The Right Honourable
The Earl of Suffolk
|Died||3 June 1640 (aged 55)|
Charing Cross, London, England
|Burial place||St Mary the Virgin, Saffron Walden, Essex, England|
(m. 1612; died 1633)
Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English nobleman and politician.(13 August 1584 – 3 June 1640) was an
Born at the family estate of Saffron Walden, he was the son of Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk, by his second wife, Catherine Knyvet of Charlton, and succeeded his father as 2nd Earl of Suffolk and 2nd Baron Howard de Walden in 1626, along with some other of his father's offices, including the lord-lieutenancy of the counties of Suffolk, Cambridge and Dorset.
Howard danced in Lord Hay's Masque to celebrate the marriage of James Hay and Honora Denny on 6 January 1607. On 9 February 1608 he performed in the masque The Hue and Cry After Cupid at Whitehall Palace as a sign of the zodiac, to celebrate the wedding of John Ramsay, Viscount Haddington to Elizabeth Radclyffe. During the progress of Anne of Denmark in April 1613, he danced in the masque at Caversham Park.
Sir Theophilus Howard was named in the Second Charter of Virginia made by King James I on 23 May 1609. The members of this extensive list were "incorporated by the name of The Tresorer and Companie of Adventurers and Planters of the Citty of London for the Firste Collonie in Virginia".
He was the dedicatee of Shelton's translation of Don Quixote, the first translation of the work in any language. The translation of the first part of Don Quixote was published in London in 1612, while Cervantes was still alive. It is not known why Shelton chose Howard as a dedicatee, although he was possibly a distant relative. He was also the dedicatee of John Dowland's last book of songs "A Pilgrimes Solace", also published in 1612.
Howard visited Scotland in 1613. He dined with his brother-in-law James Home of Cowdenknowes at Broxmouth House, and then stayed in John Killoch's house in Edinburgh's Canongate, where the Duke of Lennox had stayed in 1608. He visited Dunfermline Palace and saw the coal works of George Bruce at Culross. After a visit to Stirling Castle, he stayed a night at the Nether Palace or Castlestead of Falkland with Lord Scone, and returned by boat to Leith and the King's Wark, the home of Bernard Lindsay. He went to Seton Palace to see Anna Hay, Countess of Winton, and then returned to England.
Howard owned Framlingham Castle in Suffolk which he sold to Sir Robert Hitcham in 1635 for the sum of £14,000.. He owned Audley End House in Essex as well, built by his father Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk
Marriage and children
In March 1612, he married Elizabeth Home (died 19 August 1633), daughter of George Home, 1st Earl of Dunbar. According to a memoir of the early life of Princess Elizabeth, the daughter of King James and Anne of Denmark, she had been one of the Princess's companions at Coombe Abbey from 1604. They had nine children:
- James Howard, 3rd Earl of Suffolk (c. 1620 – 1689)
- Thomas Howard (1621-81), married to Walburga or Werburge van der Kerchove
- Katherine Howard (died 1650), married first George Stewart, 9th Seigneur d'Aubigny (died 1642), second James Livingston, 1st Earl of Newburgh
- Elizabeth Howard (died 11 March 1705), married on 1 October 1642 Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland
- Margaret Howard, married Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery
- George Howard, 4th Earl of Suffolk (1625–1691)
- Henry Howard, 5th Earl of Suffolk (1627–1709)
- Anne Howard, married Thomas Walsingham
- Frances Howard (c.1633–1677), who married Sir Edward Villiers (died 1689)
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 26–27.
- Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History, vol. 3 (London, 1838), p. 223.
- John Nichols, Progresses of James the First, vol. 2 (London, 1828), pp. 108, 186, 629.
- "HOWARD, Theophilus, Lord Howard de Walden (1584-1640), of Audley End, Essex and Suffolk House, The Strand, Westminster". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- Kelly, L. G.. "Shelton, Thomas (fl. 1598–1629)." L. G. Kelly in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, edited by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Online ed., edited by Lawrence Goldman, January 2008. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/25318 (accessed 24 November 2014, subscription or UK public library membership required).
- "Image: ToLordWalden.jpg, (600 × 801 px)". culturebase.org. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- Robert Chambers, Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. 1 (Edinburgh, 1858), pp. 450-1: Bannatyne Miscellany, vol. 3.
- Green, R. (1834). The History, Topography, and Antiquities of Framlingham and Saxsted, in the County of Suffolk. p. 174.
- "Survey of London: Volume 18, St Martin-in-The-Fields II: the Strand". Retrieved 27 November 2023.
- Cockayne, G.E. (1896). Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, Or Dormant. Vol. 7. p. 312.
- Lady Frances Erskine, Memoirs Relating to the Queen of Bohemia by One of Her Ladies (c. 1770), p. 108.
- "Stuart [née Howard], Katherine, Lady Aubigny [other married name Katherine Livingston, Viscountess Newburgh] (d. 1650), conspirator". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/66716. ISBN 978-0-19-861412-8. Retrieved 24 August 2019. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)