|The Right Honourable
|Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|
13 July 2016
|Preceded by||David Cameron|
|Leader of the Conservative Party|
11 July 2016
|Preceded by||David Cameron|
12 May 2010 – 13 July 2016
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Alan Johnson|
|Succeeded by||Amber Rudd|
|Minister for Women and Equalities|
12 May 2010 – 4 September 2012
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Harriet Harman|
|Succeeded by||Maria Miller|
|Chairman of the Conservative Party|
23 July 2002 – 6 November 2003
|Leader||Iain Duncan Smith|
|Preceded by||David Davis|
|Succeeded by||Liam Fox
The Lord Saatchi
|Member of Parliament
1 May 1997
|Preceded by||Constituency created|
|Born||Theresa Mary Brasier
1 October 1956
Eastbourne, Sussex, England
|Spouse(s)||Philip May (m. 1980)|
|Residence||10 Downing Street|
|Alma mater||St Hugh's College, Oxford|
|Religion||Church of England|
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Incumbent
Theresa Mary May, MP (née Brasier; born 1 October 1956) is the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party, having served as both since July 2016. She has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Maidenhead since 1997. May identifies as a one-nation conservative and has been characterised as a liberal conservative. She is the second female Prime Minister and Conservative Party leader after Margaret Thatcher.
The daughter of a vicar, May grew up in Oxfordshire. From 1977 until 1983, she worked for the Bank of England, and from 1985 until 1997 at the Association for Payment Clearing Services, also serving as a councillor for Durnsford in Merton. After unsuccessful attempts to be elected to the House of Commons in 1992 and 1994, she was elected as the MP for Maidenhead in the 1997 general election. From 1999 to 2010, May held a number of roles in the Shadow Cabinets of William Hague, Iain Duncan Smith, Michael Howard and David Cameron, including Shadow Transport Secretary and Shadow Work and Pensions Secretary. She was also Chairman of the Conservative Party from 2002 to 2003.
After the formation of a coalition government following the 2010 general election, May was appointed Home Secretary and Minister for Women and Equalities, giving up the latter role in 2012. Reappointed after the Conservative victory in the 2015 general election, she went on to become the longest-serving Home Secretary since James Chuter Ede over 60 years previously. During her tenure she pursued reform of the Police Federation, implemented a harder line on drugs policy including the banning of khat, oversaw the introduction of elected Police and Crime Commissioners, the deportation of Abu Qatada, the creation of the National Crime Agency and brought in additional restrictions on immigration.
Following the resignation of Prime Minister David Cameron on 24 June 2016, May announced her candidacy for the leadership of the Conservative Party and quickly emerged as the front-runner. She won the first ballot of Conservative MPs on 5 July by a significant margin, and two days later won the votes of 199 MPs, going forward to face a vote of Conservative Party members in a contest with Andrea Leadsom. Leadsom's withdrawal from the election on 11 July led to May's appointment as leader the same day. She was appointed Prime Minister two days later. On becoming Prime Minister, May became the first woman to have held two of the Great Offices of State.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Early career
- 3 Early political career
- 4 Home Secretary
- 5 Minister for Women and Equalities
- 6 Prime Minister
- 7 Political positions
- 8 Personal life
- 9 Activism and awards
- 10 Titles and honours
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Early life and education
Born on 1 October 1956 in Eastbourne, Sussex, May is the only child of Zaidee Mary (née Barnes; 1928–1982) and Hubert Brasier (1917–1981). Her father was a Church of England clergyman who was chaplain of an Eastbourne hospital. He later became vicar of Enstone with Heythrop and finally of St Mary's at Wheatley, to the east of Oxford. May's mother was a strong supporter of the Conservative Party.
May was educated primarily in the state sector but with a short spell at an independent Catholic school. She initially attended Heythrop Primary School, a state school in Heythrop, followed by St. Juliana's Convent School for Girls, a Roman Catholic independent school in Begbroke, which closed in 1984.
At the age of 13, May won a place at the former Holton Park Girls' Grammar School, a state school in Wheatley. During her time as a pupil, the Oxfordshire education system was reorganised and the school became the new Wheatley Park Comprehensive School. May then attended the University of Oxford where she read geography at St Hugh's College, graduating with a second class BA degree in 1977.
Between 1977 and 1983 May worked at the Bank of England, and from 1985 to 1997 as a financial consultant and senior advisor in International Affairs at the Association for Payment Clearing Services. Both May's parents died during this period, her father in a car accident in 1981 and her mother of multiple sclerosis the year after.
May served as a councillor for Durnsford ward on the London Borough of Merton from 1986 to 1994, where she was Chairman of Education (1988–90) and Deputy Group Leader and Housing Spokesman (1992–94). In the 1992 general election May stood unsuccessfully for the safe Labour seat of North West Durham, coming second to incumbent MP Hilary Armstrong by 12,747 votes (27.6%) to 26,734 (57.8%), with future Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron coming third. May then stood at the 1994 Barking by-election, which was prompted by the death of Labour MP Jo Richardson. The seat had been continuously held by Labour since it was created in 1945 and Labour candidate Margaret Hodge was expected to win easily, which she did, with 13,704 votes (72.1%). May came a distant third with 1,976 votes (10.4%). Ahead of the 1997 general election, May was selected as the Conservative candidate for Maidenhead, a new seat which was created from parts of the seats of Windsor and Maidenhead and Wokingham. She was elected with 25,344 votes (49.8%), almost double the total of second-placed Andrew Terence Ketteringham of the Liberal Democrats, who took 13,363 votes (26.3%).
Early political career
Having entered Parliament, May became a member of William Hague's front-bench Opposition team, as Shadow Spokesman for Schools, Disabled People and Women (1998 – June 1999). She became the first of the 1997 MPs to enter the Shadow Cabinet when in 1999 she was appointed Shadow Education and Employment Secretary. After the 2001 election the new Conservative leader Iain Duncan Smith kept her in the Shadow Cabinet, moving her to the Transport portfolio.
May was appointed the first female Chairman of the Conservative Party in July 2002. During her speech at the 2002 Conservative Party Conference, she explained why, in her view, her party must change: "you know what people call us: the Nasty Party". In 2003, she was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Shadow Secretary of State for Transport after Michael Howard's election as Conservative Party and Opposition Leader in November that year.
In June 2004 she was moved to become Shadow Secretary of State for the Family. Following the 2005 general election she was also made Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. David Cameron appointed her Shadow Leader of the House of Commons in December 2005 after his accession to the leadership. In January 2009 May was made Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions.
