Theodor Croneiss

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Theodor Croneiss
Nickname(s) Theo
Born 18 December 1894
Died 7 November 1942 (1942-11-08) (aged 47)
Allegiance Germany
Service/branch Flying service
Years of service ca 1915 - 1918
Rank Oberleutnant
Unit Feldflieger Abteilung 6
Awards Iron Cross, House Order of Hohenzollern
Other work Test pilot for Messerschmidt

Oberleutnant Theodor Croneiss (18 December 1894 – 7 November 1942) was a World War I fighter pilot credited with five aerial victories.

World War I service[edit]

Croneiss was one of the German pilots assigned to duty with Germany's allies, the Ottoman Empire.[1] As such, he was assigned to Feldflieger Abteilung 6, which was also known as the Jasta Chanak Kale—Turkei as early as late 1915 or early 1916. His first aerial victory came on 7 January 1916, when he downed a Farman bomber over El Sedd-ul-Bahr. The next day, he downed a Royal Naval Air Service Voisin III LAS in the vicinity of Cape Helles. On 4 February 1916, his victory was over a reconnaissance two-seater at Baba-Tepe, off Imbros.[1]

On 24 January 1918, Croneiss shot down a Sopwith over the Gulf of Saros. His fifth victory came on 23 May 1918, when he destroyed a Sopwith fighter. He was subsequently decorated with the Iron Cross First Class and the Knight's Cross of the House Order of Hohenzollern in August 1918.[1][2]

Post World War I[edit]

Having survived the war as an oberleutnant, Croneiss became a sporting aviator. He became director of a flying club that sponsored Willy Messerschmitt. Croneiss piloted one of Messerschmidt's early designs, the M-21, to win the designer a 60,000 Reichsmark prize. In 1928-1929, Croneiss won the East Prussia Flying Trophy with the M-23 model. He later evolved into a test pilot for the Messerschmitt Company.[1]

Theodor Jacob Croneiss died on 7 November 1942.[1]

Awards and decorations[edit]

Sources of information[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Franks et al 1993, pp. 94-95.
  2. ^ Note: The second class Iron Cross was awarded before the first class.

References[edit]