Thessaloniki International Airport "Macedonia"
|Thessaloniki International Airport "Macedonia"
Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Θεσσαλονίκης "Μακεδονία"
|Operator||Fraport AG/Copelouzos Group joint venture|
|Location||Mikra, Macedonia, Greece|
|Elevation AMSL||7 m / 23 ft|
|Website||Thessaloniki "Makedonia" Airport|
Map of the airport
Thessaloniki International Airport "Macedonia" (Greek: Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Θεσσαλονίκης "Μακεδονία", Diethnis Aeroliménas Thessaloníkis "Makedonía") (IATA: SKG, ICAO: LGTS), formerly known as Mikra Airport, is located 7 nautical miles (13 km; 8.1 mi) south of the White Tower of Thessaloniki in Greece at Thermi.
The airport is the third-largest airport in the country after Athens International Airport and Heraklion International Airport. It opened in 1930 and was the second-busiest airport in Greece in terms of flights served and the third-busiest in terms of passengers served in 2016, with over 6 million passengers. It is the main airport of Northern Greece and serves the city of Thessaloniki (the second-largest city in Greece), the popular tourist destination of Chalkidiki and the surrounding cities of the region.
- 1 History
- 2 Facilities
- 3 To & From Thessaloniki Airport
- 4 Future of the Airport
- 5 Airlines and destinations
- 6 Statistics
- 7 Accidents and incidents
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
During World War I the area that the airport currently occupies was used as an airfield and it continued operating as an airfield during World War II. At the time of the German occupation of Greece major projects took place, such as the creation of a 600 m (2,000 ft) runway, while in 1948 the airport started operations as a civil airport for the first time.
In 1950, the already existing (10/28) runway was paved with asphalt at a length of 1,800 m (5,900 ft) and in 1952 it was extended to 2,000 m (6,600 ft). It was the same year that the first airport building was completed, with a control tower on the roof. One year later a new runway (16/34) was built. In 1958, the runway 10/28 underwent reconstruction and was extended to a total length of 2,440 m (8,010 ft) (current length), while runway 16/34 was extended to 2,400 m (7,900 ft), with its completion in 1972. In 2004 a new parallel taxiway for runway 16/34, was opened for use.
In September 1965, a new terminal building opened on a new location (current location). In the period between 1968 and 1973, the terminal was expanded, with the construction of a second floor and its first motorway junction. Due to the 1978 Thessaloniki earthquake, the control tower was destroyed, so a new one was constructed, independent of the main terminal building. The next expansion of the terminal took place in two stages, with the projects starting in 1991 and 1993, respectively. The municipality of Thessaloniki, as a European Capital of Culture for 1997, took over a projects for the aesthetic intervention, renovation, modernisation and reorganisation of the spaces of the building.
The terminal building took its current form, when an additional of 19,000 m2 (200,000 sq ft) were added to the western and eastern side of the terminal building, completed in November 2000 and June 2003, respectively. The western extension included the widening of the international departures area (new Extra-Schengen Area), including new administration offices, a new health station and the new station control of Olympic Airlines. The eastern expansion included a new check-in hall, new waiting halls and additional administrative offices for airlines. Today the terminal has a total floor area of 32,000 m2 (340,000 sq ft). Finally, during 2004–2006 the new motorway junction was completed on the level of the departures entrance of the Terminal and new parking spaces for cars, buses and taxis were created. In 1992, the airport changed its name from Micra to Macedonia.
In June 2015, there was an important event in the history of the Macedonia airport and the Hellenic aviation. SkyGreece Airlines opened the first regular transatlantic flight coming from Toronto, Canada via Budapest, Hungary, due to the short runway of the Airport. The flight was scheduled to operate once a week during summer, but SkyGreece Airlines ceased all its operations in late August 2015, due to lack of funds and blaming the capital controls.[clarification needed]
In December 2015, the privatisation of Thessaloniki Airport and 13 other regional airports of Greece was finalised with the signing of the agreement between the Fraport AG/Copelouzos Group joint venture and the state privatisation fund. "We signed the deal today," the head of Greece's privatisation agency HRADF, Stergios Pitsiorlas, told Reuters. According to the agreement, the joint venture will operate the 14 airports (including Thessaloniki Airport) for 40 years as of 11 April 2017.