On 6 May 2010, May was re-elected MP for Maidenhead with an increased majority of 16,769 – 60 per cent of the vote. This followed an earlier failed attempt to unseat her in 2005 as one of the Liberal Democrats' leading "decapitation-strategy" targets.
On 12 May 2010, when May was appointed Home Secretary and Minister for Women and Equality by Prime Minister David Cameron as part of his first Cabinet, she became the fourth woman to hold one of the British Great Offices of State, after (in order of seniority) Margaret Thatcher (Prime Minister), Margaret Beckett (Foreign Secretary) and Jacqui Smith (Home Secretary). As Home Secretary, May was also a member of the National Security Council. She is the longest-serving Home Secretary for over 60 years, since James Chuter Ede who served over six years and two months from August 1945 to October 1951. May's appointment as Home Secretary was somewhat unexpected, as Chris Grayling had served as shadow Home Secretary in opposition.
May's debut as Home Secretary involved overturning several of the previous Labour government's measures on data collection and surveillance in England and Wales. By way of a government bill which became the Identity Documents Act 2010, she brought about the abolition of the Labour government's National Identity Card and database scheme and reformed the regulations on the retention of DNA samples for suspects and controls on the use of CCTV cameras. In May 2010, May announced the adjournment of the deportation to the United States of alleged computer hacker Gary McKinnon. She also suspended the registration scheme for carers of children and vulnerable people, with May saying that the measures were "draconian. You were assumed to be guilty until you were proven innocent, and told you were able to work with children." On 4 August 2010 it was reported that May was scrapping the former Labour government's proposed "go orders" scheme to protect women from domestic violence by banning abusers from the victim's home.
In June 2010, May faced her first major national security incident as Home Secretary with the Cumbria shootings. She delivered her first major speech in the House of Commons as Home Secretary in a statement on this incident, later visiting the victims with the Prime Minister. Also in June 2010, May banned the Indian Muslim preacher Zakir Naik from entering the United Kingdom. According to The Telegraph, a Home Office official who disagreed with this decision was suspended. In late June 2010, May announced plans for a temporary cap on UK visas for non-EU migrants. The move raised concerns about the impact on the British economy.
In August 2013 May supported the detention of David Miranda, partner of Guardian journalist Glenn Greenwald under the Terrorism Act 2000, saying that critics of the Metropolitan Police action needed to "think about what they are condoning". Lib Dem peer and former Director of Public Prosecutions Ken Macdonald accused May of an "ugly and unhelpful" attempt to implicate those who were concerned about the police action of "condoning terrorism". The High Court subsequently acknowledged there were "indirect implications for press freedom" but ruled the detention legal.
May also championed legislation popularly dubbed the Snooper's Charter, requiring internet and mobile service providers to keep records of internet usage, voice calls, messages and email for up to a year in case police requested access to the records whilst investigating a crime. The Liberal Democrats had blocked the first attempt, but after the Conservative Party obtained a majority in the 2015 general election May announced a new Draft Investigatory Powers Bill similar to the Draft Communications Data Bill, although with more limited powers and additional oversight.
Police and crime
Speaking at the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) conference on 29 June 2010, May announced radical cuts to the Home Office budget, likely to lead to a reduction in police numbers. In July 2010, May presented the House of Commons with proposals for a fundamental review of the previous Labour government's security and counter-terrorism legislation, including "stop and search" powers, and her intention to review the 28-day limit on detaining terrorist suspects without charge.
On 26 July 2010, May announced a package of reforms to policing in England and Wales in the House of Commons. The previous Labour Government's central crime agency, Soca (Serious Organised Crime Agency), was to be replaced by a new National Crime Agency. In common with the Conservative Party 2010 general election manifesto's flagship proposal for a "Big Society" based on voluntary action, May also proposed increasing the role of civilian "reservists" for crime control. The reforms were rejected by the Opposition Labour Party.
Following the actions of some members of Black Bloc in vandalising allegedly tax-avoiding shops and businesses on the day of 26 March TUC march, the Home Secretary unveiled reforms curbing the right to protest, including giving police extra powers to remove masked individuals and to police social networking sites to prevent illegal protest without police consent or notification.
In July 2013, May welcomed the fact that crime had fallen by more than ten percent under the coalition government, while still being able to make savings. She said that this was partly due to the government removing red tape and scrapping targets to allow the police to concentrate on crime fighting.
When you remember the list of recent revelations about police misconduct, it is not enough to mouth platitudes about "a few bad apples". The problem might lie with a minority of officers, but it is still a significant problem, and a problem that needs to be addressed ... according to one survey carried out recently, only 42% of black people from a Caribbean background trust the police. That is simply not sustainable ... I will soon publish proposals to strengthen the protections available to whistleblowers in the police. I am creating a new criminal offence of police corruption. And I am determined that the use of stop and search must come down, become more targeted and lead to more arrests.
On 9 December 2010, in the wake of violent student demonstrations in central London against increases to higher-education tuition fees, May praised the actions of the police in controlling the demonstrations but was described by The Daily Telegraph as "under growing political pressure" due to her handling of the protests.
In December 2010, May declared that deployment of water cannon by police forces in mainland Britain was an operational decision which had been "resisted until now by senior police officers." She rejected their use following the widespread rioting in Summer 2011 and said: "the way we police in Britain is not through use of water cannon. The way we police in Britain is through consent of communities." May said: "I condemn utterly the violence in Tottenham.... Such disregard for public safety and property will not be tolerated, and the Metropolitan Police have my full support in restoring order."
In the aftermath of the riots May urged the identification of as many as possible of the young criminals involved. She said: "when I was in Manchester last week, the issue was raised to me about the anonymity of juveniles who are found guilty of crimes of this sort. The Crown Prosecution Service is to order prosecutors to apply for anonymity to be lifted in any youth case they think is in the public interest. The law currently protects the identity of any suspect under the age of 18, even if they are convicted, but it also allows for an application to have such restrictions lifted, if deemed appropriate." May added that "what I've asked for is that CPS guidance should go to prosecutors to say that where possible, they should be asking for the anonymity of juveniles who are found guilty of criminal activity to be lifted."
On 28 July 2010, May proposed to review the previous Labour Government's anti-social behaviour legislation signalling the abolition of the "Anti-Social Behaviour Order" (ASBO). She identified the policy's high level of failure with almost half of ASBOs breached between 2000 and 2008, leading to "fast-track" criminal convictions. May proposed a less punitive, community-based approach to tackling social disorder. May suggested that anti-social behaviour policy "must be turned on its head", reversing the ASBO's role as the flagship crime control policy legislation under Labour. Former Labour Home Secretaries David Blunkett (who introduced ASBOs) and Alan Johnson expressed their disapproval of the proposals.
