Theophilus Gould Steward
|Theophilus Gould Steward|
April 17, 1843|
Gouldtown, New Jersey, United States
|Died||January 11, 1924
Wilberforce, Ohio, United States
|Buried||Gouldtown Memorial Park
Gouldtown, Cumberland, New Jersey
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Unit||25th U.S. Colored Infantry|
|Relations||Dr. Susan Smith McKinney (wife)|
|Other work||Author, educator, clergyman|
Life and career
Steward was born to James Steward and Rebecca Gould in Gouldtown, New Jersey. The son of free Blacks reared in a family that stressed education, he received his formal education in the Gouldtown public schools.
Steward was ordained a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church in 1863. Following the Civil War, Steward helped organize the A.M.E. Church in South Carolina and Georgia. He was also active in Reconstruction politics in Georgia. After the war he graduated from the Episcopal Divinity School of Philadelphia, and later was awarded a Doctor of Divinity degree from Wilberforce University in Wilberforce, Ohio, in 1881.
From 1872 to 1891 Steward established a church in Haiti and preached in the eastern United States. He was a participant in the March 5, 1897 meeting to celebrate the memory of Frederick Douglass which founded the American Negro Academy led by Alexander Crummell. In 1891 he joined the 25th U.S. Colored Infantry, serving as its chaplain until 1907, including service in Cuba during the Spanish–American War, and in the Philippines. Between 1907 and his death on January 11, 1924, Steward was a professor of history, French, and logic at Wilberforce University.
Steward was married to Elizabeth Gadsden (d. 1893) with whom he had eight sons: Frank Rudolph (b. 1872; Stephen Hunter (b. 1874), Theophilus Bolden (b. 1879), Charles, James, Benjamin, Walter, and Gustavus (b. 1883). His second wife was Dr. Susan Smith McKinney, the third African-American physician in the United States. He was a cousin to African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME) bishop Benjamin F. Lee.
- Steward, T.G. (1885). Genesis Re-read. Philadelphia: A.M.E. Book Rooms. OCLC 23787616.
- Steward, T.G. (1877). Memoirs of Mrs. Rebecca Steward. Philadelphia: A.M.E. Church Publications. OCLC 182539662.
- Steward, T.G. (1897). Active Service, or Religious Work Among U.S. Soldiers. OCLC 48114600.
- Steward, T.G. (1899). A Charleston Love Story. New York: F. Tennyson Neely. OCLC 1593693.
- Steward, T.G. (1900). The Haitian Revolution 1791 to 1804. New York: T.Y. Crowell Co. OCLC 23297934.
- Steward, T.G. (1904). The Colored Regulars in the United States Army. Philadelphia: A.M.E. Book Concern. OCLC 1380129.
- Steward, William; Steward, T.G. (1913). Gouldtown: A Very Remarkable Settlement of Ancient Date. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co. OCLC 1441631.
- Steward, T.G. (1920). Fifty Years in the Gospel Ministry. Philadelphia: A.M.E. Book Concern. OCLC 24557286.
- Seraile, William. Bruce Grit: The Black Nationalist Writings of John Edward Bruce. University of Tennessee Press, 2003, pp. 110-111.
- U.S. Army Chaplain Center and School (1991). "Chapter 4: The Chaplaincy 1865-1917". A Brief History of the United States Army Chaplain Corps. Ft. Monmouth, NJ: Dept. of the Army. OCLC 26647374. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Theophilus Gould Steward.|
- Works by Theophilus Gould Steward at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Theophilus Gould Steward at Internet Archive
- A Charleston Love Story hypertext from American Studies at the University of Virginia
- Theophilus Gould Steward at Find a Grave