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|Theodore William John Schurch|
5 May 1918|
Hammersmith, London, England
|Died||4 January 1946
Pentonville, London, England
|Allegiance|| United Kingdom
Kingdom of Italy
|Years of service||1936–1942|
|Unit||Royal Army Service Corps|
Theodore William John Schurch (5 May 1918 – 4 January 1946) was a British soldier of Anglo-Swiss parentage who was executed by virtue of the Treachery Act 1940 after the end of World War II. He was the last person to be executed in Britain for an offence other than murder.
During June 1942 Schurch was captured by Axis forces at Tobruk during the North African campaign. Soon afterwards he began working for both Italian and German intelligence. He often posed as a prisoner of war to gain the trust of Allied prisoners, including Colonel Sir David Stirling, initiator of the Special Air Service.
Trial and execution
Schurch was arrested in Rome during March 1945, and charged with nine counts of treachery and one count of desertion. He was tried by court martial at the Duke of York's Headquarters in Chelsea, London during September 1945, Major Melford Stevenson presiding. He was defended by Alexander Brands King's counsel. He was found guilty of nine charges of treachery and one of desertion with intent to join the enemy.
British Security Service files on him are possessed by The National Archives under references KV2/76 and KV 2/77. Papers in connection with his court martial are held there under reference WO 71/1109.
Schurch was the only British soldier executed for treachery committed during World War II. However, Duncan Scott-Ford, a merchant seaman, was also hanged for treachery, and New-Zealand-born Captain Patrick Stanley Vaughan Heenan of the British Indian Army was convicted of espionage, and shot by a guard. Harold Cole, a British POW who betrayed the French Resistance was shot dead by the French police during January 1946, a month after he escaped from custody.
- Graham Macklin (2007). Very deeply dyed in black: Sir Oswald Mosley and the resurrection of British fascism after 1945. International Library of Political Studies. 14. I.B.Tauris. p. 34. ISBN 1-84511-284-9.
- "News in Brief." Times, London, England, 3 Jan. 1946: 4. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.
- "Soldier Executed." Times, London, England, 5 Jan. 1946: 2. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.
- Norman Davies (2008). Europe at War 1939–1945: No Simple Victory. Pan Macmillan. p. 234. ISBN 0-330-47229-1.
- "Soldier Accused Of Aiding Enemy." Times, London, England, 13 Sept. 1945: 2. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.
- "Private Accused Of Treachery." Times, London, England, 18 Sept. 1945: 2. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.