Theodore Robert Beale
August 21, 1968
|Known for||Writer, publisher, game designer, activist|
Theodore Robert Beale (born August 21, 1968), commonly known as Vox Day, is an American activist and writer. He has been described as a far-right white supremacist, a misogynist, and part of the alt-right. The Wall Street Journal described him as "the most despised man in science fiction".
Beale started in video game development, which led to him writing science fiction and social commentary with a focus on issues of religion, race and gender. He became active in the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America, from which he was expelled, and was a central figure in the "Rabid Puppies" controversy involving the Hugo Awards for science fiction. He is active in publishing, being a founding member of Castalia House.
Early life and music career
Beale grew up in Minnesota, the son of Rebecca and Robert Beale. He states on his blog that he is of English, Irish, Mexican, and Native American descent. He graduated from Bucknell University in 1990.
Video game development
Beale and Andrew Lunstad founded the video game company Fenris Wolf in 1993. The company was developing two games – Rebel Moon Revolution and Traveler for the Sega Dreamcast – when it closed in 1999 after a legal dispute with its retail publisher GT Interactive. In 1999, under the name Eternal Warriors, Beale and Lunstad released The War in Heaven, a Biblical video game published by Valusoft and distributed by GT Interactive.
Beale created the WarMouse – known as the OpenOffice Mouse until Sun Microsystems objected on trademark grounds – a computer mouse with 18 buttons, a scroll wheel, a thumb-operated joystick, and 512k of memory.
Beale writes under the pseudonym Vox Day – a near-homophone for the Latin phrase "Vox Dei", literally "the voice of God". He first used the aliases as a contributor for the magazine Computer Gaming World throughout the first half of 1995. He then appeared in a weekly video game review column in the St. Paul Pioneer Press, and later continued to use the pen name for a weekly WorldNetDaily opinion column. In 2000, Beale published his first solo novel, The War in Heaven, the first in a series of fantasy novels with a religious theme titled The Eternal Warriors. The novel investigates themes "about good versus evil among angels, fallen and otherwise".
In 2008, Beale published The Irrational Atheist: Dissecting the Unholy Trinity of Dawkins, Harris, and Hitchens, a book devoted to criticizing the arguments presented in various books by atheist authors Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Christopher Hitchens, Daniel Dennett, and Michel Onfray. The book was named a 2007 Christmas recommendation by John Derbyshire in the conservative magazine National Review Online.
In early 2014, Beale founded Castalia House publishing in Kouvola, Finland. He is lead editor and has published the work of such writers as John C. Wright, Jerry Pournelle, Tom Kratman, Eric S. Raymond, Martin van Creveld, Rolf Nelson, and William S. Lind.
- Best Science Fiction Novel: Somewhither, by John C. Wright
- Best Apocalyptic Novel: Ctrl-Alt-Revolt! by Nick Cole
In 2017, Beale launched Infogalactic, an English-language wiki encyclopedia. The site was a fork of the contents of English Wikipedia which could be gradually edited to remove the influence of what Beale described as "the left-wing thought police who administer [Wikipedia]". It has been described by Wired and The Washington Post as a version of Wikipedia targeted to alt-right readers.
In September 2018, Beale announced Comicsgate Comics as a "100% SJW-free" comic book publishing imprint. The use of this name drew backlash from Ethan Van Sciver and other Comicsgate activists, who variously objected to being associated with white supremacists or to the name being commercialized. Beale later renamed the imprint to Arkhaven Comics.
Expulsion from the SFWA
In 2013, Beale ran unsuccessfully against Steven Gould to succeed John Scalzi as president of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA). African-American writer N. K. Jemisin, during her delivery of the Guest of Honour speech at 2013 Continuum in Australia, stated that 10% of the SFWA membership voted for Beale in his bid for the SFWA presidential position and called him "a self-described misogynist, racist, anti-Semite, and a few other flavors of asshole" and asserted that silence about these issues was the same as enabling them. Beale responded by calling Jemisin an "ignorant half-savage". In the resulting interactions, Beale also called writer and editor Teresa Nielsen Hayden a "fat frog".
Beale tweeted a link to his comments about Jemisin on the SFWA's official @SFWAAuthors Twitter feed. The SFWA Board subsequently voted unanimously to expel him from the organization. In 2015, The Wall Street Journal described Beale as "the most despised man in science fiction".
