|Native name||Μετρό Θεσσαλονίκης|
|Owner||Attiko Metro A.E.|
|Locale||Thessaloniki Urban Area|
|Transit type||Rapid transit/Light metro|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||18|
|Operation will start||2020|
|Number of vehicles||18 AnsaldoBreda Driverless Metro|
|System length||9.6 km (6.0 mi) (2018)
33 km (21 mi) (when finished)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The Thessaloniki Metropolitan Railway (Greek: Μητροπολιτικός Σιδηρόδρομος Θεσσαλονίκης Metropolitikós Sideródromos Thessaloníkes), or Thessaloniki Metro (Greek: Μετρό Θεσσαλονίκης Metró Thessaloníkis), is an underground rapid transit system that is under construction in Thessaloniki, Greece.
The first to suggest an underground railway system for Thessaloniki was Ernest Hébrard during the redesign of the city in the early 1920s, to allow easy access from the city's downtown to the planned outskirts of the city (now Kalamaria).
The idea for constructing a metro was only seriously considered in the 1980s and it took almost 20 years for the official groundbreaking works to start. This was due to a series of failed contract competitions and several appeals against awarded contracts. A previous attempt to construct an underground mass transit system in Thessaloniki took place in 1986-1988, when a short cut-and cover tunnel was constructed along a part of Egnatia Avenue near the University, but failed because it was underfunded.
The construction of the much awaited Thessaloniki metro started in June 2006 and should be completed by 2018. The project has been substantially delayed by significant archeological discoveries during its construction which have been responsible for delaying the project for up to three years or more.
The first phase of the project consists of 9.6 kilometres (6.0 mi) of underground line (with twin tunnels), 13 stations along its length, and a depot at the southeast end of the line. The total budget for the project is about 1.1 billion euro. Part of the budget (€250 million) is funded from the 3rd CSF and a loan for €250 million has been arranged with the European Investment Bank.
Phase 2 of the project was approved to begin construction prior to the operation of the Phase 1 line and in May 2009 Attiko Metro put to tender for the construction of the extension to Kalamaria. Attiko Metro claims this will prevent the construction of the transfer stations from interrupting the basic line operation.
Thessaloniki's metro will share many similarities with the Copenhagen Metro which operates as a light metro. It will feature 18 AnsaldoBreda Driverless Metro trains that will run in separate tunnels in each direction, while each station will feature glass walls with automatic doors on the edge of platforms, for added safety. The project is being constructed by a Greek-Italian consortium and overseen by Attiko Metro, the company that manages the Athens Metro.
|This section needs to be updated. (July 2014)|
Considerable progress has been made to the construction of the metro system since work began in 2006. Overall, 7.2 km of tunnels have been dug underneath the city, 3.8 for direction A and 3.04 for direction B. As the overall length of a single tunnel is estimated to be 9.6 km, 37.5% of the entire network has already been dug. As of 2015, the following progress has been made to the stations on Phase 1 of the construction.
|Station||Construction site||Diaphragmatic walls||Archaeological exc.||Station construction||Station formation|
|New Railway Station|
- Not started
Phase 1 (under construction)
|Thessaloniki Metro (Phases 1&2)|
- New Railway Station
- Aghia Sofia
- Panepistimio (University)
- Nea Elvetia
Park and ride
Several park and ride facilities are planned to facilitate the large number of vehicular commuters in the city. These include two facilities at the New Railway Station with four underground levels of 450 and 600 parking spaces, 1,000 underground spaces shared over four levels at the Panepistimio (University) station and 650 underground spaces over one level at the Nea Elvetia station. A total of 3,700 park and ride spaces have been planned for Phase 1 of the project.
Future lines and extensions
- Kalamaria branch (branches off at Patrikiou station)
- Stavroupoli branch (branches off at Dimokratias station)
|Thessaloniki Metro (Phases 1, 2 & 3)|
Phase 3 includes the proposals for further extensions to the Northwest and the Southeast.
Construction on this phase shall begin right after phase 2, with a completion date looking at around 2020; it has been announced that by then the city will operate 33 km (21 mi) of metro line.
- Evosmos branch (branches off at New Railway Station)
- Toumpa branch (branches off at Panepistimio Station)
- Nea Elvetia
- Further extension of the Kalamaria branch, towards Macedonia International Airport. The plans are still under consideration, and no definitive decisions have been taken yet. Current proposals concern an overground elevated metro line after Mikra station, or a monorail service, with three intermediate stations.
- Γερολύμπου, Αλεξάνδρα, Η Ανοικοδόμηση της Θεσσαλονίκης Μετά την Πυρκαγιά του 1917, B Έκδοση, University Studio Press, Αριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης, Θεσσαλονίκη 1995.
- Timos Fakalis (18 September 2012). Θεσσαλονίκη: Στα σκαριά τραμ και ενοικιαζόμενα ποδήλατα [Thessaloniki: The tram works and rental bikes]. www.agelioforos.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- Giorgos Christides (13 March 2013). "Thessaloniki metro: Ancient dilemma for modern Greece". BBC News. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- "Thessaloniki metro ruins need more money, time". ekathimerini.com. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- Thessaloniki Metro Extensions
- Attiko Metro A.E. (31 March 2011). "Συμφωνία για άμεση κατασκευή του σταθμού "Παπάφειο"". Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- Attiko Metro A.E. (10 March 2011). "Δηλώσεις του Υφυπουργού κ. Γιάννη Μαγκριώτη στο Σταθμό ΕΥΚΛΕΙΔΗΣ του ΜΕΤΡΟ". Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- Attiko Metro
- Archived information
- Thessaloniki Metro and the Athens Metro Extensions (Greek Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works press release 2006-02-20)
- Conclusion of contract for the Thessaloniki metro (Greek Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works press release 2006-04-07)
Media related to Thessaloniki metro at Wikimedia Commons