In July 2013, May decided to ban the stimulant khat, against the advice of the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD). The council reached the conclusion that there was "insufficient evidence" it caused health problems. Explaining the change in the classification May said: "The decision to bring khat under control is finely balanced and takes into account the expert scientific advice and these broader concerns", and pointed out that the product had already been banned in the majority of other EU member states, as well as most of the G8 countries including Canada and the US. A report on khat use by the ACMD published in January 2013 had noted the product had been associated with "acute psychotic episodes", "chronic liver disease" and family breakdown. However, it concluded that there is no risk of harm for most users, and recommended that khat remain uncontrolled due to lack of evidence for these associations.
Liberal Democrat minister Norman Baker accused May of suppressing proposals to treat rather than prosecute minor drug offenders from a report into drug policy commissioned by the Home Office. The Home Office denied that its officials had considered this as part of their strategy. Baker cited difficulties in working with May as the reason for his resignation from the Home Office in the run-up to the 2015 general election.
In 2010, May promised to bring the level of net migration down to less than 100,000. In February 2015, The Independent reported, "The Office for National Statistics (ONS) announced a net flow of 298,000 migrants to the UK in the 12 months to September 2014 – up from 210,000 in the previous year." In total, 624,000 people migrated to the UK in the year ending September 2014 and 327,000 left in the same period. Statistics showed "significant increases in migration among both non-EU citizens – up 49,000 to 292,000 – and EU citizens, which rose by 43,000 to 251,000."
May rejected the European Union's proposal of compulsory refugee quotas. She said that it was important to help people living in war-zone regions and refugee camps but "not the ones who are strong and rich enough to come to Europe". In May 2016, The Daily Telegraph reported that she had tried to save £4m by rejecting an intelligence project to use aircraft surveillance to detect illegal immigrant boats.
On 11 June 2012, May, as Home Secretary, announced to Parliament that new restrictions would be introduced, intended to reduce the number of non-European Economic Area family migrants. The changes were mostly intended to apply to new applicants after 9 July 2012. The new rules came into effect from 9 July 2012 allowing only those British citizens earning more than £18,600 to bring their spouse or their child to live with them in the UK. This figure would rise significantly in cases where visa applications are also made for children. They also increased the current two-year probationary period for partners to five years. The rules also prevent any adult and elderly dependents from settling in the UK unless they can demonstrate that, as a result of age, illness or disability, they require a level of long-term personal care that can only be provided by a relative in the UK.
An MP,[who?] who was concerned about this, addressed May in Parliament as to whether she had examined the impact on communities and families on modest incomes, but he received no direct response. Liberty concluded that the new rules showed scant regard to the impact they would have on genuine families. The All-Party Parliamentary Group on Migration conducted an evidence based inquiry into the impact of the rules and concluded in their report that the rules were causing very young children to be separated from their parents and could exile British citizens from the UK.
At the Conservative Party Conference on 4 October 2011, while arguing that the Human Rights Act needed to be amended, May gave the example of a foreign national who the Courts ruled was allowed to remain in the UK, "because – and I am not making this up – he had a pet cat". In response, the Royal Courts of Justice issued a statement, denying that this was the reason for the tribunal's decision in that case, and stating that the real reason was that he was in a genuine relationship with a British partner, and owning a pet cat was simply one of many pieces of evidence given to show that the relationship was "genuine". The Home Office had failed to apply its own rules for dealing with unmarried partners of people settled in the UK. Amnesty International said May's comments only fuelled "myths and misconceptions" about the Human Rights Act and Justice Secretary Kenneth Clarke subsequently called May's comments "laughable and childlike."
In June 2012, May was found in contempt of court by Judge Barry Cotter, and stood accused of "totally unacceptable and regrettable behaviour", being said to have shown complete disregard for a legal agreement to free an Algerian from a UK Immigration Detention Centre. As she eventually allowed the prisoner to be freed, May avoided further sanctions including fines or imprisonment.
May responded to a Supreme Court decision in November 2013 to overturn her predecessor Jacqui Smith's revocation of Iraqi-born terror suspect Al Jedda's British citizenship by ordering it to be revoked for a second time, making him the first person to be stripped twice of British citizenship.
May was accused by Lord Roberts of being willing to allow someone to die "to score a political point" over the deportation of mentally ill Nigerian man Isa Muazu. According to Muazu's solicitor, May had arranged for the asylum seeker, who was said to be "near death" after a 100-day hunger strike, to be deported by a chartered private jet. To strengthen the Home Office's tough stance an "end of life" plan was reportedly offered to Muazu, who was one of a number of hunger strikers at the Harmondsworth Immigration Removal Centre.
Abu Qatada deportation
On 7 July 2013, Abu Qatada, a radical cleric arrested in 2002, was deported to Jordan after a decade-long battle that had cost the nation £1.7 million in legal fees, and numerous prior Home Secretaries had been unable to resolve. The deportation was the result of a treaty negotiated by May in April 2013, under which Jordan agreed to give Qatada a fair trial, and to refrain from torturing him.
May has frequently pointed to Qatada's deportation as a triumph, guaranteeing in September 2013 that "he will not be returning to the UK", and declaring in her 2016 leadership campaign announcement that she was told that she "couldn't deport Abu Qatada" but that she "flew to Jordan and negotiated the treaty that got him out of Britain for good". The Qatada deportation also shaped May's views on the European Convention on Human Rights and European Court of Human Rights, saying that they had "moved the goalposts" and had a "crazy interpretation of our human rights laws", as a result, May has since campaigned against the institutions, saying that British withdrawal from them should be considered.
In mid 2014, the Passport Office faced a backlog in developing processing passport applications, with around 30,000 applications hit by delays. David Cameron suggested this had come about due to the Passport Office's receiving an "above normal" 300,000-rise in applications. It was revealed, however, that May had been warned the year before, in July 2013, that a surge of 350,000 extra applications could occur owing to the closure of processing overseas under Chancellor Osborne's programme of cuts. Around £674,000 was paid to staff who helped clear the backlog.
Birmingham schools row
In June 2014, an inflamed public argument arose between Home Office and Education Ministers about responsibility for alleged extremism in Birmingham schools. Prime Minister David Cameron intervened to resolve the row, insisting that May sack her Special Advisor Fiona Cunningham (now Hill) for releasing on May's website a confidential letter to May's colleagues, and that Michael Gove, the Education Secretary, apologise to the Home Office's head of Security and Counter-Terrorism, Charles Farr, for uncomplimentary briefings of him appearing on the front page of The Times.