Rabid Puppies and Hugo Awards controversy
2015 Rabid Puppies campaign
Based on Larry Correia's "Sad Puppies" ballot-manipulation campaign, Beale implemented a slate of candidates for the 2015 Hugo Awards called "Rabid Puppies", instructing his followers to nominate the slate "precisely as they are." The Rabid Puppies slate placed 58 of its 67 recommended nominees on the ballot. Two of the nominations were for Beale himself (Best Editor - Long Form, Best Editor - Short Form) and eleven were for works published by his publisher Castalia House, where Beale acts as lead editor. Two authors, an editor, and a fanzine subsequently withdrew their own nominations; three of these four explicitly cited the wish to dissociate themselves from Beale as being among their reasons for doing so. Withdrawals from the Best Novel category allowed space for Liu Cixin's The Three-Body Problem to move into a finalist position, and it went on to win the Best Novel Award. Although the winning novel was one of the few nominees not on the Rabid Puppies slate, some sources credited the win to Beale's backing of the novel.
Beale stated that his intentions behind the Rabid Puppies campaign were that he "wanted to leave a big smoking hole where the Hugo Awards were" and send "a giant Fuck You—one massive gesture of contempt." He also said that no matter how the Hugo administrators modify the nominating process to try to prevent manipulation, he will still have enough supporters to control future awards: "I have 390 sworn and numbered vile faceless minions who are sworn to mindless and perfect obedience."
2016 Rabid Puppies campaign
In 2016, Beale continued the Rabid Puppies campaign, posting a slate of finalists for the Hugo Award, including all finalists in the Best Short Story category. Beale included himself on the slate of candidates, and was nominated in the category Best Editor, Long Form, the Castalia House Blog edited by Jeffro Johnson in the category Best Fanzine, and his own non-fiction release SJWs Always Lie: Taking Down the Thought Police, published by Castalia House, in the category Best Related Work.
Other Rabid Puppy recommendations that were Hugo Award finalists included Chuck Tingle's short story Space Raptor Butt Invasion and Hao Jingfang's Folding Beijing, which won in the Best Novelette category. All nominated works associated with Castalia House ranked below No Award.
Rebel's Run movie
In 2019, Beale put together a campaign to crowdfund Rebel's Run, which was to be an "anti-woke" superhero movie. The campaign exceeded its original goal and collected slightly over a million dollars in funding, which was to be held in escrow while Beale worked to secure additional funds to make the movie. In 2022, however, Beale announced that he had put the funds in an investment with Ohana Capital Financial, which allegedly spent the funds on an unrelated business undertaking. Ohana owner James Wolfgramm has been indicted on charges of fraud. By video, Beale told the subscribers "I wouldn't count on us getting the money back."
Hugo Award nominations
The Hugo voters ranked "Opera" sixth out of five nominees, behind No Award. In the 2015 Hugos, it was alleged that his nomination may have been the result of "block voting by special interest groups". In all cases, his nominations have been ranked below "No Award" in the final vote.
Beale describes himself as a Christian nationalist. He has been described as an alt-right personality by Wired, and a leader of the alt-right by Business Insider. Writing for Publishers Weekly, Kimberly Winston described Beale as a "fundamentalist Southern Baptist", but other journalists have made more pointed characterizations, such as Mike VanHelder's assertion in Popular Science that Beale's views are "white supremacist".
Beale has been supportive of the white supremacist Fourteen Words slogan, promoting it in his Sixteen points of the Alt-Right, which placed the sentence "we must secure the existence of white people and a future for white children" as the fourteenth point.
Concerning the notion of white supremacy, Beale has said, "white supremacy simply isn't true. Whites are not superior, but whites are the only tribe willing and able to maintain Western civilization because they are the only tribe that truly values it. The answer for those who support Western civilization, regardless of sex, color, or religion, is to embrace white tribalism, white separatism, and especially white Christian masculine rule."
The New Republic reported that Beale "has written that women should be deprived of the vote". Beale said in a blog post that "women's suffrage has been a complete and unmitigated disaster across the West and it is doubtful that any society can survive it for long."
