person (1926–30). He was the 1954 recipient of the Goethe Prize, and in 1978 was depicted on a 25-pfennig postage stamp issued by the East German government.

In addition to his medical work, in 1945–46 he took a political position with the embryonic East German state as departmental chief of the German Peoples' Education Administration (Deutsche Verwaltung für Volksbildung).

He subsequently received various honours from the state: in 1953 he was named as an Outstanding scientist of the people (Hervorragender Wissenschaftler des Volkes), and he received the silver Patriotic Order of Merit in 1954 followed by the gold version in 1958, In 1956 the state also honoured him with the National Prize of East Germany.[2]

After retiring in 1957, he was appointed vice-president of the nation's Cultural Association (KB / Deutsche Kulturbund).

Associated eponym[edit]

Celebrity connection[edit]

His father, Heinrich Karl Brugsch (1827–1894) was a well-known German Egyptologist.

Selected written works[edit]

  • Lehrbuch klinischer Untersuchungsmethoden, (with Alfred Schittenhelm) Berlin and Vienna, 1908; sixth edition, (1923).
  • Der Nukleinstoffwechsel und seine Störungen, Jena, (1910).
  • Diätetik innerer Erkrankungen Berlin, 1911; second edition, 1919 as: Lehrbuch der Diätetik des Gesunden und Kranken.
  • Technik der speziellen klinischen Untersuchungsmethoden, (with Alfred Schittenhelm) Berlin and Vienna, 1914; 2nd edition 1923-1929 as: Klinische Laboratoriumstechnik.
  • Allgemeine Prognostik, Berlin and Vienna, 1918; second edition, (1922).
  • Lehrbuch der Herz- und Gafässerkrankungen, Berlin, (1929).
  • Lehrbuch der inneren Medizin, two volumes; Berlin and Vienna, (1931).
  • Arzt seit fünf Jahrzehnten several editions, (1953–1959).

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Perils of Peace: The Public Health Crisis in Occupied Germany by Jessica Reinisch
  2. ^ Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Wer war was vor und nach 1945. Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Zweite aktualisierte Auflage, Frankfurt am Main 2005, S. 78.