Thermes

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Thermes
Θέρμες
20100911 Ano Thermes Xanthi Prefecture Thrace Greece Panorama.jpg
Thermes is located in Greece
Thermes
Thermes
Coordinates: 41°21′N 24°59′E / 41.350°N 24.983°E / 41.350; 24.983Coordinates: 41°21′N 24°59′E / 41.350°N 24.983°E / 41.350; 24.983
Country Greece
Administrative region East Macedonia and Thrace
Regional unit Xanthi
Municipality Myki
 • Municipal unit 90.0 km2 (34.7 sq mi)
Elevation 485 m (1,591 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit 812
 • Municipal unit density 9.0/km2 (23/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Vehicle registration AH

Thermes (Greek: Θέρμες) is a former community in the Xanthi regional unit, East Macedonia and Thrace, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Myki, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] The municipal unit has an area of 90.014 km2.[3] It consists of the villages Ano Thermes, Thermes (also called Kato Thermes), Meses Thermes, Medousa, Kidaris, Diasparto, and Kottani. The population of Thermes was around 1396 inhabitants in 1991.[4] In 2011, the population decreased to 812 inhabitants.[1] Thermes is popular for its hot spas, which can be found all around the area.

The Turkish name of Thermes is ılıca which means "spa". In Bulgarian, the community is known as Lydža (Лъджа) or Banja (Баня), the former a version of the Turkish name and the latter a calque also meaning "spa".

Relief of Mithra[edit]

Thermes is also famous for the relief of Mithra (a Persian origin goddess of the sun) end of 2nd - beginning of 3rd century AD. The relief is depicting Mithras sacrificing a bull. Close to Mithras we can see figures of Cautes and Caupates.[5][6]

Relief of Mithra (Mithras the Bull-slayer) is located close to Kato Thermes village.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Michail, Domna. Migration, tradition and transition among the Pomaks in Xanthi (Western Thrace). Department of Balkan Studies Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. LSE PhD Symposium on Social Science Research on Greece Hellenic Observatory, European Institute, LSE. June 21, 2003.