|Game name||First released||System name(s)||Role(s)|
|X-Kaliber 2097||1994||SNES||Music (Psykosonik)|
|Rebel Moon||1995||DOS||Game designer, co-producer|
|Rebel Moon Rising||1997||DOS||Game designer, co-producer|
|Rebel Moon Revolution (cancelled)||Planned 1999||Windows||Game designer, co-producer|
|The War in Heaven||1999||Windows||Game designer|
|RPG Traveller (cancelled)||(Planned 2000)||Sega Dreamcast||Game designer|
|Hot Dish||2007||Windows||(co-)game designer|
- A Sea of Skulls (2017)
- The Altar of Hate (2014) ISBN 978-952-7065-23-5
- The Last Witchking (2013) ISBN 978-952-7065-04-4
- The Wardog's Coin (2013) ISBN 978-1-935929-97-0
- A Throne of Bones (2012) ISBN 978-1-935929-82-6
- A Magic Broken (2012) ISBN 978-1-935929-79-6
- Summa Elvetica: A Casuistry of the Elvish Controversy (2008) ISBN 978-0-9821049-2-7
- The Wrath of Angels (2006) ISBN 978-0-7434-6982-1 (as Theodore Beale)
- The World in Shadow (2002) ISBN 978-0-671-02454-3 (as Theodore Beale)
- The War in Heaven (2000) ISBN 978-0-7434-5344-8 (as Theodore Beale)
- Jordanetics: A Journey Into the Mind of Humanity's Greatest Thinker (2018) ISBN 978-952-7065-69-3
- SJWs Always Double Down: Anticipating the Thought Police (2017) ISBN 978-952-7065-19-8
- SJWs Always Lie: Taking Down the Thought Police (2015) ISBN 978-952-7065-68-6
- The Return of the Great Depression (2009) ISBN 978-1-935071-18-1
- The Irrational Atheist (2008) ISBN 978-1-933771-36-6
- Cuckservative: How "Conservatives" Betrayed America (2015), John Red Eagle, ASIN B018ZHHA52
- Quantum Mortis: A Mind Programmed (2014), Jeff Sutton, Jean Sutton. Castalia House. ISBN 978-952-7065-13-6
- Quantum Mortis: Gravity Kills (2013), Steve Rzasa. Marcher Lord Hinterlands. ISBN 978-952-7065-12-9
- Quantum Mortis: A Man Disrupted (2013), Steve Rzasa. Marcher Lord Hinterlands. ISBN 978-952-7065-10-5
- Rebel Moon (1996), Bruce Bethke. Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0-671-00236-7. Novelization of the Rebel Moon game.
- The Anthology at the End of the Universe (2004), Glen Yeffeth (editor). BenBella Books. ISBN 978-1-932100-56-3
- Archangels: The Fall (2005) ISBN 978-1-887814-15-7
- Revisiting Narnia: Fantasy, Myth, and Religion in C.S. Lewis' Chronicles (2005), Shanna Caughey (editor). BenBella Books. ISBN 978-1-932100-63-1
- Halo Effect (2007), Glenn Yeffeth (editor). BenBella Books. ISBN 978-1-933771-11-3
- You Do Not Talk About Fight Club (2008), Chuck Palahniuk (Foreword), Read Mercer Schuchardt (Editor). BenBella Books. ISBN 978-1-933771-52-6
- Stupefying Stories October 2011 (2011), Bruce Bethke (Editor). Rampant Loon Press. ASIN B005T5B9YC
- Stupefying Stories March 2012 (2012), Bruce Bethke (Editor). Rampant Loon Press. ASIN B007T3N0XK
- Tevlin, John (May 4, 2008). "Tax deniers' crusade 'becomes a religion' – Wealthy CEO Robert Beale might not fit the profile of a tax evader – except for an unshakable faith in his own convictions". Star Tribune: B1. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
- VanHelder, Mike (April 17, 2015). "Culture Wars Rage Within Science Fiction Fandom". Popular Science.
- Robertson, Adi (October 9, 2017). "Two months ago, the internet tried to banish Nazis. No one knows if it worked". The Verge. Archived from the original on April 4, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
- Thielman, Sam (June 28, 2015). "White supremacist calls Charleston 'a preview of coming attractions'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on November 8, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
- Beschizza, Rob (September 4, 2018). "Alt-right publisher founds ComicsGate comic imprint". Boing Boing. Archived from the original on September 7, 2018. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
- Fitts, Alexis Sobel (June 21, 2017). "Welcome to the Wikipedia of the Alt-Right". Wired. Archived from the original on January 17, 2018. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
- "Vox Day, 'alt-right' racist, is absolutely thriving online". The Daily Dot. January 17, 2020. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
- Rapoport, Michael (May 15, 2015). "The Culture Wars Invade Science Fiction". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on January 6, 2022. Retrieved January 6, 2022.