Minister for Women and Equalities
May's appointment as Minister for Women and Equality was criticised by some members of the LGBT rights movement, because she had voted against lowering the age of consent (in 1998) and against greater adoption rights for homosexuals (in 2002), though she had voted in favour of civil partnerships. May later stated, during an appearance on the BBC's Question Time, that she had "changed her mind" on gay adoption. Writing for PinkNews in June 2010, May clarified her proposals for improving LGBT rights including measures to tackle homophobia in sport, advocating British society's need for "cultural change".
On 2 July 2010, May stated she would be supporting the previous Labour Government's Anti-Discrimination Laws enshrined in the Equality Act 2010 despite having opposed it before. The Equality Act came into effect in England, Wales and Scotland on 1 October 2010. She did however announce that a clause she dubbed "Harman's Law" which would have required public bodies to consider how they can reduce socio-economic inequalities when making decisions about spending and services would be scrapped on the grounds that it was "unworkable".
On 30 June 2016, May announced her candidacy for the leadership of the Conservative Party to replace David Cameron, who resigned after the outcome of the European Union membership referendum, in which 52% of voters voted in favour of leaving the EU. May emphasised the need for unity within the party regardless of positions about leaving the EU and said she could bring "strong leadership" and a "positive vision" for the country's future. Despite having backed a vote to remain in the EU, she insisted that there would be no second referendum, saying: "The campaign was fought... and the public gave their verdict. There must be no attempts to remain inside the EU, no attempts to rejoin it through the back door.... Brexit means Brexit", she said, adding that Article 50 (the formal notification of Britain's exit from the EU) should not be filed until the end of 2016. On the issue of immigration, she agreed that there was a need to regain more control of the number of people who come to Britain from Europe. Under questioning she conceded that it would not be possible to completely prevent immigration to the UK.
In a Sky Data Snap Poll on 30 June 47% of people said that May was their preferred Conservative candidate to be prime minister. May's supporters included a number of Cabinet ministers, such as Amber Rudd, Chris Grayling, Justine Greening, Jeremy Hunt, Michael Fallon and Patrick McLoughlin.
May won the first round of voting on 5 July, receiving support from 165 MPs, while Andrea Leadsom received 66 votes and Michael Gove collected 48. According to The Guardian, May was "almost certain to be among the final two candidates." After the results were announced, May said she was "pleased" and "grateful" for the support of other MPs and confirmed that she wanted to unite the party and the UK, to negotiate the "best possible deal as we leave the EU", and to "make Britain work for everyone". The two candidates with the fewest votes, Liam Fox and Stephen Crabb, immediately announced their support for May. May came in first place in the second ballot on 7 July with an overwhelming majority of 199 MPs against 84 for Leadsom and 46 for Gove, who was eliminated. Afterwards, May stated that she was delighted with her support among MPs, and she progressed to a vote of the Conservative Party membership against Leadsom
|Wikinews has related news: Theresa May to become UK Prime Minister as opposition begins leadership election|
On 11 July, Leadsom announced her withdrawal from the leadership contest hours after May had made her first campaign speech, citing her lack of support amongst Conservative MPs as being a hindrance to becoming a credible prime minister. As the sole remaining candidate, May was declared Leader of the Conservative Party that evening. Soon after she became Leader of the Conservative Party by default on 11 July 2016, David Cameron announced that he would tender his resignation as prime minister two days later, making May the UK's second female Prime Minister after Margaret Thatcher.
After being appointed by Queen Elizabeth II on 13 July 2016, May became only the second female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after Margaret Thatcher, and the first female British Prime Minister of the 21st century. May told the media that she was "honoured and humbled" to become Prime Minister.
Responding to some calls for an early general election to confirm her mandate, "sources close to Mrs May" said there would be no such election. In a speech after her appointment, May emphasised the term "Unionist" in the name of the Conservative Party, reminding all of "the precious, precious bond between England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland." By 15 July, May had travelled to Edinburgh to meet with First Minister Nicola Sturgeon to reinforce the bond between Scotland and the rest of the United Kingdom. "I'm coming here to show my commitment to preserving this special union that has endured for centuries," she explained.
May also appointed new Cabinet members, in what Reuters called "one of the most sweeping government reshuffles for decades", which was also described as "a brutal cull" by The Daily Telegraph. Nine of Cameron's ministers, including several prominent members, were sacked or resigned from their posts. The early appointments were interpreted both as an effort to reunite the Conservative Party in the wake of the UK's vote to leave the European Union and as "a shift to the right," according to The Guardian. ITV's Political Editor Robert Peston commented: "Her rhetoric is more left-wing than Cameron's was, her cabinet is more right-wing than his was."
Although May had supported remaining in the EU, she appointed prominent advocates of Brexit (Britain voting to leave the EU) to key cabinet positions responsible for negotiating the United Kingdom withdrawal from the European Union, including Foreign Secretary, Brexit Secretary, and International Trade Secretary. Overall, of the 25 members of the May ministry (including May), seven supported Brexit, while the other 18 supported Remain. She appointed former Mayor of London Boris Johnson as Foreign Secretary, former Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change Amber Rudd her new Home Secretary and former Foreign Secretary and Defence Secretary Philip Hammond as her Chancellor of the Exchequer.
May abolished the Department for Energy and Climate Change, which means that now climate change is included in the scope of a new Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. The move was criticised by Greenpeace which expressed concern the new government failed to see the threat from climate change; by Friends of the Earth which said climate change is happening now while the new government lowers its priority; and the New Economics Foundation environmental economist, Stephen Devlin, who said: "Tackling climate change is an era-defining challenge that must direct and determine what industries we develop, what transport infrastructure we construct, how we manage our land and what our diets look like. It requires a central co-ordinated strategy; if we leave it to the afterthoughts of other departments we will fail." The future direction of May's government over climate change is uncertain. Rachel Kyte called for commitment to investment in greener energy supply, claiming that investment in greener energy would stimulate the economy and boost jobs at a time of economic uncertainty.
The May Ministry delayed the final approval for the Hinkley Point C nuclear power station in July 2016, a project which May had objected to when she was Home Secretary. Her political adviser Nick Timothy wrote an article in 2015 to oppose China's involvement in sensitive sectors. He said that the government was "selling our national security to China" without rational concerns and "the Government seems intent on ignoring the evidence and presumably the advice of the security and intelligence agencies."
In July 2016, when George Kerevan asked her whether she would be prepared to authorise the killing of a hundred thousand innocent persons by a nuclear strike; during the "Trident debate" inside the House of Commons, May said "Yes. And I have to say to the honourable gentleman: the whole point of a deterrent is that our enemies need to know that we would be prepared to use it. Unlike some suggestions that we could have a nuclear deterrent but not actually be willing to use it, which come from the Labour Party frontbench."