The airport's terminal consists of three floors. The ground floor serves arrivals only and is divided into two sections: international/extra-Schengen arrivals and domestic/intra-Schengen arrivals. The second floor serves departures and also includes a shopping center. On this floor there are 34 check-in counters, waiting areas, bars, stores and various airlines' offices. The third floor houses two restaurants and several bars with views to the runways.
There are two passenger lounges.
To & From Thessaloniki Airport
|Thessaloniki Bus Route No. 78N|
The airport is served on a 24-hour basis by Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization (OASTH);
- To downtown Thessaloniki
- To Chalkidiki bus station
- To Macedonia Intercity Bus Station, where buses depart for many cities of mainland Greece, plus Corfu, Crete, Lefkada and Zakynthos.
- To Thessaloniki's train station
- To the port of Thessaloniki
- To Albatrans bus terminus, where buses depart for Albania
- To Crazy Holidays, where buses depart for Albania
- To Olympic Lines bus stop, where buses depart for Hungary, Serbia and Slovakia
Bus service runs every 30 minutes and the journey to the city center takes about 40 – 50 minutes. Non-stop service to and from the city centre:
- Bus Route Nr. 78 “KTEL – Airport ”
- Bus Route Nr. 78N “KTEL – Airport ” (Night Service)
To and from Chalkidiki Coach Terminal (KTEL), Thessaloniki City Centre and Thessaloniki Eastbound Destinations (via "IKEA" Transfer Point)
- Bus Route Nr. 45 “Makedonia Coach Terminal – Chalkidiki Coach Terminal (KTEL)”
- Bus Route Nr. 78 “KTEL – Airport ”
- Bus Route Nr. 78N “KTEL – Airport ” (Night Service) Thessaloniki Eastbound Service
- Bus Route Nr. 79 “ΙΚΕΑ – Airport”
Single fare is €2. Tickets can be purchased by vending machines on board the service. On-board vending machines accept exact change only. Students from Greek universities and Senior citizens (65 years of age or older) are eligible for 50% reduction; children aged 6 and younger travel free of charge.
It hasn't been constructed yet. But the construction of Thessaloniki Metro is under consideration. It is estimated that it will be ready in 2020 except from the last 7 km to the airport. The manufacturing company considers the possibility of constructing the extension (the last 7 km) with an over-ground rail-based transportation system, such as a monorail.
24/7 metered taxi service is available outside the "Makedonia" Airport Terminal building. The journey from (to) the Airport to (from) the centre of Thessaloniki is about 30 minutes, depending on traffic. The fare to the city center is fixed at 20 Euro. There is an 8 Euro surcharge for trips ending between midnight and 05.00 a.m. Luggage charges are waived.
The airport is directly connected with the city's major road arteries in the southeast, the EO16 and the A25 (the Thessaloniki-Chalkidiki motorway) via the ΕΟ67; offering direct access via the Thessaloniki Inner Ring Road to the A1/E75 and A2/E90 motorways; making transportation to and from Thessaloniki Airport relatively easy. A total of 2,285 parking spaces for cars exist at the front of the terminal building.
Future of the Airport
As part of a comprehensive masterplan released by the government in 2002, several projects have been started to improve Thessaloniki Airport. Other than the building works on the current terminal, including the construction of a new cargo terminal, the masterplan features two major projects.
