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Scientific classification
Thermolithobacteria Sokolova et al. 2007
Thermolithobacterales Sokolova et al. 2007
Thermolithobacteraceae Sokolova et al. 2007
Genus and species

Thermolithobacteria is a class of rod-shaped Gram-positive bacteria within phylum Firmicutes. Species within this class are thermophilic lithotrophs isolated from sediment in Calcite Springs in Yellowstone National Park.[1][2] Thermolithobacter ferrireducens strain JW/KA-2(T) metabolism consists of the oxidation of hydrogen gas and reduction of ferric oxide to magnetite. Thermolithobacter carboxydivorans strain R1(T) is hydrogenic and oxidizes carbon monoxide.[1]


  1. ^ a b Sokolova, T.; Hanel, J.; Onyenwoke, R.U.; Reysenbach, A.L.; Banta, A.; Geyer, R.; Gonzalez, J.M.; Whitman, W.B.; Wiegel, J. (January 2007). "Novel chemolithotrophic, thermophilic, anaerobic bacteria Thermolithobacter ferrireducens gen. nov., sp. nov. and Thermolithobacter carboxydivorans sp. nov". Extremophiles. 11 (1): 145–157. doi:10.1007/s00792-006-0022-5. PMID 17021657.
  2. ^ Euzeby, J. (2007). "Validation list No. 116: List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 57 (7): 1371–1373. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65337-0.

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