On 20 July, May attended her first Prime Minister's Questions since taking office, then afterwards made her first overseas trip as prime minister, visiting Berlin for talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel. During the visit, May said that she would not trigger Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon–the process for withdrawing from the European Union–before 2017, suggesting it would take time for the UK to negotiate a "sensible and orderly departure" from the EU. However, although Merkel said it was right for the UK to "take a moment" before beginning the process, she urged May to provide more clarity on a timetable for negotiations. Shortly before travelling to Berlin, May had also announced that in the wake of the referendum, Britain would relinquish the presidency of the Council of the European Union, which passes between member states every six months on a rotation basis, and that the UK had been scheduled to hold in the second half of 2017.
May supported the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen and defended selling arms to Saudi Arabia, which is accused of committing war crimes in Yemen, insisting that Britain's close relationship with Saudi Arabia was "helping keep people on the streets of Britain safe".
On 21 January 2017, following the inauguration of Donald Trump as US President, the White House announced that May would meet the President on 27 January, making her the first foreign leader to meet Trump since he took office on 20 January.
May had a high approval rating during her first week as Prime Minister. The results of an Ipsos MORI survey released on 14 July indicated that 55 percent of those surveyed believed that May was a suitable PM while only 23 percent believed that the Opposition Leader Jeremy Corbyn would make a good Prime Minister.
Describing her as a liberal Conservative, the Financial Times characterised May as a "non-ideological politician with a ruthless streak who gets on with the job", in doing so comparing her to German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Conversely, in The Independent, Rebecca Glover of the Policy Innovation Research Unit contrasted May to Boris Johnson, claiming that she was "staunchly more conservative, more anti-immigration, and more isolationist" than he.
During her leadership campaign, May said that "We need an economy that works for everyone", pledging to crack down on executive pay by making shareholders' votes binding rather than advisory and to put workers onto company boards, policies that The Guardian describes as going further than the Labour Party's 2015 general election manifesto.
After she became Prime Minister, May's first speech espoused the left, with a promise to combat the "burning injustice" in British society and to create a union "between all of our citizens" and promising to be an advocate for the "ordinary working-class family" and not for the affluent in the UK. "The government I lead will be driven not by the interests of the privileged few but by yours. We will do everything we can to give you more control over your lives. ... When we take the big calls, we’ll think not of the powerful, but you. When we pass new laws we’ll listen not to the mighty, but to you. When it comes to taxes we’ll prioritise not the wealthy but you."
In May 2012, May expressed support for the introduction of same-sex marriage by recording a video for the Out4Marriage campaign. May became one of the first high-profile Conservative MPs to pledge personal support for same-sex marriage. She explained, "I believe if two people care for each other, if they love each other, if they want to commit to each other... then they should be able to get married and marriage should be for everyone".
May supported the UK remaining in the EU during the 2016 referendum campaign, but did not campaign extensively in the referendum and criticised aspects of the EU in a speech. It was speculated by political journalists that May had sought to minimise her involvement in the debate to strengthen her position as a future candidate for the Conservative party leadership.
Prior to the Brexit referendum May said privately,
I think the economic arguments are clear. I think being part of a 500-million trading bloc is significant for us. I think, as I was saying to you a little earlier, that one of the issues is that a lot of people will invest here in the UK because it is the UK in Europe. If we were not in Europe, I think there would be firms and companies who would be looking to say, do they need to develop a mainland Europe presence rather than a UK presence? So I think there are definite benefits for us in economic terms.
May also said Britain was more secure as part of the EU due to the European arrest warrant and Europe wide information sharing among other factors. She said, "There are definitely things we can do as members of the European Union that I think keep us more safe".
This contrasts with May's public reticence during the referendum campaign which led to criticism from David Cameron among others and charges of hypocrisy. It also contrasts with her position in autumn 2016. Lib Dem leader, Tim Farron said, it was "disappointing that Theresa May lacked the political courage to warn the public as she did a bunch of bankers in private about the devastating economic effects of Brexit. More disappointing is that now she is supposedly in charge, she is blithely ignoring her own warnings and is prepared to inflict an act of monumental self-harm on the UK economy by pulling Britain out of the single market." Phil Wilson for the 'Open Britain' group said, "It's good to know that privately Theresa May thinks what many of us have been saying publicly for a long time, leaving the single market would be bad for businesses and for our economy. Now she is prime minister, Theresa May is in an unrivalled position to act on her previous concerns, starting by putting membership of the single market at the heart of her government's negotiating position."
May has been married to Philip May, an investment banker currently employed by Capital International, since 6 September 1980; the couple have no children. It is widely believed that former Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto introduced the two during their time at Oxford. May has expressed regret that she and her husband were not able to have children. The Mays are passionate hikers, and they regularly spend their holidays hiking in the Swiss Alps. May is also a passionate cricket fan, claiming Geoffrey Boycott was one of her sporting heroes.
May is a member of the Church of England and regularly worships at church on Sunday. The daughter of an Anglican priest, the Reverend Hubert Brasier, May has said that her Christian faith "is part of me. It is part of who I am and therefore how I approach things".
May is known for a love of fashion and in particular distinctive shoes, wearing leopard-print shoes at her 'Nasty Party' speech in 2002, as well as her final Cabinet meeting as Home Secretary in 2016. On Desert Island Discs in 2014 she chose a subscription to Vogue as her luxury item. However she has been critical of the media focusing on her fashion instead of her achievements as a politician.
Since coming into prominence as a front-bench politician, May's public image has divided media opinion, especially from some in the traditionalist right-wing press. Commenting on May's debut as Home Secretary, Anne Perkins of The Guardian observed that "she'll be nobody's stooge", while Cristina Odone of The Daily Telegraph predicted her to be "the rising star" of the Coalition Government. Allegra Stratton, then with The Guardian, praised May as showing managerial acumen.
Her parliamentary expenses have been "modest" in recent years (about £15,000 from 2005 to 2009).
Activism and awards
Prior to and since her appointment to Government, May actively supports a variety of campaigns on policy issues in her constituency and at the national level of politics. She has spoken at the Fawcett Society promoting the cross-party issue of gender equality. May was nominated as one of the Society's Inspiring Women of 2006.
She is the Patron of Reading University Conservative Association, the largest political student group in Berkshire (the county of her Maidenhead constituency). In February 2013, BBC Radio 4's Woman's Hour already described her as Britain's second-most powerful woman after Queen Elizabeth II.
Titles and honours
- Pronounced //
- Rentoul, John (1 July 2016). "Boring and competent Theresa May is what the nation needs after shock Brexit vote". The Independent. London. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- The International Who's Who. Europa Publications. 2004. p. 1114.
