Theophilus Gould Steward
Theophilus Gould Steward
|Born||April 17, 1843|
Gouldtown, New Jersey, United States
|Died||January 11, 1924 (aged 80)|
Wilberforce, Ohio, United States
Gouldtown Memorial Park
Gouldtown, Cumberland, New Jersey
|Service/||United States Army|
|Unit||25th U.S. Colored Infantry|
|Relations||Dr. Susan Smith McKinney (wife)|
|Other work||Author, educator, clergyman|
Life and career
Steward was born to James Steward and Rebecca Gould in Gouldtown, New Jersey. The son of free Blacks reared in a family that stressed education, he received his formal education in the Gouldtown public schools.
Steward was ordained a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church in 1863. Following the Civil War, Steward helped organize the A.M.E. Church in South Carolina and Georgia. He was also active in Reconstruction politics in Georgia. Steward moved from South Carolina to pastor the AME church in Macon, Georgia March 17, 1868. After the church was burned in a mysterious fire, he literally and figuratively built a new AME church. The cornerstone was laid January 16, 1870 in the presence of 2,000 black Maconites. After the war he graduated from the Episcopal Divinity School of Philadelphia, and later was awarded a Doctor of Divinity degree from Wilberforce University in Wilberforce, Ohio, in 1881.
From 1872 to 1891 Steward established a church in Haiti and preached in the eastern United States. In 1891 he joined the 25th U.S. Colored Infantry, serving as its chaplain until 1907, including service in Cuba during the Spanish–American War, and in the Philippines. He was a participant in the March 5, 1897 meeting to celebrate the memory of Frederick Douglass which founded the American Negro Academy led by Alexander Crummell. From the founding of the organization until his death in 1924, Steward remained active among the scholars, editors, and activists of this first major African American learned society, refuting racist scholarship, promoting black claims to individual, social, and political equality, and studying the history and sociology of African American life. Between 1907 and his death on January 11, 1924, Steward was a professor of history, French, and logic at Wilberforce University.
Steward was married to Elizabeth Gadsden (d. 1893) with whom he had eight sons: Frank Rudolph (b. 1872; Stephen Hunter (b. 1874), Theophilus Bolden (b. 1879), Charles, James, Benjamin, Walter, and Gustavus (b. 1883). His second wife was Dr. Susan Smith McKinney, the third African-American physician in the United States. He was a cousin to African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME) bishop Benjamin F. Lee.
- Steward, T.G. (1885). Genesis Re-read. Philadelphia: A.M.E. Book Rooms. OCLC 23787616.
- Steward, T.G. (1877). Memoirs of Mrs. Rebecca Steward. Philadelphia: A.M.E. Church Publications. OCLC 182539662.
- Steward, T.G. (1897). Active Service, or Religious Work Among U.S. Soldiers. OCLC 48114600.
- Steward, T.G. (1899). A Charleston Love Story. New York: F. Tennyson Neely. OCLC 1593693.
- Steward, T.G. (1900). The Haitian Revolution 1791 to 1804. New York: T.Y. Crowell Co. OCLC 23297934.
- Steward, T.G. (1904). The Colored Regulars in the United States Army. Philadelphia: A.M.E. Book Concern. OCLC 1380129.
- Steward, William; Steward, T.G. (1913). Gouldtown: A Very Remarkable Settlement of Ancient Date. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co. OCLC 1441631.
- Steward, T.G. (1920). Fifty Years in the Gospel Ministry. Philadelphia: A.M.E. Book Concern. OCLC 24557286.
- Steward, T.G. (1888). The End of the World; or, Clearing the Way for the Fullness of the Gentiles. Philadelphia: A.M.E. Church Book Rooms. OCLC 4090482.
- Seraile, William. Bruce Grit: The Black Nationalist Writings of John Edward Bruce. University of Tennessee Press, 2003, pp. 110-111.
- Alfred A. Moss. The American Negro Academy: Voice of the Talented Tenth. Louisiana State University Press, 1981.
- U.S. Army Chaplain Center and School (1991). "Chapter 4: The Chaplaincy 1865-1917". A Brief History of the United States Army Chaplain Corps. Ft. Monmouth, NJ: Dept. of the Army. OCLC 26647374. Archived from the original on 2008-10-10. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
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