Theresa Wallach

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Theresa Wallach (30 April 1909 – 30 April 1999) was an adventure motorcyclist, engineer, mechanic and author. In 1935 with another experienced motorcyclist named Florence Blenkiron, she rode a 600 cc single-cylinder Panther motorcycle complete with sidecar and trailer, from London to Cape Town, South Africa,[1] crossing the Sahara desert, reportedly without a compass. Wallach was the first Vice President of the Women's International Motorcycle Association,[2] and was inaugurated into the AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame in 2003.[3]

Early life[edit]

Born at Stowe, Buckinghamshire, Wallach took her first engine apart on her bedroom floor aged 18.[4] In 1928 she won a scholarship to study engineering at Northampton Polytechnic Institute (now known as City, University of London) and was for some time the only woman engineering student on her course.[5] In 1929 she joined the staff at British Thomson-Houston Co Ltd, Willsden and in the same year she became a member of the Women’s Engineering Society. By 1932 she was working at the Hercules Engineering Company, at Isleworth, run by a Miss Cook.[6] She was already competing in motorcycle races at Brooklands race track by this point.

South African adventure: 11 December 1934 – 29 July 1935[edit]

In December 1934 Wallach and Blenkiron departed on an expedition to Africa. They were seen off by Viscountess Astor, five other female MP's, and a host of well wishers. Viscountess Astor remarked that as an "unrepentant feminist" she would watch their progress with "pride and joy". Wallach noted that "we cannot afford to buy petrol and powder and cigarettes as well, so we just buy petrol".[7] The pair travelled from London to Cape Town across the Sahara taking nearly eight months to complete the 13,500 mile journey. Regular updates of their progress were made in the British press. The pair endured extremes of climate, political debacles, mechanical failures and encounters with wild animals. Wallach captured their exploits in her book The Rugged Road (ed. by Barry Jones, 2001, Panther publications: ISBN 0953509826). Film footage from this journey survives.

On 26 May 1936, she gave an account of her adventure to the Women's Engineering Society. The Woman Engineer reported that she referred "lightly to the endurance test of the Sahara, the wild beasts that approached sufficiently close for discomfort, though never for real, the snakes that became part of the day’s experiences, the encounters with tribes in varying degrees of civilisation, the tackling of problems connected with the cycle, with water, with other provisions, including petrol, and, finally to the enthusiastic welcome at Cape Town”.[8]

Several years after this expedition Wallach did not quite know where her future career lay and she placed a newspaper advertisement in 1938 seeking work as a 'Miss X'. The announcement read "Timbuctoo or anywhere - young lady holding world motor records wants job. – Denham, Bucks".[9]

Racing[edit]

In the spring of 1939 she gained a British Motorcycle Racing Club Gold Star at Brooklands on a 350 c.c. Norton, for lapping the track at an average speed of more than 100 miles per hour.[10]

Second World War[edit]

During the war Wallach used her skills as a mechanic in the Auxiliary Territorial Service (A.T.S.) and became a woman dispatch rider in the British Army.[11] She represented the A.T.S. at the Auto-Cycle Union’s National Rally 22-23 July 1939, where she gained a silver plaque.[12] In 1942 she became the first female A.T.S. tank mechanic.[13]

Later life[edit]

After the war Wallach toured the United States by motorbike for several years before opening her own motorcycle dealership specializing in British machines. In 1970 she published the successful Easy Motorcycle Riding (1970, Oaktree: ISBN 0706122623). In 1973 she sold her shop and moved to Phoenix, Arizona where she opened the 'Easy Riding Academy'. In addition to her riding school Wallach was heavily involved in the formation and running of the Women's International Motorcycle Association. She served as WIMA's first Vice President,[14] and was active in the association until her death. Wallach continued to ride motorbikes until she was 88, when vision problems forced her to give up her licence.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Theresa Wallach – Motorcycle Pioneer of the 1930s". IET Archives Blog. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  2. ^ "Theresa Wallach". Pioneer Women. Women's International Motorcycle Association. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  3. ^ "Theresa Wallach: Inducted 2003". AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  4. ^ Carpenter, Iris (27 July 1942). "Daily Herald". Daily Herald. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Items of Interest". The Woman Engineer. II, number 18: 336. March 1929 – via The Institution of Engineering and Technology.
  6. ^ "News of Members". The Woman Engineer. III number eleven: 170. June 1932 – via The Institution of Engineering and Technology.
  7. ^ "Cheery send-off by Lady Astor". Western Morning News. 12 December 1934. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  8. ^ "Through Africa by motor cycle". The Woman Engineer. 4: 98. June 1936.
  9. ^ "Woman's quest". Nottingham Journal. 18 May 1938. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  10. ^ "Sahara rider in A.T.S." Derby Daily Telegraph. 29 August 1941. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  11. ^ "News - of members and others". The Woman Engineer. IV number 20: 310. Autumn 1939 – via The Institution of Engineering and Technology.
  12. ^ "Theresa Wallach – Motorcycle Pioneer of the 1930s". IET Archives Blog. 2015-11-25. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  13. ^ Carpenter, Iris (27 July 1942). "She mends tanks". Daily Herald. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Heritage". Women's International Motorcycle Association GB. 2014-03-26. Retrieved 2017-07-14.
  15. ^ ManxNorton.com. "Women in Motorcycling". Classic Motorcycles by Sheldon's Emu. Retrieved 2017-07-14.