- BRASIER, Hubert, Crockford's Clerical Directory 1977–79, Oxford University Press
- "Conservative Leader Hopefuls Have Faith". Church Times. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Davies, Ben (22 May 2001). "Vote 2001: Key People Theresa May Education and Employment". BBC News. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS.
- "Famous family trees: Theresa May". Blog.findmypast.co.uk. 19 March 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- McSmith, Andy; Morris, Nigel. "Theresa May: Iron lady in waiting". The Independent. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
- Mendick, Robert (9 July 2016). "The Oxford romance that has guided Theresa May from tragedy to triumph". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Brasier, Hubert (1973). A Guide to the Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin, Wheatley. Gloucester: British Pub. Co. ISBN 0714009741.
- Kite, Melissa (15 May 2011). "How clashes with Theresa May led Dame Pauline Neville Jones to quit". The Sunday Telegraph. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- "Screaming arrival". BBC News. 8 May 2000. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- The Little Book of Oxfordshire – Paul Sullivan. New York: History Press. 2012. ISBN 978-0-7524-8243-9. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- "Girls were taught in idyllic surroundings at Holton Park". Oxford Mail. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- "Oxford University class list." The Times (London). 11 July 1977. p. 14.
- "As Theresa May makes a bid for prime minister we look at her first foray into politics". ITV News. 7 July 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
- Day, Elizabeth (27 July 2014). "Theresa May – what lies beyond the public image?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
- Mendick, Robert (9 July 2016). "The Oxford romance that has guided Theresa May from tragedy to triumph". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Atkinson, Jane. "Passenger in car that collided with Theresa May's father reveals shock of discovering victim's identity". The Sun. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
- "Former Merton councillor Theresa May to become prime minister today". Wimbledon Guardian. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- Knowles, Elizabeth (23 August 2007). Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 217. ISBN 978-0-19-920895-1.
- Childs, Sarah (8 April 2008). Women and British Party Politics: Descriptive, Substantive and Symbolic Representation. Routledge. pp. 21–22. ISBN 978-1-134-21157-9.
- "Howard unveils his top team". BBC News. 10 November 2003. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- Sapsted, By Brendan Carlin and David. "Defiant Kennedy takes 'decapitation' strategy into Tory heartland". Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- "Theresa May flies the flag for women in Government". The Independent. London. Press Association. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
- "National Security Council". Gov.uk. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- Morris, Nigel. "Theresa May is surprise choice to be Home Secretary". The Independent. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
- "Cabinet update: Theresa May is surprise Home Sec". The Week. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
- "Identity cards to be scrapped within 100 days". The Independent. London. Press Association. 27 May 2010. Archived from the original on 30 May 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "Identity cards set to be scrapped". BBC News. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- Sugden, Joanna (21 May 2010). "Pentagon hacker Gary McKinnon wins extradition reprieve". The Times. London. Retrieved 28 October 2010. (subscription required)
- Coughlan, Sean (15 June 2010). "Child abuse vetting scheme cancelled as 'draconian'". BBC News. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
- "Vetting and Barring Scheme registration halted" (Press release). Home Office. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
- Morris, Nigel (4 August 2010). "Theresa May scraps power to band domestic abusers from victims' homes". The Independent. London. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
- "Home Secretary makes statement on events in Cumbria" (Press release). Home Office. 2 June 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "Gunman kills 12 people in Cumbria rampage". BBC News. 2 June 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "Theresa May updating MPs on Cumbria shootings". BBC News. 3 June 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "Cameron visit after gun killings". BBC News. 4 June 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "Cumbria shootings". The Daily Telegraph. London. 4 June 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "Indian preacher Zakir Naik is banned from UK". BBC News. 18 June 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Hope, Christopher (3 August 2010). "Home Office officials Should Quit". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
- Morris, Nigel (26 June 2010). "Theresa May to press ahead with cap on migration". The Independent. London. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- "Interim cap on non-EU migrant workers coming to UK". BBC News. 26 June 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- Watt, Nicholas (22 August 2013). "Theresa May attacked for comments on critics of David Miranda's detention". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Travis, Alan; Taylor, Matthew; Wintour, Patrick (19 February 2014). "David Miranda detention at Heathrow airport was lawful, high court rules". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- Gayle, Damien (9 May 2015). "Theresa May to revive her 'snooper's charter' now Lib Dem brakes are off". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- "Theresa May says 'contentious' parts of web surveillance plan dropped". BBC. 1 November 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- "Britain to present new watered down surveillance bill". Reuters. 1 November 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- "Police must do more". BBC News. 29 June 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
- "Counter-terrorism measures to face government review". BBC News. 13 July 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- "May announces scope of anti-terror law review". BBC Democracy Live. 13 July 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- "Radical police shake-up announced". BBC News. 26 July 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Police may be given new powers after cuts protest, says home secretary". The Guardian. London. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
- "Police may get social media crime powers". publicservice.co.uk Ltd. 29 March 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
- "Crime is down by more than 10% under this government" (Press release). Home Office. 18 July 2013.
- Robinson, Nick (21 May 2014). "May tells police – change or be changed". BBC News. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
- May, Theresa. "The police must change and so must the Federation". Gov.uk. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
- Kirkup, James (10 December 2010). "Royal car attack: How did the police get it so wrong". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
- "Royal car is attacked by protesters". Sky News. 9 December 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2010.[dead link]
- Porter, Andrew (12 December 2010). "Police could use water cannon to disperse rioters, Theresa May says". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- "London riots: Police patrol streets after violence". BBC News. 7 August 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- Whitehead, Tom (14 August 2011). "UK riots: Juveniles could be named and shamed, says Theresa May". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- "Time to 'move beyond ASBOS' says Home Secretary May". BBC News. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- "Home Secretary signals the end of Asbos". The Daily Telegraph. London. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
- Johnson, Wesley (28 July 2010). "Approach to anti-social behaviour "must be turned on its head"". The Independent. London. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- "Herbal stimulant khat to be banned". BBC News. 3 July 2013.
- "May under fire for banning khat". London Evening Standard. 3 July 2013.
- ACMD Report on Khat. 2013.
- "Norman Baker reveals drugs proposals Theresa May stripped from report". The Guardian. London. 27 December 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- "Ex-minister Norman Baker leaks details on Home Secretary's drug stance". The Independent. London. 26 December 2014. Archived from the original on 26 December 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- "Norman Baker: I resign – and it's Theresa May's fault". The Independent. London. 3 November 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- "Norman Baker resigns as Home Office minister". The Guardian. London. 3 November 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- "Norman Baker quits as Home Office minister". BBC News. 3 November 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- "Norman Baker resigns from Government". The Daily Telegraph. London. 3 November 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- "Theresa May to tell Tory conference that mass migration threatens UK cohesion". The Guardian. London. 6 October 2015.
