Thermoplasmata

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Thermoplasmata
Scientific classification
Domain: Archaea
Kingdom: Euryarchaeota
Phylum: Euryarchaeota
Class: Thermoplasmata Reysenbach 2002
Order

In taxonomy, the Thermoplasmata are a class of the Euryarchaeota.[1]

All are acidophiles, growing optimally at pH below 2. Picrophilus is currently the most acidophilic of all known organisms growing at a minimum pH of 0.06. Many of these organisms do not contain a cell wall, although this is not true in the case of Picrophilus. Most members of Thermotoplasmata are thermophilic.

Phylogeny[edit]

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN)[2] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)[3] and the phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 121 by 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project.[4]

Methanomassiliicoccales

Candidatus Methanogranum caenicola Iino et al. 2013



Candidatus Methanomethylophilus alvus Borrel et al. 2012



Candidatus Methanoplasma termitum Lang et al. 2015


Methanomassiliicoccus

Ca. M. intestinalis Borrel et al. 2013



M. luminyensis Dridi et al. 2012




Thermoplasmatales


Thermogymnomonas acidicola Itoh et al. 2007



Thermoplasma

T. acidophilum Darland et al. 1970 (type sp.)



T. volcanium Segerer et al. 1988




Picrophilus

P. oshimae Schleper et al. 1996 (type sp.)



P. torridus Zillig et al. 1996



Ferroplasmaceae
Acidiplasma

A. aeolicum Golyshina et al. 2009 (type sp.)



A. cupricumulans (Hawkes et al. 2008) Golyshina et al. 2009



Ferroplasma

?F. acidarmanusDopson et al. 2004



?F. thermophilumZhou et al. 2008



F. acidiphilum Golyshina et al. 2000 (type sp.)








Notes:
♠ Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature LPSN

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Scientific journals[edit]

Scientific books[edit]

  • Reysenbach, AL (2001). "Class IV. Thermoplasmata class. nov.". In DR Boone; RW Castenholz. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 1: The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria (2nd ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-387-98771-2. 
  • Garrity GM; Holt JG (2001). "Phylum AII. Euryarchaeota phy. nov.". In DR Boone; RW Castenholz. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 1: The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria (2nd ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-387-98771-2. 

Scientific databases[edit]

External links[edit]