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Therma or Thermē (Θέρμα, Θέρμη) was a Greek city founded by Eretrians or Corinthians in late 7th century BC in ancient Mygdonia (which was later incorporated into Macedon), situated at the northeastern extremity of a great gulf of the Aegean Sea, the Thermaic Gulf. The city was built amidst mosquito-infested swampland, and its name derives from the Greek thérmē/thérma, "(malarial) fever". Therma was later renamed Thessalonica by Cassander. By that time the port of the previous capital of Macedonia, Pella, had begun silting up, so Cassander took advantage of the deep-water port to the northwest of Therma to expand the settlement.


  • Herodotus, the Seventh, Eighth, & Ninth Books, with Introduction [1] Reginald Walter Macan
  • The Letters to the Thessalonians [2] by Gene L. Green
  • From Mycenae to Constantinople: The Evolution of the Ancient City [3] By Richard Allan Tomlinson
  • Hidryma Meletōn Chersonēsou tou Haimou (Thessalonikē, Greece)[4]

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Coordinates: 40°33′00″N 23°01′00″E / 40.5500°N 23.0166°E / 40.5500; 23.0166