- Grice, Andrew (26 February 2015). "David Cameron immigration pledge 'failed spectacularly' as figures show net migration almost three times as high as Tories promised". The Independent. London. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
- Travis, Alan (11 May 2015). "Home secretary hardens refusal to accept EU resettlement programme". The Guardian (London).
- "Mother Angela: Merkel's Refugee Policy Divides Europe". Der Spiegel. 21 September 2015.
- Dominiczak, Peter (31 May 2016). "Theresa May scrapped aerial border surveillance despite warnings from former security minister". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 11 Jun 2012 (pt 0002)". UK Parliament. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Grower, Melanie (18 December 2012). "Changes to Immigration Rules for family members – Commons Library Standard Note SN06353". Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- Mair, Lucy (18 July 2012). "Supreme court strikes down Home Office's back-door changes to immigration rules". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- Salehi, Yusef; Robinson, Rachel (June 2012). "Liberty's briefing on the Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules" (PDF). Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- Grove-White, Ruth (June 2013). "Report of the inquiry into new family migration rules" (PDF). Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- "Theresa May under fire over deportation cat claim". BBC News. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- "Clarke hits out at 'childish remarks'". Nottingham Post. 6 October 2011. Archived from the original on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
- "Theresa May under fire over deportation cat claim".
- "Theresa May accused of unacceptable and regrettable behaviour by judge". The Daily Telegraph. London. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
- "Home Secretary, Theresa May, found guilty of contempt of court over UK Immigration issue". UK Immigration Barristers blog. 21 June 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
- "Home Secretary Theresa May strips man of UK citizenship – for the second time". The Independent. London. 1 December 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- "Home Secretary strips man of UK citizenship – for the second time". The Bureau of Investigative Journalism. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- "Terror suspect Hilal Al-Jedda stripped of UK citizenship". BBC News. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Travis, Alan (29 November 2013). "Failed asylum seeker deported from UK after 100-day hunger strike". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- Allison, Eric (16 November 2013). "Home Office issues 'end of life plan' to hunger-striking asylum seeker". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- Ttavis, Alan (8 July 2013). "Theresa May criticises human rights convention after Abu Qatada affair". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- "Abu Qatada deported from UK to stand trial in Jordan". BBC News. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- "Abu Qatada timeline". BBC News. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- Halliday, Josh (24 September 2014). "Abu Qatada will not be allowed back in UK, says Theresa May". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- Rentoul, John (1 July 2016). "Boring and competent Theresa May is what the nation needs after the shock of the Brexit vote". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- "Up to 30,000 passports hit by delays, says David Cameron". BBC News. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- Mason, Rowena; et al. (11 June 2014). "Cameron accuses Miliband of scaring holidaymakers over passports backlog". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- Warrell, Helen (12 June 2014). "May ignored passport office warnings, says Labour Party". Financial Times. London. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- Syal, Rajeev (5 September 2014). "Passport Office staff given up to £674,000 in bonuses amid delays". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- Brogan, Benedict (4 June 2014). "Theresa May is angry. Really angry". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- Young, Toby (4 June 2014). "Five things you need to know about Theresa May's row with Michael Gove". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- "Home Office Quietly Deletes Letter To Michael Gove on Islamic Extremism (But It's Still on Google)". buzzfeed.com. 6 June 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Michael Gove apologises over 'Trojan Horse' row with Theresa May". BBC. 8 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- Helm, Toby; Boffey, Daniel; Mansell, Warwick (7 June 2014). "Furious Cameron slaps down Gove and May over 'Islamic extremism' row". The Observer. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- Maria Miller becomes culture secretary, The Guardian, 4 September 2012, Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- "Analysis: How pro-gay is the new home secretary and minister for equality Theresa May?". Pink News. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "Theresa May MP, Maidenhead, Homosexuality – Equal rights". The Public Whip. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- Coates, Sam; Jagger, Susz (14 May 2010). "From senior to junior – demoted Tories lose seats at the top table". The Times. London. Retrieved 28 October 2010. (subscription required)
- "I've changed my mind on gay adoption, says Theresa May". BBC News. 20 May 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "Theresa May says sportsmen and newspaper editors must 'take action' against homophobia". Pink News. 18 June 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
- "Labour to stick with Labour's Equality Act". BBC News. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
- "New equality rights in workplace come into force". BBC News. 1 October 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
- Hope, Christopher (17 November 2010). "Theresa May axes Harman's Law". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
- Kirkup, James (9 September 2009). "Middle classes to lose out under Harman's equality plan". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
- "Theresa May shelves 'equality duty' on councils". BBC News. 17 November 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
- Carr, Harry (30 June 2016). "Theresa May Is Britons' Favourite For PM – Poll". Sky News. Sky UK. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
The other candidates lagged far behind, with Michael Gove on 9%
- Asthana, Anushka (1 July 2016). "Tory party leadership: support for Theresa May surges as Gove struggles". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- "Conservative leadership election: Theresa May wins more than half of MPs' votes as Liam Fox is knocked out of race". The Guardian. London. 5 July 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- "Tory leadership: Theresa May tops first vote but Liam Fox out". BBC News. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
She added: "I am the only candidate capable of delivering these three things as prime minister, and tonight it is clear that I am also the only one capable of drawing support from the whole of the Conservative Party."
- Asthana, Anushka. "May takes big lead as Fox and Crabb drop out". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- "Theresa May v Andrea Leadsom to be next prime minister". BBC News. 8 July 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- Cowburn, Ashley (7 July 2016). "Tory leadership election". The Independent. London. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "May to take over as UK PM by Wednesday". Financial Times. 11 July 2016.
- "Theresa May to succeed Cameron as UK PM on Wednesday". BBC News. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
The timing of the handover of power from David Cameron looks set to be after PM's questions on Wednesday.
- "Theresa May gives first speech as leader of the Conservative party". The Telegraph. London, UK. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- Adam.Vallance (12 July 2016). "The Queen received in audience The Right Honourable Theresa May". Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- McKenzie, Sheena (14 July 2016). "Theresa May becomes new British Prime Minister". CNN.com. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- "Theresa May to succeed Cameron as Unitied Kingdom Prime Minister on Wednesday". BBC News. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- List of elected or appointed female heads of government
- "Tributes for David Cameron at his final cabinet as UK PM". BBC News. 12 July 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- "Theresa May: Word unionist 'very important to me'". BBC News. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- Stewart, Heather (14 July 2016). "Theresa May's decisive reshuffle draws line under Cameron era". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- Holton, Kate; Pitas, Costas (14 July 2016). "May builds new-look Brexit cabinet to steer EU divorce". Reuters. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- Hughes, Laura (14 July 2016). "Theresa May appoints Justine Greening and Liz Truss after mass cull of old government sees Michael Gove and Nicky Morgan axed". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- Stewart, Heather (13 July 2016). "Theresa May appeals to centre ground but cabinet tilts to the right". The Guardian.
