Theraphosa apophysis

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Pinkfoot goliath
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Theraphosidae
Genus: Theraphosa
Species:
T. apophysis
Binomial name
Theraphosa apophysis
(Tinter, 1991)[1]
Synonyms[1]

Pseudotheraphosa apophysis Tinter, 1991

Charles J. Seiderman, discoverer of Theraphosa apophysis -1990

Theraphosa apophysis is a species of spider in the family Theraphosidae, found in Venezuela.[1]

Description[edit]

Theraphosa apophysis generally resembles Theraphosa blondi, and reaches a similar size.[2] Young T. apophysis spiders have pink shading at the end of each leg, which fades with each moult.[3] T. apophysis has an additional stridulating organ on the coxa of the second leg and thinner femora than T. blondi. The male T. apophysis has tibial apophyses (projections) – hence the species name.[2] The ground colour of both sexes is coffee brown; the legs and opisthosoma have long scattered orange-brown hairs, with long orange hair on the femora. Mature males have a metallic sheen, described as "wine red" in colour, on the cephalothorax, the dorsal surface of the chelicerae, the pedipalps, and the coxa, trochanter and femur of the legs, as well as the patella of the first leg.

The female specimen on which the species was described had a total body length of 87 mm (3.4 in), with the longest leg (the fourth) being 96 mm (3.8 in) long. The male had a somewhat smaller body, with a total length of 80 mm (3.1 in), and slightly longer legs, the fourth being just under 100 mm (3.9 in) long.[4]

Taxonomy[edit]

The species was first described by Andreas Tinter in 1991, as Pseudotheraphosa apophysis.[1] Tinter purchased an individual under the name "Pamphobeteus exsul", but realized that it could not be correctly named, as it possessed stridulatory organs. After further investigation, he named it as a new species in a new genus, Pseudotheraphosa.[4] In 2001, based on a phylogenetic analysis, Rogério Bertani rejected this genus and placed the species in Theraphosa,[5] a view followed since by other workers.[1]

In captivity[edit]

Theraphosa apophysis is considered to be a difficult tarantula to care for and maintain, and is therefore not recommended for beginners.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Taxon details Theraphosa apophysis (Tinter, 1991)", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2016-05-19
  2. ^ a b Peters, H.-J. (2003), "Theraphosa apophysis (Tinter, 1991)", Tarantulas of the World: Amerika's Vogelspinnen (in German), Wegberg, Germany: H.-J. Peters, p. 298
  3. ^ a b http://spacechickinscaresheets.blogspot.com/2008/04/pinkfoot-goliath-tarantula-theraphosa.html[unreliable source?]
  4. ^ a b Tinter, A. (1991), "Eine neue Vogelspinne aus Venezuela Pseudotheraphosa apophysis n. gen. n. sp. (Araneae: Theraphosidae: Theraphosinae)", Arachnologischer Anzeiger (in German), 16: 6–10
  5. ^ Bertani, R. (2001), "Revision, cladistic analysis, and zoogeography of Vitalius, Nhandu, and Proshapalopus; with notes on other theraphosine genera (Araneae, Theraphosidae)", Arquivos de Zoologia, 36: 265–356