Thermoplasma

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Thermoplasma
Scientific classification
Domain: Archaea
Kingdom: Euryarchaeota
Phylum: Euryarchaeota
Class: Thermoplasmata
Order: Thermoplasmatales
Family: Thermoplasmataceae
Genus: Thermoplasma
Darland et al. 1970
Species

In taxonomy, Thermoplasma is a genus of the Thermoplasmataceae.[1]

Thermoplasma is a genus of archaea. It belongs to the Thermoplasmata, which thrive in acidic and high-temperature environments. Thermoplasma are facultative anaerobes and respire using sulfur and organic carbon. They do not contain a cell wall but instead contain a unique membrane composed mainly of a tetraether lipoglycan containing atypical archaeal tetraether lipid attached to a glucose- and mannose-containing oligosaccharide. This lipoglycan is presumably responsible for the acid and thermal stability of the Thermoplasma membrane.

Currently the genus Thermoplasma contains two species, T. acidophilum and T. volcanium.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Scientific journals[edit]

Scientific books[edit]

  • Madigan, M.T. & Martinko, J.M. (2005). Brock Biology of Microorganisms (11th ed.). Pearson Prentice Hall. 
  • Reysenbach, A-L (2001). "Family I. Thermoplasmataceae fam. nov.". In DR Boone; RW Castenholz. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 1: The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria (2nd ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. ISBN 978-0-387-98771-2. 

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