Thermoplasmata

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Thermoplasmata
Scientific classification
Domain: Archaea
Kingdom: Euryarchaeota
Phylum: Euryarchaeota
Class: Thermoplasmata Reysenbach 2002
Order

In taxonomy, the Thermoplasmata are a class of the Euryarchaeota.[1]

All are acidophiles, growing optimally at pH below 2. Picrophilus is currently the most acidophilic of all known organisms growing at a minimum pH of 0.06. Many of these organisms do not contain a cell wall, although this is not true in the case of Picrophilus. Most members of Thermotoplasmata are thermophilic.

Phylogeny[edit]

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN)[2] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)[3] and the phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 121 by 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project.[4]

Methanomassiliicoccales

Candidatus Methanogranum caenicola Iino et al. 2013

Candidatus Methanomethylophilus alvus Borrel et al. 2012

Candidatus Methanoplasma termitum Lang et al. 2015

Methanomassiliicoccus

Ca. M. intestinalis Borrel et al. 2013

M. luminyensis Dridi et al. 2012

Thermoplasmatales

Thermogymnomonas acidicola Itoh et al. 2007

Thermoplasma

T. acidophilum Darland et al. 1970 (type sp.)

T. volcanium Segerer et al. 1988

Picrophilus

P. oshimae Schleper et al. 1996 (type sp.)

P. torridus Zillig et al. 1996

Ferroplasmaceae
Acidiplasma

A. aeolicum Golyshina et al. 2009 (type sp.)

A. cupricumulans (Hawkes et al. 2008) Golyshina et al. 2009

Ferroplasma

?F. acidarmanusDopson et al. 2004

?F. thermophilumZhou et al. 2008

F. acidiphilum Golyshina et al. 2000 (type sp.)

Notes:
♠ Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature LPSN

References[edit]

  1. ^ See the NCBI webpage on Thermoplasmata. Data extracted from the "NCBI taxonomy resources". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
  2. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Thermoplasmataceae". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN). Archived from the original on 2011-06-13. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  3. ^ Sayers; et al. "Thermoplasmata". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
  4. ^ All-Species Living Tree Project."16S rRNA-based LTP release 121 (full tree)" (PDF). Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database. Retrieved 2015-08-20.

Further reading[edit]

Scientific journals[edit]

Scientific books[edit]

  • Reysenbach, AL (2001). "Class IV. Thermoplasmata class. nov.". In DR Boone; RW Castenholz. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 1: The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria (2nd ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-387-98771-2.
  • Garrity GM; Holt JG (2001). "Phylum AII. Euryarchaeota phy. nov.". In DR Boone; RW Castenholz. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 1: The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria (2nd ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-387-98771-2.

Scientific databases[edit]

External links[edit]