Phase 1 of the masterplan includes the expansion of existing runway 10/28 and is currently under construction. During the process of the project design, 80 Greek and 5 Danish civil engineers and scientists from other specialties have worked on the project. Both the runway and the taxiway will be extended by 1,150 m (3,770 ft), 1,000 m (3,300 ft) out into the sea, resulting in a runway that will have a total length of 3,440 m (11,290 ft) with an extra safety distance of 150 m (490 ft). Its width will be 50 m (160 ft) while the taxiway's width, which will be located at an axial distance of 183 m (600 ft) from the runway, will be 23 m (75 ft). The new runway and taxiway sections will be equipped with appropriate lighting and control systems, that will extend a further 750 m (2,460 ft) into the sea. The completion date was set in July 2011, but due to financial problems of the manufacturing company, reactions of environmental organizations and residents of the surrounding areas, fearing ecological dangers by extending land into the sea, the project has been held back. A new completion date for December 2012 was set, only to be pushed further back to July 2013 and then December 2015. The expansion of the runway will allow for the landing of larger aircraft, such as the Boeing 747 and Airbus A380, and increase safety, as the aircraft will have greater flexibility and visual contact on days with bad weather conditions.
Phase 2 of the masterplan has heralded the construction of a new larger terminal, together with a new apron for 36 aircraft, of which 14 will be stationed at contact place. The second phase of the masterplan will drastically increase the status of the airport and eliminate existing passenger traffic problems, especially during the summer period. The new terminal will be able to accommodate 8 million passengers per year (in peak hours 2.800 passengers for departures or arrivals) while the terminal's total area is expected that it will be 115,000 m2 (1,240,000 sq ft). In December 2010, the Greek government revealed that there are thoughts for the construction of the new terminal through private investing, the same way in which Athens International Airport was realised. It's highly plausible that Fraport AG/Copelouzos Group joint venture, which in 2016 took over the control of the airport, will realise the construction of Terminal 2, in order to upgrade its status as a regional transport hub.
|Macedonia International Airport masterplan|
Fraport Greece’s investment plan
On 22 March 2017, the Fraport-Greece presented its master plan for the 14 regional airports including the Macedonia airport of Thessaloniki.
Intrakat has managed refurbishing and upgrading current facilities at the airport, as well as studies and expansion projects.
Immediate actions that will be implemented at the airports as soon as Fraport Greece takes over operations before the launch of the summer season include: :
- General clean-up
- Improving lighting, marking of airside areas.
- Upgrading sanitary facilities
- Enhancing services and offering new free Internet connection (WiFi)
- Implementing works to improve fire safety in all the areas of the airports
The following summarizes the enhancement changes that will be implemented for Macedonia International Airport of Thessaloniki under Fraport Greece’s investment plan until 2021 :
- New terminal
- Terminal expansion by 30,998 m2, incl. new landside access
- Remodeling of existing Terminal
- HBS inline screening
- New fire station
- Expanding the waste water treatment plant or connection to municipal service
- Reorganizing the airport apron area
- Refurbishing airside pavement
- Terminal expansion by 31,380 m2
- 47 percent increase in the number of Check-in Stations (from 30 to 44)
- 75 percent increase in the number of security lanes (from 4 to 7)
- 50 percent increase in the number of departure gates (from 16 to 24)
- Doubling the number of security-check lanes (from 6 to 12)
Airlines and destinations
Between 1994 and 2010, Thessaloniki Airport saw a rise in passenger traffic equal to 76%, from 2.2 million in 1994 to 3.9 million in 2010. Between 2003 and 2008 the airport saw a passenger traffic increase of 19.1% from 3.5 million to almost 4.2 million passengers, an all-time high. The number of passengers dropped in next years. However, over the last two years the airport experienced passenger traffic increase to just above four million by 2013. Significant traffic increase took place during 2014, with the total number of passengers exceeding the five million mark for the first time.