- Peston, Robert (14 July 2016). "May appoints right wing cabinet for left wing agenda". ITV News. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- James, William; MacLellan, Kylie (15 July 2016). "May Builds New-Look Brexit Cabinet to Steer EU Divorce". Reuters. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- "Who is David Davis? A profile of Britain's new 'Brexit Secretary'". The Daily Telegraph. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- Johnston, Ian (14 July 2016). "Climate change department shut down by Theresa May in 'plain stupid' and 'deeply worrying' move". The Independent. London. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- Le Page, Michael (15 July 2016). "What Theresa May's new cabinet really means for climate change". New Scientist. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- Harvey, Fiona (13 July 2016). "Theresa May must step up efforts to green the UK's energy supply, says UN". The Guardian. London.
- "Why have ministers delayed final approval for Hinkley Point C?". The Guardian. London. 29 July 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
- "Theresa May 'raised objections to project as home secretary'". The Guardian. 30 July 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
- "Nick Timothy: The Government is selling our national security to China". Conservative Home. 20 October 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
- Members of the House of Commons (18 July 2016). FULL VIDEO : Trident Debate – Theresa May Vs Jeremy Corbyn – UK Parliament – Nuclear Weapons Vote (Video recording). Hous of Commons, London: EU Debate. Event occurs at 19 minutes and 33 seconds in. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
- "Brexit: Theresa May says talks won't start in 2016". BBC News. 20 July 2016. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
- Mason, Rowena; Oltermann, Philip (20 July 2016). "Angela Merkel backs Theresa May's plan not to trigger Brexit this year". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
- "Theresa May claims selling arms to Saudi Arabia helps 'keep people on the streets of Britain safe'". The Independent. 7 September 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- "UK accused of blocking UN inquiry into claim of war crimes in Yemen". The Guardian. 25 September 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- "Theresa May rejects calls for UK to halt arms sales to Saudi Arabia". Financial Times. 7 September 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- "Theresa May to meet Donald Trump on Friday – White House". BBC News. BBC. 21 January 2017. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
- "Britain's May faces pressure after reports of Trident test malfunction". Reuters. 22 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
- Siddique, Haroon; Mason, Rowena (22 January 2017). "May refuses to confirm whether she knew about Trident 'malfunction'". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
- "Theresa May 'faith' in Trident after test 'malfunction'". BBC News. 22 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
- "Two in three say Labour should change leader before next General Election". Ipsos MORI. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
- Quinn, Ben (30 June 2016). "Theresa May sets out 'one-nation Conservative' pitch for leadership". The Guardian. London.
- Parker, George; Warrell, Helen (25 July 2014). "Theresa May: Britain's Angela Merkel?". Financial Times. London.
- Glover, Rebecca (1 July 2016). "Don't be misled by Theresa May – she's no progressive Conservative". The Independent. London.
- Coates, Sam (11 July 2016). "May vows to crack down on greed of big business". The Times. London. Retrieved 11 July 2016. (subscription required (. ))
- "Theresa May's economy speech – Analysis". The Guardian. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Stewart, Heather (14 July 2016). "Theresa May appeals to centre ground but cabinet tilts to the right". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- "Home Secretary Theresa May comes @Out4Marriage". Pink News. 24 May 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- Mulholland, Hélène (24 May 2012). "Theresa May records video in support of gay marriage". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- Bennett, Asa (25 April 2016). "Theresa May wants you to stay in the EU. Has she blown her chances of ever being Tory leader?". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
- McTague, Tom (3 June 2016). "Theresa May, the anti-Boris who just might be Britain's next PM". Politico.eu. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
- Bennett, Asa (16 June 2016). "Theresa May's silence speaks volumes about her leadership ambitions". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
- Exclusive: what Theresa May really thinks about Brexit shown in leaked recording The Guardian
- Leaked recordings reveal Theresa May's pro-EU stance ahead of Brexit vote The Independent
- (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "UK PM May outlined Brexit fears pre-referendum – News – DW.COM – 26.10.2016".
- Orr, Deborah (14 December 2009). "Theresa May: David Cameron's lady in waiting". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- "Profile: Theresa May's husband Philip". BBC News. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
- "I was probably goody two-shoes: Theresa May interviewed". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- Khomami, Nadia (12 August 2016). "Theresa May seeks peace and quiet on Alpine walking holiday". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
- "Prime Minister Theresa May spotted watching England vs Pakistan at Lord's cricket ground with husband Philip". Daily Telegraph. 27 August 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
- Gimson, Andrew (20 October 2012). "Theresa May: minister with a mind of her own". The Observer. London.
May said: 'I am a practising member of the Church of England, a vicar's daughter.'
- Howse, Christopher (29 November 2014). "Theresa May's Desert Island hymn". The Daily Telegraph. London.
The Home Secretary declared that she was a 'regular communicant' in the Church of England
- "Church of England and Theresa May". The Times. 15 March 2012. p. 26.
- Bushfield, Antony (24 November 2014). "Theresa May: Christianity is 'part of me'". Premier. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
- "Theresa May is proof that female politicians don't have to be afraid of fashion". Telegraph. 12 July 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- "Theresa May: My Life as a female MP". BBC News. 17 June 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- "Theresa May: "Type 1 doesn't change what you can do"". Diabetes.org.uk. 7 November 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- Heffer, Simon (20 September 2003). "To all intents and purposes, Theresa May may as well not exist". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 19 July 2010. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
- Perkins, Anne (12 May 2010). "Theresa May will be nobody's stooge". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- Odone, Cristina (21 May 2010). "Theresa May will be the star of the coalition government". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
- "May days". Ethos. September 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Theresa May's parliamentary expenses". The Daily Telegraph. 26 June 2009. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
- "Fawcett Society". Fawcett Society. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
- "Friends". Reading University Conservative Association. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "BBC Radio 4 – Woman's Hour – The Power List 2013". BBC.
- Constituency website of Theresa May MP
- Profile at the Conservative Party website
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Current session contributions in Parliament at Hansard
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
- Articles authored at Journalisted
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- May talks to Women2Win (July 2011)