Theodora (senatrix): Difference between revisions

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'''Theodora''' (circa 870 – 916) was a [[Roman Senate|senatrix]] and ''serenissima vestaratrix'' of [[Rome]], mother of [[Marozia]], alleged concubine to [[Pope Sergius III]].
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'''Theodora''' (circa 870 – 916) was a [[Roman Senate|senatrix]] and ''serenissima vestaratrix'' of [[Rome]].
   
Theodora was a grandmother of [[Pope John XI]], a son of Marozia and—according to [[Liutprand of Cremona]] and the ''[[Liber Pontificalis]]''—[[Pope Sergius III]]. A third contemporary source, however—the annalist [[Flodoard]] (c. 894-966)—says John XI was brother of Count [[Alberic II of Spoleto]], the latter being the offspring of Marozia and her husband Count [[Alberic I of Spoleto]]. Hence John too was probably the son of Marozia and Alberic I.
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She was mother of [[Marozia]], alleged concubine to [[Pope Sergius III]], and mother of [[Pope John XI]], fathered by —according to [[Liutprand of Cremona]] and the ''[[Liber Pontificalis]]''—[[Pope Sergius III]]. A third contemporary source, however—the annalist [[Flodoard]] (c. 894-966)—says John XI was brother of Count [[Alberic II of Spoleto]], the latter being the offspring of Marozia and her husband Count [[Alberic I of Spoleto]]. Hence John too was probably the son of Marozia and Alberic I.
   
 
Theodora was characterized by the aforementioned Liutprand as a "shameless whore ... [who] exercised power on the Roman citizenry like a man." <!-- we need source of this quotation - Google has only [[Marozia]] mirrors --> Liutprand, a bishop of Cremona, was described by the ''[[Catholic Encyclopedia]]'' as frequently being unfair to his adversaries and could be partial in his judgments.
 
Theodora was characterized by the aforementioned Liutprand as a "shameless whore ... [who] exercised power on the Roman citizenry like a man." <!-- we need source of this quotation - Google has only [[Marozia]] mirrors --> Liutprand, a bishop of Cremona, was described by the ''[[Catholic Encyclopedia]]'' as frequently being unfair to his adversaries and could be partial in his judgments.

Revision as of 12:12, 23 April 2013

Theodora (circa 870 – 916) was a senatrix and serenissima vestaratrix of Rome.

She was mother of Marozia, alleged concubine to Pope Sergius III, and mother of Pope John XI, fathered by —according to Liutprand of Cremona and the Liber PontificalisPope Sergius III. A third contemporary source, however—the annalist Flodoard (c. 894-966)—says John XI was brother of Count Alberic II of Spoleto, the latter being the offspring of Marozia and her husband Count Alberic I of Spoleto. Hence John too was probably the son of Marozia and Alberic I.

Theodora was characterized by the aforementioned Liutprand as a "shameless whore ... [who] exercised power on the Roman citizenry like a man." Liutprand, a bishop of Cremona, was described by the Catholic Encyclopedia as frequently being unfair to his adversaries and could be partial in his judgments.

Bibliography

  • E. Dümmler, Auxilius u. Vulgarius. Quellen und Forschungen zur Geschichte des Papsttums im Anfange des zehnten Jahrhunderts, Leipzig 1866, pp. 12-26;
  • P. Fedele, Ricerche per la storia di Roma e del papato al secolo X, in "Archivio della Società Romana di Storia Patria", 33, 1910, pp. 177-247; 34, 1911, pp. 75-115 e 393-423;
  • L. Duchesne, Serge III. et Jean XI., in "Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire", 33 (1913), pp. 25-64
  • Ferdinand Gregorovius, Storia di Roma nel medioevo, New Compton Editori Srl, Roma 1972
  • Lexikon des Mittelalters, München 2002
  • Daniela Schumacher-Immel (1996). "Theodora, die Ältere". In Bautz, Traugott. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German). 11. Herzberg: Bautz. cols. 919–920. ISBN 3-88309-064-6. 

References

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