Thessaly Railways (Greek: Σιδηρόδρομοι Θεσσαλίας) was a railway company in Greece, which owned and operated the metre gauge railway network of Thessaly and Pelion railway from 1884 to 1955, when the company was absorbed by the Hellenic State Railways. Today the term usually refers to the section of mainline between Domokos and Rapsani and its two branches, the West Thessaly branch to Kalambaka and the Volos branch.
Network and stations
|Thessaly Railways (1955)|
Note 1: Eretria Chrome Mines railway,
The network of Thessaly Railways consisted of the following lines:
- Volos - Velestinon. The line extended from Volos station to the city center along Dimitriados Street.
- Velestinon-Kalampaka, connecting with the Athens-Larissa-Thessaloniki standard gauge mainline at Palaiofarsalos. This section had a maximum gradient of 3% between Velestinon and Aerinon.
- Velestinon - Larissa, terminating to the Thessaly Railways station, next to the mainline (standard gauge) station.
- Volos - Mileai (Pelion railway)
Construction started in 1882 under the general management of chief engineer Evaristo de Chirico. The section from Volos to Larissa, 61 km long, was inaugurated on 22 April 1884 by King George I. The 142 km section from Velestinon to Kalambaka was completed on 16 June 1886.
|Photo||Numbers||Type||Quantity||Manufacturer||Serial Nos,||Year||Power (hp)||Power (kW)||Notes|
|25–27||2-6-0T||3||J. A. Maffei||1912||320||240|
|40–45||2-6-2T||6||Jung||1951||380||280||One of them in storage at Volos, may be restored in working order.|
|54||0-8-0T||1||SLM Winterthur||1911||370||280||Ex CF Yverdon–Ste-Croix No. 4|
|203–205||2-6-0T||3||SLM Winterthur||1948–1949||250||190||Ex Brünigbahn, same numbers|
|1055, 1058||0-6-0T||2||SLM Winterthur||1948–1949||250||190||Ex Brünigbahn, same numbers|
Railcars - Diesel multiple units
|A1–A14||Bo-2||14||Breda||1951||145 kW (194 hp)|
In addition, three Breda railcars of a different type were transferred to Volos from Messolongi-Agrinion line in 1976. Three Linke-Hofmann DMU-2 were transferred in 1978 from the Peloponnese network.
Four class 9401 Mitsumbishi diesel locomotives (numbers 9416 to 9419) were also used in Thessaly after 1973 and were used for shunting and as a replacement of steam locomotives for freight trains.
The Thessaly network after 1955
|Thessaly Railways (2009)|
The Hellenic State Railways (OSE) absorbed Thessaly Railways in 1955.
In 1960 the line from Larissa to Volos was converted to standard gauge and was connected at Larissa with the mainline from Athens to Thessaloniki. For the section between Latomeio and Volos the standard gauge line follows a different route with an additional halt at Melissiatika. The standard gauge line is physically connected to the Athens-Thessaloniki mainline, allowing OSE to run through services to Volos from Athens and Thessaloniki. Volos station was converted to dual gauge, in order to accommodate trains of the two branches. Parts of the station and the track towards the city center were at this period of a unique triple-gauge system: standard gauge for Larissa trains, metre gauge for Kalambaka trains and 600 mm gauge for Pelion trains.
In 1970 the network was taken over by the new Hellenic Railways Organisation, successor of the Hellenic State Railways.
In 2001 the section between Palaiofarsalos and Kalampaka was converted to standard gauge and physically connected at Palaiofarsalos with the mainline from Athens to Thessaloniki. Volos station was converted to exclusively standard gauge. The section to the city centre was abandoned and covered with asphalt. The remaining metre gauge section (Volos-Velestino-Palaiofarsalos) was closed in 1999.
Freight traffic declined sharply when the state-imposed monopoly of OSE for the transport of agricultural products and fertilizers ended in the early 1990s. Many small stations of the network with little passenger traffic were closed down, especially on the mainline section and between Karditsa and Kalampaka. However, travel times improved and the unification of rail gauge allowed direct services, even InterCity services, to link Volos and Kalambaka with Athens and Thessaloniki.
Recently (August 2009) TrainOSE S.A. proceeded to a drastic cutback of passenger services on Thessaly lines. There are only six local trains on each direction on Larissa-Volos line and just four on Palaiofarsalos-Kalambaka. In addition, there is one train from Athens to Kalambana and back (884/885) and one InterCity train from Athens to Volos and back (IC40/IC41).
The mainline of Thessaly was electrified and some services are now using HellasSprinter electric locomotives and Desiro EMUs. There are proposals to electrify the branch lines as well, in order to allow through services from Volos and Kalampaka to Thessaloniki.
When the Hellenic Railways Organisation converted the section Palaiofarsalos-Kalambaka to standard gauge as a branch of the mainline, the metre gauge section from Velestino to Palaiofarsalos was cut off. This section is maintained by the Museum Railways Company or EMOS (Greek: Εταιρεία Μουσειακών Σιδηροδρόμων or ΕΜΟΣ). EMOS operates on this section a former SPAP Linke-Hofmann DMU, usually between Velestino and Aerino.
EMOS preserves a variety of rolling stock owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation under long term loan. Most significant is a vintage Linke-Hofmann DMU-2 (1937), formerly of Piraeus, Athens and Peloponnese Railways. They also have a Nippon Sharyo diesel locomotive, formerly of the Aliveri Coalmines of the Public Power Corporation and there are plans to restore a Jung steam locomotive in storage at Volos.
In addition, the old single line passing through Tempi Valley, which was cut off from the mainline when new tunnels were constructed, is used as a tourist attraction with light railway vehicles.
- Media related to Thessaly Railways metre gauge line at Wikimedia Commons
- Media related to Pelion railway at Wikimedia Commons
- I. Zartaloudis, D. Karatolos, D. Koutelidis, G. Nathenas, S. Fasoulas, A. Filippoupolitis, A. (1997). Οι Ελληνικοί Σιδηρόδρομοι (Hellenic Railways) (in Greek). Μίλητος (Militos). p. 263. ISBN 960-8460-07-7.
- * Simms, W.F. (1997). The railways of Greece. Wilfried F. Sims. ISBN 0-9528881-1-4.
- One service track, the one close to the workshop area, remains in metre gauge and it is still physically connected to the metre gauge line to Velestinon.
- TrainOSE S.A. "Timetables 1 August 2009", Tables 4A/B, 5A/B
- I. Zartaloudis, D. Karatolos, D. Koutelidis, G. Nathenas, S. Fasoulas, A. Filippoupolitis, A. (1997). Οι Ελληνικοί Σιδηρόδρομοι (Hellenic Railways) (in Greek). Μίλητος (Militos). pp. 244–263. ISBN 960-8460-07-7.
- Simms, W.F. (1997). The railways of Greece. Wilfried F. Sims. ISBN 0-9528881-1-4.
- Voyageur (Anonymous) (February 1941). "The Railways of Greece". The Railway Magazine. London, UK: Railway Publications. 87 (524): 64.
- Organ, J. (2006). Greece Narrow Gauge. Middleton Press. ISBN 1-904474-72-1.
- Hans-Bernhard Schönborn (1997). Edition Ergasias, ed. Schmalspurbahnen in Griechenland (Peloponnes und Thessalien) (in German). ISBN 3-909221-32-7.
- J.D.H. Smith (2011). "Thessalian Railway steam locomotives". Retrieved 2011-02-14.
- Thessaly Museum Railway: Web site of EMOS.
- James Waite. "The Railways of Volos". The International Steam Pages. Retrieved 2010-09-21.