- Vox Day (August 1, 2014). "Did not see that coming". Vox Popoli. Archived from the original on August 15, 2014. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
- "Reviews and Criticism: Vox Day (Theodore Beale '90) The Irrational Atheist: Dissecting the Unholy Trinity of Dawkins, Harris and Hitchens" (PDF). Bucknell Magazine. Bucknell University: 17. Summer 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
- Psykosonik, archived from the original on March 14, 2016, retrieved June 23, 2016
- Cooper, William. "Psykosonik". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 12, 2016. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- "Fenris Wolf Sues GT Interactive: Developer of Rebel Moon Series Charges Breach of Contract". IGN. February 11, 1999. Archived from the original on June 27, 2009. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- Lohr, Steve (October 18, 1999). "It's Demons vs. Angels in Computer Game With a Religious Theme". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 14, 2009. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- "OpenOffice distances itself from OpenOfficeMouse, joins everyone else". Engadget. Archived from the original on September 15, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
- Stern, Joanna. "WarMouse Meta review". Engadget. Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
- Latin to English translation, Translate.com. The phrase comes from the Latin expression Vox Populi, Vox Dei ("the voice of the people is the voice of god").
- Dei, Vox (March 1995). "Can't Stand the Heat?" (PDF). Computer Gaming World. No. 128. p. 112.
- Day, Vox (June 1995). "Vertigo to the Third Degree" (PDF). Computer Gaming World. No. 131. p. 104.
- Loftus, Tom (July 31, 1998). "Fenris Wolf". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on March 7, 2008. Retrieved November 20, 2011.
- Winston, Kimberly (April 16, 2001). "Other Worlds, Suffused With Religion". Publishers Weekly. Archived from the original on December 22, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2011.
- Nielsen Hayden, Patrick (May 1, 2005). "New heights of prestige for the Nebula Award". Electrolite. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- Smith, Lori (March 3, 2008). "In Defense of God: Atheist bestsellers have spurred on protectors of the faith". Publishers Weekly. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
- Derbyshire, John (November 21, 2007). "Christmas Shopping 2007: A Time for Recommendations". National Review. Archived from the original on June 4, 2010. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- "2015 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. March 31, 2015. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
- "2015 Hugo and Campbell Award Finalists". Locus Online. Locus Publications. April 2015. Archived from the original on December 11, 2015. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
- "How conservatives took over sci-fi's most prestigious award". Vox. April 26, 2015. Archived from the original on February 12, 2016. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
- "Winners". Archived from the original on September 7, 2016. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
- "First Dragon Awards Presented". September 4, 2016. Archived from the original on September 7, 2016. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- "2016 Dragon Award". The Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
- Coren, Giles (July 22, 2017). "Game of Thrones is Tolkien with chlamydia". The Times. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
- Huetlin, Josephine (October 8, 2017). "How a Nazi Slur for 'Fake News' Became an Alt-Right Rallying Cry". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on June 21, 2018. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
- Jan, Tracy (August 17, 2017). "Silicon Valley escalates its war on white supremacy despite free speech concerns". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 3, 2019. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
- Khanna, Rajan (November 26, 2013). "Controversies Inside the World of Science Fiction and Fantasy". Lit Reactor. Archived from the original on September 14, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
- "SFWA Board Votes to Expel Beale". Locus Online. August 14, 2013. Archived from the original on August 17, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- "The Culture Wars Invade Science Fiction". The Wall Street Journal. May 15, 2015. Archived from the original on March 2, 2016. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
- Waldman, Katy (April 8, 2015). "How Sci-Fi's Hugo Awards Got Their Own Full-Blown Gamergate". Slate. Archived from the original on January 14, 2016. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- "Yhdysvaltain scifimaailmassa riehuu sota, johon Game of Thrones -kirjailijakin on sotkeutunut – ja kaiken keskiössä on tämä kouvolalaismies". Nyt.fi (in Finnish). March 6, 2015. Archived from the original on June 3, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "The 2015 Hugo Nominees". Electric Literature. April 4, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
- "Two Authors Withdraw Their Work From This Year's Hugo Awards". io9. April 15, 2015. Archived from the original on April 16, 2015. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
- In Which Edmund Schubert Withdraws From the Hugos Archived April 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, by Edmund Schubert; at AletheaKontis.com; published April 27, 2015. Retrieved September 7, 2016
- "Black Gate Withdraws from Hugo Consideration". April 19, 2015. Archived from the original on April 22, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- Wallace, Amy (August 23, 2015). "Who Won Science Fiction's Hugo Awards, and Why It Matters". Wired. Archived from the original on August 26, 2016. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
- "2015 Hugo Awards Ballot, Further Revised". Locus. April 17, 2015. Archived from the original on September 18, 2016. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
- "2015 Hugo Statistics" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 5, 2015.