*2017 figures are for January – August only
Flights per week
|Rank||Destination||Airport||Monthly one-way capicity2016||Airline(s)|
|1||Athens||ATH||65.298||Aegean Airlines, Ellinair, Ryanair|
|3||Stuttgart||STR||11.490||Aegean Airlines, Germanwings|
|5||Larnaca||LCA||9.826||Aegean Airlines, Blue Air, Cobalt Air, Ellinair|
|6||Heraklion||HER||9.798||Astra Airlines, Ellinair, Olympic Air|
|9||Düsseldorf||DUS||8.859||Aegean Airlines, Eurowings, Astra Airlines|
|10||Chania||CHQ||8.802||Olympic Air, Ryanair, Aegean Airlines|
|11||Frankfurt||FRA||8.406||Aegean Airlines, Astra Airlines, Condor, Ellinair|
|12||London||LGW||8.304||easyJet, British Airways|
|7||Olympic Air (NEW)||10.062||-|
Accidents and incidents
- On 12 August 1997, Olympic Airways Flight 171, a Boeing 727-230 registered as SX-CBI inbound from Athens Ellinikon Airport, touched down late and was steered off the runway to avoid overrunning into the sea. None of the 35 passengers and crew were killed, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
- On 17 December 1997, Aerosvit Flight 241, a Yakovlev Yak-42, operating the route from Odessa, Ukraine to Thessaloniki, lost contact with the airport's air traffic control and during the second attempt the aircraft crashed in the Pierian Mountains, near Mount Olympus. A total of 70 people, passengers and crew, 41 of which were Greeks, were killed.
- On 4 July 2000, HA-LCR, a chartered Malév Flight 262 Tupolev Tu-154 landed on its belly. The crew had forgotten to lower the undercarriage and the plane skidded 400 m (1,300 ft) on the runway. Thanks to the plane's robust construction and the engines' high position, the plane was able to become airborne again as the pilots applied full throttle. It circled while the crew lowered the undercarriage and landed safely. There were no injuries. It was considered uneconomical to repair the aircraft. The aircraft still remains on site, although airline markings have been obscured and heavily depleted of re-usable spares.
- "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 12 July 2015. (Registration required (. ))
- "THESSALONIKI AIRPORT "MAKEDONIA"". Retrieved 3 April 2016.
- "ΑΕΡΟΛΙΜΕΝΑΣ ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΗΣ "ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΑ" (ΚΑΘΜ)". Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- Wind Direction and Degrees
- Macedonia: New Name for Thessaloniki Airport
- Σας καλωσορίζουμε στην ιστοσελίδα μας
- καλώς ήλθατε
- Olympic Lines
- "ΔΕΛΤΙΟ ΤΥΠΟΥ". 5 July 2010. p. 14. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- "Transatlantic flights in 2013" (in Greek). agelioforos.gr. 30 August 2011. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- ""ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΑ" Υπερατλαντικό αεροδρόμιο το 2015". Retrieved 9 March 2013.
- "Έγκριση 3ης Παράτασης προθεσμίας περαίωσης των εργασιών του έργου: "Επέκταση διαδρόμου προσαπογειώσεων αεροσκαφών 10–28 (μετά παραλλήλου τροχοδρόμου) Κρατικού Αερολιμένα Θεσσαλονίκης "ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΑ""". 21 June 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- "Airport terminal masterplan" (in Greek). Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- "Fraport Greece’s Development Plan for the New Era at the Greek Regional Airports", fraport-greece.com
- "Fraport Greece and Intrakat Sign Agreements for Construction Projects at the 14 Regional Airports", fraport-greece.com
- Zboruri noi pentru 2018 de pe Aeroportul Iași (in Romanian)
- "THESSALONIKI AIRPORT "MAKEDONIA"", ypa.gr
- "THESSALONIKI AIRPORT - 2017 vs 2016", skg-airport.gr
- "Thessaloniki Airport’s traffic is up 8.1% in 2016; handling 43% more passengers than it did in 2012; expansion plans delayed", anna.aero
- "Accident description Olympic Airways SX-CBI". www.aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
- "Photos: Tupolev Tu-154B-2 aircraft". www.airliners.net. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
28. Thessaloniki to Skiathos http://www.airattica.com/destinations.html
Media related to Thessaloniki International Airport at Wikimedia Commons