- Sandifer, Elizabeth (November 23, 2015). "The Three-Body Trilogy, Or at Least Two-Thirds of It (Excerpt from Guided by the Beauty of Their Weapons: Notes on Science Fiction and Culture in the Year of Angry Dogs, Eruditorum Press, 2015)". Archived from the original on April 25, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
- Who Won Science Fiction's Hugo Awards, and Why It Matters Archived March 9, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, by Amy Wallace, in Wired; published August 23, 2015. Retrieved August 26, 2015
- Barnett, David (April 28, 2016). "Hugo awards shortlist dominated by rightwing campaign". The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 27, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Hugo Award Predications Handicapping Sheet". Amazing Stories. August 13, 2016. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- The 2016 Hugo Awards, December 29, 2015, archived from the original on June 14, 2016, retrieved June 18, 2016
- Audureau, William (July 15, 2015). "A la rencontre du GamerGate, le mouvement libertarien qui veut défendre " ses " jeux vidéo". Le Monde. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
- Kyle Barr, 'Anti-Woke' Superhero Film Gets Cancelled After Losing All Its Fans' Donations, Gizmodo, Oct 21, 2022. Retrieved Oct. 22, 2022.
- Will Sommer, Anti-Woke Superhero Movie Blown Up in $1 Million Con, The Daily Beast. Retrieved Oct. 22, 2022.
- Scholl, Jacob; Jan. 13, KSL com | Posted-; A.m, 2022 at 10:02. "Utahn accused of defrauding Bitcoin-mining clients, moving customer money illegally". www.ksl.com. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
- Baker-Whitelaw, Gavia (August 18, 2014). "5 reasons to pay attention to the Hugo Awards—and one big reason not to". The Daily Dot. Archived from the original on August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
- Fortune, Ed (April 4, 2015) "Hugo Awards Nominee Announcement Causes Controversy" Starburst Magazine
- "2014 Hugo Award Statistics" (PDF). World Science Fiction Society. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 24, 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- Sci-Fi's Hugo Awards and the Battle for Pop Culture's Soul Archived November 17, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, by Amy Wallace, in Wired; published October 30, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2016
- "The Perfect Wife". September 27, 2021.
- Wallace, Amy (August 23, 2015), "Who Won Science Fiction's Hugo Awards, and Why It Matters", Wired, archived from the original on May 5, 2016, retrieved May 6, 2016
- "Dieses Schweizer Prachtschloss gehört jetzt einem US-Rechtsradikalen ("This Swiss castle now belongs to a member of the alt-right")", Tages-Anzeiger, June 1, 2022
- Vox Day (December 15, 2015). "Why John C. Wright is not a libertarian". Vox Populi. Archived from the original on January 13, 2016. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
- Miller, James D. (August 9, 2017). "Get ready for the 'tech alt-right' to gain power and influence in Silicon Valley". Business Insider. Archived from the original on January 17, 2018. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
- "From Alt Right to Alt Lite: Naming the Hate". Anti-Defamation League. Archived from the original on July 30, 2018. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
- "What the Alternate Right is". Vox Popoli. August 24, 2016. Archived from the original on September 24, 2018. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
- "Online alt-right to use facial recognition to track anti-fascists". Hope Not Hate. May 22, 2017. Archived from the original on August 4, 2018. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
- Auerbach, David (September 17, 2017). "The Sci-Fi Roots of the Far Right—From 'Lucifer's Hammer' to Newt's Moon Base to Donald's Wall". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on May 5, 2018. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
- The #MilRight is inevitable Archived September 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine by Vox Day
- Heer, Jeet (April 17, 2015). "Science Fiction's White Boys' Club Strikes Back". The New Republic. Archived from the original on March 21, 2017. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- Beale, Theodore, (October 18, 2010). "In which we are called out Archived October 29, 2017, at the Wayback Machine", Vox Popoli. Retrieve November 29, 2017.
- Roosh Valizadeh (March 5, 2015). "Game Designer Vox Day Takes Us Far Back in Gaming History (interview)". Archived from the original on September 7, 2017. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
- "Traveller". Archived from the original on August 15, 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
- "Hot Dish Credits". Moby Games. Archived from the original on September 7, 2017. Retrieved September 6, 2017.